Travel Bengal: Jain Temples in historic Murshidabad Photo gallery

Tirthankar Idols at Rambagh, Azimganj

Tirthankar Parswanath in White marble at Rambagh in Azimganj city. The idol was brought to Azimganj from Jangipur.
Tirthankar Parswanath in White marble at Rambagh in Azimganj city. The idol was brought to Azimganj from Jangipur.
24 Tirthankaras at Rambagh Sanwalia Parasnath temple.  Six in each side.
24 Tirthankaras at Rambagh Sanwalia Parasnath temple. Six in each side.

Murshidabad, place of Nawabs and Shaharwali community


Large numbers of tourists visit Murshidabad, a historical district in West Bengal province in India.They travel long way from different parts in the world to see beautiful Jain temples along with the historical palaces, tombs and other ruins of Nawabs of Murshidabad.

Nawab Mursheed coolie Khan established the city of Murshidabad in the seventeenth century. Jagat Seth Manikchand Gelda of Jain community came along with Nawab Mursheed coolie Khan to live in. Some other Jain families from Rajasthan came following him and started residing near Murshidabad. Murshidabad is a district nowadays and Azimganj and Jiaganj are the main Jain cities.

Shwetambar Jain community in Murshidabad is known as Shaharwali society. The community was rich, aristocrat and religious minded. They not only spent on maintaining their aristocracy and lifestyle but also spent huge amount of money to build marvelous temples and Dadabadi showing their religious devotion. There are fourteen Jain temples in these twin cities situated both sides of river Bhagirathi (The Ganges). These temples are examples of architectural beauty.

Idols in Kirat Bagh

Parswanath and Vasupujya Swami Idols in Kasauti (Gold Taster) stone at Kiratbagh, Jiaganj. These idols are similar to Jain  idols kept  in London Museum.
Parswanath and Vasupujya Swami Idols in Kasauti (Gold Taster) stone at Kiratbagh, Jiaganj. These idols are similar to Jain idols kept in London Museum.

Sambhavanath Temple, Jiaganj

Mulagambhara, the inner sanctum: Mulanayak Shree Sambhavanath and several  Tirthankar other idols at Sambhavnath temple, Jiaganj.
Mulagambhara, the inner sanctum: Mulanayak Shree Sambhavanath and several Tirthankar other idols at Sambhavnath temple, Jiaganj.
Foot prints of 11 Ganadharas (Principle disciples) of Lord Mahavira at Jiaganj, Murshidabad.
Foot prints of 11 Ganadharas (Principle disciples) of Lord Mahavira at Jiaganj, Murshidabad.
Spire of Sambhavanath Temple, Jiaganj
Spire of Sambhavanath Temple, Jiaganj
Sambhavanath Temple front view. Stair cases and main gate of the temple
Sambhavanath Temple front view. Stair cases and main gate of the temple

Other images at Rambagh, Azimganj

Dadaguru Foot prints in Rock crystal at Rambagh Dadabadi
Dadaguru Foot prints in Rock crystal at Rambagh Dadabadi
Bhairav Ji outside Rambagh Temple. This was brought to Azimganj from Cossimbazar.
Bhairav Ji outside Rambagh Temple. This was brought to Azimganj from Cossimbazar.

Jain temples in Azimganj and Jiaganj


There are temples of Tirthankar Neminath, Shantinath, Chintamani Parsvanath, Sumatinath, Padmaprabhu, Sambhavanath, Gaudi Parshvanath and Sanwalia Parasnath (popularly known as Rambagh) along with a Dadabadi at Rambagh in Azimganj city. A pond between Parasnath temple and Dadabadi at Rambagh and beautifully decorated garden enhances natural beauty of the place many folds.

Jiaganj has temples of Lord Parasnath, Sambhavanath, Vimalnath and Rishabhdev Adinath besides a Dadabadi at Kiratbagh. There is a temple of Adinath shree Rshabhadeva and a Dadabadi in Kathgola near Nashipur.

Most of the temples in Azimganj and Jiaganj are very big in size with large courtyards. These have beautiful idols of Tirthankaras and other gods and goddesses. One can see Tirthankar idols of Gemstones at Chintamani Parasnath Temple in Azimganj. These historical temples are beautifully decorated and well designed. These temples are monuments of British India. The temples are depicting Jain styles amalgamated with Muslim and European architecture.

Kathgola Jain temple garden at Nashipur, Murshidabad

Adinath temple and garden at Kathgola


Kathgola is another famous Jain temple situated near Nashipur. The Adinath temple is built in an area over hundred acres. Garden with gorgeous decoration surrounding the temple is main attraction of this temple. There are several ponds enhancing beauty of this temple garden.

There is a huge gate in the main entrance and a palace like building used as museum. This museum was full with cut glass items manufactured by famous Oslar company in the UK. Most of these expensive items were stolen in seventh decade of last century.

Rai Laxmipat Singh Bahadoor Dugar built this temple along with a Dadabadi in 19th century. The palace and garden are used many times for shooting Hindi and Bengali movies.

Katgola Jain Temple, Nasipur, Murshidabad

Main gate Katgola Jain Temple
Main gate Katgola Jain Temple
Main gate Katgola Jain Temple          (Inside view)
Main gate Katgola Jain Temple (Inside view)
Passage to Katgola temple
Passage to Katgola temple
Horse rider Statue in the garden
Horse rider Statue in the garden
Marble elephant out side Torandwar
Marble elephant out side Torandwar
Torandwar, Katgola temple
Torandwar, Katgola temple
Decorative statue outside Katgola temple
Decorative statue outside Katgola temple
Katgola temple Shikhar
Katgola temple Shikhar
Shatrunjay Teerth (Palitana) Marble Patta in side temple
Shatrunjay Teerth (Palitana) Marble Patta in side temple
Yakshini inside Katgola temple
Yakshini inside Katgola temple
Gomukha Yaksha inside Katgola temple
Gomukha Yaksha inside Katgola temple

Who built these Jain temples in Murshidabad?



Mahnot family built Sri Vasupujya Swami Temple in Azimganj. It was the oldest jain temple in Azimganj. The temple was merged in Sri Neminath temple later on. Harakh Chand Golechha built Chhoti Shantinath temple with gemstones idols of all 24 Tirthankaras as home temple. Later on it was merged into Sri Chintamani Parswanath temple. Mahasingh Meghraj Kothari was the main contributor in building Sri Neminath temple at Azimganj. Gulabdevi estate built Sri Shantinath temple at Baraduari, Azimganj.

Rai Dhanpat Singh Dugar built Sri Sambhavanath Jain temple and Gauri Parasnath home temple in Azimganj. Shrimal family of Azimganj built the Padmaprabhu temple. Rambagh Sanwalia Parshwanath temple along with a Dadabadi was built by some Yati name unknown and the Nahar family built the Sumatinath temple at Azimganj.

Sripat Singh Dugar constructed Sri Vimalnath Swami temple at Jiaganj and Sri Sambhavnath temple at Jiaganj was built by the Srisangh. Rai Bahadur Laxmipat Singh Dugar built Kathgola Jain temple and Dadabadi. All these temples and Dadabadi belong to Shwetambar Jain community.

Dieties from Cossimbazar and Jangipur were shifted to Azimganj Sanwalia Parasnath temple (Rambagh).

Katgola Pond
Katgola Pond

How do you rate Jain Temples of Murshidabad?

  • Awesome
  • Fantastic
  • Very good
  • Good
  • Average
See results without voting

Murshidabad Heritage Development Society

More by this Author


Comments 18 comments

JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

JYOTI KOTHARI 22 months ago from Jaipur Author

Ronjoy,

Thanks for commenting.


Ranjoy Sinha 22 months ago

Went through your web site. Many thanks for putting up the pictures of Murshidabad.

Ranjoy Sinha

NASHIPUR RAJBATI


Royal Bengal 2 years ago

The kingdom Bengal will be powerful again wen bangladesh and west bengal unite, you call yourself bengalis when your too coward to speak and ignore the face bengal has been divided into two by its enemies.

when will you realise?


Paresh Bothra 3 years ago

Respected Jyoti Kothariji Its been a while to respond,today I was showing my Children about Azimganj and how proud I am, that I came across your response to know about me.I am son of late Shree Hirendra Chandji Bothra of Azimganj.

Jai Jinendra.


JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

JYOTI KOTHARI 4 years ago from Jaipur Author

There are Dharamshala in both Azimganj and Jiaganj. It is very near to Railway station at Azimganj city namely Azimganj Kothi. There is a Amil khata in Jiaganj Mahajanpatti. It is about 2 to 3 KM from Jiaganj railway station.


Suresh Raj Mehta 4 years ago

good intoduction,pl. incorporate details of Dharmshalla at Ajimganj with distance from Rly station.


JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

JYOTI KOTHARI 4 years ago from Jaipur Author

Rabindraji,

Thanks for commenting. I am also a proud Shaharwali.


Rabindra Singh Bothra 4 years ago

Thanks Jyoti Babu for updating us about our birthplace. It reminds how best is our motherland. It gives us inspiraion and proud to be a Shaharwali.


JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

JYOTI KOTHARI 4 years ago from Jaipur Author

Thanks for your comment. I hope you are from Azimganj. Is it? f yes, please inform about you.


PARESH BOTHRA 4 years ago

I ADMIRE IT A LOT.FANTASTIC EFFORT TO PUT AZIMGANJ MURSHIDABAD IN LIMELIGHT.


DIPAK CHAND KHOWASH 5 years ago

JYOTI UNCLE,

I M ALSO FROM AZIMGANJ.

ITS REALLY NICE TO PROGRATE JAIN RELIGION.

The facial expression in idols at former temple is very fine.

WITH REGARDS,

DIPAK CH KHOWASH

S/O SRI GOPAL CH KHOWASH.

AZIMGANJ, JAINPATTY.


kaushik 6 years ago

jai jinendra

please our web site we have create 15 web site please ragister u r self


kausha 6 years ago

jain temple is very nice.

thank you


NIROJ JAIN 6 years ago

I MAM SO GLAD OF MY PARENTS


Deven Jain 7 years ago

Jyoti,

You are doing well to propagate Jain religion. We can darshan Jain temples of various parts in India in your articles. I have never visited Murshidabad but heard name many times. Nice photo gallery of Murshidabad Jain temples.

I loved it and Parasnath photo gallery of glass temple Kolkata very much.

Thanks.

Thumb up.

Deven Jain


James A Watkins profile image

James A Watkins 7 years ago from Chicago

Gorgeous photography and interesting story, well presented. Thank you very much for an enjoyable journey.


H P Roychoudhury profile image

H P Roychoudhury 7 years ago from Guwahati, India

It is a very informative hub full of historic importance. Who knows such a rich Jain culture in Murshidabad, the capital of Muslim Rulers?


prasadjain profile image

prasadjain 7 years ago from Tumkur

This article gives good introduction to these temples. The facial expression in idols at former temple is very fine.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working