About Plastic Surgery

About Plastic Surgery

Cosmetic surgery, like any surgery, also has its risks that must be taken into account before a decision about the procedure. You look in the mirror and think about the small (or large) changes you would like to make in your body? Take a little fat here, put a silicone there, move a little on the nose or repair any part of the body with which you are not satisfied.

Often plastic surgery can be more than a conceit, because it also corrects deformities that can affect even the health and well-being. But besides think about the changes, who thinks of making plastic must also look at the risks involved in a plastic surgery.

Increasingly, people resort to plastic and aesthetics surgery. In spite of medical advances, they should not be treated as an ordinary procedure. Such treatment may result in bleeding, hospital infection, pulmonary embolism, thrombosis, anaphylactic shock, among other complications.

There is also the aesthetic risk, which occurs when the surgery is not successful (for medical error or reaction of your own body) and instead look better, your body gets a scar or other deformity. There is no way to predict whether surgery will correct or not, but it is up to the patient a significant portion of that success.

There is a wide variety of plastic surgeries that are becoming simpler and more popular. There are the reparative and reconstructive plastic surgery aimed at repairing defects that compromise health, and aesthetic plastic surgery, which aims to improve appearance and self-esteem. Plastic and aesthetic surgery corresponded to 73% while repairing represent 27% of the total. The most popular plastic surgery procedures are rhinoplasty, breast augmentation, facelift, liposuction and abdominoplasty.

You also have your share of responsibility in risk and outcome of your plastic surgery. You should understand the risks, never lie to your doctor and follow strict instructions of preoperative and postoperative.

Caution begins with the choice of doctor or plastic surgeon. If recommended by someone, make sure the professional is licensed. Check also if there are cases in court for malpractice against him. The anesthesiologist is also instrumental, but usually the patient only knows in the time of plastic surgery. As is recommended to be done in relation to plastic surgeons, knowing the medical history of this one is also important because it is he who will control blood pressure, pulse, heart rate, respiration, temperature and other physiological functions during plastic surgery. Meet the premises of the plastic surgery clinic. It needs to have an infrastructure able to monitor the basic functions of the patient, how to respond to emergencies if they occur. If you can select a hospital to perform the procedure it might be better if any problems occur during the plastic surgery.

For smokers, the risk is even higher. Nicotine can affect the outcome of plastic surgery and leave dark and tall scars. The healing process requires the proper functioning of blood circulation, which is compromised in smokers. Cigarette concentrated 4000 toxic substances, and interfere with healing, doctors ask patients to stop smoking cigarettes for at least a month before the plastic surgery. In addition, smokers tend to cough more, an act that can cause pain and make the points open.

In invasive surgical procedures like plastic surgery, the risk of infection is always present. Liposuction and the filler (injection of substances to reduce skin wrinkles) appear as major sources of infection due to surgical tools, such as cannulas (tubes) and poorly sterilized needles. Instruments contaminated with bacteria can cause sores, lumps and necrosis. Glutaraldehyde is used to wash those instruments, but it is known that some bacteria are resistant to this substance and the best way to sterilize a surgical instrument is the autoclaves, machines that use steam, high pressure and high temperature.

Health surveillance records can provide information about contamination of hospitals and clinics. In addition to seeking the place, it is interesting to have a talk with your doctor about how is the cleaning of surgical instruments, as well as opening of disposables in front of the patient. In this talk, get all your questions, be honest in the data being provided and follow medical recommendations.

Before Plastic Surgery

  • Make all requested checks. Each surgery will require a type of examination, but generally they are: blood count (detects anemia), blood chemistry, electrocardiogram, chest radiograph, pregnancy testing and mammography.
  • Stop smoking at least a month before.
  • Any drug used should be reported to the doctor and it is stopped days before surgery, except for drugs for hypertension, diabetes or other disease.
  • Discontinue use of natural medicines such as Ginkgo biloba, arnica, ginseng and vitamins, which are anticoagulants and may cause bleeding.
  • Analgesics containing acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and formulas for weight loss should also be stopped.

After Plastic Surgery

  • Take Vitamin C. Help in producing collagen, a substance that helps the skin to remain united during the healing process.
  • Forget the cigarette, it only hinders healing.
  • Avoid eating salty or spicy foods until a week after surgery.
  • Do not carry weight in the early days.
  • Escape the sun and hot, windy or cold weather during the first 30 days.
  • Baths: try not to wet the bandages in the first seven days.
  • Do not drink alcohol. It reduces the ability of blood clotting and increases the risk of bleeding.
  • Do not wear makeup, creams or lotions on the operated area. Use only products listed by your doctor.
  • If you notice something strange or different, just search your surgeon.

Problems in Plastic Surgery

If you took all the care and followed the guidelines. Still, the plastic surgery had complications or not up to expectations? Or worse, what was "normal", can now be considered a deformity? What to do in these cases?

The medical error can happen in three ways: by malpractice, either unprepared or lack of knowledge, by recklessness, by an act or omission by the doctor or, at worst, negligent. In a reconstructive plastic surgery to correct a defect, there is no guarantee a result that completely erases deformity, but in aesthetic plastic surgery is different, it is desirable that the result is quit as expected. If your operation went wrong or you had injuries, search the police and make a police report. According to the Civil Code, the patient has up to three years for a lawsuit against the doctor. For safety, keep all the tests and documents (receipts and prescriptions).

I hope this article will have taken the doubts about plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery you want to do. If you have further questions you should consult your plastic surgery.

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