Plastic Surgery Face Lift

Plastic Surgery Face Lift

A facelift, also called a rhytidectomy is a plastic surgery to give a youthful look in the face of the patient. This is done by removing excess fat and tightening the skin drooping on the face and neck.

The facelift is done mostly by women in their 30s and 40s to prevent the signs of aging and is made by women over 50 years to have a facial expression and a rejuvenated look much younger. A facelift reduces wrinkles and drooping skin on the bottom of the face, particularly in the area of the jaw. The jaw is one of the first to show aging, facelift changes the shape of the jaw, making it smaller and rounder.

Your plastic surgeon will tighten your skin and eliminate drooping skin under the chin that makes appear older. When the facial skin is reformulated many of wrinkles and facial imperfections are minimized or eliminated. The results of the facelift can range from subtle to dramatic depending on the quality of the skin and patients wishes.

Who can do a facelift

A facelift is recommended for people with loose skin, deep lines, wrinkles, bags and double chin. That is why this surgery is done in people over 35 years, since at this point that you begin to notice a lack of elasticity of the skin due to aging process. Nevertheless, patients should not expect to stay with the appearance of a person of 20 years of age.

The facelift is not for those who want to remove the signs of aging around the eyes. This would be done with a different plastic surgery, called blepharoplasty or plastic surgery to eyelids. A blepharoplasty can be done in conjunction with a facelift. Make a facelift to the forehead or the neck are also separate procedures that can be made on the same day of the facelift.

While not an absolute contraindication, the risk is higher after surgery when patients are smokers, have hypertension or diabetes. In addition, patients should not take medicines such as aspirin or other medicines that thin the blood.

How a Facelift is done

A traditional facelift is done under general anesthesia and takes around 2 to 3 hours. A facelift may also be done with tumescent anesthesia, thus having less side effects (nausea and fewer injuries) than general anesthesia. There are various techniques for facelift but generally an incision is made near the ear and slightly behind the hairline to hide the signs of surgery. If necessary can be made a small incision under the chin to remove fat and skin to stretch more. Then the skin is pulled back and separated from the tissues and muscles. Then the plastic surgeon pulls the muscle and if necessary the tissues beneath the skin. Then the muscle sutures are made to have the desired firmness and the area is again covered with skin. In the final stage of the procedure the skin is pulled up and the excess is removed. Then the skin is sutured behind the ear and near the hairline.

Results and Recovery from Facelift

Immediately after the facelift the patient's face is wrapped in soft pads and bandages. At this point the patient will have swelling and little or moderate discomfort, which can be treated with medication if necessary. Most of the swelling occurs between 24-48 hours after surgery and persists for two weeks. In total are required 4-6 weeks to heal the whole face. During this time the patient should avoid heavy physical activity, avoiding smoking and avoiding prolonged sun exposure. Over the next few months can feel the skin dry and bumpy but it improves quickly.

It is important to remember that a facelift is considered major surgery. In rare cases a person may have a postoperative infection or a bad reaction to anesthesia. A facelift does not reverse the aging process, so in some cases patients may require an additional facelift several years later.

Mini Facelift

A mini facelift is so named because it has almost the same results as a normal facelift but with less impact. The mini facelift is used to correct the early signs of aging, but have less results of a complete facelift and is usually done in a more concentrated area, especially in the lower third of the face. There are three major advantages of the mini facelift to offset the lower results.

  • The mini facelift has a limited impact. This can be a positive thing since it allows for a less visible change in your appearance. People may not know you had a facelift unless you say so.
  • Another advantage of the mini facelift is that it is a less invasive plastic surgery. The mini facelift uses small incisions that are made to reduce the wrinkles in smaller areas of the face than in a complete facelift. Thus the recovery time is shorter and the risk of complications is lower, making the mini facelift the ideal solution for people who do not want to waste time with a more prolonged recovery, while removing signs of aging.
  • The mini facelift is done with local anesthesia. Some patients recover very quickly, in 1 or 2 days. There may be significant swelling and pain, but usually disappear much faster than in complete facelift.

Who can make a Mini Facelift

Since the mini facelift does not have the same results as a complete facelift, there are two types of patients for whom it is ideal. First the younger patients who have only begun to notice signs of aging but already has many wrinkles on particular areas of the face. Due to the subtle impact, a series of mini facelifts over the years can give the younger patients the same youthful appearance as a full facelift but more gradually. The appearance is like a prettier aging instead of a drastic operation.

Mini Facelift or Injections

Since the botox appeared there are also other treatments such as Restylane injections that have become very popular. These treatments have so much popularity that are about half of all cosmetic interventions. Injectable treatments have minimally invasive surgery, does this made the mini facelift obsolete?

Yes and no. The growing popularity of injectable treatments did the facelifts reduce by around 20% since 2000. Nonetheless it is important to know that treatments are injections done several times (6 in 6 months) because they are less efficient than a facelift or mini facelift. The treatments are injections to specific areas very small, so multiple treatments are needed to give the same effects of a mini facelift, compared to a full facelift is even more difficult. Most treatments injection lasts six months compared to a duration of five years of a mini facelift or 10 years from a complete facelift.

Although the mini facelifts are more expensive than a session of a treatment for injection and require less recovery time, the duration of the cosmetic improvement of a mini facelift makes this technique a good option for many people.

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