Back when I first started marketing, I was one of those evil spammers everyone loves to hate. In reality, I was just desperate to support my family with some additional income, and I thought that spamming Blogger with a thousand blogs was a great way to gain backlinks.
All in all, I think I had around 200 different Google accounts that were banned. If you want to know how to accomplish this feat, just send me an email, I'll walk you through it...
Even if you were able to get the verification code, you'll only be put in the review queue for enabling your account. No guarantee they'll actually enable your account.
Why not just ask a friend, preferably one with a newer phone to receive the SMS and give you the code?