Travel Bengal: Jain Temples in historic Murshidabad Photo gallery
Tirthankar Idols at Rambagh, Azimganj
Murshidabad, place of Nawabs and Shaharwali community
Large numbers of tourists visit Murshidabad, a historical district in West Bengal province in India.They travel long way from different parts in the world to see beautiful Jain temples along with the historical palaces, tombs and other ruins of Nawabs of Murshidabad.
Nawab Mursheed coolie Khan established the city of Murshidabad in the seventeenth century. Jagat Seth Manikchand Gelda of Jain community came along with Nawab Mursheed coolie Khan to live in. Some other Jain families from Rajasthan came following him and started residing near Murshidabad. Murshidabad is a district nowadays and Azimganj and Jiaganj are the main Jain cities.
Shwetambar Jain community in Murshidabad is known as Shaharwali society. The community was rich, aristocrat and religious minded. They not only spent on maintaining their aristocracy and lifestyle but also spent huge amount of money to build marvelous temples and Dadabadi showing their religious devotion. There are fourteen Jain temples in these twin cities situated both sides of river Bhagirathi (The Ganges). These temples are examples of architectural beauty.
Idols in Kirat Bagh
Sambhavanath Temple, Jiaganj
Other images at Rambagh, Azimganj
Jain temples in Azimganj and Jiaganj
There are temples of Tirthankar Neminath, Shantinath, Chintamani Parsvanath, Sumatinath, Padmaprabhu, Sambhavanath, Gaudi Parshvanath and Sanwalia Parasnath (popularly known as Rambagh) along with a Dadabadi at Rambagh in Azimganj city. A pond between Parasnath temple and Dadabadi at Rambagh and beautifully decorated garden enhances natural beauty of the place many folds.
Jiaganj has temples of Lord Parasnath, Sambhavanath, Vimalnath and Rishabhdev Adinath besides a Dadabadi at Kiratbagh. There is a temple of Adinath shree Rshabhadeva and a Dadabadi in Kathgola near Nashipur.
Most of the temples in Azimganj and Jiaganj are very big in size with large courtyards. These have beautiful idols of Tirthankaras and other gods and goddesses. One can see Tirthankar idols of Gemstones at Chintamani Parasnath Temple in Azimganj. These historical temples are beautifully decorated and well designed. These temples are monuments of British India. The temples are depicting Jain styles amalgamated with Muslim and European architecture.
Kathgola Jain temple garden at Nashipur, Murshidabad
Adinath temple and garden at Kathgola
Kathgola is another famous Jain temple situated near Nashipur. The Adinath temple is built in an area over hundred acres. Garden with gorgeous decoration surrounding the temple is main attraction of this temple. There are several ponds enhancing beauty of this temple garden.
There is a huge gate in the main entrance and a palace like building used as museum. This museum was full with cut glass items manufactured by famous Oslar company in the UK. Most of these expensive items were stolen in seventh decade of last century.
Rai Laxmipat Singh Bahadoor Dugar built this temple along with a Dadabadi in 19th century. The palace and garden are used many times for shooting Hindi and Bengali movies.
Katgola Jain Temple, Nasipur, Murshidabad
Who built these Jain temples in Murshidabad?
Mahnot family built Sri Vasupujya Swami Temple in Azimganj. It was the oldest jain temple in Azimganj. The temple was merged in Sri Neminath temple later on. Harakh Chand Golechha built Chhoti Shantinath temple with gemstones idols of all 24 Tirthankaras as home temple. Later on it was merged into Sri Chintamani Parswanath temple. Mahasingh Meghraj Kothari was the main contributor in building Sri Neminath temple at Azimganj. Gulabdevi estate built Sri Shantinath temple at Baraduari, Azimganj.
Rai Dhanpat Singh Dugar built Sri Sambhavanath Jain temple and Gauri Parasnath home temple in Azimganj. Shrimal family of Azimganj built the Padmaprabhu temple. Rambagh Sanwalia Parshwanath temple along with a Dadabadi was built by some Yati name unknown and the Nahar family built the Sumatinath temple at Azimganj.
Sripat Singh Dugar constructed Sri Vimalnath Swami temple at Jiaganj and Sri Sambhavnath temple at Jiaganj was built by the Srisangh. Rai Bahadur Laxmipat Singh Dugar built Kathgola Jain temple and Dadabadi. All these temples and Dadabadi belong to Shwetambar Jain community.
Dieties from Cossimbazar and Jangipur were shifted to Azimganj Sanwalia Parasnath temple (Rambagh).
How do you rate Jain Temples of Murshidabad?See results without voting
Murshidabad Heritage Development Society
Jainism, Jain temples and Pilgrimages in India
- Photo Gallery: Parasnath Glass Temple in Kolkata par...
The main place: Mulgambhara 24 Yaksha and Yakshini idols inscribed outside Sri Sheetalnath: Fully ornamented Ganadhar Gautam Swami: Principle disciple of Lord Mahavira (This hub is published on 11 August...
- Photo Gallery: Parasnath: Glass Temple in Kolkata
Shree Sheetalnath Swami,The Tenth Teerthankara. The Parasnath Temple Wanna visit Kolkata, Capital of West Bengal, India? A must visit is Parashnath Jain temple built by Rai Badridas Bahadoor Mookim. Rai...
- Jainism and Environment
Jainism says that five main elements of nature and parts of environment land, Water resources, Fire, Air and Vegetation are living creatures and must be treated as living beings. Jain life style encourages Environment protection.....
- Photo Gallery: Kolkata Jain Dadabadi
Magnificent front view of Kolkata Jain Dadabadi Beautiful back view of Kolkata Jain Dadabadi Kolkata is now the capital of West Bengal and the second biggest city (After Mumbai) in India. It was the Capital...
- Palitana: Jain pilgrimage center: Photo gallery
Jain sacred symbol Hrimkara with 24 Tirthankaras Rshabhadeva in Palitana Jain sacred symbol Omkara with Pancha Parameshthi Sri Adinath Rshabh Deva, Mulanayak, Agam mandir, Palitana Talheti Tirthankar...
- Festival of India: Akshaya Tritiya, the auspicious d...
Adinath as Mulanayaka in Vijaya Gachchha Jain Temple, Jaipur, India. Akshaya Tritiya is one of the most auspicious days of the year for Hindus. Akshaya Tritiya is also called Akha Teej. Akshaya, a...
- Shrimad Rajchandra Ashram Agas: A spiritual place: P...
Railway station, Agas Inscription stone about Ashram in Agas railway station. Main Gate (outermost), Agas Ashram (This hub is published on 8 May 2009) ...
- Jainism: Concept of Universe
The Universe is eternal entity according to Jainism. It is never created hence beginning less. According to Jainism beginning less substances are also endless. The universe is eternal. Most of the religions...
More by this Author
Malpura Dadabadi is a famous Jain pilgrimage center and tourist place in Rajasthan near Jaipur. It is renowned for Jin Kushal Suri, third Dadaguru. Free food and lodging in beautiful ambiance......
Spiritual place Agas Ashram is established to observe teachings of Shrimad Rajchandra. He was an enlightened person contemporary to Swami Vivekanand. He was spiritual Guru of Mahatma Gandhi.
Dhirubhai Ambani, founder of Reliance industries had seven secrets in business. A must for all entrepreneurs. Learn to grow your business.