TESLA,THE FORGOTTEN SCIENTIST
Nikola Tesla, is the scientist your teacher never told you about. Nikola Tesla was born at midnight on July 9,1856. In the village of Smiljan in the province of Lika, Croatia. His father was a Serbian Orthodox priest. His mother descended from eight generations.Tesla completed his elementary education in Croatia. He continued his schooling in the Polytechnic School in Graz and finished at The University of Prague. He worked as an electrical engineer in Germany, Hungary, and France before emigrating to the United States in 1884.Tesla found employment with Thomas Edison in New Jersey.When Tesla arrived to the United States, Tesla had little more than the clothes on his back, and a letter of recommendation written by his previous employer addressed to Thomas Edison,The letter read,"I know two great men and you are one of them, the other is this young man".Thomas Edison did give Tesla a job,and the young Tesla excelled greatly, and was soon trusted to work on some of the company's most vexing problems.Their personalities collided due to differences in style between them, which led to their separation.Among the problems that Edison's company faced, was a need to redesign his DC generators. Tesla reported that Edison promised $50,000 for redesign and improvement of the generator, which Tesla did, however, when he inquired after the promised bounty, he claimed that Edison scoffed and said,"Tesla, you don't understand our American humor.After their disagreements Tesla left and started his own company, in 1886. Tesla and Edison found themselves at odds on the future of electrical power, Edison believed in using DC electricity, while Tesla was a proponent of Alternating Current. Despite the propaganda, DC proved less effective, and Tesla's AC became the current used through out the worlds electrical grids today.Tesla became the man that shaped the 20th century. He is widely known for many of his revolutionary developments in the field of electromagnetism in the late 19th and early 20Th centuries,and is cited as one of the great contributors to the birth of commercial electricity.His patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power system,including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the (AC) motor, with which he helped usher in the Second Industrial Revolution.After his demonstration of the wireless communication through radio in 1894 and after being victor in the "War of Currents"he was widely respected as one of the greatest electrical engineers who worked in America. In the Teslanian period, in the United States,Tesla's fame rivaled that of any other inventor or scientist in history. Because of his eccentric personality and his bizarre claims about scientific and technological developments, Tesla was ostracized and regarded as a mad scientist.Tesla was the first to harness the power of Niagara Falls into a hydroelectric power plant, constructed a bath designed to cleanse the human body of germs using nothing but electricity, and created a 130 foot long bolt of lightning from one of his massive coils(which still remains the worlds record for man made lightning).Plus, he once caused an earth quake in New York City that was so powerful that it almost destroyed 5Th Ave, where his lab was.
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