Counties in Texas

Texas History

We were taught Texas history in elementary school so we know all about the Texas Revolution, the Compromise of 1850 and we will always remember the Alamo.

But did you know Texas has more counties than any other state in the country; 254 to be exact?

Do you know how each county received its name?

Were you aware of the fact that not all counties were formed at the same time Texas came to be?

Being a born and raised Texan, I'm surprised I didn't know some of these. Interesting facts that I hope you enjoy.

Here is a list of those counties in case you've ever wondered:

When and How They Came to Be

Travis County was formed in 1840, home of the capital and was named after William Barret Travis, commander at the Battle of the Alamo

Williamson County was formed in 1848 and was named after Robert McAlpin Williamson, veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto

Milam County was formed in 1836 and was named after Benjamin Rush Milam, soldier of the Texas Revolution

Dallam County formed in 1876 and was named after James Wilmer Dallam, lawyer and newspaper publisher

Sherman County formed in 1876 and was named after Sidney Sherman, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Hansford County formed in 1876 and was named after John M. Hansford, judge and congressman

Ochiltree County formed in 1876 and was named after William Beck Ochiltree, judge and Confederate army officer

Lipscomb County formed in 1876 and was named after Judge Abner Smith Lipscomb, secretary of state of the Republic

Hartley County formed in 1876 and was named after Oliver C. Hartley and brother, Rufus K. Hartley, legislators and attorneys

Moore County formed in 1876 and was named after Edwin Ward Moore, commander of the Navy in Texas.

Hutchinson County formed in 1876 and was named after Andrew Hutchinson, attorney in Texas

Roberts County formed in 1889 and was named after Oran Milo Roberts, governor of Texas

Hemphill County formed in 1876 and was named after John Hemphill, Confederate congressman

Oldham County formed in 1880 and was named after Willamson Simpson Oldham, pioneer and senator

Potter County formed in 1887 and was named after Robert Potter, signer of Texas Declaration of Independence

Carson County formed in 1876 and was named after Samuel Price Carson, the Republic of Texas first secretary

Gray County formed in 1876 and was named after Peter W. Gray, attorney and soldier in American Civil War

Wheeler County formed in 1876 and was named after Royal Tyler Wheeler, chief justice

Deaf Smith County formed in 1890 and was named after Erastus "Deaf" Smith, deaf soldier in Texas Revolution

Randall County formed in 1876 and was named after Horace Randal, a brigadier killed in battle but because of a spelling error the county is known as Randall

Armstrong County formed in 1876 and was named after a pioneer family named Armstrong

Donley County formed in 1882 and was named after Stockton P. Donley, an attorney

Collingsworth County formed in 1891 and was named after James Collingsworth, signed the Texas Declaration of Independence

Parmer County formed in 1876 and was named after Martin Parmer, signed the Texas Declaration of Independence and judge

Castro County formed in 1891 and was named after Henri Castro, a founder of a colony in Texas

Swisher County formed in 1876 and was named after James G. Swisher, soldier and signer of Texas Declaration of Independence

Briscoe County formed in 1876 and was named after Andrew Briscoe, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Hall County formed in 1876 and was named after Warren D.C. Hall, secretary of war

Childress County formed in 1887 and was named after George Campbell Childress, who wrote the Texas Declaration of Independence

Bailey County formed in 1918 and was named after Peter James Bailey, a man that helped defend the Alamo

Lamb County formed in 1876 and was named after George A. Lamb, a soldier who died in the Battled of San Jacinto

Hale County formed in 1876 and was named after Lt. John C. Hale, a Battle of San Jacinto hero

Floyd County formed in 1876 and was named after Dolphin Ward Floyd, who died on his birthday while defending the Alamo

Motley County formed in 1876 and was named after Junius William Mottley, another misspelling error, he signed the Texas Declaration of Independence

Cottle County formed in 1892 and was named after George Washington Cottle, died defending the Alamo

Hardeman County formed in 1889 and was named after Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman, two politicians of early Texas

Foard County formed in 1891 and was named after Robert Levi Foard, a soldier of the American Civil War

Wilbarger County formed in 1858 and was named after Josiah Pugh Wilbarger and Mathias Wilbarger, early settlers of Texas

Wichita County formed in 1858 and was named after the Indians that once inhabited the area

Clay County formed in 1857 and was named after Henry Clay, a famous statesman

Montague County formed in 1858 and was named after Daniel Montague, a soldier of the Mexican-American War

Cooke County formed in 1848 and was named after William Gordon Cooke, a soldier in the Texas Revolution

Grayson County formed in 1846 and was named after Peter Wagener Grayson, attorney general of the Republic

Willacy County formed in 1911 and was named after John G. Willacy, senator

Cameron County formed in 1848 and was named after Captain Ewen Cameron, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Hidalgo County formed in 1852 and was named after Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, "cry for Mexican independence from Spanish rule"

Starr County formed in 1838 and was named after James Harper Starr, secretary of state

Fannin County formed in 1837 and was named after James Fannin, commander of Texans killed in Goliad Massacre

Lamar County formed in 1841 and was named after Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, second president of Texas

Delta County formed in 1870 and was named Delta because of the county's triangle shape

Red River County formed in 1837 and was named after the northern boundary of the state which is the Red River

Bowie County formed in 1840 and was named after James Bowie, a knife wielding legend that died in the Battle of the Alamo

Cochran County formed in 1876 and was named after Robert E. Cochran, defended the Alamo

Hockley County formed in 1876 and was named after George Washington Hockley, secretary of war

Bastrop County formed in 1836 and was named after Felipe Enrique Neri, Baron de Bastrop; who escaped to Texas from the Netherlands where he was wanted for embezzlement

Lubbock County formed in 1851 and was named after Thomas Saltus Lubbock, a Texas Ranger

Crosby County formed in 1876 and was named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner

Dickens County formed in 1891 and was named after J. Dickens, died at Battle of the Alamo

King County formed in 1852 and was named after William Rufus King, Vice-President of Washington territory but in 1986 it was renamed in honor of Martin Luther King, Jr.

Knox County formed in 1876 and was named after Henry Know, a general in the American Revolutionary War

Baylor County formed in 1858 and was named after Henry Weidner Baylor, a Texas Rangers surgeon

Archer County formed in 1858 and was named after Tanner Archer, a Texas commissioner

Yoakum County formed in 1876 and was named after Henderson King Yoakum, a historian for Texas

Terry County formed in 1876 and was named after Benjamin Franklin Terry, a Confederate colonel

Lynn County formed in 1876 from Bexar County

Garza County formed in 1876 and was named after a prominent family of Jose Antonio de la Garza

Kent County formed in 1876 and was named after Andrew Kent, a soldier that died at the Battle of the Alamo

Stonewall County formed in 1876 and was named after Stonewall Jackson, a famous general of the Confederate Army

Haskell County formed in 1858 and was named after Charles Ready Haskell, killed in the Goliad massacre

Throckmorton County formed in 1879 and was named after William Throckmorton, an early settler of the area

Young County formed in 1856 and was named after William Cocke Young, an early settler and soldier

Jack County formed in 1856 and was named after brothers Patrick Churchill Jack and William Houston Jack, soldiers in the Texas Revolution

Wise County formed in 1856 and was named after Henry Alexander Wise, a US Congressman

Denton County formed in 1846 and was named after John B. Denton, a minister, lawyer, soldier and politician

Collin County formed in 1846 and was named after Collin McKinney, one of 5 that drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence

Rains County formed in 1870 and was named after Emory Rains, state legislator

Hopkins County formed in 1846 and was named after David Hopkins, an early settler

Franklin County formed in 1875 and was named after Judge Benjamin C. Franklin though it was never officially recorded

Titus County formed in 1846 and was named after Andrew Jackson Titus, early settler of the area

Morris County formed in 1875 and was named after William Wright Morris, a judge and planter

Cass County formed in 1846 and was named after Lewis Cass, senator that favored the Texas annexation even though he was from Michigan

Camp County formed in 1874 and was named after John Lafayette Camp, politician

Gaines County formed in 1876 and was named after James Gaines, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence

Dawson County formed in 1876 and was named after Nicholas Mosby Dawson, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Borden County formed in 1876 and was named after Gail Borden, a businessman, publisher, inventor

Scurry County formed in 1876 and was named after William Read Scurry, Confederate Army general

Fisher County formed in 1876 and was named after Samuel Rhoads Fisher, signer of Texas Declaration of Independence and secretary of Navy

Jones County formed in 1881 and was named after Anson Jones, fifth president of Republic of Texas

Shackelford County formed in 1874 and was named after Dr. John Shackelford, who paid out of his own pocket to equip soldiers with supplies needed in the Texas Revolution

Palo Pinto County formed in 1856 and was named after Palo Pinto Creek, a very disturbing piece of history

Parker County formed in 1855 and was named after Isaac Parker, state legislator

Tarrant County formed in 1849 and was named after General Edward H. Tarrant, Republic of Texas Militia

Rockwall County formed in 1873 and was named after the former county's city Rockwall

Dallas County formed in 1846 and was named after George Mifflin Dallas, 11th Vice President of the U.S.

Kaufman County formed in 1848 and was named after David Spangler Kaufman, diplomat and congressman

Van Zandt County formed in 1848 and was named after Isaac Van Zandt, member of Congress

Wood County formed in 1850 and was named after Bryan Hughes, lawyer and county native

Upshur County formed in 1846 and was named after Abel P. Upshur, U.S. Secretary

Marion County formed in 1860 and was named after Francis Marion, war general known as "Swamp Fox"

Gregg County formed in 1873 and was named after John Gregg, confederate general in American Civil War

Andrews County formed in 1876 and was named after Richard Andrews, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Loving County formed in 1931 and was named after Oliver Loving, cattle rancher and pioneer

Winkler County formed in 1887 and was named after Clinton M. Winkler, Colonel of Confederate Army

Ector County formed in 1893 and was named after Mathew Ector, Confederate general, American Civil War

Midland County formed in 1885 and was named because it was "midway" between Fort Worth and El Paso

Glasscock County formed in 1889 and was named after George Washington Glasscock, early settler of Austin

Sterling County formed in 1891 and was named after W.S. Sterling, early settler

Coke County formed in 1889 and was named after Richard Coke, 15th governor of Texas

Runnels County formed in 1858 and was named after Hiram G. Runnels, state legislator

Coleman County formed in1858 and was named after Robert M. Coleman, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence

Brown County formed in 1856 and was named after Henry Stevenson Brown, commander at the Battle of Velasco

Comanche County formed in 1856 and was named after the Comanche Tribe because they are the first known inhabitants of the area

Hamilton County formed in 1856 and was named after James Hamilton Jr., provided financial aid to Texas even though he was the governor of South Carolina

Bosque County formed in 1854 and was named after the Bosque River

Hill County formed in 1853 and was named after George Washington Hill, secretary of war and secretary of Navy, surgeon, early settler

Navarro County formed in 1846 and was named after Jose Antonio Navarro, Tejano leader that signed the Texas Declaration of Independence

Panola County formed in 1846 and was named after the Native American word for cotton

Anderson County formed in 1846 and was named after Kenneth L. Anderson, was Vice President of Republic of Texas

Cherokee County formed in 1846 and was named after the Cherokee Indians who were expelled from the area when the settlers arrived

Mills County formed in 1887 and was named after John T. Mills, justice of Texas Supreme Court

Freestone County formed in 1851 and was formed from Limestone County

Nacogdoches County formed in 1836 and was named after the son of an Indian chief who sent his two bickering sons on a three day journey by foot and ordered them to settle down where they ended up at. (The brother was named Natchitoches and he ended up in Louisiana)

Shelby County formed in 1836 and was named after Isaac Shelby, first governor of Kentucky

Limestone County formed in 1841 and was formed from Robertson County

McLennan County formed in 1850 and was named after Neil McLennan, early settler to the area

Ward County formed in 1887 and was named after Thomas W. Ward, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Crane County formed in 1887 and was named after William Carey Crane, a president of Baylor University

Upton County formed in 1887 and was named after brothers Jonn C. and William F. Upton, Colonels in Confederate army

Reagan County formed in 1903 and was named after John Henninger Reagan, postmaster in Confederate States and later a U.S. Senator

Irion County formed in 1889 and was named after Robert Anderson Irion, secretary of state

Tom Green County formed in 1874 and was named after Thomas Green, Confederate general

Concho County formed in 1858 and was named after the Concho River

McCulloch County formed in 1856 and was named after Benjamin McCulloch, Texas Ranger

San Saba County formed in 1856 and was named after San Saba River

Lampasas County formed in 1856 and was named after Lampasas River

Coryell County formed in 1854 and was named after James Coryell, frontiersman, Texas Ranger, killed by Indians while protecting others

Leon County formed in 1846 and was named after Martin De Leon, founder of Victoria, Texas

Houston County formed in 1837 and was named after Sam Houston, famous President of Republic of Texas, Governor of Texas and soldier. Most famous for his role in bringing Texas into the U.S.

Angelina County formed in 1846 and was named after a Hainai Native American that was named Angelina by the missionaries she helped

San Augustine County formed in 1837 and was named after saint Augustine of Hippo

Sabine County formed in 1837 and was named after the Sabine River

Falls County formed in 1850 and was named after the 10 foot waterfall on the Brazos River that ironically disappeared after the river changed course following a storm in 1866

Schleicher County formed in 1887 and was named after Gustav Schleicher, German immigrant that came to the country to become a surveyor and later politician

Menard County formed in 1858 and was named after Michel Branamour Menard, he founded Galveston

Mason County formed in 1858 and was named after Fort Mason

Llano County formed in 1856 and was named after the Llano River

Burnet County formed in 1852 and was named after David Gouverneur Burnet, president of Republic of Texas, technically the first provisional one

Bell County formed in 1850 and was named after Peter Hansborough Bell, the third governor of Texas

Robertson County formed in 1837 and was named after Sterling C. Robertson, signer of Texas Declaration of Independence and early settler

Madison County formed in 1854 and was named after James Madison, the 4th President of the United States

Trinity County formed in 1850 and was named after the Trinity River

Polk County formed in 1846 and was named after James Knox Polk , the 11th President of the United States

Tyler County formed in 1846 and was named after John Tyler, the 10th President of the United States

Jasper County formed in 1836 and was named after William Jasper, a war hero in the American Revolutionary War

Newton County formed in 1846 and was named after John Newton, war veteran of American Revolutionary War

San Jacinto County formed in 1870 and was named after the San Jacinto River

Hunt County formed in 1846 and was named after Memucan Hunt Jr., Texas minister to the U.S. and Texas Secretary of the Navy

Harrison County formed in 1839 and was named after Jonas Harrison, lawyer in Texas

Martin County formed in 1876 and was named after Wylie Martin, early settler

Howard County formed in 1876 and was named after Volney E. Howard, United States Congressman

Mitchell County formed in 1876 and was named after Asa and Eli Mitchell, early settlers of Texas and later soldiers of the Texas Revolution

Nolan County formed in 1881 and was named after Philip Nolan, who was among the first American traders to bring goods to Texas for trade

Taylor County formed in 1858 and was named after three brothers who died at the Alamo, Edward, George and James Taylor

Callahan County formed in 1877 and was named after James Hughes Callahan, soldier in the Texas Revolution

Eastland County formed in 1858 and was named after William Mosby Eastland, the only soldier to die in the "Black Bean Executions"

Erath County formed in 1856 and was named after George Bernard Erath, surveyor and soldier of Battle of San Jacinto

Hood County formed in 1866 and was named after John Bell Hood, Lt. General and Commander of Hood's Texas Brigade

Johnson County formed in 1854 and was named after Middleton Johnson, Texas Ranger and politician

Ellis County formed in 1849 and Richard Ellis, assisted in producing the Texas Declaration of Independence

Somervell County formed in 1875 and was named after Alexander Somervell, secretary of war

Henderson County formed in 1846 and was named after James Pinckney Henderson, the 1st Attorney General of Texas

Smith County formed in 1846 and was named after James Smith, a general in the Texas Revolution

Rusk County formed in 1843 and was named after Thomas Jefferson Rusk, secretary of war

El Paso County formed in 1848 and is short for El Paso del Norte which means The Pass to the North, it was named El Paso because of the pass the Rio Grande river that cuts between the mountains

Hudspeth County formed in 1917 and was named after Claude Benton Hudspeth, state senator

Culberson County formed in 1911 and was named after David B. Culberson, lawyer and soldier

Reeves County formed in 1883 and was named after George R. Reeves, state legislator and colonel

Pecos County formed in 1871 and was named after the Pecos River

Jeff Davis County formed in 1887 and was named after Jefferson Davis, Secretary of War and President of Confederate States

Presidio County formed in 1850 and was named after an ancient border of Presidio del Norte

Brewster County formed in 1887 and was named after Colonel Henry Percy Brewster, secretary of war and is the largest county in the state

Terrell County formed in 1905 and was named after Alexander W. Terrell, state senator

Val Verde County formed in 1885 and was named after a civil war battle that took place in the "green valley" which is what Val Verde means

Brazos County formed in 1841 and was named after the Brazos River

Grimes County formed in 1846 and was named after Jesse Grimes, signer of Texas Declaration of Independence and settler of the area

Burleson County formed in 1846 and was named after Edward Burleson, general of Texas Revolution

Sutton County formed in 1887 and was named after John S. Sutton, officer of Confederate Army

Kimble County formed in 1858 and was named after George C. Kimble, soldier that died at the Alamo

Gillespie County formed in 1848 and was named after Robert Addison Gillespie, Texas Ranger and Indian fighter that served as a soldier in the Mexican-American War

Blanco County formed in 1858 and was named after the Blanco River

Lee County formed in 1874 and was named after Robert E. Lee, famous commander of the Confederate Army in North Virginia

Montgomery County formed in 1837 and was named for the town Montgomery as an act of Congress and is the official birth place of the Texas Flag

Liberty County formed in 1836 and was named to give hope, holds a replica of the Liberty Bell and is the third oldest city in Texas

Hardin County formed in 1858 and was named after a family from Liberty County

Jefferson County formed in 1836 and was named after United States President, Thomas Jefferson

Orange County formed in 1852 and was named after the orange fruit common to early settlers, the county lies near the mouth of the Sabine River

Chambers County formed in 1858 and was named after Thomas Jefferson Chambers, early Texas lawyer

Harris County formed in 1836 and was named after John Richardson Harris, early settler

Galveston County formed in 1838 and was named after the republic's largest city and was considered the most important port in trades

Edwards County formed in 1858 and was named after Haden Harrison Edwards, early settler of Nacagdoches

Kerr County formed in 1856 and was named after James Kerr by his friend Joshua D. Brown, after Kerr died six years before

Kendall County formed in 1862 and was named after George Wilkins Kendall, journalist and correspondent in the Mexican-American War

Hays County formed in 1848 and was named after John Coffee Hays, Texas Ranger

Caldwell County formed in 1848 and was named after Mathew Caldwell, fought at Battle of Plum Creek against the Comanches

Fayette County formed in 1837 and was named after Marquis de la Fayette, hero of the American Revolutionary War

Washington County formed in 1836 and was named after George Washington, the 1st President of the United States

Austin County formed in 1837 and was named after Stephen F. Austin, "Father of Texas"

Waller County formed in 1873 and was named after Edwin Waller, signer of Texas Declaration of Independence and first mayor of Austin city

Fort Bend County formed in 1837 and was named after a small fort at the bend of Brazos River

Brazoria County formed in 1836 and was also named after the Brazos River

Bandera County formed in 1856 and was named after the Spanish word for flag

Comal County formed in 1846 and was named after the Spanish word for 'flat dish'

Guadalupe County formed in 1846 and was named after the Guadalupe River

Colorado County formed in 1836 and was named after the Colorado River

Wharton County formed in 1846 and was named after brothers William Harris and John Austin Wharton, both political leaders

Matagorda County formed in 1836 and was named after the Spanish word for 'thick bush' because of the canebrakes that grew along the coast

Jackson County formed in 1837 and was named after Andrew Jackson, the 7th President of the United States

Lavaca County formed in 1841 and was named after the Lavaca River

Kinney County formed in 1850 and was named after Henry Lawrence Kinney, early settler of the area

Uvalde County formed in 1856 and was named after Juan de Ugalde, a Spanish governor

Medina County formed in 1848 and was named after the Medina River

Bexar County formed in 1836 and was named after San Antonio de Bexar, a Mexican municipality

Wilson County formed in 1860 and was named after James Charles Wilson, early settler and legislator

Gonzales County formed in 1836 and was named after the city of Gonzales

Dewitt County formed in 1846 and was named after Green Dewitt, founder of early Texas

Victoria County formed in 1836 and was named after Guadalupe Victoria, first President of Mexico

Calhoun County formed in 1846 and was named after John Caldwell Calhoun, the 7th vice president of the U.S.

Refugio County formed in 1831 and was named after Rio Nuestra Senora del Refugio Mission was moved there.

Aransas County formed in 1871 and was named after Rio Nuestra Senora de Aranzazu from portions of Refugio County

Goliad County formed in 1836 and was named for Father Miguel Hidalgo, in rememberence of the Goliad Massacre

Karnes County formed in 1854 and was named after Henry Karnes, soldier of the Texas Revolution

Atascosa County formed in 1856 and was named for the Atascosa River

Live Oak County formed in 1856 and was named after the indigenous live oak trees in the area

Bee County formed in 1857 and was named after Barnard E. Bell, secretary of state

San Patricio County formed in 1836 and was named after the patron saint of Ireland

Nueces County formed in 1846 and was named after the Nueces River

Jim Wells County formed in 1912 and was named after James Babbage Wells, Jr., political boss

McMullen County formed in 1877 and was named after John McMullen, colony founder

Frio County formed in 1871 and was named after the Frio River

Zavala County formed in 1846 and was named after Lorenzo de Zavala, signed the Texas Declaration of Independence and was also the first vice president of Republic, even though he was a Mexican politician

Maverick County formed in 1856 and was named after Samuel Maverick, legislator and cattleman

Dimmit County formed in 1858 and was named after Philip Dimmit, a prominent figure of the Texas Revolution

La Salle County formed in 1856 and was named after Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle; french explorer

Webb County formed in 1848 and was named after James Webb, secretary of treasury, secretary of state and attorney general; all of Texas

Duval County formed in 1858 and was named after Burr H. Duval, soldier in Texas Revolution

Zapata County formed in 1858 and was named after Colonel Jose Antonio de Zapata, a rebellious rancher against Mexico

Jim Hogg County formed in 1913 and was named after James Stephen Hogg, Texas governor

Brooks County formed in 1911 and was named after James Abijah Brooks, Texas Ranger

Kenedy County formed in 1921 and was named after Mifflin Kenedy, early rancher

Kleberg County formed in 1913 and was named after Robert J. Kleberg, a settler

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Comments 1 comment

wabash annie profile image

wabash annie 3 years ago from Colorado Front Range

What a lot of interesting information!! I've not spent a lot of time in Texas for different reasons but I've wanted to go and now I'm really enthused. Thanks for sharing.

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