ESD Standards for Electrostatic Discharge
IEEE Standards for ESD
IEEE C62.38 is the IEEE guide on electrostatic discharge or ESD for electronic sub-assemblies. This standard is approved by ANSI International.
IEEE C62.47 was the guide on characterizing the ESD environment; issued in 1992 and revised in 1997, it has since been withdrawn.
IEEE C63.14 lists the universally approved terms and definitions related to ESD, electromagnetic compatibility and electrostatic discharge. IEEE C63.14 is ANSI approved and has been adopted by the U.S. Department of Defense.
JEDEC Standards for ESD
JEDEC stands for Joint Electron Devices Engineering Council. The group is now known as the JEDEC Solid State Technology Association.
JEDEC JEP155A.01 gives the recommended targets for human body model and machine model qualification. JEDEC JEP157 lists the recommended ESD-Charged Device Model or CDM target levels. JEDEC JESD22-A115C is the JEDEC standard for ESD sensitivity testing a machine model.
European ESD Standards
British Standard BSI BS EN 60749-27 describes the ESD sensitivity testing method using a machine model. EN 60749-26 uses a human body model. These standards have been adopted by the IEC.
- IEC 60749-27
Semiconductor devices - Electrostatic discharge (ESD) sensitivity testing - Machine model (MM) - Part 27
ESD Association Standards
The ESD Association issues standards for ESD control programs and ESD control. ESD Association standards begin with "ESD" followed by the document number.
ESD S8.1 gives the standard symbols used for ESD awareness. ESD S8.1 is ANSI approved. ESD S541 is the standard for packaging materials used with ESD sensitive items. This standard is ANSI approved. ESD SP14.1 gives the method of verifying system level ESD (electrostatic discharge) simulators. ESD SP14.1 is ANSI approved.
Not all ESD Association standards are ANSI approved. ESD EP105 addresses ESD in silicon integrated circuits or IC. ESD EP109 covers basic ESD and input/output design. ESD EP110 is the standard for on-chip ESD protection for circuits. ESD EP111 is the ESD Association's recommended design and analysis handbook. ESD EP112 covers the physics of ESD.
ESD EP115 covers radio frequency (RF) technology and circuits. ESD EP116 gives the recommended simulation methods for the development of ESD protection. ESD EP121 gives guidance on grounding and shielding circuits to minimize interference.
ASTM Electrostatic Discharge Control Standards
ASTM D5077-90 lists the terms related to ESD packaging materials and their official definitions. ASTM D996-10A gives the standard terminology used for packaging and distribution environments.
ASTM F1812-09 is the standard test for measuring the effectiveness of membrane switching electrostatic discharge shielding. ASTM E1549-06 gives the specifications for ESD controlled garments worn in clean rooms and spacecraft.
Military Standards for Electrostatic Discharge Control
MSFC-STD-1800 REV B is the standard for electrostatic discharge control in propellant and explosive devices. This is important because one spark from ESD could trigger a fire or an explosion. MIL-PRF-87893B is the standard for ESD control at work stations. NASA has published several documents on the lessons learned from controlling electrostatic discharge and the interference it creates.
Aerospace Industries Association of America standard AIA/NAS NASM5501/31 is a standard for circular electrical connector caps that protect them from ESD. AIA/NAS NASM5501/31 has been adopted by the U.S. Department of Defense.
AIA/NAS NASM5501/32 is the industrial standard for "D" type electrical connector ESD protective caps; AIA/NAS NASM5501/32 has also been adopted by the DoD. AGMC/MAQC-335c is a DoD standard for garments that protect against ESD in clean rooms and spacecraft.
Related Electrostatic Discharge Standards
Electronic Industries Alliance standard EIA-541 is a standard for packaging material for electrostatic discharge sensitive items. EIA-541 is ANSI approved. The Society of Automotive Engineers standard SAE J551-15 gives the electromagnetic immunity requirements for vehicles.
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