Brazilian Jiu Jitsu - All about Techniques & Gracie Jiu Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu The Beginning
Beginning in Brazil
In the nineteenth century, masters of martial arts Japanese migrated from Japan to other continents, living the teaching of arts and struggles that place.
Esai Maeda Koma, also known as Count Koma, was a great master of Ju Jutsu and Judo of Kodokan, in the early days of this, when I was next to link these two arts, and is often quoted for this one. After passing several countries with his group, arrived in Brazil in 1915 and established residence in Belem do Para, existing today in the city the Academy Conde Coma. A year later, met Gastão Gracie. Gastão was father of eight children, five men, became the Judo enthusiast and took his son Carlos Graça struggle to learn Japanese.
Small and fragile by nature, Carlos found Jiu-Jitsu in the way of realization that it lacked. With nineteen years of age, moved to Rio de Janeiro with his family, and teacher of martial arts and fighting. Traveled by other Brazilian states, classes and ministering winning physically stronger opponents.
In 1925, returning to Rio and opened the first Gracie Academy of Jiu-Jitsu, invited his brothers Osvaldo and management to advise him and took the creation of children George, with fourteen years, and Hélio Gracie, with twelve. From this, Carlos sent his knowledge to the brothers, adapting and refining the technique to thin condition, characteristic of his family.
Also sent them to his philosophy of life and concepts of natural nutrition, and a pioneer in creating a special diet for athletes, the Gracie Diet, transforming the Jiu-Jitsu into a synonym of health.
Holder of an efficient technique for self defense, Carlos Graça envisioned in Jiu-Jitsu a way to make a man more tolerant, respectful and self. Aiming to prove the superiority of Jiu-Jitsu and form a family tradition, Carlos Graça defied great fighters of the time and began managing the career of the brothers.
Struggling against opponents twenty, thirty pounds heavier, the Gracie just managed national fame and notoriety. Attracted by the new market which was opened around Jiu-Jitsu, many Japanese came to Rio de Janeiro, but none of them formed a school so strong in the Academy Gracie, Jiu-Jitsu as practiced by them only the privileged falls ( already came with the formation of Kodokam the master Jigoro Kano), have emphasized the expertise of Gracie: after the fall, took up the fight to the ground and is used to bangs finalized, which resulted in a kind of wrestling in kimono.
By modifying the rules of the international Jiu-Jitsu in Japan struggles that he and the brothers performed, Carlos Graça started the first case of change of nationality of a struggle, or sport, the sports world history.
Years later, the Indian martial art came to be known as Gracie Jiu-Jitsu or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, and is exported to the world, even for Japan
Hélio Gracie becomes the great name of the diffuser and Jiu-Jitsu, forming numerous disciples, among them Flavio Behring, patriarch of another great family dynasty of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. George Gracie was a pioneer, he traveled throughout Brazil, however stimulated the Jiu-Jitsu mainly in São Paulo, with the students names as Octavio de Almeida, Nahum Rabay, Candoca, Osvaldo Carnivalle, Romeo Bertha, among others.
Royce Gracie and Rickson Gracie, Hélio Gracie of children, deserve a separate chapter for the value they put as gladiators and distributors of technology and efficiency of Jiu-Jitsu in the arenas of the United States and Japan
The Jiu-Jitsu is now the fastest growing sport in which individual country, has around 350 thousand players with 1,500 educational institutions only in major capitals. As part of education, the teaching of Jiu-Jitsu gained chair as the university (Universidade Gama Filho).
With the creation of the Federation of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, rules and grading system were organized, initiating the era of sports championships. Today more organized, the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Confederation already has one and the International Federation, founded by Carlos Graça Jr. as chairman (of the two entities) and José Henrique Leão Teixeira Filho as vice president of CBJJ, the two left for an organization never seen before in Jiu-Jitsu competitions of the national and international competitions being held, confirmed the superiority of Brazilian fighters, considered the best in the world, and designed the Jiu-Jitsu or Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu as a martial art that fastest growing in the world today.
Since 1996, the World Jiu-Jitsu has always been contested in Rio de Janeiro, except in 2007, occurred when the United States.
edit] Brazilian Jujitsu in Portugal
The Jiu-Jitsu came to Portugal in 1996, the hands of Professor Lauro Figueiroa, which had the objective to spread the Gracie Jiu-Jitsu.
In 1997, there was the first championship of the sport within the club Bafureira Beach Club (formerly Scala), in São Pedro do Estoril.
In 1998, Professor Lauro, together with the Superstar Group, promoted the first confrontation of anything goes in Portugal between oo own teacher, representing the Jiu-Jitsu, and Master Pichot, representing the poultry (fight for demonstration).
In 2000, there was a dispute Portuguese Belt of the I-Vale Tudo, and Lauro tricampeão between the Free French-Fight, Eurico Soares. By Lauro unsuccessful fight by knockout, to thirty seconds of the first round.
The Jiu-Jitsu began to have greater number of practitioners from 2000/2001, when it opened several gyms in the area of Lisbon, namely: Brigadier Jiu-Jitsu, led by Professor Mark Koji; Gracie Barra Portugal, by Professor Kevin Portugal; Gracie Barra Paço de Arcos, by the hand of Professor Diogo Valença.
In 2003, the academy lost Brigadier Professor Koji and Portugal reached the teachers and Mr. Marcelo Bernardo "Pitbull" Santos to continue the work done by Mark Koji.
In 2004, the Portuguese Federation of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, directed by teachers Kiko Diogo Portugal and Valencia, in partnership with the Confederation of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu International Federation, I made the European Championship of Jiu-Jitsu in history and achieved great success with the participation of athletes from more than ten countries not only in Europe but the Americas and Asia.
In 2004 also, two new teams were formed in the area of Lisbon: Brazilian Power Team, the teachers Marcelo Bernardo, Arnaldo "Pitbull" Santos and Marcelo Rosa, and Gracie Barra Lisbon, led by Professor Alexandre Machado.
In 2008, the V will be held CBJJ European Championship.
Currently the Jiu-Jitsu is spread by Portugal from north to south, on account of many students trained for the teaching of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, who immigrated from other teachers.
Adopt the following divisions of the sport Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu to his practitioners, as their experience and skills:
* White (Novice, any age)
* Ash (04 to 06 years)
* Yellow (07 to 15 years)
* Orange (10 to 15 years)
* Green (13 to 15 years)
* Blue (16 years or more (up to 4 degrees))
Roxa * (16 years or more (up to 4 degrees))
* Brown (18 years or more (up to 4 degrees))
* Black (19 years or more (up to sixth grade))
* Black and Red (seventh and eighth grades. Master's Degree)
* Red (ninth and tenth grades. The final grade was given to only the creators of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, only the masters Carlos Graça, George Gracie, Hélio Gracie and Armando Wridt have that title yet in life)
The criterion of degrees in the red band is:
* 1 to 3 - three years each, nine in all
* 4 to 6 - five years each, fifteen in all
* 7 to 8 - each ten years, twenty in all
* 9 - fifteen years
* 10 - reserved only for new type of
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