Legal Travel to Cuba for Americans

This school bus bringing children home from school in Santa Marta, near Varadero, Cuba was photographed by Henryk Kotowski on January 31, 2007.
This school bus bringing children home from school in Santa Marta, near Varadero, Cuba was photographed by Henryk Kotowski on January 31, 2007. | Source

Travel Restrictions for Americans

United States law restricts American citizens and permanent residents of the US from traveling to Cuba. Prospective travelers must obtain a new license—or qualify for an existing license—from the US Department of the Treasury in order to be permitted to travel. It is not easy to be granted a license, and even if a person receives one, the individual will have numerous restrictions placed upon what they can see, what they can do, and with whom they can interact while they are on the island.

This article discusses the general license, the easiest type of license for citizens of the United States wanting to travel to Cuba to obtain. Information about specialized licenses can be obtained from the US Department of the Treasury.

Where is Cuba?

The Republic of Cuba—usually just referred to as Cuba—is an island nation in the Caribbean located 90 miles (150 kilometers) south of Key West, Florida. The Bahamas are located to the north of Cuba, and the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are located to the south. The Turks and Caicos Islands are located to the east of Cuba, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are located to the southeast. Mexico is located to the west.

If the country of which you are a citizen or legal resident did not have full diplomatic relations with another country, would you travel to that country?

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No Full Diplomatic Relations with Cuba

The United States does not maintain full diplomatic relations with Cuba. US interests are represented by the United States Interests Section (USINT) of the Embassy of Switzerland in Havana. The USINT staff members—United States Foreign Service personnel—are very restricted in their movements in Cuba. They are not permitted by the Communist Party of Cuba—the government—to travel outside the capital city of Havana.

The US Embassy in Kingston, Jamaica handles consular activities for the US Naval Base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The base is not accessible via land from within Cuba.

A markerHavana, Cuba -
[get directions]

A markerGuantanamo Bay, Cuba -
[get directions]

Licensing Division
Office of Foreign Assets Control
US Department of the Treasury
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Treasury Annex
Washington, DC 20220

Telephone:
202-622 2480 | 800-540-6322

Fax:
202-622-1657

General Licenses for Traveling to Cuba

Some of the more common reasons for the issuing of general licenses for travel to Cuba by Americans are discussed below.

Persons wishing to travel to Cuba should send a letter to the Licensing Division of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury.

The letter should mention the reason for the general license being requested, and the details of the proposed trip. Documentation supporting the request should be included with the letter.

If you are neither an American citizen nor a permanent resident of the United States, have you ever traveled to Cuba?

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Types of General Licenses

General licenses are granted to the following categories of travelers to Cuba. The travelers are permitted to spend money in Cuba and engage in incidental transactions which are related to the purposes of their trip.

  • Journalists and support staff who are employed by a news agency and are traveling to Cuba for journalistic activities
  • Members of international organizations of which the United States is also a member. These individuals must be traveling on official business—not for pleasure.
  • Members and staff of religious organizations who are traveling in order to participate in religious activities. These organizations are permitted to open accounts in financial institutions in Cuba in order to access funds to be used for religious purposes.
  • Employees of US telecommunications service providers involved in the sale and servicing of authorized equipment in Cuba.
  • Employees of producers or distributors of agricultural commodities, medicine, or medical devices involved in the sale, servicing, or delivery of such products.

If you are an American citizen or permanent resident of the United States, have you ever traveled to Cuba?

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  • Students and faculty and staff of degree-granting educational institutions in the United States who are particpating in academic activities sponsored by the US college or university. Students may travel to Cuba if they will be given credit toward their degree for the academic activity.
  • Full-time professionals who are attending a work-related conference that is organized by a company which regularly organizes such conferences or meetings in countries throughout the world.
  • Persons traveling to Cuba on official US government business.
  • Persons visiting a close relative—by birth, marriage, or adoption—who is a Cuban national. The traveler may be accompanied by individuals who live in the same household as the traveler as a member of the traveler's family unit.

Eclectic Scenes from Cuba, via Wikimedia Commons

Click thumbnail to view full-size
The exterior of Temple Beth Shalom in Havana, Cuba was photographed by NYC2TLV.Henryk Kotowski took this photograph of the Vedado section of central Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007.Henryk Kotowski took this photograph of downtown Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007.Henryk Kotowski photographed the Hotel Nacional in Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007.Henryk Kotowski photographed a vendor on the beach in Varadero, Cuba on January 31, 2007.Beach volleyball players were photographed by Henryk Kotowski in Varadero, Cuba on January 31, 2007.This state-owned market stand in Varadero, Cuba was photographed by Henryk Kotowski on January 31, 2007.A tobacco field in Pinar del Rio, Cuba was photographed on January 31, 2007 by Henryk Kotowski. Henryk Kotowski photographed this tobacco field in Pinar del Fitta, Cuba on January 31, 2013.Mark Scott Johnson photographed these apartments in Havana, Cuba on September 15, 2003.Maxim Nedashkovskiy photographed these apartments in Moa, Cuba on April 5, 2008.Adam Jones photographed these apartments in Old Havana on August 18, 2009.Calle Mariana Grajales, in Moa, Cuba was photographed by Maxim Nedashkovskiy on April 5, 2008.Angelo Lucia photographed this apartment builing in La Lisa, a municipality located west of Havana, on August 13, 2006. The sign belongs to a nearbly nursery school.Houses in a batey—company town where sugar workers live—were photographed by Ryan McKemzie.In December 2003, Dieter Mueller photographed a mansion in the Moorish Revival architectural style in Cienfuegos, a city in central Cuba.This is the birthplace in Bayamo, Cuba of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo, the landowner who freed his slaves in 1868 and declared independence from Spain. In April 1869, he was chosen President of the Republic of Cuba in Arms.Pixel photographed the home of conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba on  November 29, 2005. The house is now a museum of colonial art.ElDuny photographed this barracks residence in Bayamo in eastern Cuba on August 16, 2006.Yerandy1990 photographed the Roman Catholic Church of San Joaquín, San Luis, Pinar del Río, Cuba on December 24, 2008.Uvegna photographed San Fulgencio's Parish Church and the Statue of Liberty in Calixto Garcia Park in Gibara, Holguín Province, Cuba on  February 13, 2009.
The exterior of Temple Beth Shalom in Havana, Cuba was photographed by NYC2TLV.
The exterior of Temple Beth Shalom in Havana, Cuba was photographed by NYC2TLV. | Source
Henryk Kotowski took this photograph of the Vedado section of central Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007.
Henryk Kotowski took this photograph of the Vedado section of central Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007. | Source
Henryk Kotowski took this photograph of downtown Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007.
Henryk Kotowski took this photograph of downtown Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007. | Source
Henryk Kotowski photographed the Hotel Nacional in Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007.
Henryk Kotowski photographed the Hotel Nacional in Havana, Cuba on January 31, 2007. | Source
Henryk Kotowski photographed a vendor on the beach in Varadero, Cuba on January 31, 2007.
Henryk Kotowski photographed a vendor on the beach in Varadero, Cuba on January 31, 2007. | Source
Beach volleyball players were photographed by Henryk Kotowski in Varadero, Cuba on January 31, 2007.
Beach volleyball players were photographed by Henryk Kotowski in Varadero, Cuba on January 31, 2007. | Source
This state-owned market stand in Varadero, Cuba was photographed by Henryk Kotowski on January 31, 2007.
This state-owned market stand in Varadero, Cuba was photographed by Henryk Kotowski on January 31, 2007. | Source
A tobacco field in Pinar del Rio, Cuba was photographed on January 31, 2007 by Henryk Kotowski.
A tobacco field in Pinar del Rio, Cuba was photographed on January 31, 2007 by Henryk Kotowski. | Source
Henryk Kotowski photographed this tobacco field in Pinar del Fitta, Cuba on January 31, 2013.
Henryk Kotowski photographed this tobacco field in Pinar del Fitta, Cuba on January 31, 2013. | Source
Mark Scott Johnson photographed these apartments in Havana, Cuba on September 15, 2003.
Mark Scott Johnson photographed these apartments in Havana, Cuba on September 15, 2003. | Source
Maxim Nedashkovskiy photographed these apartments in Moa, Cuba on April 5, 2008.
Maxim Nedashkovskiy photographed these apartments in Moa, Cuba on April 5, 2008. | Source
Adam Jones photographed these apartments in Old Havana on August 18, 2009.
Adam Jones photographed these apartments in Old Havana on August 18, 2009. | Source
Calle Mariana Grajales, in Moa, Cuba was photographed by Maxim Nedashkovskiy on April 5, 2008.
Calle Mariana Grajales, in Moa, Cuba was photographed by Maxim Nedashkovskiy on April 5, 2008. | Source
Angelo Lucia photographed this apartment builing in La Lisa, a municipality located west of Havana, on August 13, 2006. The sign belongs to a nearbly nursery school.
Angelo Lucia photographed this apartment builing in La Lisa, a municipality located west of Havana, on August 13, 2006. The sign belongs to a nearbly nursery school. | Source
Houses in a batey—company town where sugar workers live—were photographed by Ryan McKemzie.
Houses in a batey—company town where sugar workers live—were photographed by Ryan McKemzie. | Source
In December 2003, Dieter Mueller photographed a mansion in the Moorish Revival architectural style in Cienfuegos, a city in central Cuba.
In December 2003, Dieter Mueller photographed a mansion in the Moorish Revival architectural style in Cienfuegos, a city in central Cuba. | Source
This is the birthplace in Bayamo, Cuba of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo, the landowner who freed his slaves in 1868 and declared independence from Spain. In April 1869, he was chosen President of the Republic of Cuba in Arms.
This is the birthplace in Bayamo, Cuba of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo, the landowner who freed his slaves in 1868 and declared independence from Spain. In April 1869, he was chosen President of the Republic of Cuba in Arms. | Source
Pixel photographed the home of conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba on  November 29, 2005. The house is now a museum of colonial art.
Pixel photographed the home of conquistador Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar in Santiago de Cuba, Cuba on November 29, 2005. The house is now a museum of colonial art. | Source
ElDuny photographed this barracks residence in Bayamo in eastern Cuba on August 16, 2006.
ElDuny photographed this barracks residence in Bayamo in eastern Cuba on August 16, 2006. | Source
Yerandy1990 photographed the Roman Catholic Church of San Joaquín, San Luis, Pinar del Río, Cuba on December 24, 2008.
Yerandy1990 photographed the Roman Catholic Church of San Joaquín, San Luis, Pinar del Río, Cuba on December 24, 2008. | Source
Uvegna photographed San Fulgencio's Parish Church and the Statue of Liberty in Calixto Garcia Park in Gibara, Holguín Province, Cuba on  February 13, 2009.
Uvegna photographed San Fulgencio's Parish Church and the Statue of Liberty in Calixto Garcia Park in Gibara, Holguín Province, Cuba on February 13, 2009. | Source

Should full diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba be established?

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Comments 40 comments

lovedoctor926 3 years ago

Hi Daisy, is this a new law? I'm assuming it is based on what you wrote that prospective travelers must get a new license. I was born and raised in Florida, which makes me an American citizen. My parents, on the other hand, are both Cuban. They are also American citizens since they've been in the U.S for over 40 years now. I have never been to Cuba so if I wanted to visit there would be restrictions even though I am an American citizen? I was under the impression that if you are an American citizen or permanent resident you could travel to and from without a problem. Voting up useful information. thanks for sharing.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Marlene (lovedoctor926),

Thanks for reading my article and being the first person to comment.

The United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with Cuba. United States law restricts American citizens and permanent residents of the US from traveling to Cuba. It isn't a new law.

Every American wanting to travel to Cuba must obtain a license. If they don't qualify for an existing type of license, a prospective traveler must apply for a new license.


Vellur profile image

Vellur 3 years ago from Dubai

Thank you for this enlightening article. Very useful specially for those who want to travel to Cuba.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Nithya (Vellur),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub on Google+.

American citizens and permanent residents of the US must obtain a license in order to travel to Cuba. If the travelers encounter any problems while they are there, the US government will not be able to do very much to assist the travelers since the US doesn't have diplomatic relations with Cuba.


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

As Canadian, I went several times to Cuba. I must say it's nice to be able to go spend a week in a warmer weather in the middle of winter :-)

I can even tell you that some American come to Canada to take the plane and go spend a week in sunny Cuba. At the entrance of Cuba, they just ask to not have their passport stamped. The authorities then put the stamp on a separate sheet of paper and that's attached temporarily to the passport....and removed when they leave Cuba.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Joelle (kidscrafts),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

According to information I found while doing research for my article, it is illegal for American citizens and permanent residents of the US to travel to Cuba via Canada.


kidscrafts profile image

kidscrafts 3 years ago from Ottawa, Canada

I know....but some do it anyway. Two years ago my husband and I were on the plane ready to leave from Cuba to go back to Canada, when the pilot annouced that they had to wait at the gate because a family from the US who just arrived were not sure that they could stay....because the little boy didn't have a passport. I even don't know how come they were allowed to leave Canada without a passport. Anyway, after an hour of negociation they let them stay.

Things changed a lot in Cuba and I am pretty sure that in a not too far future, politicaly things will get to normal and tourism will be open to the US citizens as well.

I can tell you that there is a lot of poverty there. Each time we go, we bring clothes, soap, things for kids to go to school, etc.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Joelle (kidscrafts),

Thanks for visiting again and adding your comment.


bdegiulio profile image

bdegiulio 3 years ago from Massachusetts

Looks like a very interesting place. Were it not for the restrictions I would consider traveling there. Great information and love the pictures, especially the school bus.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Bill (bdegiulio),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. As much as I love traveling, the current restrictions far outweigh my desire to visit. Traveling to a country with which the United States doesn't have diplomatic relations is something I wouldn't want to do.

I was glad there were so photographs uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. As soon as I saw the school bus, I knew that that image belonged at the top of my article.

One interesting sidenote... I tweeted my article after I published it yesterday. The Director of Fox News Latino saw my article and is now following me on Twitter.


Ruchira profile image

Ruchira 3 years ago from United States

With the political unrest in Cuba and how we have treated their whole situation...I agree that undiplomatic relations would be possible.

I have not visited Cuba and the unrest there cause of Castro.

Informative hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Ruchira,

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I doubt that I will ever travel to Cuba. There won't be any reason for me to do so.


teaches12345 profile image

teaches12345 3 years ago

I found this interesting news. I know many people from Cuba and they share how beautiful it is in many places. If I ever do get there, I am more informed now on how to go about getting the license. Thank you!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Dianna (teaches12345),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. I appreciate your continued support of my writing.

It appears that if one isn't traveling to Cuba to visit a relative, most people will request a general license to attend a conference or symposium.


Glimmer Twin Fan profile image

Glimmer Twin Fan 3 years ago

This is interesting. I had no idea that there were circumstances where Americans could travel to Cuba although it makes sense. Really good hub with loads of info.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Glimmer,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. I appreciate your continued support of my writing.

The licenses I discussed are "general licenses," but they're still very restrictive. When applying for a license to travel to Cuba, American citizens and permanent residents of the US must state...specifically... what they will be doing and where they will be going. American citizens and permanent residents of the US are not permitted to travel to Cuba as tourists. They have to have a specific...legitimate...reason for traveling to the island nation.


xstatic profile image

xstatic 3 years ago from Eugene, Oregon

I hope that these restrictions are eased more as time goes by. Cuba has always seemed like a fascinating place and I believe that people to people contact would be good for both countries. Really an interesting hub!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Jim (xstatic),

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. A people-to-people program would be a good way to repair relations between the two countries.


AudraLeigh 3 years ago

Even though there are restricions, I had no idea any American could go to cuba at all. Very useful and interesting info/! Happy Bday too!


tillsontitan profile image

tillsontitan 3 years ago from New York

I knew about these restrictions. While Cuba is a beautiful country I would be leery of traveling to a place that does not have diplomatic relations with the United States...since I am a US citizen. If anything were to happen you would have nowhere to turn!

Voted up, useful, and interesting.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audra,

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it.

American citizens have to have a *good reason* to travel to Cuba. Once there, they can't travel wherever they would like to go on the island, and there are restrictions with whom they can speak.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (tillsontitan),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

I know what you mean about traveling to a country with which the United States doesn't have diplomatic relations. If something happened to an American citizen while in Cuba, the person would have to contact the Swiss enbassy. US interests are represented by the United States Interests Section (USINT) of the Embassy of Switzerland in Havana.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 3 years ago from United States

This is an interesting article and I wish we would normalize relations with Cuba, so you could travel there safely.It sounds quite complicated now. This is a very interesting hub.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Pam (Pamela99),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. If an American citizen receives a license for travel to Cuba now, the person is very much restricted in where they can go, and to whom they can speak.


DDE profile image

DDE 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

Informative and most helpful,on Legal Travel to Cuba for Americans.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Devika (DDE),

Thanks for reading my article and commenting in it. Even with a license to travel to Cuba, there are so many restrictions, American citizens and permanent residents of the US really can't *vacation* there.


mary615 profile image

mary615 3 years ago from Florida

From all I have read, Cuba is a place I'd sure like to see. I wouldn't consider actually going, though.

Back in the 50's Cuba was a favorite honeymoon destination for many of my friends. They loved it and would come home raving about Cuba.

Voted UP and shared.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (mary615),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub.

When I lived on the East Coast, I worked in New York City (Manhattan). A number of my co-workers were from Cuba. Every one of them considered themselves to be "American" rather than "Cuban."


DeborahNeyens profile image

DeborahNeyens 3 years ago from Iowa

I hadn't seen this hub of yours before today, Daisy. Coincidentally, I just wrote an article for the local newspaper about traveling to Cuba with a licensed People-to-People tour operator. It is relatively new and requires the tour operator to provide a full itinerary of educational and cultural activities involving interaction with the people of Cuba. A local jazz radio station is sponsoring a trip this fall with a focus on meeting musicians and artists. It sounds very cool, and the tour operator takes care of all the licensing requirements. I posted a link to the article on my Facebook page just this morning if you want to check it out.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Deb (DeborahNeyens),

Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment. It sounds like the tour operator is following the rules and doing everything correctly. I'll definitely follow the link to your article via your Facebook page.


rasta1 profile image

rasta1 3 years ago from Jamaica

Jamaica is a popular transit point for those heading to Cuba. The vacation companies take care of the visas and prevent any trace records of the clients travel to Cuba. It is also the most popular vacation spot for Jamaicans. Great informative article.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Art (rasta1),

Thanks for reading my article and adding your comment. None of my research mentioned anything about Americans traveling to Cuba via Jamaica. I know there are problems traveling from the US to Canada to Cuba. It sounds as though traveling from the US to Jamaica to Cuba might be a possibility.


mary615 profile image

mary615 3 years ago from Florida

Just came back to reread and reshare. Very informative Hub wish lots of good info on Cuba. As I said before, I'd love to see Cuba, but I'd never travel there: too many other beautiful places to visit.

Voted UP and shared.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Mary (mary615),

Thanks for stopping by again, commenting, and sharing my article. I appreciate your support.


Pavlo Badovskyy profile image

Pavlo Badovskyy 3 years ago from Kyiv, Ukraine

Don't you think that such licensing is a violation of the ability to travel ? This is a weird practice which definitely needs to be changed. Cuba changed, USA changed but law is still half a century years old!!


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 3 years ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Pavlo,

It's nice to "see" you again. Thanks for reading my article and posting your comment.

The licensing does seem to prevent American citizens and permanent residents of the US from traveling to Cuba. Perhaps the US is busy with other issues and changing the travel restrictions is a low priority.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 24 months ago from Nashville Tn.

Daisy,

I appreciate all of this information for traveling to Cuba. I can't believe I am so 'in-the-dark' about this. I just always assumed there would be no restrictions for U.S. Citizens. Thanks so much for this hub. Voted up +++ and sharing.

Audrey


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 24 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Audrey (voclacoach),

Thank you for reading my article and posting your comment. Thanks, too, for sharing my Hub. When countries do not have full diplomatic relations with each other, there frequently are travel restrictions for the citizens of those countries.


supercibor profile image

supercibor 24 months ago from Dominican Republic

With or without embargo Cuba has been receiving millions of dollars all these years and have used the myth of American Imperialism to enslave the Cuban people for decades. The Castro brothers have their days counted because they are really living fossils together with all the members of the ruling Communist Party. It is truly an anachronism which can be only be eliminated by bringing democratic ideas into this country. The embargo will never accomplish anything. Obama had the courage be more realistic although many Cubans in Florida are really mad at him. The USA have important relationships with China which is not a real democracy. However Obama must use the carrot and stick approach with the Castro because they are not really about to change their system, planning to obtain political influence and get more dollars which do not get into the hands of the Cuban people. This regime is obsolete and must disappear because it does not respect human rights and have a control of the puppet Maduro in Venezuela and great influence of populist rulers in South America who lick the boots of Fidel Castro. The USA has never taken a real interest of working as real partners with the Latin American countries reacting only when there are turmoils.


Daisy Mariposa profile image

Daisy Mariposa 24 months ago from Orange County (Southern California) Author

Hector (supercibor),

It's nice to meet you. Thank you for reading my article and adding your comment.

I appreciate having a journalist from the Dominican Republic posting his views.

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