Natural Care for Skin

From Nature To Your Beautiful Skin

Natural Skin Care

Skin Types
Basically there are there types of skin textures: normal, oily and dry. Two other skin types are combination and sensitive skin.

Normal skin
This type of skin is neither too oily, nor too dry. It is not oversensitive to wind, harsh sun­light, or cold. It does not have open pores, lines or acne. It has a smooth texture. It poses little prob­lems unless it has been neglected or abused.

Oily skin
Generally people develop an oily skin in their teens. Overproduction of oil by the sebaceous glands leads to an oily skin. People who have an oily skin should avoid oily food, starches and sugar. They need a rigid skin care regime and should remove every trace of make-up every night before going to bed. While bathing, mild exfoliates should be used.

Dry Skin
Normally associated with ageing, some people have a naturally dry skin. In this case too, the right nourishment can work wonders. Along with this you need to have a moisturising routine.

COMBINATION SKIN:
A combination of dry and oily types is known as combination skin or T-zone(to indicate the "T" of your forehead and nose where combination skin tends to be oilier.

SENSITIVE SKIN:
Sensitive skin usually describe any skin types which responds especially quickly and adversely to sudden changes of temperature or humidity and bruises very easily;it is also allergic to many cosmetic products.

Thus we see that all types of skin require care. The bath time is best for an overall skin caring rou­tine. Bath time should not be a mere spartan exercise of cleansing the body. It should also be a time to revitalize your body and skin. True, in today's rush and run lifestyle, a morning bath can at most be a quick cleansing routine that 'wakes' you up for the day ahead. However, you could devote some extra time at night before going to bed when you bathe again. Also, a weekly, leisurely, rejuvenating bath should become a routine. This is when you could attend to your skin, and deal with any problem.

Tiny body pimples caused by over secretion of the sebaceous glands are a result of poor circula­tion. Use a loofah or coarse mitt to scrub these away and renew your skin. A pumice stone should be used for your heels and other rough areas like elbows and knees. Normal wrinkling of the skin can be attended to while bathing. Rub some moisturizing cream or lotion before the bath. Massage well, and then wash away.

You would be surprised to know that your kitchen is a magical box that has all the ingredients to make you beautiful. Expensive creams and lotions are certainly not the answer to your beauty problems. Flowers, fruits, vegetables and other natural things can provide the answers to a lot of skincare problems. So let's start with something really exciting and unusual...but very simple.

How to identify you Skin Type
THE TISSUE TEST

Wash your face with a neutral (not made for a particular skin type) soap or cleanser (such as Neutrogena for normal skin).Rinse with water. Pat try with a towel just enough to absorb moisture do not rub. Wait one hour, and then blot your entire face with one ply (or layer) of a large facial tissue. Press lightly all over your face and leave for about one minute. Then remove the paper carefully and examine it near a window or a light. What do you see?

    * If you see oil throughout the tissue, you most likely have oily skin.
    * If you see oil only in the T-zone (across forehead, down nose and chin), you most likely have combination skin.
    * If you see very little oil throughout, you most likely have normal skin.
    * If you see no sign of oil at all, you most likely have dry skin.
    * If your skin feels irritated or slightly itchy, you most likely have sensitive skin.

You’ll need to perform this test several times a year-during spring, summer and winter-because your skin changes with the seasons.

Five steps for perfect skin- (Home facials like salon)

This treatment takes about 45 minutes and, for best results, should be done at least once or twice a month. This one is simple, inexpensive treatment, you can be assured of healthier, glowing skin within two or three months.

Step1: Cleansing
Good cleansing removes the impurities, bacteria and dead cells that accumulate on the surface of the epidermis as well as any residue from makeup, while leaving as much of the lubricating natural oil(or sebum) as possible. A cleanser should therefore be gentle and natural. Use a non-lathering cleansing. Massage in circular movements over the face and neck. Leave on for 1-2 minutes to dissolve grime and old make-up. Then gently wipe off with cotton swabs. Rinse off with warm water. Once in a while, or on a more regular basis for those with oily skin, a clay or fruit or oat-based cleansing mask used for a deeper cleansing action.

Step 2: Herbal facial steam
One traditional and very simple way to deep clean the skin is to steam your face for a few minutes. Steaming removes dirt and pollution very efficiently from the skin, but it removes important natural oils as well. So, although the technique brings excellent results on an oily skin or anyone suffering from acne, most skin types must bear in mind that in the long term it has a drying effect.
Steaming should therefore be used very occasionally on a dry or aging skin (once in a month is  the maximum) and never for more than 2-3 minutes. On an oily skin, it can be done once a week, and for 5-8 minutes. For a combination skin, 2-3 minutes once a week is recommended maximum. A normal skin will benefit form an occasional steaming (every two weeks) as long as the exposure to steam is not prolonged (5 minutes maximum). It is not recommended for extremely sensitive skins.
Select  an herbal facial steam that’s best for your skin type.
Bring the dry herbs (lavender, chamomile, lemon grass, rosemary, etc.) to a boil in a large pot of water. Remove from heat source; steam for 5 minutes. A facial steam is the best possible way for deep pore cleansing, and each of the herbs used in rich in nutrients that nourish and tone the skin. Immediately after your facial steam, rinse your face with cold water.

Step 3: Facials
Facials are excellent for stimulating circulation to the skin. It brings fresh blood to the skin. They promote deep pore cleansing and help heal blemishes and acne. Facials also help tone and firm the skin.
They are several kinds of facials available. You can try some homemade facial masks (clay mask, honey mask, egg mask, oats mask, fruits and vegetables mask, etc) to get a beautiful skin.

Step 4: Tonic  astringents
When the facial is completely dry, rinse off with warm water. Be gentle to your skin while rinsing of the facial material. Use soft, circular motions. Massage your skin; do not scrub it. Immediately after rinsing the facial, apply an astringent preparation to tone and close the pores.

Step 5: Moisturiser
Dot the skin with moisturiser and gently massage it in smooth circular movements. Try to do this slowly as it allows you to massage the skin and relax yourself. Apply vitamin E oil or, a small amount of eye cream around the eyes and gently pat it in with your finger. The tapping action helps relieve puffy eyelids and also stimulates the acupressure points around the eyes.

Basic Skin Care

Skin care consist of four basic steps:

    * Cleansing
    * Toning
    * Moisturising
    * Protecting

Cleansing
Regular cleansing is important not only because it removes dirt and grime but also because it aids the cell renewal process.

There are numerous cleansers on the market and they can be classified into two main groups:

Non-Lathering Cleansers:
These contain oil and water and an emulsifier to prevent them from separating. The creamier varieties are called cleansing creams and more liquid types are known as cleansing lotion. Non-lathering cleansers may be cleaned off with tissue or facial cotton or rinsed off with water.

The oil present in these cleansers also help to dissolve make-up them suitable for people with dry sensitive skin. However, they can add to the skin’s oil and cause pimples if you have oily or acne-prone skin. So if you are using a non-lathering/make-up cleanser, make sure you follow up with a lathering cleanser.

Lathering Cleansers:
These may come as lotion, gel or a bar. They contain oil to disperse dirt, dead cells and skin oils together with a detergent to wash them all off.

Lathering cleansers may be soap-based or soap-free, depending on the type of detergent used. Soap is a mixture of animal or vegetable fat and alkali salt such as sodium cocoate or sodium taloate. Unfortunately, soap- based cleansers are alkaline and tend to leave behind a residue with hard water.

Most modern day lathering cleansers use synthetic detergents made from petroleum products. They are sometimes referred to as soap-free or soap-less cleansers.

Synthetic based cleansers are less alkaline than soaps and work equally well in hard water as well as soft water. Additionally, synthetic allow the pH to be adjusted near to the pH of skin so it does not damage the skin.

Natural Cleansers

Face care begins with a good wash. Cleansing creams and lotions are used to remove stale make-up and dirt. If this is not regularly done, then the pores get clogged leading to numerous skin problems. Here are some easy to make, and even easier to use, face cleansers suitable for different types of skin.

CHICKPEA POWDER AND TURMERIC :
Take half cup chickpea powder. Add one teaspoon turmeric powder and half cup of milk. Stir well. Apply this paste all over the forehead, face and neck. Wait for two minutes and wash off. This is good for oily or mixed skin types. The chickpea powder absorbs the extra oil and the milk nourishes your skin, leaving it tingling fresh.

MILK :
Nature's most effective natural cleanser. Take half a cup of cold milk. Add half teaspoon of salt. Stir. Take balls of cotton, soak and then gently dab milk and salt lotion all over forehead, face, and neck. Leave it on for 2-3 minutes. Apply again. Now rub gently in circular motions and wash off. The salt in the milk gently exfoliates dead skin and the milk nourishes the skin. Your face instantly gets a fresh and glowing look. This is good for all skin types.

CUCUMBER AND CURD :
Take one cucumber, grate it. Squeeze out the juice. Add to this 3-4 tablespoons of beaten curds. Stir well. Apply this paste all over the fore­head, face and neck. Leave it on for 3-4 minutes. Wash face and neck with cold water. While cleaning and tight­ening the pores, it also lightens blemishes and freckles. Very nourishing for the skin. You could use just grated cucumber as a face cleanser too.

YOGHURT :
This is yet another effective face cleanser, very good for dry skin. Take half a cup yoghurt. Add to this half teaspoon honey. Stir well. Apply all over the forehead, face and neck. Rub it in gently. Leave on for 2-3 minutes. Wash off with cold water.

CHAMOMILE :
Take a handful of fresh chamomile flow­ers. Add to these some rosemary tops, fresh or dry. Boil them well in a pan containing 2 cups of water. Let the mixture cool. Mash flowers well. Strain and keep. When cool, dip in small pieces of muslin, wring and apply all over the forehead, face and neck. Keep dipping and applying several times. Let it dry. Wash off when completely dry. An excellent cleanser.

ALMOND :
Take 5-7 almonds. Pound them to a paste/powder. Take the yolk of one egg. Beat it up. Add to it one tablespoon of honey and continue beating. Now add almond paste/powder. Mix well. Apply all over the forehead, face and neck. Rub it in gently. When it begins to dry, wash off with lukewarm water. Good for dry skins, especially in winter when the skin tends to lose its natural oils. This acts as a restorative.

HONEY AND VITAMIN A/E :
This is a very good and effective cleanser, especially for people with blemishes. Take half cup warm water. Add one-tablespoon honey. Snip open one capsule of vitamin A and one capsule of vitamin E. Mix well. Apply quickly all over the face. Leave it on for 2 minutes and wash with cold water.
These cleansers can be used in the mornings before a bath, however, it is imperative to use them at bedtime. Remove all traces of make-up with milk, or rosewater and glycerine cleansers everyday, and use any of the others occasionally to treat your skin to a special cleansing routine.

Natural Face Masks

The purpose of a face masks is to improve outlook of the face and skin. Face masks will make your skin very glowing and rejunuvate. We are providing some face masks for Normal Skin, Oily Skin and Dry skin.

Dry skin face masks :
1 egg yolk, 2 tsp. almond oil, 1 ripe banana.
Combine everything in a bowl, make a thick paste. Apply this to face. leave on for 20 minutes, then wash with water.

Mix banana, egg white and curd. Apply this facial mask to your face, hands and legs. It will give soft smooth skin.

Take one tablespoon of cornflakes with almond oil or milk and grind into a paste. Apply this paste to face. Wash off after 15 minutes.

Mix 1 tsp. of butter and 1 tsp of water. Apply over the dry parts of skin. Leave for 15 - 20 minutes. Rinse with cold water.

Mash half of an avocado and smooth over the face. Leave for 10 minutes and then gently remove with damp cloth.

Oily Skin face masks:
One tablespoon honey, one tablespoon Fuller's Earth (multani mitti) and one tablespoon rose water. Mix together and apply on the face. Wash off after 15 minutes. Apply once a week but If your skin is too oily use twice a week.

Use a beaten egg white and mixed with 1 tsp lemon juice. Apply this mask on the face, then wash off warm water.

Mix one tsp tomato pulp and two tablespoon potato flour. Apply this paste on the face. Leave on 15 minutes and then remove gently with warm water.

Normal Skin face masks:
Use a beaten egg white and mixed with 2 tsp almond oil. Smooth over the face and neck, avoiding the eye area. Leave on 15 minutes, then remove gently with water.

Blend 1egg white, 2 tsp vegetables oils and 1 tsp apple juice. Smooth over the face, then wash off after 15 minutes.

Mash raw papaya and smooth over the face and throat. Leave for 15 minutes. Wash off with warm water and then splash face with cool water.

Ingredients of a face mask

Base
Base of facial mask is clay or gel. Clay facial masks (Wash-off masks) generally used for deep cleansing and gel types (Peel-off masks)for sensitive skin.

Clay for facial masks
Dry skin:

White clay is rich in slica and magnesium. This clay is neutral and not too drying, and it is effective in absorbing impurities and putting valuable minerals back into the skin. For a more nourishing facial, mix with yogurt or avocado or both. The white clay generally used in cosmetics is called kaolin.

Oily skin and Normal skin:
Choose green, red, or yellow clay. These clays are more much drying than white clay. They are very high in minerals and are excellent for problematic, blemish-prone skin.

Essential oil for facial steaming
Add few drops of essential oils that is suited for your skin types.

Normal skin:
Atlas Cedarwood, geranium, jasmine, lavender, neroli, roman chamo, rose, rosewood, ylangylang, angelica, all hydrosols.

Dry skin:
Lavender, rose, sandalwood, Carrot seed, Cedarwood, clary, jasmine, geranium, lavender, orange, roman chamo, rosewood, Vetiver, sandalwood, , Calendula infused oil.

Oily skin:
Lavender , Lemon ,Bergamot, Cedarwood , Cypress , Sage, Rosemary, Roman & German chamos, Clary, lemon, peppermint, Niaouli, Cajeput, cypress, frankincense, patchouli, sandalwood, juniper, Melissa.

Sensitive skin:
Roman & German chamomile, rose, Palma Rosa, Helichrysum, neroli, rosewood, carrot, angelica, jasmine, Neroli, Chamomile or Yarrow Hydrosols.

Fruits and vegetables for face masks:
Many of the fruits we eat everyday make excellent masks that have a revitalizing, nourishing and often astringent action on the skin. The best fruits to use for cleansing, toning and nourishing are apple,avocado,banana,cherry,grape,lemon,orange,raspberry,papaya,pineapple and tomato.

The most valuable vegetables for skin care are cabbage (cleanser for acne-prone skin),carrot(cleanser for sensitive skin),cucumber(cooling action), radish(whitening action)and potato(cleanser for oily skin).

Special effects:
You can add lime and orange peel powder for astringency, neem powder for antibacterial, milk and oatmeal powder for smoothing skin, and lavender petal powder for anti-inflammatory action.

How to apply Facial Masks

Facial Masks
Facial Masks (or) face mask remove dead skin cells from the surface and help to tighten pores and make the skin appear smoother.

Tips for using facial masks
Choose a time to use face mask when you know you are not going to be disturbed and can relax. Wash all the ingredients before use and discard any that are damaged. An electric blender or liquidizer will make the mixing easier.

Always test the face mask, especially if you have a sensitive skin. Apply a little bit behind your ear, wait for at least 30 minutes and rinse off. If there is no irritation in the next 24 hours, then apply the mask on your face.

First clean you face and neck with gentle cleanser. Massage in circular movements over the face and neck. Leave on for 1-2 minutes to dissolve grime and old make-up. Then gently wipe off with cotton swabs. Rinse off with warm water.

Steam your face gently (2-5 minutes over a bowl of hot water).This technique open the pores so that mask can penetrate deeply.

Apply the facial masks with clean fingertips or a soft fresh. Fruit or egg mask often have a very liquid consistency. It may easier to apply a second layer after a few minutes, once the first layer has dried a little.

Try not to talk, laugh or even move any facial muscle until it is time to gently remove the mask.

Facial masks should be left on for 15-20 minutes so they can dry. Remove the mask slowly and carefully. Work from the forehead downwards, making sure that none of the material removed comes into contact with eyes, and avoids dragging the skin. Light fruit mask can be removed simply with cotton balls. With clay masks, you need to rinse the face with warm water, and then cold water.

Don't apply facial masks more than twice a week.

Homemade Facial Masks (Homemade face mask)

Face Mask remove dead skin cells from the surface and help to tighten pores and make the skin appear smoother.

Most homemade mask recipes are extremely easy to make either by hand or using a liquidiser/blender. Homemade facial masks containing natural ingredients such as fruits, vegetables, dairy products, honey, egg, clay powder and oats. We provide some homemade facial mask recipes for all type (oily skin, sensitive skin, dry skin, combination skin, normal skin, and aged skin) of skins.

Homemade Facial Masks Recipes :
Banana Wrinkles Facial Mask or Anti-Aging Mask :

Bananas are one of the most nourishing fruits available because they contain large quantities of magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc and iodine, and vitamins A, B (folic acid), E and F. Here they are teamed with double cream used to prevent wrinkles, and organic honey in a recipe crammed full of nutrients.

INGREDIENTS:
1 small banana approx.
0 2 tablespoons fresh double cream
1 tablespoon organic honey
approx. 1 tablespoon potato flour

METHOD :
Mash the banana, using the back of a fork, and then add 2 tablespoons of fresh double cream, 1 tablespoon honey and 1 tablespoon of potato flour. Stir to mix well. You may need to add a little more cream or potato flour to obtain the consistency of thick cream or yoghurt. Apply the mask to the cleaned face, including the area around the eyes, and the neck and leave for approx. 30 minutes. Rinse off with water and dab on a little rosewater leaving to dry naturally.


EFFECT

nourishes

SKIN TYPES

dry, ageing

FREQUENCY OF USE

2 times a week

SHELF LIFE

6 hours in refrigerator

PREPARATION TIME

5 minutes

TREATMENT TIME

30 minutes


Blemish free face mask :
1 tsp carrot juice,1 tsp yougurt ,1 tsp sweet almond oil,1 tsp honey stir to mix well. Apply this to face and neck and leave for 20 minutes. Remove with water.

Blend 2 tsp oatmeal, 2 tsp milk and 1 whole egg. Stir well. Leave on face 10-15 Minutes and rinse with warm water, then with cold water.

Mash fresh or frozen unsweetened strawberries, smooth the puree over the face, and let it dry for 10 minutes and rinse with cold water. Strawberries are time-tested skin improvers that clean pores, tighten skin, help clear blemishes,and postpone wrinkling.

Turmeric facial mask :
Mix 5 tsp besan (gram flour), 2 tsp of turmeric powder, 2 tsp of sandalwood powder, 2 tsp of ghee or almond oil, add some water to make a paste. Apply to face and body and leave for 5-10 minutes. And then wash with water.

Natural Moisturisers

A rigorous cleaning and exfoliating routine leaves the skin hungry for food and nourishment. You need a good moisturiser or face pack to nourish your skin. In fact you need to use moisturisers at least twice a day.

Well-moisturized skin is soft and supple, reflects a healthy glow and ages less quickly. Moisturisers give a smooth finish to make-up. Putting on a light moisturising cream will make make-up much easier to apply and reduce the risk of dragging the skin.

Always use a light moisturizer on your face after cleansing and shaving and don't forget your neck.

Make sure to apply extra moisturizer to dry skin areas and areas such as elbows and heels.

Lips are very delicate and can dry out easily. They need to be protected moisturized to maintain a plump, healthy appearance.

Too much moisturizer can lead to clogged pores and blackheads.

Some of the factors which cause dehydration are:
Cold weather.
Excessive make-up.
Constant sun exposure and air conditioning.

Excellent home made moisurisers are aloe vera gel and honey.

Herbal Remedies :
One of the most powerful blood purifiers and detoxifiers in Ayurvedic usage, Neem is often used to maintain healthy skin.The antibacterial  and blood purifying properties of Neem are useful in skin disorders and keeps the skin healthy.

Home-made moisturizer:
Mix ¾ cup of rose water, ¼ cup glycerine, 1 tsp. of vinegar and ¼ tsp. of honey and keep it in a bottle. Use it regularly after cleansing.

Some more home-made moisturiser:
Mix honey, milk and any vegetable oil. This mixture is a good moisturiser for dry skin. Apply this mask for 10 minutes, then wash off with cold water.

Mix 1 medium sized apple (grated), one tablespoon lemon juice and 2tsp honey. Apply this paste to face and wait for10 minutes, and then wash off with tepid water. This mixture is a good moisturizer for oily, acne-prone skin.

Lemon juice or orange juice blended with olive oil is a time-tested keep-it-supple skin moisturiser or moisturizer.

Peach moisturiser for normal or dry skin
In an electric blender, whir 1 chopped, peeled peach with ¼ cup almond oil, 3 tablespoon rose water, 4 drops of tincture of benzoin, and (if desired) a few drops of orange oil or other perfume. Strain and store in the refrigerator.

Glycerin and honey (Natural moisturiser for all skin)
In the proportions of 3 tablespoons glycerin to 1 teaspoon honey, is recommended by modern skin-care experts as a wear all day or leave on night moisturiser.

Mayonnaise
Mayonnaise can be massed into a clean, damp face and throat whenever skin is dehydrated from exposure to sun, wind, or winter cold. Mayonnaise is a good night moisturising cream.

Wheat germ and honey moisturizer
It takes less than five minutes to whisk up a month’s supply of this table, anti-aging moisturiser considered the equivalent of a world-famous beauty fluid.
3 tablespoons each honey and wheat germ oil
2 tablespoons each glycerin and rose water
Place all ingredients in a class bowl, whisk to combine, then store in a tightly capped bottle.

Toners and Fresheners

Toners, fresheners and astringents belong to the same family. They help in smoothening your skin, and act as a balm after the exfoliation process. These help to seal skin pores, tighten the outer layers of the facial skin, also acting as a safety net after a heavy exfoliation and cleansing routines.

BERRIES :
You could use strawberries, cherries, cranberries or blackberries to make this unique, reju­venating toner and astringent at home.
Take one tablespoon honey, 2 tablespoons of pureed berries, one tablespoon oatmeal or wheal bran. Combine all the ingredients in a bowl.Wet your face. Apply this paste all over the forehead, face and neck (avoid the eyes). Let it remain for five minutes. Now gently rub it into your face. Rub and wash off with tepid water. The fruit acids in the berries shrink your pores, brighten up your face and tone your skin. Use this toner to really pamper yourself.

LIME :
Take 2 cups of water. Add juice of two limes. To this solution add one tablespoon of tincture of benzoin as a preservative. Shake well and pour into a bottle and keep. Use this as an astringent. Very good for normal skin.

WATERCRESS :
Take a handful of watercress salad leaves. Bruise them and add them to a saucepan containing equal parts of water and milk (one and a half cups should be enough). Simmer over a slow fire for a few minutes. Remove from the fire and mash the leaves well. Strain and pour the liquid into a bottle after cooling. Apply this lotion after a bath or after cleaning your face of all make-up. Let it dry on your face. This removes blemishes and gives the complexion a healing touch, making it soft and creamy. Wash off after 10-15 minutes.

CORNFLOWER :
Take a handful of flowers and infuse in 250 ml of boiling water. Allow to cool. Mash the steamed flowers into the water. Add a teaspoon of which hazel (available at the chemist shop) Strain and pour into a bottle after cooling. An effective and soothing astringent.

ORANGE AND LEMON PEELS :
Do not throw away orange and lemon peels. Sun dry them. When they are absolutely dry and brittle, powder them and keep them in a jar or wide mouthed bottle. This powder can be used in a number of face care prepa­rations; as a moisturizing face pack, as an exfoliate and also as an astringent.

Lemon Peels:
To use as an astringent, take 2 tablespoons of this powder, add to this 3 table­spoons of rosewater and 3 tablespoons of water, stir well and shake it up. Apply this lotion all over the forehead, face and neck. Be careful and avoid the eyes. Let it dry, then wash off. This is an excellent astringent that cures blemishes, shrinks open pores and a good cure for pimples.

CUCUMBER AND ROSEWATER :
Take one cucumber. Peel and grate it. Take 3 table­spoons of rosewater and add the grated cucumber. Put it in a blender and make a paste and refriger­ate. Use as a toner on dry sun-burnt skin. Apply all over; leave it on for 20 minutes. Rinse off. Excellent for sun burnt, dry skin.

ICE CUBES :
Take ice cubes and rub them all over the face. This tightens the pores and increases the blood circulation. An ideal, inexpensive and instant toner.

LEMON TREE FLOWERS :
If you have a lime tree in your garden, you can make this effective com­plexion lotion. Take a handful of lemon flowers and infuse them in 20 ml of boiling water. Let it cool. Mash flowers and strain. To this add equal part of rose water. Pour in a bottle, refrigerate and keep. Use after a bath or after cleaning your face. Especially good after you apply at bedtime and leave it on overnight.

The Secrets of Smoother Skin

 Are you unhappy with the texture of your skin? Do you have scaly or rough skin even though you drown your face with plenty of moisturizer? Does your makeup look caked and unnatural? Does your oily skin type look coarse even after you have used a clay mask? Well then, moisturizing and masking your skin may not be enough. Rough-textured skin may indicate a deficiency of vitamin A that can be corrected by daily supplements of vitamin D. Here are some tips:

Today there are many skin-smoothing option available, but you should first know about the two completely different methods for removing dead skin cells:friction and chemical.The friction method of dead skin removal is achieved by aproduct category known as facial scrubs.

    * Facial scrubs and steams help to depose any accumulation of dead cells or pore-clogging soil which might be responsible for the roughness.
    * Pat on some honey and allow a few minutes of skin-softening-time before rinsing off. Massage mayonnaise into your face, let permeate for 5 minutes or leave on as a skin-smoothing night cream.
    * Rosemary egg white is a skin smoother that should be stored in the refrigerator and applied every other day: Steep 1 teaspoon dried rosemary in 2 tablespoons boiling water for 15 minutes. Strain, then blend with 1 egg white and 1 teaspoon instant nonfat dry milk.
    * Watercress water is a time-proven remedy for rough skin. Boil a cup of freshly rinsed, chopped watercress leaves and stems in a cup of water. Let cool, strain, and apply several coats of the liquid. Allow each layer to dry before the next application, then rinse with cool water. Store in the refrigerator and use daily until improvement is noticeable. Prepare a watercress water every seven days and apply weekly twice treatments as preventive maintenance.

Exfoliation

 The dead cells clinging to your skin are oldies, not goodies. If they aren’t sloughed off occasionally, they can enlarge your pores, muddy your complexion, and sometimes ashen appearance.

If you have approximate two minutes to spare just once or twice a week, you can remove dead skin cells by using the facial scrubs. The best time to exfoliate is after your skin has been thoroughly cleansed and while your skin is still moist.

Facial Scrub Treatment
Step One: Cleanse your skin thoroughly.
Step Two:  Apply a dab of a facial scrub to the base of your throat, each cheek, and your forehead. The product works more efficiently if the skin is premoistened. Massage in gentle, yet firm circular movements with your fingertips. Begin massaging at the base of your neck and work your way up to your forehead. Completely avoid your delicate eye area. Then splash your face with cool to tepid water to rinse away the product. You can use toner after rinsing if desired.

Step Three: Finish this treatment by applying a moisturizer to moist skin.

How frequently you need to deep clean depends on your skin: from weekly twice (if it looks dull, is very oily, or feels rough), to once a month if it is clear, dry, and sensitive. "Combination skin" may rate a weekly epidermabrasion on only the forehead, nose, and chin. Summer's upbeat schedule of increased cell production and shedding may call for more frequent sloughing.

Face Scrubs

Dead skin cells, jaded skin and tanning can effectively be got rid off by using exfoliating scrubs to remove dead cells. However, do not exfoliate everyday. If your skin is oily, it needs to be done maybe once a week. For those with dry skins exfoliating twice a month is sufficient. You can easily make some homemade scrubs that can be as effective. Try them.

ORANGE AND LEMON PEEL SCRUB :
Do not throw? away orange and lime, or lemon peels. Dry them out thoroughly till they are brittle. While drying them, keep them away from sunlight. Powder them and keep them in a jar. Take two tablespoons of the dried peel power, two tablespoons of wheat bran or porridge grains. Add to this half table­spoon of honey and a little milk to make a coarse paste. Before a bath, rub this all over your neck, arms, body and legs. Use rough circular motions as you go along.
This will help to exfoliate dead skin. Then bathe normally. It's a wonderful scrub and so easy to make and the effects are immediately visible. Leaves you feeling squeaky-clean.

CHICKPEA POWDER SCRUB :
If your skin is oily this is the ideal homemade scrub. Take 4 table­spoons of chickpea powder. Add to this, half tablespoons of turmeric power, a few drops of rose water and milk to make a thick paste. Rub it all over the body. When the paste dries and starts caking, again use rough circular motions to exfoliate. People with dry skin can also use this scrub after substituting milk with full cream.

OATS :
Take half a litre of buttermilk or half a litre of beaten curds. Take half a cupful of oats that have been coarsely ground or are in thick powdered form. Add to the curd or butter milk. Mix well. Pour in a container and refrigerater for 2 hours. Apply this thick paste all over the body starting from the neck downwards, to the arms, torso and legs. Leave it on for 20 minutes. Rinse off with warm water containing lemon juice. This scrub reduces pores and cleans up the skin.

TOMATO WRAP :
Take 4 tomatoes. Chop them finely. Puree them. Soak some rice for 30 minutes and then grind it coarsely. Add this to the pureed tomatoes. Apply all over and leave it on for about 20 min­utes. Bathe with warm water. A good scrub for people with oily skins.

Tips to Improve Your Skin Through Proper Nutrition

    *  Drink water at least 10 glasses a day.
    * Avoid fried foods. When using oils, try cold-pressed oils. Throw away any oil that has been in your cabinet for longer than six months. Oils should be refrigerated except for the small amount you may use in a week; keep in a small container.
    * Eat minimal sugar, chocolate, and potato chips, otherwise known as junk foods, which have little nutritional value.

    * Smoking increases wrinkles. If you can't kick the habit, consume extra amounts of vitamin C.
    * Watch your salt intake. Too much salt can lead to temporary swelling and puffiness.
    * The sulfur found in garlic, onions, and asparagus will aid in keeping the skin nice.
    * Vitamin E and aloe are very good to use topically on your skin
    * Drink minimal amounts of soft drinks.
    * If you have a skin irritation and suspect a food allergy, eliminate suspected food and keep a food record to monitor your reaction.
    * Increase intake of raw vegetables. Not only high in fiber, but naturally higher in vitamins, phytochemicals, and enzymes than those that have been cooked, processed, or canned.
    * Thoroughly wash all food before it is eaten.
    * Have a cup of warm water with lemon juice in the morning.
    * When dining out eat broiled fishes, steamed or baked vegetables, and starches.
    * Eat little or no processed foods.
    * Get rid of your aluminum cooking utensils. Absolutely no benefit to the body.
    * Eat a high-fiber diet to cleanse the digestive track. Put a couple of tablespoons of wheat bran on your morning cereal; it has the bonus of extra B vitamins.

Skin lightening remedies for skin (Remedies for Bleaching out uneven, fading tans)

Skin lightening remedies are useful for restoring an even tone to blotchy, discolored skin. They can also reduce the appearance of freckles. You can try some natural remedies for fading tans.

BOREX:
Borex is a skin-lightening favorite from the nineteenth century. Mix ¼ cup borax with /12 cup granulated sugar in a glass jar. Cover and let stand for 48 hours. Once each day, stir the mixture and rub a spoonful on your discolored skin.

“Glycerinated Lotion of Borax” was used as daily wash to render the skin equisitely soft and white. Mix 1 teaspoon powdered borax with 2 tablespoon glycerin and ¾ cup rose water.

LEMON JUICE :
Lemon juice can be used in a variety of ways. Mix equal amount of glycerin and lemon juice, it can be sponged on to remove a tan.

When mixed to a paste with salt or sugar and allowed to remain on the skin for half an hour once each day, lemon juice may lighten brown splotches caused by the sun.

MILK:
Milk, in its many guises, is a time-tested skin lightener. Mix 3 tablespoon milk and 1 teaspoon lime juice, it can be sponged on to remove a tan.

Yogurt, plain or blended with an equal amount of buttermilk, can be used as night cream to ameliorate a fading tan.

BOTANICALS:
Botanicals have a well-established reputation for skin lightening.

Aloe vera gel. Smooth over sun-darkened freckles or brown spots at least twice a day.

Watercress. Place a freshly washed bunch of watercress in 2 cups cold water. Bring to a boil, cover, and simmer for 10 minutes. Strain and store in the refrigerator. Each morning and evening, sponge the chilled liquid over your fading tan, allow it to dry, then rinse with water.

FRESH APRICOTS, STRAWBERRIES, AND GREEN GRAPES :
Mash the apricot fruit and pat it on your face. For a more complex, blend with /12 teaspoon lemon juice with the pureed fruit before applying to skin.

Rinse a bunch of green grapes, squeeze out the juice. Rub the juice over tanned areas, allow it to dry, then rinse off.

TOMATOES:
Mash ripe tomatoes and apply the pulp to your fading tan. Let dry before removing with water.

POTATO WATER is an old German cure for fading tans and summer freckles. Simply sponge on the water in which the potatoes have been cooked.

Sun Protection

UV rays contribute to premature wrinkling, skin cancer and skin burning as well. In addition both kind of rays (UVA and UVB) can cause suppression of immune system in skin, which protect one from development and spread of skin cancer.

Adults and children should use sun protection daily. Most sunscreen products have a sun protection factor (SPF) rating on them. Generally, people with fair skin and light eyes need a strong sun protection factor. Sunscreen should be applied before going out in to the sun and reapply every two hours when working, playing or exercising outdoors. Protect your sun with a sunscreen that has an SPF of at least 15 or higher. Apply this product 30 minutes before sun exposure. Use waterproof sunscreen when swimming as the body will catch the sun. Reapply hourly to maintain adequate protection. Use a higher sun protection factor on the face, hands, arms and shoulders (if they're exposed) and lips can get sunburned, so you apply a lip balm containing a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher.

When Sun Protection should begin?
Sun protection should begin as soon as a baby is born and continue throughout life. Babies should be kept out of direct sun light, especially those under six months old. Do not apply sunscreen to children under six month of old. Make sure children under six months of age wear a hat and are well protected from the sun's rays.

We now know that if a baby or child has a serious sunburn when they are young they are more prone to skin cancer when adults always protect your child by putting a sun block all over the exposed skin on his body and giving him a hat to wear which shades his face and neck. Sun block should be at least factor 20, which is specially designed for babies and children.

Minimize sun exposure, especially during the peak sun hours of 10 Am to 4 P.M., when solar radiation is most intense.

Wear appropriate clothing during prolonged periods in the sun-tight textile weave, long sleeves, pants and a full-brim hat.

Apply sunscreens even on cloudy days, when 40 to 80 percent of the sun's rays can penetrate the clouds .Beware of reflective surfaces; sand, snow, concrete and water can reflect up to 85 percent of the sun's damaging rays.

Outdoor workers have a higher risk of skin cancer. They should always use UV protection and check their skin. If you do get sunburn, the skin will be red, feeling tight and sore. In this case, cool the body with tepid water. Soothe the skin with calamine lotion or plain yogurt.


Oily Skin Care

 Oiliness, like dryness varies with time, temperature, your endocrine system, and your emotions (stress may be responsible for a sudden outburst of oily-skin problems). Cutting back on fried foods, pastries, and other saturated food fats may reduce the amount of excess oil accumulating on your epidermis.

Wash your face two or three times a day to reduce excess oil. Avoid washing more than three times a day because this practice may irritate the skin, promoting low-grade inflammation of the skin and the subsequent development of dark patches. Wash early in the morning, immediately after work or school, and again just before bed. The best skin-care routine uses lukewarm water with a facial wash, which is massaged well into the skin and rinsed off.

Use an antibacterial soap or a gel or foaming cleanser designed for oily skin dur¬ing the late spring and summer to remove excess oiliness, and a milder glycerin-based or oil-balancing soap or cleanser in the winter and early spring months. You can easily make some natural cleansers that can be as effective for oily skin. Try them. Also, since oil on the forehead and temples can come from your hair, make some adjustment in your hair-care regimen. Try washing your hair at least once a week and wear it pulled or brushed back from the face. Avoid applying hair oils or pomades on the scalp near the forehead. They'll seep into the skin and produce more oil and shine.

After cleansing, use a mild astringent toner. Avoid alcohol-based astringent, which are too harsh and drying even for oily skins. Use a light moisturiser, the best being a fluid or gel rather than a cream. Then moisturize around eye area with a cream or lotion designed for that area. Exfoliate at least twice a week, to encourage skin cell renewal. Dead cells stay for longer on oily skin, attracting grime and pollutions. Oily skin responds to regular, therapeutic deep cleansing. Avoid stressing oily skin and enlarging pore appearance by applying sunscreen/moisturisers containing SPF15.

Do’s and Don’ts for Oily Skin
Do:

Cleanse your face two or three times daily with liquid cleanser or foaming cleanser. You may select one containing glycerin, alphahydroxy acids, or betahydroxy acids.
Apply an alcohol-free toner if oil persist after washing.
Choose an oil free or light oil-in-water moisturiser, if necessary.
Use oil-free foundation and powder.

Use an SPF 15 to 30 sunscreen gel, or an oil-free moisturizer containing sunscreen.

Don't:
Overdry your skin- oil is a natural defense against the elements.
Cleanse more than three times a day.
Use moisturizer if you don’t need it.
Overuse powder to mop up oil; your skin will look chalky.

Dry Skin Care

 Dry skin produces low level of sebum (the skin’s natural moisturiser) and is noticeably flaky around the mouth, cheeks and forehead. Using soap, water and toner causes problems for this skin type, because they leave your skin feeling tight and uncomfortable.

So scrap soap and opt for a soap-free cleansers instead. There are many to try, including superfatted bars (often called beauty bars) with added emollients like olive oil or lanolin, milky liquids or tissue of cleansing creams. If your skin is severely dry, you might try a tissue-off cleanser that can be used without water.

When dry skin is exposed to cold winds, central heating or air conditioning, it soon becomes taut. The best way to care for this skin type is to use cleansing milks and creams leaving them to dissolve your make-up, then tissue off. Repeat, until the tissue comes away clean.You can easily make some natural cleansers that can be as effective. Try them.

Oily cleansers, especially the tissue off kind, can make even the driest skin sprout blemishes, however. So make sure your cleanser is labeled noncomedogenic (formulated without ingredients known to cause blemishes).

This type of skin needs regular feeding with thick, creamy, hydrating moisturizers-morning and night- to keep it in good condition and to avoid the premature aging to which dry skin is prone. Avoid products containing lanolin or any fragrance, which may stress your skin.

To hydrate mildly dry skin, try a moisturiser with an oil-in-water emulsion (meaning that the product is more water than oil). These light moisturizers penetrate the skin easily and don’t leave sticky, greasy feeling behind.

Dry skin produces less oil than other skin types, so it’s more vulnerable to sun damage, including age spots, blotches and wrinkles. You can lessen your risk of skin damage by using a sunscreen with a sun protection factor of at least 15.

Do’s and Don’ts for Dry Skin
Do:

Cleanse thoroughly at night to remove makeup. In the morning, simply splash your face with lukewarm water.
Moisturize while your skin is still damp from cleansing.
Choose creamy, oil-rich makeup.
Prevent sun damage by using a strong sunscreen daily.

Don't:
Wash your face with soap. Choose a mild, soap-free liquid cleanse instead.
Scrub your face with abrasive pads, washcloths or grainy cleansers.
Continue to use a moisturizer that makes you break out.
Mistake seborrheic dermatitis for dry skin; see a dermatologist if you're not sure.

Sensitive Skin Care

 This skin is delicate and difficult to look after. It is usually easily irritated, and reacts to adverse weather conditions, changes in temperature, sunshine, perfumed products, and harsh ingredients such as detergents. The resulting dryness, blotches and rosy patches require careful management. If in fact you do have sensitive skin, you’ll have to be especially careful about what products you use on your skin and how you treat it. Here’s to avoid or use on sensitive skin only under a doctor’s direction.

Clensers containing alcohol, lanolin, fragrance, benzoyl peroxide, salicyclic acid, and glycolic acid
Toners or astringents containing alcohol
Products containing essential oils (concentrated oil extracts from plants)
Witch hazel
Moisturiser containing fragrance, lanolin, dye, vitamin E
Sunscreen containing fragrance, oil, PABA
Makeup containing oil
Alphahydroxy acid or retinol products (Retin-A)
Acne medications
Bleaching creams
Detergents and fabric softeners containing fragrance or preservatives

To protect your sensitive skin, shop for products and makeup with labels that say “alcohol free,” “fragrance free,” “sensitive skin,” or ”non-comedogenic”.

Wash once or twice a day with a soap free cleanser, or super-fatted, or unscented bar to prevent sensitive skin becoming irritated and blotchy. Soap makes delicate skin more sensitive by removing oils and moisture. Super-fatted cleansers are less drying but can leave behind a residue that blocks pores. Steer clear of toners, and simply rinse off excess cleanser with warm water, or cucumber water. While washing hair in the shower, tilt your head back to avoid getting potentially irritating shampoo or conditioner on your face. Don’t forget to wash your hands frequently throughout the day and try not to touch your face. Your hands will transmit to your face the residue of all types of irritating products.

Avoid harsh skin care-products like abrasive facial pads or grainy face and body scrubs, which can strip away the protective top layer of skin-your defensive armor against heat, cold, pollution, irritants and other antagonists.

If you have sensitive skin, the eyes require extra vigilance to avoid nasty reactions. “Your eyelids are so thin and so sensitive to irritants that they often become dry, scaly and itchy.” So avoid using harsh soap and alcohol-based astringents and toners. Cleanse away eye makeup with an oily remover rather than oil free product. Whatever product you use, gently stroke away eye makeup with a cotton swap or pad. Scrubbing with tissue or wash-cloth can irritate your lids.

Choose a light (water-based), non perfumed moisturisers formulated for sensitive skin. Use sunscreen during the day. Avoid products formulated with chemical sunscreen like PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid) or the cinnamate or oxybenzone families of sunscreens, all of which can irritatate sensitive skin.

Optional: Exfoliate weekly with a gel mask containing very mild ingredients, such as aloe.

Combination Skin Care

 Begin by washing the oilier areas of forehead, nose, and chin first for one minute and then concluding dryer area for a total cleansing time of one and a half minutes. This allows more time to be removing the oil and debris that has accumulated on the forehead, nose, and, chin. As with oily skin, cleanse gently. Avoid washing more than twice a day.

Consider using a light creamy cleanser, a nonsoap cleanser, or a glycerin soap, which attracts some moisture to the skin, twice a day during cooler seasons.

Use a more moisturizing cleanser during the months surrounding winter because the cheek area and even the chin can become moderately dry at this time while the fore forehead and nose may remain slightly oily. Switch to a less emolliating cleanser products in spring and summer.

Also, since oil on the forehead and nose can come from your hair, make some adjustment in your hair-care regimen as outlined for oily skin. That is, try washing your hair at least once a week and wear it pulled or brushed back from the face. Avoid applying hair oils or pomades on the scalp near the forehead.

Apply a light moisturizer once or twice a day to the dry areas of the oily skin. You will probably not need to apply moisturiser to the forehead and nose, which are typically oily. Choose a sunscreen gel with SPF 15 or a light oil-free lotion containing sunscreen.

Do’s and Don’ts for Combination Skin
Do:

Choose cleansers for combination skin; they’re formulated to be gentle on dry spots, tougher on the T-zone.
Apply products only where you need them-moisturizer only on dry areas, benzoyl peroxide products right on blemishes.
Smooth on a sunscreen with SPF 15 or a moisturizer or foundation with built-in sunscreen protection every day.

Don't:
Use two kinds of cleanser or moisturizer on different parts of your face; seek out products formulated for combination skin.
Use balancing lotions; they neither endow dry areas with moisture nor reduce the amount of oil your oil glands produce.
Apply moisturizer before working out.
Forget to wear sunscreen.

Tips for Maturing skin

What you ingest affects facial muscles and supportive tissues as well as the epidermal surface. To compensate for the body's gradually slowing cell production and less efficient metabolism of foods, it is important to provide it with ample protein (meats, eggs, dairy products, legume-grain-milk combinations), and with a generous supply of vitamins.

Here are tips to enhance natural skin care as you grow older:

    * Taking a daily B-complex tablet is good insurance. Laboratory tests have shown that a deficiency of any one of the B's causes young animals to develop the wrinkled aspects of old age.
    * If you smoke, stop. Smoking has been shown to accelerate aging of skin, so quitting now is important for good skin health.
    * Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more whenever you go outdoors, especially when you are participating in sports or exercise. Be sure to reapply the sunscreen every two hours.
    * Vitamin C is good for collagen and elastin, the intertwining fibers supporting your face. Collagen cannot be absorbed from even the most convincingly advertised cosmetic, it is produced and maintained by the body from ingested protein and vitamin C with the assistance of the B complex. Taking 1,000 to 5,000 milligrams of vitamin C in divided doses each day helps preserve and rejuvenate collagen's ability to prevent lines, sags, and wrinkles.

How To Care For Your Skin From The Inside

 What you eat, or don't eat, is revealed by your skin: nutrients absorbed into the bloodstream nourish it through loops of capillaries close to the surface. Radiantly healthy skin is one of the dividends of eating a nutritionally balanced diet, taking supplements when needed, and drinking six to eight glasses of water each day Fruit and vegetable juices or herbal teas may be substituted for some of the water. Alcoholic drinks and caffeine-containing beverages, (regular coffee, tea, some herbal teas, many soft drinks) act as mild diuretics to dehydrate your system, so they shouldn't be counted on for filling the quota.

Protein
Skin is predominantly protein, requires a daily supply from the foods you eat because protein molecules are not absorbed through the epidermis into underlying tissues, and registers a deficiency by becoming slack and loose. Collagen-containing protein foods (avocados, brewer's yeast, dried legumes, nuts, sesame and sunflower seeds, whole grain cereals) help prevent and smooth out wrinkles. Other protein foods (fish, meats, poultry, eggs, dairy products, vegetable proteins) help your body equalize the balance between new and dying cells.

Fats and Oils
The unsaturated fats in vegetable oils assist assimilation of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and E; contribute to your own natural oils to give your skin a sheen, plump out fine lines, and create the fresh-faced look of youth. One or two tablespoons a day can be used as salad dressing or whizzed in the blender with milk, fruit, or vegetable drinks.

Fruits, Vegetables, and Fiber
In addition to varying amounts of protein and the complex carbohydrates needed for energy, fruits and vegetables provide the fiber to keep you vibrantly beautiful and healthy by flushing toxins out of your body and avoiding constipation. Fresh, raw foods also contain enzymes that act as the body's housekeepers to keep the bloodstream clear, and, cooked or uncooked, fruits and vegetables offer an appetizing supply of vitamins and minerals necessary for skin health.

Vitamins and Minerals
Overindulging in anything, particularly fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and E, can be dangerous. Some of the following supplements may be in order, however, because individual requirements may be higher than the official RDA (recommended dietary allowance), and because eating sufficient quantities of their natural food sources is either impractical (6 oranges equal 500 milligrams of vitamin C) or would lead to unwanted weight gain.

Vitamin A is used to preserve a smooth skin texture, prevent dryness, and avoid blemishes or hasten their healing.

B vitamins are vital for clear, luminous skin. Only about 1 percent of the water-soluble, must-be-replenished-daily B complex ingested is routed to the skin, and, because they function interactively, a deficiency of any of the B's can cause skin problems. Insufficiencies may make themselves apparent by inflamed fissures at the angles of the nose and mouth, scaly lips, premature wrinkles, or by other skin disturbances.

Vitamin C, in conjunction with protein, is necessary for the production of collagen—the glue that holds us and our skin together and circumvents sags or wrinkles. Combined with bioflavonoid, vitamin C helps prevent the pigment clumping that the sun turns into "age spots," and strengthens capillaries to avoid easy bruising. Vitamin C also helps the oil-secreting glands function properly to keep the skin from drying out.

Vitamin E, necessary for healthy, moist skin, is an antioxidant present in vegetable oils; yet additional amounts of E required to prevent the E in the oils from oxidation within body. Biochemical research has demonstrated that large doses of vitamin E double healthy cell reproduction to slow the aging process and forestall premature wrinkling.

Minerals all contribute to our beauty and well-being. Two of the most essential for skin care are

Copper
It is important for the production of skin pigment and for the prevention of blotches under the skin from ruptured blood vessels. It also cooperates with other nutrients to preserve the integrity of the elastic-like fibers supporting the skin.

Zinc
Aids in the formation of collagen, helps prevent dry skin and stretch marks, and promotes blemish healing. Without enough zinc a deficiency of Vitamin A can occur even though the intake of that vitamin appears adequate.

How To Care For Your Skin From The Outside

 If you treat your skin with tenderness, it will respond with finely textured dewy freshness. If you neglect your skin, overexpose it to the sun, abuse it with harsh soaps and abrasive cleansers, irritate it with stinging astringents, or suffocate it with leftover makeup and heavy creams, it will retaliate by flaking away, erupting in bumps, developing splotches, bursting its capillaries, and wrinkling prematurely. Caring for your skin gently and consistently is the key to extending its youthful appearance.

Skin's response to a program of systematic care is almost instantaneous, and, as young cells migrate up through the dermis to replace dead cells sloughed off the surface in a constant process of self-renewal, we have a "new" face every 28 days. "Regimen" sounds intimidating. A daily routine of skin care requires no more than ten minutes and requires only three simple steps—cleanse, tone, and moisturize—each evening and morning.

Night care
    * Cleanse. Remove any makeup with cleansing cream or a natural makeup remover. Wash with mild soap or other cleanser, rinse, and pat dry.
    * Tone. Apply a small amount of freshener( use an alcohol-free astringent if you have oily or blemished skin) to a cotton pad or ball. Begin at the décolleté (bust line) and gently apply over the neck area and face, using a patting motion
    * Moisturize. Splash on cool water or mist with a spray bottle. Blot, but do not dry completely—moisturizer magic relies more on retaining moisture than in providing it—then smooth on a few drops of your moisturizer.

Day care
    * Cleanse lightly to remove nighttime accumulations, refresh your face with a few splashes of water, and pat dry.

    * Tone by applying a freshener or astringent.
    * While your skin is still moist immediately after applying your freshener, alcohol free astringent, or water, apply a daytime moisturizer using gentle patting and smoothing motion.

How to Get Youthful Skin

 Skin is more than just a covering; it is a barometer that registers the state of our health and reveals the story of our lives. The decline and fall of our epidermis does not become apparent until we pass the 30-year milestone, but it actually begins at birth. Our "perfect" baby skin alters with puberty; undergoes more variations from hormonal fluctuations during menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause; then gradually becomes thinner, drier, and less supple as cell functions slow with age. Chronologically, we all grow old at the same rate. Visibly, we age at an individual pace—and it's never too early or late to start improving your skin. Acne attacks more boys than girls during the teenage years, but besets more women than men because oral contraceptives, menstruation, and menopause cause hormone levels to surge and wane.

Pregnancy profoundly affects the skin. For the first five months, increased estrogen production suppresses the natural skin-lubricating oils to make skin drier than normal. Use a mild, non detergent cleanser, a nourishing moisturizer during the day, and apply a rich night cream before retiring. During the latter half of pregnancy, an upswing of progesterone hormones may make skin oilier and more subject to blemishes. Cleanse your skin thoroughly, use an astringent toner, cut back on your moisturizing routine, and guard against the brown splotches of a pregnancy mask by applying a potent sunscreen before venturing forth in daylight.

While waiting for the fountain of perpetual youth to be discovered, you can prolong a youthful appearance if you:

    * Incorporate more moisturizing in your daily-care routine to compensate for the reduced activity of sweat and sebaceous glands, which causes gradual drying and thinning of the skin.
    * To prevent photo aging by applying a sunscreen and sunning safely.
    * Drink water at least 8 glasses a day.

    * Exercise regularly to maintain the blood circulation essential for bringing nourishment to the dermal vessels and for carrying off wastes from the skin.
    * Deliberately relax away tension to help prevent "expression lines" in your face and other stress-related skin problems.
    * Get sufficient sleep so your skin can receive its fresh supplies of oxygen and nutrients.
    * Keep your weight fairly constant to avoid the saggy wrinkles that can develop stretched marks.
    * Eat a well-balanced diet to help maintain and rebuild the supportive tissues, and to preserve the visible surface.

The Right Way To Wash Your Face

 Washing can improve your skin's condition but it can also make it worse. Water—hot versus warm, cold versus cool—is a prime bone of contention. Rinsing with a washcloth or splashing with water a certain number of times is another point of debate. "Wash with hot, rinse with cold" proponents contend this method cleanses more efficiently, opens and closes pores, and stimulates circulation. Other dermatologists declare that hot rinsing arouses the lipids (oil glands) into reestablishing the skin's pH balance. The "warm/cool" and the "keep it tepid" brigade believe that skin should never be shocked with either hot or cold and that pores neither open not close. Among these extremes are some facts: skin around the pores does contract and expand to have the effect of opening and closing pores; warm-to-hot water is comfortable for washing; and a splash of cold water is refreshing as a final rinse. Here's the basic process for properly washing your face:

   1. Choose a cleanser that is suitable for your skin type.
   2. If hair is long, pull back from face with a pony tail holder.
   3. Moisten your face with water. Work up a lather by rubbing the soap between wet palms. Using your fingertips (not the bar of soap), massage the lather into your face and throat.
   4. Rinse thoroughly with a washcloth or with splashes of water. A three-to-one ratio of rinsing time to lathering time is considered adequate; the important thing is that you remove all of the soap so any caustic it contains won't burn your face, and so your face won't be left with the film equivalent of a bathtub ring.
   5. Blot dry with a soft towel; vigorous rubbing with coarse material aggravates and tugs at your skin.
   6. Apply your favorite moisturizer by tapping your fingers over the skin. Do not drag skin while applying.

Bi-Weekly Treatment for Oily Skin (Skin Balancing and Purifying Treatment)

Oily skin needs to become balanced. Gentle yet effective treatment products will delicately control the excess oil without stripping the skin of precious moisture. Reduce excess shine, smooth texture, and temporarily reduce enlarged pores with this balancing and purifying beauty ritual for oily skin. Your skin will feel refreshed and smoother after this treatment.

Oil-Free Cleansing
Pull your hair back with the stretch headband. Premoisten your face with water. Cleanse skin with an oil-free gel or lotion. Once you have applied the cleanser let it set on your face for 30 seconds. This extra time gives the cleanser a better chance to break down the makeup and excess oils. Remove cleanser with tepid water.

Removing Dead Skin Cells
Premoisten your skin, then apply a dab of facial scrub to the base of your throat, each cheek, and forehead. Massage in a gentle, circular motion; start at the base of the neck and work your way up to the forehead. Avoid your eye area. Then remove scrub with water.

Mask Treatment
While your skin is still moist, apply a clay (drying) mask to your entire throat and face, avoiding the eye area. (This will harden on the face.) Once the mask is completely applied, take a small portion of mask on your fingertips and massage over the previous mask application. This extra application of mask will ensure complete coverage to your skin to maximize its results. Leave mask on for 10 to 15 minutes (make sure the mask is completely stiff before removal).
Never begin to remove mask while it is stiff. This will cause you to tug, rub, and pull at your skin unnecessarily and possibly cause irritation. Always moisten the clay mask with a wet sponge or wet washcloth. When the mask is completely soft, gently rinse with warm water.

Tone
Take a piece of cotton and saturate it with a bit of alcohol-free toner and gently sweep your entire face. Alternative method: Splash your face with tepid water or rose water.

Oil-Free Moisturizing
When you have oily skin there is a special way to apply your moisturizer. This application technique will help you prevent the overuse of your moisturizer.
Apply an oil-free moisture gel or lotion to the outer perimeter of your face (this area tends not to be as oily as the center of the face). Gently massage the gel or lotion into the skin working your way toward the center of the face. If you have any moisturizer left on your fingertips apply it to the T-zone. (The reason you don't apply the moisturizer directly to this area is because the center of the face has the greatest concentration of oil glands.) Finish your facial by applying an eye gel or lotion to your eye area. (Alternative method: You can use your day moisturizer.)

How to Winterize Your Skin

 Winter is beauty's enemy. Overexposure to dry, cold wind also damages the skin. In addition to their dehydrating effects, cold and wind put pressure on the epidermis, the horny protective top layer of skin, which is composed of dead cells. When the cold and pressure are extreme, the dead cells desquamate-they burst-leaving the living, young cells of the dermis layer exposed prematurely to the elements. As a result, the unprotected cells become inflamed, causing a tingling sensation on the skin, a problem that is particularly common among the elderly in cold season.

Dry skin suffers more than oily skin, but every type of skin benefits from these defensive measures:

    * Cold weather and cool winds aggravate dry skin condition; so adjust lifestyle and diet add warmth, lubrication, and moisture.
    * Tone and moisture after each cleansing to preserve and replenish the moisture in your skin. Use a moisturizing night nourisher every evening. Apply a daytime moisturizer around your eyes and on dry-skin areas each morning.
    * Take fewer baths and showers in cold season to avoid dryness. When you do bathe, add few drops of essential oil to the water to provide lubrication. Massage with oil before and after bathing.
    * Add skin-pampering Ingredients to your bath to prevent skin dryness.

    * Wait 30 minutes after bathing, or washing your face, before going out into frigid air. Splash your face with cool water when you come back inside. Extreme temperature changes can burst capillaries near the skin's surface.

Bi-weekly Treatment for Dry Skin

Dry skin can be very uncomfortable. Sometimes your skin feels as if it is two sizes too small for your face, and it can become itchy and irritated. The good news is that dry skin is simple to control. Let your dry skin drink up this moisture-rich facial.

Did you ever apply your moisturizer, but your skin still looked dry? It is possible that your moisturizer is not rich enough. Sometimes it is not enough to use just a moisturizer. If your skin is extremely dry you may need a special product to seal in the moisturizer as well as to replenish your skin's depleted supply of natural oil. There are several excellent products that will protect your skin in this way. They are pure and natural plant and nut oils. Dry oils are a special classification of exceptionally lightweight oils that seem to disappear on the skin. A few of the most popular dry oils are jojoba oil, sweet almond, and macadamia nut oil. All you need are a couple of precious drops of lightweight oils to help you replenish and protect your skin.

Emollient-Rich Cleansing
Pull your hair back in the headband. Apply the rich, water-based cleanser to premoistened skin. Remove cleanser with tepid water.

Remove Dead Skin Cells
Mix a few drops of dry oil (jojoba, or almond, or macadamia nut oil) into a portion of your favorite facial scrub. Then apply the mixture to premoistened skin. Gently massage, beginning at your decollete and working your way up to the forehead. (Don't forget to exfoliate your lips.) Rinse completely with tepid water.

Mask Treatment
Apply a nondrying mask over the face, throat and neck. (This mask stays soft on the skin.) Avoid your eye area. Once the mask is completely applied, place a small portion of mask on your fingertips and massage over previous mask application. This extra application of mask will ensure complete coverage and adherence to your skin to maximize its results. Leave the mask on for 10 to 15 minutes.

After the application of the mask is complete, apply a warm towel compress over your entire face. Moisten a hand towel with warm water and wring out excess moisture. Lie down and wrap the towel around your face, leaving a space for your nose. Leave the compress on while the mask is setting, approximately 10 to 15 minutes. Remove the compress and rinse the mask off your skin by splashing your face with cool water.

Alcohol-Free Toner
Take a piece of cotton and saturate it with a bit of alcohol-free toner and gently sweep your entire face.
Alternative method: Splash your face with tepid water.

Emollient-Rich Moisture Lotion or Cream
Cream Apply a dab of water-based moisture lotion or cream to your decollete, throat, chin, cheeks, lips, and forehead. Gently massage into your skin. To seal in moisture and create a protective barrier, apply a few drops of natural plant oil (such as almond oil, or jojoba oil) over your moisturized skin.

How to Summarize Your Skin

 The sun has always been a prime offender against the skin, but in recent years its harmful effects have increased as the protective ozone layer has weakened. Solar radiation is a factor in cataracts, cell degeneration, and the breakdown of collagen and elastin, which leads to premature aging and wrinkles. It is the leading cause of skin cancer, and also increases free radical generation in the skin because it decreases production of antioxidant enzymes. When ingested and absorbed into the body they will cause hyper pigmentation if the skin is exposed to too much sun. Of course, summer heat aggravates, leading to increased skin sensitivity and sebaceous secretions.

In general, sensitive skin types tend to turn red rather than tan in the sun, and also develop freckles. Dry and oily skin types both tan easily. Nevertheless, nothing ages the skin more quickly than a sunburn, so individuals of every skin type should take precautions to protect themselves from the sun.

    * Give your face an extra cleansing each day and always clean your face after strenuous activity. Warm weather means more active oil glands. Perspiration makes dirt cling to your skin.
    * Use a "light" night cream and daytime moisturizer. Smooth on only a few drops to compensate for the extra washing and perspiring that remove the skin's invisible shield. Use additional moisturizer when you travel by plane; pressurized air is excessively dry.
    * Watch out for the sun; too much of it makes skin lined, leathery, and old before its time.
    * Use a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 to 30, depending upon your skin. If you don't burn easily but do tan easily, use lower SPF. If you burn more easily than you tan, use higher SPF. Try not to use sunscreen unless you are in the sun, since it tends to increase skin sensitivity in general. Sesame and neem oil both are excellent natural sunscreens.

    * Avoid sunbathing. If you do sunbathe, olive and coconut oils are natural tanning agents, since they absorb ultraviolet light and provide even coloring. A daily dose of B-complex vitamins also helps produce an even tan.
    * After sunbathing, take a cool bath, adding a few drops rose, sandalwood, or vetiver essence to the water.
    * To treat sunburned skin, rub on either crushed cucumber, cucumber juice, aloe vera juice, an ice infusion of elderflower and chamomile, or cold buttermilk.

Helpful Tips

You can improve your looks at any age. Equipped with useful tips, a careful diet and regular exercise, you can make your face glow with health, beauty, and vitality; without having to ' resort to camouflage techniques. Face care varies with skin type. Here are some useful tips.

Helpful Tips    

    * Dry skin needs hydrating and moisturizing treatment.
    * Oily skin needs cleansing and freshening.
    * Patchy skin needs smoothening and lightening treatment.
    * Change in season requires a change in the skin care routine.
    * To keep the skin glowing, drink at least 12-15 glasses of water per day.
    * Your diet should be rich in raw vegetables and fresh fruits. These hydrate your skin.
    * Protect yourself from the harshness of the sun. This is the main cause of skin discolouration, pigmentation and wrinkles.
    * Exercise regularly: even a good walking routine will suffice.
    * Exercise facial muscles regularly. Rotate your neck slowly, side to side, and loosen the facial muscles.
    * Laugh loudly, it helps to exercise the facial muscles.
    * Wash your face several times a day.
    * Steam your face once a week to clean up clogged pores. After steaming, rub your face, forehead and neck vigorously to exfoliate the skin.
    * Take Vitamin E for shadows and scars. But consult a doctor first.

    * Once a fortnight go in for an elaborate cleansing and moisturizing treatment by using any of the fruits and vegetables mentioned. The type and the nature of the treatment depends upon your skin type.
    * "Feed" your skin. It requires nourishment too.
    * Whenever you apply a lotion or cream or moisturizer, use gentle, swift, featherlike upward strokes. Do not use downward strokes or pull your facial muscles downward, else they will start sagging.
    * Whenever you dry your face, always pat it dry. Do not rub, scrub or pull your skin.
    * Avoid rapid or excessive weight loss.
    * Ensure a good night's sleep. It rests and nourishes your skin.
    * A diet rich in Vitamin A prevents a patchy, dry or rough skin. It is also good for people who have acne and pimples.
    * Vitamin B prevents spots on the face.
    * Strawberries are an instant cure for dry skin. Take a few strawberries, puree them. Add to this half cup milk and a tablespoon of glycerine. Shake well, pour in a jar and store in the refrigerator. Use this whenever the skin appears to be dry and taut. Apply on face, leave on for 10 minutes. Rinse. The skin is as soft like that of a baby.
    * Your face is the most expressive, noticeable and also the most delicate part of the body. Normal facial expressions like frowning, raising of the eyebrows, wrinkling of the forehead, all this even¬tually lead to wrinkles. So make a facial massage as a regular routine to combat wrinkling.
    * Use a moisturizer after exfoliation. It helps to reseal the skin and protects it form over drying.
    * Prolonged use of alcohol based perfumes and deodorants can cause brown patches and dryness.
    * Avoid going out in the direct sun when using a perfume. Spray onto clothes instead of directly on the skin.

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Comments 2 comments

sally 2 years ago

thanks


telemall 2 years ago

good job nice sharing

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