easy pc tips for very beginners

Simpler days

A commodore 16 program.  The 80's were simpler days, even if things were BASIC!
A commodore 16 program. The 80's were simpler days, even if things were BASIC!

for Windows XP

Feel free to substantiate the validity of this information?
Perhaps you've tried it and it works. Comments, more tips etc. Welcomed.

Why Upgrade?

Microsoft keeps "updating" (changing) it's Windows product every two or three years. This often involves changes to software. Often what worked on the old rarely works on the new. So called upgrades often aren't any better than their predecessors. And the whole thing takes ages figuring out the changes. These probably need a degree in a windoze programme to have a half chance of understanding. Often throwing away commonly loved ways of doing things for something over complicated and even tedious.

Besides my XP machine, I have Windows 7. Even this machine I had "double booted" with XP. (So, I have the choice of either on one machine on boot up) I only really use the Win7 side of things for reading emails etc. as it's safer. For the offline stuff I'm a big XP fan. This way I don't have to keep spending thousands on upgrades such as Office etc., etc.

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Tips work on Windows XP


lc = left click mouse

rc = right - " -

dc = double click (lc unless stated)

mp = mouse pointer

rmb = right mouse button

lmb = left - " -

lc start (button menu, bottom left of screen

lc run

run menu appears with type box,

clear box, and type:-

cookies

press return /aka. enter key or lc OK button

window should appear with files,

put mp at top right of first files,

hold left mouse button, (lmb) and

move across to left most file -

continue downwards to last file -

keep holding lmb. to last file then let go,

put mp over any file and rc.

A menu appears,

select delete

answer yes at prompt.

auto process with progress screen.

Once complete close that window which should now be empty.

Open recycle bin with double lc

put mp over "empty recycle bin" and lc

box appears asking "delete 'x number' of contents

lc yes button.

You are now free of cookies that slow computers!

To do this automatically go to

start,

control panel, (assuming 'switch to classic view' is listed, top left.)

network internet connection,

set up or change your internet connection

you should only need

general, 'browsing history' section. you have the choice to delete on exit.

(added: the delete button opens a screen. If beginner, probably best to tick them all for deletion. Then click the 'delete' button, the corresponding, usually un-needed files will all be deleted. Though you will have to retype your name when logging onto new sites. For exceptions see "More cookies" below.

settings button opens a screen. The main options are:

disk space to use. 250 is maximum recommended. I don't see why any more would ever be needed as this saves certain types of cookies. Leave as default if it is lower than this.

History, '...'. 'days to keep pages in history: I found a ridiculous number when I first started using xp. So I reduced to 20. Mine is currently set to 14. As even three weeks list is excessive for my general use. It depends to some extent how often you use the computer, and whether you like the fact it offers names when you start typing in the browser.

make sure to click ok when you leave the window if you want to keep changes.

security, (whilst 'internet' selected), security levels for this zone. SELECT medium-high, any lower lets anything in! higher may slow comp. down or restrict sites, but have go.

privacy, select at least medium, medium high may require you to add exceptions.

tick, pop up blocker, and other boxes. if not tick showing already by lc.

these are folders at the top

(forgot: On changing any of the above menus, make sure you're happy with these changes. If so lc Apply button. before moving to next folder.)

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malware blocker

It may bew a good idea to have a couple of these on your system, as they seem to seek out different things/ free version aren't maintained as well as full products. This isn't necessarily a big issue if you limit internet use. While the term malware covers Trojans, spyware, rootkits advertising (some hide outside of the cookies jar/file!, very naughty!!!), etc., etc. It's best to check what a program says it removes.

Use Google search, to find Wiki or "Wikipaedia" (first point of call to look up anything net related).

It should be near top of list lc or double lc when you find it.

Once it loads, I typed

free malware

in the search box. And got a list of free malware blockers,

these remove spyware and adware etc.

click on one that you want, and follow on screen instructions.

You may need to move the set up file to Administrator to use it.

I got one as limited user, and put set up file into "shared documents" ...

lc start,

my computer,

double lc shared documents

move set up to open folder -you may need to move open window out of way.

rc on set up, and drag to opened window.

select move.

it does,

when next logging on as administrator lc or double lc the set up icon,

and follow what it says.

Once installed you can then use it by double lc the programs icon as usual.

quarantine rather than delete, at least initialy, as some programs that are picked up as malware may be required by genuine software to run. If something doesn't work, you can check the list and reinstate files individually until it works again. Once you're certain something isn't a genuine part of the system you can still delete it.

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Virus Killer

www.avast.com

this is best I know of with free version. Avoid avg from another co.

follow on screen info.

again, may need to be in administrator to set up.

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Zone Alarm

This works to try and prevent prorams getting in and out of your system without your prior knowledge and authorisation. Last I looked there was a free version, but later there became pressure to buy the full version.

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Logging On

benefits of not logging on as Administrator unless setting up something like the above. Is that any software whether invited or not has the same rights as the user. If your doing limited things only log on and use the net as a limited user.

This can be set up, while in Administrator mode, as follows:-

start,

control panel,

user accounts...

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firewall

may need to be administrator to get full use.

start,

control panel,

security centre,

internet options can be found again here,

select Windows firewall

ensure it ON

level is already selected in internet options.

the other choice is updates,

some are useful, but can slow your computer down.

don't allow it to do anything without asking is a good general rule.

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More Cookies

Some sites you may wish to revisit, like ebay, paypal. etc. Store your name etc. as a cookie.

I don't recomend keeping the cookie with your password for obvious security reasons.

But if you've typed a long user name, it may save typping to keep that cookie in a file on the desktop, or 'in a safe place'. -but don't forget where, and don't hide it too deeply or you'd be better off just typing!

rc on an unused area of the desktop -main/opening screen.

put mp over "new", and click on "folder" when it appears.

lc in it. Empty the existing 'new folder' name,

and replace with something more specific.

"names" as you wish.

transfer the name files, this takes some detective work...

if you delete cookies before going to the site, before typing your name etc. You should have a better idea as to what to save in names. Trial and error will show you the right one. Don't delete any in names until you are sure.

-if you ticked 'delete cookies automatically on exit' don't copy the cookies back until you start again.

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Passwords and email addresses.

Avoid using the same password for different sites, this way if they guess one they get them all. Same with names, it doesn't have to be your real name just something you can remember. Use birthdays or other numbers in the name or/and password that only you know or can connect them to.

If you use paypal, banking etc. Link a different name, ie. soandso@somewhere. ...for this

than for your friends, say thisisme@anotherplace. ...

if you do anything else like chat rooms, say psuedonym@nowhere. ...

And remember there are .net, .com & .co.uk to choose among others.

Free@places: You only need to open Internet Explorer and you have a choice of at least two. hotmail and live. When you add that to the fact there are .com, and/or .co.uk this doubles to four options. Though don't use them all. Google also offers free mail sites!

When you consider on top of this there is that which your internet provider gave you, the choice is becomming endless.

Don't bother opening any files from a person you don't know. The theory is, to open is to allow on the computer, and you have no way of knowing even when you open it of all that's there.

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Excess Files take up memory which slows the computer:

Picture files, due in part that people take loads and loads; and why not? Mount up over time on the disk. It's always good to back up!

cd's provide approx. 700mb of storage, while

dvd's give a huge 4.7 gb of space. about 120 mins. film time.

there are alternatives.

If using cd/dvd - polarity is cheaper than + but check your drive is compatible (see manual)

insert blank into drive,

wait a few seconds, a menu of options should appear.

select open folder. follow format prompts.

Once cd/dvd has formatted, make sure no disk light activity. wait several seconds. reinsert.

in case of problems.

start,

my computer

dbl lc. dvd:d drive

lc "-" option on top bar, right side. Window will become a selection bar on bottom of screen.

if you want to offload music

start,

my music,

(at this point, if you are cleaning out your picture files, select my pictures instead of my music)

note: You can clear many of your files and folders this way.

It will help you to have both transfer folders, to and from open. You can size them by putting mp over the thick blue border line around the window.

A black two way arrow appears, though you have to be spot on.

hold down lmb. and move the window accordingly with the mouse.

when you have both screens in view.

Use rmb. to drag files, and/or folders in the from window to the to, or dvd/cd window.

You will be asked copy, move, etc. choose as required. It is better to use move than copy if you're only going to delete the original files after.

Wait for the screen that appears to indicate it is loading to finish.

continue as required.

The red "x" in the top right of each window closes that window.

you can mark cd/dvd's with a cd marker, available from places like WH Smiths. etc.

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Alternative storage devices

You may find it better to: Avoid storing anything long term on c: drive. First these mount up,

second any-one theoretically can read, use, even delete them. Thirdly the computer is also more likely to crash online, and while risks are minimal data may be lost.

memory sticks are good as they fit on a keyring that you can keep with you.

there are sim cards that will work in both mobile phones and on card readers. In fact some phones allow you to connect to a computer.

If buying a new SIM card, go for at least 4GB, the sizes from here are 8GB., 16 GB. (approx. £30)., 32, 64 etc. are currently rare at time of writing.

You might get by with dvd's? In any case, you will notice with less files on your main c:/ drive, your pc is quicker and scans for viruses,malware may be quicker.

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some other programs

see. start/all programs/accessories/... ...here there are several useful programs like paint, a calculator etc. ...try:ms interactive training for more help.

There are more things that will help after this. Disk clean up, disk defragmentation. But these aren't without some risk.

...System tools has the defrag and cleanup programs as well as a restore point option.

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I don't pretend to be an expert, I'm not! But if you've found valuable any of the information, especially if I've helped you get up to speed from being new. then I'm happy in the knowledge.



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Comments 2 comments

thevoice profile image

thevoice 6 years ago from carthage ill

first rate quality hub read thanks


Absent Friend profile image

Absent Friend 6 years ago

Seems OK. to Me!

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