China may sabotage India’s supercomputer plan

India is progressing in supercomputers

Today India Is Exploring Making A Supercomputer Using Cloud

Today India Is Exploring Making A Supercomputer Using Cloud
Today India Is Exploring Making A Supercomputer Using Cloud | Source

USA Refused To Sell A Supercomputer To India


USA Refused To Sell A Supercomputer To India

Once upon a time not long back, USA refused to sell India its Cray supercomputer for security reason. That was a different era in which the USA and USSR were at cold war against each other. India was perceived to be a supporter of USSR and so naturally USA denied India the benefit of its supercomputer which could be passed on to USSR by India. But today the situation has changed. USSR itself has disintegrated thanks to the political ambitions of Boris Yeltsin and inefficiency of Michael Gorbachev. India is now more on the side of USA because of the threat it receives from its arch enemy China. Now USA should be having no objection to sell its supercomputer to India.

Today India Is Exploring Making A Supercomputer Using Cloud

But India is not interested in the deal anymore because of the fast growth of its own technology. Today India is talking of supercomputer on the Cloud. Indian scientists are frantically working on supercomputing based on distributed computing model. Irrespective of the location, software that is wrapped around the network will perform cluster integration to bring about a seamless performance. Professor N Balakrishnan, Associate Director of Indian Institute of Science has stated that storage and computing power will be delivered to academic institutions, research labs and other institutions which require petaflop speeds but cannot afford the cost of a standby supercomputer.

Japan Possesses Fastest Supercomputer

Even though India has made much progress in supercomputers, it is still a long way to go before it can claim leadership in it. But it is also a surprise that USA no longer leads the list of fastest supercomputers. That honour has been usurped by Japan. China, which is competing militarily, economically and technologically to overtake USA in another one or two decades is in the second place. Based on power and speed, Fujitsu’s 2011 model from Japan ranks first. NUDT’s 2010 model from China comes second. Cray Inc’s 2009 model from USA comes third. Dawning’s 2010 model from China comes fourth. NEC/HP's 2010 model from Japan comes fifth. HP's 2008 model from India comes way below at 85th place.

$1 Billion Investment By India For Supercomputer

Planning Commission of India has set up National Council on Supercomputing, which has proposed the cloud-based supercomputer model. Planning Commission has pledged a financial assistance of $1 billion for the project. It is important to note that this project vastly differs from other previous projects in the sense that while the previous projects targeted a single location model, this proposed project is aiming at a distributed computing model. An expert committee has been formed under the leadership of Professor N Balakrishnan for formulating strategies on cloud-based architecture. The proposed supercomputer can be made use of by institutions across India for different purposes like space exploration, weather prediction etc which require huge computing power.

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Catholic Church May Spearhead The Campaign Once Again

Catholic Church May Spearhead The Campaign Once Again
Catholic Church May Spearhead The Campaign Once Again | Source

China may sabotage India’s supercomputer plan


Three Layers Of Supercomputing

The proposed cloud-based supercomputing network will have three layers. The first layer will have 6-8 centres in peta flop range. The second layer will have 20 centres in 200-500 teraflops range. The third layer will have 50-75 centres in the 1-10 teraflop range. Flops indicate the power of the supercomputer and stands for Floating Points Operations Per Second. Large mathematical calculations can be performed at terrific speeds in a jiffy. One million cores of processors and three clouds will form part of the network. The entire mega network will be completed in three years time, according to the schedule. Peaking performance and optimisation of the supercomputer will take another two and a half years.

Tata Supercomputer Has The Maximum Speed In India

Japan’s supercomputer has 10.51 petaflops capacity. The capacity of the world’s fastest supercomputer is expected to touch 100 petaflops in 2017. Compared to this, the fastest Indian supercomputer has a capacity of only 0.13 petaflops. But even this supercomputer has tremendous computing power and is an achievement on the part of India. A teraflop equals one trillion floating point operations per second. A petaflop is equal to thousand trillion floating points operations per second. India is more keen to build supercomputers to help perform its institutions and systems rather than merely for world ranking. Tata Supercomputer has a maximum computational speed of 132.8 teraflops.

China May Try To Sabotage India’s Supercomputer Plan

India’s arch enemy China will naturally like to sabotage this project because China fears that if India succeeds in building a supercomputer, it could be used for the benefit of India’s defence. A supercomputer can guide nuclear missiles to various enemy destinations precisely and in less time. A supercomputer can also be used to destroy China’s air to air missiles and air to surface missiles. China attacked India in 1962 and captured 32000 square kilometres of Indian Territory. China is also claiming that Arunachal Pradesh, an Indian State belongs to it. China wants to attack India again and capture Arunachal Pradesh and other areas. Therefore it is keen to prevent India’s supercomputer project at any cost. China may incite some local Indian groups to stage demonstrations against the supercomputer project just like some religious group (Catholic Church) is demonstrating and trying to prevent taking off Kudankulam Nuclear Power project in Tamil Nadu State.

Catholic Church May Spearhead The Campaign Once Again

Some vested interest group may demand that the expert committee on supercomputer should not be headed by a Brahmin and should be headed by a Dalit or a Muslim. Demonstrations may be conducted before Indian Institute of Science Office in Bangalore. The Catholic Church may be prompted to spearhead the campaign again after its successful stalling of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power project. This may become a politically tricky issue for the Indian government. If the government persists with the present composition of the expert committee, it will be projected as a pro-Brahmin and anti-Dalit and anti-Muslim stand. That will embarrass the government a great deal. On the other hand, dismantling the present expert committee and appointing Dalits and Muslims in the expert committee may take time. Other castes may also demand their share in the expert committee. China’s aim is to incite some such protests and demonstrations and scuttle the project as a whole so that it can attack India at an appropriate time and capture Arunachal Pradesh. The Catholic Church may campaign against supercomputer because of the reason that a supercomputer assists in precise guiding of a nuclear missile.

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