Computer programming languages and generations

Computer programming languages and generations

Programming languages are use to write application programs which are used by end users. The programming languages are generally used only by professional programmers to write programs. The development of programming languages has improved considerably with the ease and ability of programmers to write powerful applications programs that can solve any task in the world today.

Each computer programming language has its own distinctive grammars and syntax and its own manner of expressing ideas. In principle most computational task could be accomplish by any of the languages but the programs would look very different moreover, writing a program for a particular task could be easier with some languages than the others. The various generations of computer programming languages are discussed below.

  1. 1st generation languages

The first generation computer language was machine language, all the machine used machine code which consisted of 0s and 1s. Machine language is highly efficient and allows direct control of each operation; however programmers had to write computer programs using 0 and 1. Some of the drawbacks of the first generations languages were

· Programs were difficult to write and debug

· Programming process was tedious

· Programming was time confusing

· Programs were error prone

  1. 2nd generation languages

These were developed in the early 1950s with the ability to use acronyms to speed programming and coding of programs. They were known generational languages were called assembly languages. They had the capability to performs operation such like add, sum. Like machine languages, assembly languages were designed for specific machine and microprocessor, this implies that the program cannot be move from one computer architecture without writing the code which means learning another language where you are to transfer the programs.

  1. 3rd generation languages

These were introduced between 1956 and 1963 which saw a major breakthrough in computing history with the development of high level computer languages popularly known as 3rd(3GLS). Example of the 3rd generation languages includes the following

FORTRAN – Formula Translation

FORTRAN was developed in 1956 to provide easier way for scientific and engineering application and these were especially useful for processing Numeric data.

COBOL – Common Business Oriented Languages

COBOL came into use in the early 1960. It was designed with business administration in mind for processing large data types with alphanumeric characters which were mixture of alphabet and data and does repetitive tasks like payroll. The other language was BASIC. These were the early computer programming languages in the early history of computers, since then there has been improvement and this will be discuss later.


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Comments 45 comments

SEO Expert Kerala profile image

SEO Expert Kerala 7 years ago from KERALA

what abt 4 th and 5 th generation languages ?

oderog profile image

oderog 7 years ago from Nairobi Author

Thanks SEO Experts, will discuss that later

aina 7 years ago

you provide clear infomation. keep it up!

oderog profile image

oderog 7 years ago from Nairobi Author

Thanks aina, hope to provide more

Abdul Hussein 7 years ago

kl guys

divyansh dhakre 7 years ago

thanx its niceand has helped me a lot.......

ITjob 6 years ago

Computer languages are optimum. They are soe kind of a universal Esperanto. Perhaps, one day English will not be an international language any more but some computer alnguage will be use at least in writing.

WTH 6 years ago

you missed generations 4 and 5

Opara Mary 6 years ago

thanks this really helped me a lot

jack murray 6 years ago

good job helped me so much

Coder 6 years ago

Good stuff, thanks for posting this!

Ashu sharma 6 years ago

Thanx i am the student of computer science&engineering. I wana more information about computer..

Midhun 6 years ago

thanks u r providing me corect information, wat abt 5th generation

anand 6 years ago

anand is a very great boy.he got finish mca.the he want available in any jobs for if u give any useful jobs for me.

anand 6 years ago

anand is a very great boy.he got finish mca.the he want available in any jobs for if u give any useful jobs for me.

jang 6 years ago

your information is right and correct plz tell us about forth and fifth generations also.

Oyetunji sheyi 6 years ago

Appreciated pls i'll lyk if u can simply tell us how 2 run a program

Rabin Dhakal 5 years ago

what about 4th and 5th generation

Grace 5 years ago

its unfortunate there is no informaton on the 4th generation

Sheenu 5 years ago

Good performance. Please provide about 4th and 5th generation also

john 5 years ago

tell us more about fourth and fifth generation please

Hannington Kosgey 5 years ago

Please include the 4th & 5th generation though you did a great Job which aided me alot.

felix ongati 5 years ago


Onwurah George 5 years ago

Job well done. Put more effort to incluld upto 7th generation, i hope u will do so.

olaoluwa olubola 5 years ago

quite impressive

gracee 5 years ago

well done,, but we need to know much about the remaining generations

chandni&meenu 5 years ago

good, but we need to the description

of 4th and 5th generation

tamara 5 years ago

pease put a definition of the 4th and 5th definition.

Olaoye Gabriel Olayinqa 5 years ago

I need informations on the fourth and fifth generations..please help me out... Am a computer science student.

bindu 4 years ago

i want which is earliest computer language....

sakshi chandel 4 years ago

good helpd me a lot..

Java Programs profile image

Java Programs 4 years ago from India

great job ..... your hubs are excellent ..... thank you so much .....

ssematimba SSEBLAW 4 years ago

Great job... still needs further editing to symplify the work of the juvenile programmers

Fatorisa olakunle 4 years ago

Pls try two explain better in 5th generation

ajuri osrodanwi 4 years ago

It is very very excellent but just have to provide the forth and fifth language

beth joan 4 years ago

please provide the notes for my sake may be by the end of thi year

hafsah 4 years ago

So does the 6th generation exist?

Milcah 4 years ago

Great work op u wil work on 4th n 5th generation

abigail 3 years ago

i need information on the fourth and fifth generation

gourav thakur 3 years ago

great introduce by 1st , 2nd ,3rd generation..........

issack 3 years ago

plz i need 4 generations of computer programming languages

eric 3 years ago

I need informations on the fourth and fifth generations

Taranwanderer profile image

Taranwanderer 2 years ago

I always was a big fan of learning Fortran. Nice contribution - check out my electronics engineering and computer hub if you get a moment. Thanks!

Ankit sj 23 months ago

its very clear and good,and thanks me lot

Ankit sj 23 months ago

its very clear and good,and thanks me lot

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