Stick Welding - How to Arc Weld Techniques

How To Stick Weld For Greater Results with Confidence

There's no shame in grinding out bad welds...the trick is to learn from your mistakes and improving with practice, so go for it!
There's no shame in grinding out bad welds...the trick is to learn from your mistakes and improving with practice, so go for it!

Hot tips and tricks to help improve your welding skill and confidence with Insider secret techniques!

Professional welders create perfect welds by recognizing imperfections, grinding them out and re-welding.

If you're just learning the "stick" welding, technically this process is called Shielded Metal Arc Welding...

Keep reading the step-by-step, hot-off-the-press tips, it can make your welding experience enjoyable and improve your welding technique. Period!

OK! So you want to be a better welder...quick and easy.

Firstly a few words of practical advice before diving in, stick welding isn't that easy because there's a lot to know even before you actually start welding.

The name of the game here is experience, when you're welding you need a good view of the weld puddle.

The best way is to keep your head slightly off to one side out of the way from the smoke so you can easily see exactly what you're doing...

More importantly see and/or monitor the molten metal puddle.

Otherwise, you're guessing as to whether you're welding in the joint, or to the bench, lol (don't laugh, I've welded parts to the bench before, not funny:)

So keep the arc on the leading edge of the puddle, using the right amount of heat (you can actually see a puddle with too much heat roll out of the joint).

The five simple basics to understand and master are:

1: The current setting

2: The length of arc

3: The angle of electrode

4: The approach or manipulation of electrode

5: The speed of travel...

The trick is to learn from your mistakes and that means...go for it!

Now let's start with bringing all these tips together because there's a lot to think about, but it becomes second nature with practice.

Look, I'll be honest in saying your first attempt to stick weld maybe scary as heck, because everyone sticks the rod to the workpiece when learning how to weld...

My advice is to hang in there, don't get discouraged, you're not on your own!

OK. On the side of the electrode box you'll find a table of amp ranges which usually indicates operating ranges, it's important to set the amps on the diameter and type of electrode you've selected...

Most modern welding machines have a fixed chart with guide lines for correct amperage settings including a variety of electrodes and material thicknesses.

The correct current or amperage is critical to the process, for example, a 1/8 inch 6010 rod flows or runs well set at current range from 75 to 125 amps, while a 5/32 inch 7018 rod welds at currents up to 220 amps.

Select an amperage based on the material's thickness, welding position (about 15 percent less heat for overhead work compared to a flat weld) and observation of the finished weld.

The correct arc length varies with each electrode type, material and the application.

As a guide for arc length, this should be the inner (core) metal portion and not exceed the diameter of the (core) of the electrode.

If you're holding the electrode too close to the material this decreases welding voltage, creating an erratic arc that could extinguish itself or cause the rod to freeze, as well as produces a weld bead with a high crown.

Excessively long arcs (too much voltage) produces spatter, low deposition rates, undercuts and maybe porosity (and lack of penetration).

Many beginners weld with too long of an arc, so they produce rough beads with lots of spatter.

A little practice will show you that a tight, controlled arc length improves bead appearance, creates a narrower bead and minimizes spatter.

Stick welding in the flat, horizontal and overhead position uses a "drag" or "backhand" welding technique. Hold the rod perpendicular to the joint and tilt the top of the electrode in the direction of travel approximately 5 to 15 degrees.

For welding vertical up, use a "push" or "forehand" technique and tilt the top of the rod 15 degrees away from the direction of travel.

Each welder's approach is different, manipulating or weaving the electrode in a unique style.

The idea is to develop your own style by observing others, practicing and then creating a method that produces good results for you.

To create a wider bead on thicker material, manipulate the electrode from side to side creating a continuous series of partially overlapping circles, or in a "Z," semi-circle or stutter-step pattern.

Limit side-to-side motion to 2-1/2 times the diameter of the electrode core.

It's easier to cover a wider area by making multiple passes or "stringer beads."

When you're welding vertically up, just focus on welding the sides of the joint rather than the middle...(the middle will take care of itself.)

Pause slightly at the side to allow the far side of the bead to cool, the weld puddle to catch up, and to ensure solid "tie-in" to the sidewall.

For example, if your weld looks like fish scales, you're moving forward too quickly and you're not holding long enough on the sides.

The proper travel speed produces a weld bead with the desired contour (or "crown"), width and appearance is uniform and smooth.

Adjust travel speed so that the arc stays within the leading one-third of the weld pool.

Slow travel speeds produce a wide, convex bead with shallow penetration.

Excessive travel speeds also decrease penetration, create a narrower and/or highly crowned bead, and possibly undercuts...

How to carefully prepare joints and fittings for E6010 electrode on rootpass open root pipe weld using 3 step technique:

1. Pipe joints need to fit-up, that means neat and clean for welding if you want good results. Make sure weld edges are clean of loose materials: grind surfaces of scale, slag, rust, paint, oil, etc, for correct vertical and horizontal alignment.

2. Make sure bevels are cut accurately. Fillet welds are used for welding slip-on orthreaded flanges to pipe. Make sure welding machine is set to correct amp settings.

3. Use correct welding technique, butt joints are used between pipes and welded fittings. Inpreparing a butt joint, simply place two pieces of pipe end to end, align and weld.

Open root welds on pipe or plate require proper beveling to reduce both the amount of fillermetal required which, in turn, reduces time and expense. What does proper alignment or fit-up means if the joint match is poor?

The fit-up is the horizontal and vertical alignment using a range between 1/16" to 1/8 of an inch gap between two pipes. Ideally you want the bevel and gap to be consistent all the way around the pipe.

Correct setting of the welding machine requires following the electrodes manufacture's recommended amperage range for electrode. In this example for a root pass with E6010 you can start at the low end of the recommended amperage setting.

Now, run a short bead on the root so you can tweak amperage setting until it is just right. You can practice on scrap metal to set welder just hot enough to barely weld without sticking.

Any root openings or joint angles must be consistent for the entire length of a joint. The welding technique for E6010 electrode on an open root pipe weld is always a whipping motion.

The only factor that really changes with this technique is whipping motion from back and forth as much as one inch as little just as a slight shake of electrode to get good root penetration.

Once you strike the arc, open up a keyhole and keep the arc inside which is important if a good weld is to be made and this all comes back to the fit-up of the joint selected for any job affects the quality, strength and appearance of finished weld.

Comments 73 comments

MrMarmalade profile image

MrMarmalade 8 years ago from Sydney

Every day I get a little older only to find out how little I know

Great hub produce some more, so my knowledge will increase


highwaystar profile image

highwaystar 8 years ago from Australia Author

Thanks MrMarmalade, I agree...the secret to happiness and youthfulness, so keep learning its never to late to explore new adventures in life...


alex 8 years ago

nice tips, highwaystar.

thanks! i'll sure be keeping in mind to practice some more.

i'm having problems with my technique and your tips will surely be considered. have you got anything more to add?


highwaystar 8 years ago

Hey Alex, how are you doing, hope you continue to practice and get a lot out of your welding, as far as tips go...may I ask what problem or area would you like to improve or cover in future hubs, feel free to just ask, I'll be happy to fill in the gaps, thanks for your valued feedback and reading this hub, have a great day...cheers!


John 8 years ago

Your tips are very, very good and I will incorporate them into my welding, The biggest thing I have trouble with is vertical welding Im always adjusting my heat it seems the only way ican get it to act right is when my heat is actually too low, My technique is not doing so well. Anyway have a good day.

boilermaker, John


highwaystar 8 years ago

hi John, I appreciate you... thanks your valued feedback, that's what makes writing articles all that much sweeter and more rewarding. Just remember the pool of molten metal and the affects of gravity when in the vertical welding position, play around with the heat and speed, may need o decrease heat setting and increase waeve speed a tad allowing for gravity with better flow rate & penetration.


John 8 years ago

Hi... Just dropped in to say Thankyou! It appears I've got it down pretty well from wide gaps to weaving to vertical stringers. Thanks again and keep up the good work.

Respectfully, John


John  8 years ago

Could you give me some advice for overhead welding, and welding root pass on pipe? please.

Thankyou! John


AudioBooksGuy 8 years ago

Hello John, thanks, I appreciate you...there are several factors to produce circumferential welds successfully and economically for welding root pass on pipes, you can use backing devices or rings to help with pipe alignment, proper joint gap settings and control the weld puddle which is essential in producing a satisfactory weld. Here are a few tips that you can use as a check list...use backing device with 360-degree backing capability, internal centering of pipes, consistent joint gap setting...after the root pass is completed, you can go about the usual filler and cap passes...hope that helps!


Al 8 years ago

I am very inexperienced and need some tips on what kind, size and type electrodes to use on different kinds and thickness of metals. Can you help me with that?

Thanks, Al


Jeff 8 years ago

I am a little new to arch welding but I am using an old Lincoln 220v Arch style welder. My welds are not sticking real good. I replaced my sticks with new. A universal type 1/8'' . I grinded down area to b welded but not much of puddle. Setting is on 70-80amps. PLEASE help!!!

Thanks Jeff


Richard McKenzie-Brown 8 years ago

Hi, I've just completed my level A which is my third year of welding in B.C. and I'm going to do my CWB test for stick welding. Is there anything that I should concentrate on mostly or should I just practice more on stick welding and just wing it? I have no idea what to expect. So if you could, can you give me some pointers?

Thanks Richard


highwaystar profile image

highwaystar 8 years ago from Australia Author

Richard, generally speaking, the CWB welding certificate may vary from time to time, but I would suggest knowing how to weld in 4 basic positions because you're usually tested on; flat, horizontal, vertical and overhead positions using 3/8 plate with 1/4 backing plate, (edges may or may not be beveled)...hope that helps, all the best Richard. Hey, let me know how you go, cheers!


Austin 8 years ago

I got an Arc Welder about a year ago and became extremely frustrated with it because everytime i would try to use it, the stick would arc for a second then I couldn't get the rod to even spark again. So I would try another rod and that would arc for a second then stop. I have no idea what I am doing wrong.


highwaystar 8 years ago

Austin, arc welders occasionally seem to develop a personality of their own and problems sporadically occur that cause great frustration, so you're not alone.

First thing, do a troubleshooting check of the power supply, electrodes chosen, material to be welded, and the welding parameters chosen.

Did the welder work properly in the past, if yes, then something changed to cause the problem...


jeff 8 years ago

I am taking icc exam for special inspector, any tips to help me?

Thanks jeff


highwaystar 8 years ago

Thanks Jeff, ICC steel/welding exam covers plan reading, high & low-rise buildings and bolting, all types of welds and codes...most exams are open book, the pass rate for the ICC steel and welding exam is not that high....less than 50%

Study the code with on-the-job experience should be enough to understand the code and master your ability to apply...hope that helps, if you need more specific advice feel free to ask, cheers!


metal dawg 7 years ago

thank you so mutch make the fun fun again in welding im so glad you wrote that article and its sotrue practice make all the diference thatks again for writing the article


sama tolbert 7 years ago

how can I weld like a pro doing the verious types of welding especially for (stick welding?)


qasim 7 years ago

how do you stick

weld in the overhead position


Tony 7 years ago

Love the hubs!! Need some tips in welding in the overhead positios with 7018' rod.


highwaystar 7 years ago

Hi Tony thanks for feedback, you're much appreciated. Tips for overhead position, use drag or backhand technique. You hold the rod at a 90 degree angle to the joint set current up to 220 amps. Insider tip: use a rough (bastard) hand file to scrape tip of rod until the clean shiny bright core metal of rod is exposed, this greatly improves arc, restart is easier.


raghunath 7 years ago

I think method statement for welding is missing.

raghunath_32@yahoo.co.in


alfred Prouse 6 years ago

which electrode is most frequently used in overhead position welding?


highwaystar 6 years ago

Alfred, your question is too broad to give you an accurate answer, firstly what specific type of material are you welding and secondly what type of welder are you using?


3rd yr apprentice 6 years ago

hey highway, thanks for making this article, im good some days and other days i feel like a beginner, we have test coming up on vertical bevel groove and overhead, im not woried about overhead (thats an optional test) but as for the vertical, i cant keep it consistent, i do wut the instructor says, i can see my puddle, im holding the sides, yet my stringers are either (caterpillar) or somewhat decent with spots areas of undercutt? i jus want to know how to make nice flat stringers, shoul di do a slight weave maybe, or jus go straight up? andyway, il check back with you later, im on my way to class right now, ill let you know if i improved a little on my technique...


highwaystar 6 years ago

Hey 3rd yr apprentice, great to hear from you and thanks for sharing your valued feedback, you're much appreciated. It helps to understand welding is an art and science, and the key is knowing your trade with the clear intention and belief you can successfully do your craft with confidence. Yes, it takes practice and then some, I'd suggest learning to relax more and allow your inner self to take control. See the result of every weld you do being a great success and exactly how to want the weld result to be, don't be afraid to mess up, it's all part of the process. Just relax and allow yourself the joy with belief you're able to improve your welding skills easily, each and every time.


highwaystar 6 years ago

Oh yeah, by the way here’s the BIG difference! Unlike most training today, this is practical, street smart, proven how-to weld like a pro information... Firstly, there's one critical rule you MUST know and follow to build upon your successful, you gotta feel and experience the joy of your craft, you can't force or push your intention to produce better welds. If you really want to improve your welding results, relax, it's gotta happen by you learning to feel it. Let the electrode and equipment do it's thing...while you enjoy doing yours. Relax and step-by-step you'll break through the barriers, cheers John.


welding 6 years ago

thanks for this nice tips?but i want to know How to choose a welder-1-Electrode choice?


3rd year apprentice 6 years ago

the day i commented this article, then went to class, i did really good, my cap pass is all im trying to perfect now, i got the flat stringers i want, i kept it somewhat consistent on all passes, (my top half was higher than my bottom) but i ran stringers to the high spots and stopped, it eventually came together and didn't turn out half bad, i still dont no how to make skinny stringers, so mines come out maybe a little bigger than the reccomended 5/16 width...i took my time, steady my rod angle, and only moved when i seen my puddle xpand (fill in) my sides and so forth, this is our last month (january 2010) to get it together and test !!! wish me luck, i want this so bad its almost all i think about ! ill let you know how it goes, i have this article bookmarked on my internet...


highwaystar 6 years ago

Hi welding...electrode choice for small welding limited amperage machines means using flux cored wire without gas or flux cored with gas.

Flux cored wire is for high penetration welding, most small wire welders don't have the duty cycle to run flux cored wires for any length of time.

Here's a few tips:

Increase distance between the contact tip and base metal to 6mm or 1/2" to allow core flux to melt, become gas and liquid in the molten puddle.

Increase your voltage as most flux cored wires prefer a longer arc length and in wire welding voltage or arc length.

When wire welding voltage = arc length. Higher the voltage, the longer the arc length, and the longer the arc length the wider the weld.


highwaystar 6 years ago

3rd year apprentice, use inline motions drag 1/8" forward stop repeat allowing molten puddle to maintain heat and eliminate chances of welding over flux already deposited.

Let the electrode and equipment do it's thing...while you enjoy doing yours. Happy welding with continued success!


tom 6 years ago

im going to a 12 week course of welding. do you believe this is long enough to get certfied? im worried im having problems with vertical and overhead im in my fourth week im disabled and want to get certified so bad it hurts. my family is depending on me. tom


highwaystar 6 years ago

Tom, thanks for your valued feedback, you're much appreciated. 12 weeks is it long enough to gain skills? You might want to add a few extra lessons and that's okay. It's understandable if you're anxious or apprehensive about results. All I can suggest is focus on what's worked for you in the past? Think about it..there's every possibility you may have a knack for welding like a duck to water. Skills can only be gained by applying what you learn, and practical experience gives you the benefit to improve. If it hurts bad, enjoy...you know you're on the right track:-)


tom again 6 years ago

my instructur sent me home told me to go get my eyes checked. not to go back until i get glasses if i need them. she doesn't want me to waist my class hours. texas rehabilitation is paying for my course and eye doctor. the doctor said my eyes arent really that bad but i do need corrective lenses with biffocles.im waiting for my glasses to come in. its been almost a week now. i was using reading glasses 200 strength. i also tried cheaters in my hood. my vertical up, getting too many lumps i have to grind off. my horizontal is not as bad. i can see the puddle in horizontal. but not in vertical i just go and hope for the best. my beads are also wide. i bought a brand new miller thounderbolt xl. my instructer told me not to practice at home. any help will be greatly appreciated. i cant give up even if dont pass the course i dont think she will test me if im not ready. i hope. thanks. p.s. ill be 50 in june.


highwaystar 6 years ago

Tom, unfortunately I can't give you medical advice, but welding involves being able to see which is important, I'd suggest getting glasses to correct your vision, also start eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, foods that nourish your liver and kidneys improving circulation to eyes. Supplement with 15 mg of lutein with a meal. Also to further enhance the results take 30 mg of zinc and fish oil. As soon as your vision improves you can see the welds properly, you skill also gets better and results are better.


patchet 6 years ago

great info. I have been doing repairs using 6013 rod. I am getting lots of globs and not much bead. any hints?


highwaystar 6 years ago

Hey Patchet, thanks for your feedback.

Here's a check list to use for welding:

1 - Current = Amps

2 - Arc Length = Arc gap off end of the electrode

3 - Angulation = What angle you point your rod at

4 - Manipulation = how you oscillate electrode

5 - Travel Speed = how fast you move around the weld

You could drop down to a 3/32" E6010 use 1/8" land width, the smaller puddle gives you greater control...adjust amps up slightly (start arc away from tack weld). Thanks again!


Nate 6 years ago

I can mig weld pretty good. I have all my certs. I have ran short arc and spray mig welding. I feel that i am a good mig welder and have a lot of hours. But I'm fixin to learn to stick weld and wonder how much will carry over from my mig exp. And if what to expect.


highwaystar 6 years ago

Nate, thanks for your feedback...bear in mind, you can expect the transition to be somewhat smooth, may take some initial practice. Generally speaking, mig welding applies the same principles as arc/stick welding. However, you can say mig welding is a lot easy as you can get away with a lot in terms of lack of preparation and/or skill required.


Mikey 6 years ago

I'm a 15+ year welder self taught at home with a 110 buzz box stick welder that called for 3/32 rods and I was using 1/8 6011 I bulit entire dune buggy at 16 and a stretched hill climb bike as well as a 1000cc blaster that's on u tube "keeney tearing up the grass" I can weld anything !!! All I can say as a tip is melting metal is welding if you can take the heat the lil burns and love making elec. Melt steel than with a cheap 220v stick welder and 6011 rods at 110 amps anything is possible. Much fun gluing steel!!! I love it!!!


Jame 6 years ago

Your tips really helped me out, but any tips on using a flip-down hood? Can't afford an auto-darkener, but working on it.


John 6 years ago

Jame, thanks for your feedback, you're much appreciated. Now, a good affordable flip-down hood, suggest Hobart Hood Auto-Darkening XFS Fixed-Shade Welding Helmet Model# 770432

The only con, if exposed to long periods of welding you'd want a better helmet!


michael 6 years ago

I need some help on my stringer beads with 6010. i've been getting a lot of porosity in my welds i think ive got my speed down pat but i am not sure. everyone says i am to tight and need to losein up could that be the cause of it?


John 6 years ago

Michael, thanks for your feedback...run higher amps; 6010 tolerates longer arc length during whip without producing porosity. To whip 6010 flat move fast ahead 1/2" move back 3/8" to control the puddle flow...as you move back, take rod pushing puddle back about a rods width until you see a puddle form then climb edges of material. Use whip pause for vertical up, open root, groove joint welding. Pause melts a keyhole through to backside for full penetration puddle depositing metal. Whip moves heat away from puddle allowing it to freeze before falling on floor, making a shelf to deposit for next pause on top. Whip motion is a simple lift of hand, bending at wrist so rod tip moves up 1" out 3/16". Arc can be directed towards side of groove bevel to stop overheating open root area ahead of puddle. Hope that helps, cheers!


nash 5 years ago

I'm about to take a test for open v-grove and I'm having trouble with my vertical up


highwaystar profile image

highwaystar 5 years ago from Australia Author

email from mohd shaik

dear sir, can you tell me please what is 7018 means 7 stand for what

7018 require slightly different techniques. 7018 requires more surface preparation welding in all positions, (run vertical up hand weave pattern.)

30% fill in electrode coating with smooth bead appearance, deep penetrating

good structural integrity, eliminates hydrogen from inside the weld.

The numbers represents suitability and how metal content is measured. First two numbers means amount of none carbon alloy in steel, second number weight percent of carbon % in hundreds.

7018 is defined as 70 = 70,000psi tensile strength for weld penetration

1 = Used for flat, horizontal, vertical and overhead welding directions (easy slag removal)

8 = DC only current (low current) set to positive side for more aggressive penetration; 75% of heat at electrode & 25% of heat at work

AC set electrode to positive side, (rods use cellulose sodium coating).

DC set electrode to negative side, (rods use titanium sodium coating).


Jellybird profile image

Jellybird 5 years ago

Thanks for your hub As a novice welder it made a difference to the quality of weld. My steel boat thanks you too.


highwaystar 5 years ago

Thanks Jellybird for your valued feedback, you're welcome and much appreciated and happy sailing, cheers!


efe 5 years ago

please can you help me with all the welding tecchniques.


efe 5 years ago

please can you help me with all the welding tecchniques.


highwaystar 5 years ago

Thanks efe, sure, feel free to send emails and let me know the exact welding techniques you need help with, cheers!


Matt baton rouge louisiana 5 years ago

Highwaystar sir, I been welding in my welding class at my school since august..I've recent started v grooved horrozontal plate welding...I'm using 3/32 6010 rods on a lincoln machine..my metAl is 1/4 plate I believe and I got it cut and grunded right..I have good land buy every time I start my root pass I either have it where it blows out or it doesn't open up wide enough with the keyhole..I've tried higher lower amperage and different lands idk y but I'm havin a bit of trouble..you got any technique on a root pass man..I been using the step and whip method btw..any suggestions would be helpful..am I like your post it's very informative


highwaystar 5 years ago

Matt it's difficult to say exactly what's causing the problem without watching you weld. Perhaps you're moving too fast or you've an incorrect rod angle. If you're going straight in with rod at 90 degree angle to work piece your arc is forcing weld pool to build on down side. Try dropping back end of rod a few degrees to force arc up a little because too much leading angle can push weld pool ahead to quick not letting it backfill.


Matt 5 years ago

Thanks man I'll try I've got my weld lookin better


Derek 5 years ago

Gee, looks *oddly* familiar (okay, exactly) to Miller's site.

http://www.millerwelds.com/resources/articles/inde...


highwaystar 5 years ago

Gee, looks *oddly* familiar (okay, exactly) to the subject of welding, so you want a free plug for your site, go for it. Hope you enjoy the link juice!


Tyler 5 years ago

Just finished all my 7018 joints now im working on doing a bead with 6010 i cant quite get it but its only been one day


mike 4 years ago

thanks to these tips .here Cameroon we need all the help we can get. feed us more cheers


Metal head manni 4 years ago

Very nice article and very helpful...ok im in welding school in texas and ive been passing all my test...but I have a problem with v-groove the only pass I have trouble with is the root I keep sticking and I keep ajusting the amperage on the remote and it just wont work out I get frustrated and upset...o and by the way im using a 1/8 6010 electrode...please give me tips for root pass everything possible to make the perfect root pass thank you


Steve 4 years ago

Highway Star,

I am very inexperienced and asked a friend to help me make better welds. Yeah, mine look pretty bad.

I was attempting a T joint with 5/16" steel and using 6013 rods. He turned up the power to 130, adjusted the A/C setting to High Frequency and positioned the piece so it was almost vertical. His rod angle was somewhere around 35 (maybe 45) degrees.

Starting at the top of the piece he laid the rod right on the joint (touching the metal) and pulled it down the joint. He told me to watch the puddle so that it didn't get ahead of the rod too much and to maintain a even pace. The weld looked awesome. I did the same and my welds have never looked so good. There was little or no crown to the weld as I have read, even in the article above. There was an arc length; it was just very short and consistent.

Is this weld as strong as if I had held to the electrode width arc length? Further, how do I know as I practice that I am getting the correct penetration?

For the first time I felt things clicked when I welded but I worry that the appearance may be deceiving.

Thank you for your response,

Steve


highwaystar 4 years ago

Steve thanks for sharing, you're appreciated. Welding in one word, practice. Once you "get it" its simple, success is consistency. Practice developing your skills and you'll get better results, it's a science and art. Practice + confidence = consistency to your continued welding success


Steve 4 years ago

HighwayStar,

The thing that I'm still wondering after reading your reply is with my friend running the electrode on the metal(i.e., the coated portion of the electrode touching the metal) will the weld be as strong? The arc length was very short. It looked good but how do I know that it is truly a strong weld?

Thanks again - Steve


highwaystar 4 years ago

Steve, remember your friend turned-up power to 130 and adjusted A/C setting to High! When you're welding you can hear arc if it has strong, clean penetration (see undercut) bead flow indicates strength and quality of weld to some degree. If you see slag peels off by itself or with little effort you've got a strong weld...


Hosam 4 years ago

I run to learn underwater welding. 0542631077 hosam


kevinluksza 4 years ago

I have a Question that would be of great help on pipe welding. I'm welding on 6 inch 3/8 thick pipe and Im putting a root pass in and i burn through or the gap closes up on me what can i do to resolve this. My amperage is set at 65 amps and im using a E6010 electrode I have a 37.5 degree bevel and 1/8 inch land.


highwaystar 4 years ago

Hi Kevin thanks for your question...you may want to focus less heat on joint, give your electrode a little more space as this allows for a softer arc. If you can find a spider clamp, (three pronged adjustable pipe clamp) to securely hold, align and square ends of pipe, that should also stop the gap from closing up.


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My partner and i used to acquire on top of existence nevertheless recently We've developed any level of resistance.


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hanover welding 3 years ago

Firstly a few words of practical advice before diving in, stick welding isn't that easy because there's a lot to know even before you actually start welding.

http://klkwelding.com/


Monika 2 years ago

The process of manufacture of welding electrodes consists of several steps, each of which must be executed with high precision. The manufacturing process is automated with a variety of welding electrode making machines available in the market today.


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jbosh1972 15 months ago from Indianapolis, IN. USA

I may go long stretches without stick welding since I usually don't heavy steel as much, but this hub sure is a good brush up. Thanks for writing it.

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