Understand that hunting is an important tool of game management, and if the bear population develops past a point of balance that they can impact prey species to the extent that the bear population cannot self-sustain. In other words, they eat themselves out of house and home. At that point, the area is populated by desperately hungry bears. The bear population, starting with cub mortality, suffers. Wildlife management makes an assessment on what the sustainable bear population may be and issues permits accordingly. These are not haphazard or random decisions.