Navratna: Tantra of India
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Specific arrangement of Navratna as Tantra
Navratna is a specific arrangement of nine gemstones used in Indian astrology. This is also a Tantra of India. Gemstones Ruby, Pearl, Coral, Yellow Sapphire, Diamond, Blue Sapphire, Hessonite and Cat’s eye are arranged in a specific order to form the Tantra of Navratna. Indian astrology uses this to get rid of bad effects of nine planets in human life and to enhance good effects of those nine planets.
India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world and a country with rich traditions. Indians had discovered relations between planets and gemstones. Research established strong connections between planets, zodiacs and nine gemstones (Nava Ratna).
Ruby gemstone represents the planet sun, pearl refers to the moon and so on. I will discuss relations between all nine gemstones and nine planets in coming paragraph.
Navratna necklace and ring
Indian researches: Navratna, planets and zodiacs
Indian scholars researched and developed knowledge and used those to enhance the quality of life even in ancient times. Indian scientists had been working on atoms and astronomy when America was not even discovered by the modern world and most of the Europe was in the forest.
Indian astronomers calculated movement and path of planets long before Europeans. They knew Zodiacs and relationship between Zodiacs and planets and earth. Mathematics in India was in very developed stage since ancient times. Bhadravahu (Fourth century B.C.), Barahamihir, Aryabhata, Brahmagupta are some to name.
(Bhadravahu was contemporary to Chanakya and Emperor Chandragupta became his disciple.)
They have depicted movements of planets exactly using subtle calculations. Indian astrology is based on scientific and mathematical calculations. They used geometry, logarithm, trigonometry, co-ordinate geometry and even differential and integral calculus to find out movements and paths of planets and their astronomical relationships with Zodiacs. They knew the exact parabolic paths of the planets.
They were able to find out exact method of defining time in terms of the year, month, week and days. They could easily calculate exact time of sunrise and sunset. They could also define movements of the moon and were able to forecast high and tide. Solar and lunar eclipses were calculated at that time. Indian astrologers use this for Muhurta.
Emerald: Gemstone for Mercury
Assorting Rough Emerald
Navaratna and Nine planets
Indian astrology has two main streams 1. Ganita and 2. Falita. Ganita means mathematical calculations whereas Falita means the effect of planets and zodiacs in one’s life. Ganita also deals with subtle divisions and subdivisions of time and Falita uses these calculations to specify good or bad times for particular actions.
Indians also knew about gemstones and their magical power. Astrologers of India have chosen nine gemstones for nine planets as per their color.
The sun is in the center of our solar system and its red color resembles with that of the ruby gemstone. The sun also affects human life the most. Ruby keeps its place in the center of the Navaratna.
The moon, though not a planet according to modern science, is the nearest celestial body from the earth. Hence, it affects human life the most but the sun. Where the sun is hot and resembled with red colored ruby, the moon is cool and the pearl gemstone with white color represents the moon in Navaratna. The sun is followed by the moon in Indian Navagraha system.
Red colored marsh is represented by red colored coral and it occupies third place in Indian planet system.
The mercury (fourth in the system) has typically given the color green and is represented by emerald gemstone and yellow sapphire represents the Jupiter (fifth in the system). Dazzling white Venus comes in the sixth position and diamond, the most dazzling gemstone is the representative of the Venus.
The Saturn occupies the seventh place and blue sapphire represents its blue color, typically given by the Indian astrologers.
These seven planets have their correspondent zodiacs, shown in a chart below. The Sun and the Moon (planets in Indian astrological system) have one zodiac each. Rest of the above mentioned five planets have two zodiacs each. Two of the planets in Indian astrology Rahu and Ketu have no correspondent zodiacs.
Solar and lunar eclipses have significant effects on the earth, hence, these astronomical phenomena are included in the system as shadow planets. A solar eclipse is named Rahu and lunar is Ketu. Rahu and Ketu are considered as the eighth and ninth planet and had been assigned the grey color. Hessonite and Cat’s eye are the respective gemstones for them.
Zodiac, Planet and Gemstone chart
Navaratna: Palmistry and Zodiac
Astrologers of India believe that particular gemstone of these nine gemstones can reduce bad effects of a particular planet on human life. Thus, they prescribe specific gemstone to a particular person according to the position of a particular planet in one’s horoscope.
Besides specific gemstones prescribed to a particular person, Navaratna has been used as common healing Tantra of nine planets altogether. Hence, Navaratna occupies an important place in Indian astrology.
Jewelers of India manufacture and sell plenty of Navaratna rings, pendants, necklaces, tops, earrings, bracelets, bangles and other ornaments. Navaratna beads and long beads are also used in Indian beaded Jewelry.
Indian astrologers also depicted the relationship between zodiacs and planets. Astrologers of India also allocate a particular area for a specific planet in human palms. Palmistry of India also uses Navaratna as a healing method.
(This hub is published on 31 March 2009).
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