Ecotourism, The Right Way to Explore Nature.

Gede Pangrango National Park, a conservation area in Western Java where a lot of tourists pay visits.
Gede Pangrango National Park, a conservation area in Western Java where a lot of tourists pay visits.

Objectives of Ecotourism.

Ecotourism or Ecological Tourism, is a travel to an area (usually protected ) which has some natural attractions, like flora, fauna, ecosystem and cultures.There are some objectives of ecotourism :

1. To educate people on the importance of nature conservation.

2. To raise funds needed for conservation activities.

3. To benefit local people's social-economic activities.

4. To support tourism sector in the country/area.


Local people sell souvenirs, they get advantage of the presence of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park in Celebes.
Local people sell souvenirs, they get advantage of the presence of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park in Celebes.

Ecotourism for Education

Ecotourism plays important roles in education. The output/result of educating people about nature conservation will determine the success of conservation itself in the future.

Ecotourism has some educative aspects that enable people to learn about nature in fun, attractive ways.

They can get more information about endangered, endemic species, learn about biodiversity, taxonomy (the science of classifying organisms), etc, right on the spot.






Where Can We Enjoy Ecotourism ?

There are some conservation areas where ecotourism is usually offered :

1. National Park

National Park is a conservation area which has pristine ecosystem.This area is protected from human development and pollution.

Some attractive sides that we can enjoy in a National Park :

- Unique flora, fauna, and ecosystem including its original natural phenomena.

- It has one or more complete ecosystem

-. It's original and prestine nature.

Some Famous National Parks in the world :

Ujung Kulon NP (Indonesia).

Komodo Island NP (Indonesia)

Yosemite NP (USA)

Yellow Stone NP (USA)

Rocky Mountain NP (Canada)


some flora grow in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (Riau-Sumatra). photo LHI-natureindonesia.org
some flora grow in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (Riau-Sumatra). photo LHI-natureindonesia.org
Some fauna live in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (Riau-Sumatra). Photo LHI-natureindonesia.org
Some fauna live in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (Riau-Sumatra). Photo LHI-natureindonesia.org

2. Wildlife Sanctuary

Wildlife sanctuary or Wildlife refuge is a reserve territory for the conservation of its biodiversity and unique fauna so that the protected species are free from hunting, predation, competition, etc. Attractions of a Wildlife Sanctuary  are :

- Habitat and breeding place of animals conserved.

-Habitat of rare or endangered species

-Has high animal population and diversity.

-Habitat of certain migratory species.

3. Nature Recreation Park

Nature Recreation Park is also a conservation area which is mainly used for tourism and nature recreation. This area is attractive due to its flora and fauna living in the area besides its ecosystem, natural phenomena and geological formation.

NRP are located in some places in Indonesia, like Sibolangit (Sumatera), Mt. Papandayan (West Java), Kawah Ijen (East Java), Gili trawangan (West Nusa Tenggara).

4. Grand Forest Park

This is another area for enjoying ecotourism due to its attractive native, exotic flora and fauna which live in their original or modified ecosystem. Grand Forest Park also has attraction in Its natural beauty and nature phenomena .

Some Dos and Don'ts when Travelling to Ecotourism Areas.

There some regulations that traveler must obey when traveling to a conservation area :

1. Buy tickets, since funds raised from ticket selling are used for the conservation expenses.

2. Get permit from the conservation authority if you plan to climb mountain in the area or if you need access to deeply explore the area, especially if it takes more than one day.

3. Taking pets is normally not allowed.

4. Don't bring guns, knives, detergent or other polluting materials.

5. No radio,nor other interfering electronics. The use of handy talky needs special permit from the conservation authority.

6. No bonfire or campfire, they potentially cause forest fire.

7. No vandalism on trees and rocks.

8. No picking flowers and other plants.

9. Use available /provided tracks, don't make new tracks or shortcuts since this will endanger you and other travelers/trackers/climbers.

10. No littering. All trash/garbage must be cleaned and brought back by all travelers, trackers, and climbers. Help pick up trash which is left behind by other travelers too.

11. No soaps and shampoo when taking a bath. They pollute environment, especially water.

12. Report to park's authority before leaving the area.




A very important message to notice : Never throw any matches, lighted cigarette bud, or leaf bonfire behind when leaving the forest area.
A very important message to notice : Never throw any matches, lighted cigarette bud, or leaf bonfire behind when leaving the forest area. | Source

Some Basic Equipment

Some basic equipment you may need before joining nature exploration :

Hiking shoes which better protect your ankles and have good sole grip.

Wear comfortable clothes, a jacket and a hat may also be very useful. If you plan to spend the night, bring a bivouac or a tent, some water resistant clothes, thick socks, sweater, sleeping bag, flashlight, and over-the-counter medicines or remedies for your personal illnesses.

Bring sufficient food (with some candies may be OK too), fresh water and (non alcohol) drinks.

In a mountain climbing activity it is advisable that you join a group of more than three, one of the members should have more expertise in climbing.

Last but not least, bring a plastic or paper bag with you just for collecting thrash you make and dumb it at appropriate garbage dumb provided. As a true nature aficionado of course you won't leave the place messy with polluting rubbish.

3 Wise Sayings that I love to love nature in very easy, practical ways :

  1. Take nothing, but pictures
  2. Kill nothing, but times
  3. Leave nothing, but foot-prints

More by this Author


Comments 21 comments

Bbudoyono profile image

Bbudoyono 7 years ago

This an excellent hub. Thanks. Maybe I should ask you about eco tourism since I have a plan to develop it in Indonesia with my friends.


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 7 years ago from Indonesia Author

Thank you very much Pak. Good luck with your plan. Amen


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

We are definitely on the same page with respect to liking trips involving national parks, etc. I'm also a big believer in recycling as much as possible and not polluting the planet. Very good hub and gorgeous photos! Thanks!


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 7 years ago from Indonesia Author

Thanks Peggy W, Yes let's do what we can do for environment protection.


GeneralHowitzer profile image

GeneralHowitzer 7 years ago from Land of Salt, Philippines

Great Job. A way to go hehehe, you welll reresented the Indonesian community together with prasetio... goodluck..


vivekananda profile image

vivekananda 7 years ago from India

Making people aware of eco-friendly tourism is a nice concept. Educating younger generation on this subject is really important because the earth is already polluted in many ways.


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 7 years ago from Indonesia Author

THank you GeneralHowitzer.

Vivekananda, you're right, environmental education needs more attention to heal our deteriorating earth.


febriedethan profile image

febriedethan 7 years ago from Indonesia

Great idea of ecotourism, it's a better place to spent your holiday compare with malls and theme parks. Great for children, thumbs up!


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 7 years ago from Indonesia Author

Thank you febriedethan, we share the same idea in having fun educatively.


Gorgeously profile image

Gorgeously 7 years ago from United States

This is an interesting hub regarding the great nature and our environment. It is very important that if we could appreciate the value of our forests and also learn to protect one of our most previous assets on earth!


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 7 years ago from Indonesia Author

Thank you Gorgeously, you're right we need to preserve our invaluable nature as best as we can.


GeneralHowitzer profile image

GeneralHowitzer 7 years ago from Land of Salt, Philippines

Eco-tourism is indeed fragile yet can be a source of income for the government and local folks... Thank you for sharing... You have great concern and sincerity towards the environment.


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 7 years ago from Indonesia Author

You right, it can be a bad exploitation if the rules and regulations are not upheld, including those dos and don'ts must be obeyed by visitors in order to minimize the negative impacts. Thank you GeneralHowitzer.


Silly Billy 6 years ago

i think the first step to converting people is first teaching them not to throw their garbage around just anywhere. people do it in indoor public places like the malls so surely they will most likely do this outdoors, so good job on that last tip, about carrying a garbage bag around!

i also found an article that offers places in the u.s that offer eco-tourism sites http://www.fourgreensteps.com/infozone/featured-zo...


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

@Silly Billy: Thank you for reading and also your nice comments for this hub. I agree that people's awareness in throwing their garbage at appropriate places should get serious attention in order not to ruin ecotourism sites.


The Boat Company 6 years ago

This is a great checklist, and really points out how travelers affect the attractions that they visit. Well done!


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

@The Boat Company: Thank you for commenting and supporting the ideas in my hub.


libby101a profile image

libby101a 6 years ago from KY

Beautifully written! You did awesome on this one! I love the tiger pic... Voted up!


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 6 years ago from Indonesia Author

Hi Libby101a, thank you for your nice comments.


Jennifer Madison profile image

Jennifer Madison 4 years ago from Lohmar

Great article! I especially liked the part where you said "where" you can enjoy ecotourism. This is probably a question many people ask themselves when they hear about ecotourism. It should also be said that there are many companies out there who claim to be "eco-friendly" but actually don't really know what this is. Companies that really support ecotourism are usually certified and use renewable energy such as solar panels or recycle their trash etc.


Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 4 years ago from Nepal

I agree with all your points. We have to be responsible towards ecology as we travel into conversation areas, wildlife reserves, wetlands and such more.

Lots of people come to Nepal to climb Everest, however, many of them dump their garbage,and everyday Everest is getting dirtier. People should be responsible while traveling and think about ecology.

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