Speed Training In Sports
Speed is the capability of gaining a high momentum like in skating, running, swimming, and cycling or any other kind of physical movement. Speed is not the only factor determining success of athletes. Flexibility in sports men is an important quality which helps them to stop suddenly, change course and gain speed again. Speed endurance is an important factor related to speed training that helps athletes preserve high stamina levels or generate sprints with fewer breaks in between. The requirement of speed, flexibility and speed endurance by athletes depends on the sport they are related to. There are different training techniques employed to produce a fast athlete.
The measurement of application of maximum force in a short span of time will give you speed that may also be called power. Most athletic activities require zero point to zero point two seconds whereas production of maximal force require about zero point six to zero point eighth seconds. A powerful athlete is one who is able to generate maximum force in a little time. The generation of maximal force may be enhanced by strength training and increasing power. It is important to enhance force development as well as maximal force generation by power training. Power and strength training are important aspects to increase speed.
Once the neuromuscular system is trained to move faster it improves muscle movement and its firing patterns. Assisted and resisted speed trainings are two kinds of speed training. Stride incidence can get better with assisted training while resisted speed training works on the stride length and speed-strength.
In team sports movements do not take place at any fixed time or at any accurate speed. Agility and swiftness training increases the athlete’s capability to stop, change course and to once again execute skills with speed and accuracy. Strength training programs aim at increasing strength as basic strength gives better physical potential. Power training and speed training helps the athletes to move quickly. Athletes efficiently apply speed to sport-specific scenarios after agility training.
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