Scotland and Ulster Scots Immigrants

 The Emigrants statue in Helmsdale, Scotland, surrounded by mist at the base of the Highland Mountains.
The Emigrants statue in Helmsdale, Scotland, surrounded by mist at the base of the Highland Mountains. | Source  creative commons creative commons

Forced Clearance

  • Highland Clearance or forced displacement of Highlanders took place during the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century
  • Canadian Emigration to Cape Breton, Nova Scotia 1792 known as The Year of the Sheep

Emergence of the Kingdom of Scotland

Scotland became an independent country during the middle ages. James VI of Scotland succeeded to the thrones of England and Ireland in 1603 and forever changed the future of Scotland. In 1707 Scotland entered into a political union with England to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. This union was radically opposed by the clans of Scotland and a period of unrest continued with anti-union riots taking place in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and throughout the country.

This political union brought about changes that affected the poor of Scotland for many years. The feudal system that existed in the country was changed and landlords viewed the people as free labor.

Declaration of Independence
Declaration of Independence | Source
George Taylor: Signer of Declaration of Independence
George Taylor: Signer of Declaration of Independence | Source

Ulster Scots Immigration to the American Colonies

According to the Census Bureau 5.2 million people claim Scots Irish ancestry. It is estimated that the actual number is more than 27 million. Most of the Scots Irish who immigrated before the American Revolution came from Northern Ireland, Ulster and the provinces. These Scots Irish looked for religious freedom from persecution from the Church of Ireland and Roman Catholicism. Many of these people were Presbyterian or Congregationalists. While descendants of the first immigrants live all over the United States, many live in the southern states.

Famous signers of the American Declaration of Independence were Matthew Thornton, George Taylor and James Smith although many of the Scots-Irish were loyalists to the British Crown. Many signers of the Declaration of Independence ended the war very poor and lost everything for their determination in separating from the British.

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Little Known Facts About Scotland

  • Whiskey did not originate in Scotland. Whiskey originated in China and was first distilled in Ireland
  • Scotland is made up of 730 islands, most of which are uninhabited. Only 130 islands are inhabited
  • Seven out of ten Scots have blue eyes
  • The Island of Tiree, is the windiest place in Scotland with wind gusts over 100 mph.
  • The capital of Scotland, Edinburgh, is the sixth largest financial center in Europe
  • The shortest scheduled flight in the world is from Westray to Papa Westray in the Orkney Islands of Scotland. The distance is one and a half miles and takes a little over one minute.

A markerScotland -
Scotland, UK
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The Kingdom of Scotland is located in the northern third of the island of Great Britain and is part of the United Kingdom

Protestors seeking a yes vote on Scottish independence.
Protestors seeking a yes vote on Scottish independence. | Source

Scotland Decides

In recent years there has been much debate among the Scottish citizens about seceding from the United Kingdom. This would have serious financial and practical impacts on the entire country of Scotland. They would no longer be subjects of the Royal Family. In 2014 the parties were able to bring up the vote which was watched anxiously all over the world. In the end the people of Scotland decided it was better for them to remain a part of the United Kingdom. Check out the vote results at Scotland Decides.

Land of Magic and Mystery

Scotland is a land of magic and mystery, and is a favorite setting for many historical romance novels. Historically, the Scots and the British were at war for many years before Scotland finally submitted to English rule.

St Andrew's day is celebrated throughout Scotland with festivals and events for old and young alike. Celebrations usually last for a week. Many people throughout the world claim Scots descent and celebrate their heritage during St Andrew's Day as well as during Scotland Week.

Patron Saint of Scotland: St. Andrew

St. Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland about a thousand years ago. His X shaped cross called The Saltire and is on the flag of Scotland. There are many legends about how Saint Andrew became the patron saint of Scotland. One is that St. Regulus, also known as St. Rule was told in a dream to take the relics of St Andrew to the 'ends of the earth'. St Rule traveled as far as he could go. HIs travels took him to Scotland which was at that time at the edge of the known world.

St Rule took a tooth, an arm bone, a kneecap and some fingers. He was shipwrecked where St Andrew’s is now sited. He built a church on the spot and preached to the heathen. Many stories about St Andrew abound and the truth as to how he became the patron saint of Scotland is lost in the mists of time. One thing is certain, St Andrew was a man of action who served the Lord with his whole being. He took the great commission literally and traveled all over the known world in his quest to preach the gospel to the whole world.

Castles in Scotland: Travel Destinations

Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh
Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh
Castle of Mey
Castle of Mey | Source
Caerlaverock Castle
Caerlaverock Castle | Source
Craigerne Hotel Newtonmore is located close to the center of the town. It is privately owned with 11 guest rooms.
Craigerne Hotel Newtonmore is located close to the center of the town. It is privately owned with 11 guest rooms. | Source

Highland Folk Museum

Newtonmore under the watchful eyes of the Cairngorm Mountains offers a glimpse into life in the Scottish Highlands over a 200 year period. This living history museum covers 80 acres or as the Scots say, 32 Hectare. Depicting life in vignettes from the early 1700s to the early 1900s, this museum offers working demonstrations of early life and live interpreters.

Scotland The Brave

Royal Residence of Queen of England

Scottish Baronial Balmoral Castle. Turrets, corbelling, corbie-stepped gables and a porte-cochere
Scottish Baronial Balmoral Castle. Turrets, corbelling, corbie-stepped gables and a porte-cochere | Source
Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom

Queen Elizabeth II Vacation Retreat

Balmoral Castle is Located in the heart of the Cairngorms National Park in Royal Deeside, just outside the small town of Ballater. Every year the royal family retreats to this magnificent outdoor paradise where they can fish, wander the gardens of the estate or stroll through the ancient Caledonian forest. The royal standard flies from the turrets during the royal visit.

Amazingly cottages on the estate are available for vacation rentals when the royal family is not in residence. There is also a private golf course.

Balmoral Castle is located in the far north in the same latitude as southern Alaska. Darkness does not fall until around 10 p.m. during the summer.

The villages of Ballater and Braemar are not far from the castle and offer fresh locally grown fruit and vegetables and other shops and pubs.

Copyright Sandra Rone Mireles 2013

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Comments 12 comments

Smireles profile image

Smireles 2 years ago from Texas Author

Thanks for reading and commenting. I appreciate it very much. Blessings.

CampbellLena2013 profile image

CampbellLena2013 2 years ago from Maryland

My husband has a long family line from Scotland, The pictures are beautiful and I love history .. this is a wonderful hub

Smireles profile image

Smireles 2 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you, Pamela-anne. Sorry it took me so long to respond. Enjoyed writing the hub.

Pamela-anne profile image

Pamela-anne 3 years ago from Kitchener, Ontario

Enjoyed your hub very much since it was all about my homeland- I was born in Dumbarton Scotland. Thanks for sharing- I didn't know that it was the Chinese that invented Whiskey- interesting- cheerio for now!

katiem2 profile image

katiem2 6 years ago from I'm outta here

Very nice hub, I love it! THANKS AND PEACE :)

Micky Dee profile image

Micky Dee 6 years ago

Very nice. Thanks again for an education!

habee profile image

habee 6 years ago from Georgia

I want to go to Scotland so much! My forefathers came from there!

Ann Nonymous profile image

Ann Nonymous 6 years ago from Virginia

I love history and now I am beginning to love Scotland! Thanks for a great hub, smireles!

Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

My niece is going to Scotland this summer.

Smireles profile image

Smireles 6 years ago from Texas Author

Thank you Pamela99 and JCielo for your kind words. I enjoyed writing this one.

JCielo 6 years ago

Smireles, thanks for writing so well about the country of my birth.

And Pamela99, I urge you to visit Scotland, it is a most beautiful country. The West coast and the islands are particularly stunning.

Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 6 years ago from United States

Smireles, Interesting hub. I would like to visit Scotland.

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