Travel Kolkata: Parasnath Jain temple (glass temple) part 2

Deities in Parasnath temple

The main deity Sri Shitalnath idol in  Mulgambhara (Inner sanctum) 24 Yaksha and Yakshini idols inscribed outside
The main deity Sri Shitalnath idol in Mulgambhara (Inner sanctum) 24 Yaksha and Yakshini idols inscribed outside
Sri Sheetalnath: Fully ornamented
Sri Sheetalnath: Fully ornamented
Ganadhar Gautam Swami: Principle disciple of Lord Mahavira
Ganadhar Gautam Swami: Principle disciple of Lord Mahavira

Landscape, design and architecture


Traveling Kolkata? Parasnath Jain temple is a must see tourist spot.

Continued from part 1...

Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim, an esteemed member of Jewelers community of Kolkata built this Parasnath Jain temple and decorated it with beautiful glass work from in and outsides. He was a great follower of Jainism.

He established eye-catching idols of Jain Tirthankar, Gandharas, and Yaksha- Yakshanis made in fine quality marble. He did not forget to establish a temple right side the main temple of his Guru Sri Kalyan Surishwar Ji Maharaj along with his forefathers Kalkadas Sindhar et al.

He concentrated on the architecture of the temple. Though it is built in accordance with Jain temple architecture, the influence of British, French and Italian arts are visible here and there. It is worth noting that he himself was the planner, designer, and architect of this wonderful temple.

His love for fine art and aesthetic sense inspired him to decorate the main temple with Gemstones, colorful Belgian glasses, chandeliers and hand paintings.He did not forget to include Terracotta statues, the art of Bengal in his layout. Gardens, lawns, and ponds are parts of the magnificent landscape of the temple.

(This hub is published on 11 August 2009)

outside Decor

Entrance: Parasnath temple
Entrance: Parasnath temple
Garden decorated with glass and porcelain
Garden decorated with glass and porcelain
Decorated elephant in front of the temple (ground floor0
Decorated elephant in front of the temple (ground floor0

Architecture and beauty of Parasnath glass temple


The temple is built following Jain school of architecture. Most of the north and eastern Indian Jain temples are built in this style. This style is different from those of western and southern India. Sri Poojya and Yati (Jain monks) were masters of this art. Sri Kalyan Suri, Sri Poojya of Lucknow was behind the establishing the Jain temple. Influence of British architecture is also seen.

The temple is surrounded by decorated gardens, ponds, and fountains. those give it a gorgeous look. One has to cross long way from the main gate before entering the temple. One can reach the main temple by crossing several steps of a wide staircase. There is a clear storey covered with a gorgeous roof between stairs and gate of the temple.

The main temple is divided into three parts following Indian temple architecture. There are inner sanctum, courtyard in the middle and an outer ward included in temple structure.Throne of the main deity Sri Sheetalnath is decorated with gemstones. A huge chandelier with 1008 lights is hanging from the roof of the courtyard. There are several wall paintings in the temple depicting stories from Jain canons.

Rai Badridas, builder of this temple was a renowned jeweler (Title of court jewellers was conferred upon him by the governor general and viceroy of British India) and had great aesthetic sense. He was generous and spent money generously for his God.

The whole temple (both inside and outside) is decorated with colored glasses from Belgium. This is the uniqueness of this Jain temple. Glass work is integrated and gives look of colorful enameling.

A pair of decorated elephants standing both sides of the temple gives the monument palatial look.

Sri Kalyan Suri Gurumandir

Sri Kalyan Suri Temple: He was the Guru Of Rai Badridas who erected the temple.
Sri Kalyan Suri Temple: He was the Guru Of Rai Badridas who erected the temple.
Colorful chandelier hanging from the roof
Colorful chandelier hanging from the roof
One of the 48 pillars in railing. @4 each side of the temple
One of the 48 pillars in railing. @4 each side of the temple

Parasnath Jain temple, Glass temple in Kolkata

Gorgeous garden surrounding the glass temple


Parasnath Jain temple is situated between gardens, ponds, and fountains. The gorgeousness of the whole monument makes a visitor speechless. Artistic designs of the gardens make this monument a marvel.

All of the gardens are decorated with glass and porcelain flooring. There are statues of marble, porcelain, and terra cotta standing on pillars in the garden. There is a round tank with an artistic fountain and a big pond in front of the glass temple.

There are pedestals, seats and chairs to sit and look beauty of this marvelous Jain temple.

Teracota statues

Woman in style-Teracota statue in Parasnath Jain temple, Kolkata
Woman in style-Teracota statue in Parasnath Jain temple, Kolkata
Armed guard-Teracota statue in Parasnath Jain temple, Kolkata
Armed guard-Teracota statue in Parasnath Jain temple, Kolkata
Woman with a flower-Woman in style-Teracota statue in Parasnath Jain temple, Kolkata
Woman with a flower-Woman in style-Teracota statue in Parasnath Jain temple, Kolkata

Porcelain plates

Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 1
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 1
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 2
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 2
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 3
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 3
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 4
Porcelain plates in the squarish pillars in the garden 4

Parasnath temple

A markerParasnath temple, Glass temple -
Badri Das Temple Rd, Maniktala, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
[get directions]

Parasnath temple is built by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim in 1867. It is built entirely in glass. The main deity is Jain Tirthankar Shitalnath.

Parasnath Jain temple garden, Kolkata

A markerBadridas Temple, Gouribari Lane, Khanna, Gouri Bari, Khanna, Kolkata, West Bengal 700004, India -
36, Badridas Temple, Gouribari Lane, Kolkata, 700004, West Bengal, India
[get directions]

Parasnath Jain temple garden also known as glass temple in Kolkata, built by Rai Badridas Bahadur Mukim in the year 1867.

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Comments 9 comments

amit jain 6 years ago

jain mandir jahan banta hai wahan jain isliye ujad jate hai ki wo or kahin apni achachai lekar jaye or naye mandiro ka nirman karte huve jain dharam ka prachar karata rahe


JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

JYOTI KOTHARI 6 years ago from Jaipur Author

Hi Piyush,

Thanks for your comments and especially for your devotion to Lord Parasnath.

I will try to send you some pictures. You can also refer some of my hubs about Jainism.

Thanks,

Jyoti Kothari


PIYUSH JAIN 6 years ago

MAIN PARASNATH BHAGWAN KO BAHUT BAHUT HI MANTA HU. MERE SAB KUCH WO HI HAI. YADI AAPKE PAAS PARASNATHA BHAGWAN KE PHOTO GRAFICS HAI TO PLS.... piyushkalaindia@gmail.com PAR SEND KAR DENA. TNKS


sonia maniam 6 years ago

How come dont have Elisheas photo which is my friend photozs


Amit sahney 7 years ago

Nice photo gallery. Superb Parasnath. I wish to visit Kolkata.

Thanks,

Amit


Piyush Shah 7 years ago

Jyoti Bhai,

Very nice picture gallery of Parasnath temple in Kolkata. I have viewed both parts of Photo Gallery: Parasnath Glass Temple in Kolkata.

I would like to see this temple visiting Kolkata.

I rated it up.

Thanks

Piyush Shah


desmond 7 years ago

Awesome pictures in parasnath glass temple photo gallery. glassworks are really fanbtastic.


Sunil Jain 7 years ago

Superb photos. I have visited Parasnath Jain temple in Kolkata long back. This article has refreshed my old memory. Thanks for posting such nice pictures of Parasnath glass temple.

Sunil Jain


Anjali Kapadia 7 years ago

Hi Jyoti,

This is another beautiful photo gallery of Kolkata Jain temples after Dadabadi.

It is really difficult to believe that a single person can spend that much amount to build such fantastic temple.

More over, it is surprizing that Rai Badridas himself was architect and designer of this marvelous temple.

Thanks for bringing this temple to us!

Thumbs up!

Anjali

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