Point Barrow Ice Camps - The Greatest Place to Stand in the Arctic

The Alaskan Raven and Two Caribou.
The Alaskan Raven and Two Caribou. | Source

Mission to the Arctic

Point Barrow is the point farthest north in Alaska and the United States, located on the Arctic Ocean at the site of much undersea scientific research. The US Navy has operated ice camps in support of Arctic research since the 1990s, in order to study a variety of topics. However, in the 2010s along with Antarctica, the Arctic ice camps are essential for determining whether humans can survive as a small group in isolation in a cold place for extended periods. This is important to the Mission to Mars initiative promoted by the White House.

One ice station or camp that is 150 miles north of Point Barrow in the Arctic Sea, APLIS, is maintained by the US Navy Arctic Submarine Laboratory and the Applied Physics Laboratory of the University of Washington. It has been made up of heated tents and prefabricated plywood housing and named lce Camp Lyon (after Waldo K. Lyon, Father of the Arctic Submarine). This place is the R & D hub for submarine related missions and technologies. Its mission has included substantial mapping of the undersea regions in the Arctic and examination of ice sheets. Staff also look for amphipods under the ice, creatures that are "differently footed, having more than one type of foot" - crustaceans that have no shells.

The frame of a wooden, Inuit umiak boat, with whale bones found on the frozen shoreline of the Arctic Ocean at Point Barrow, Alaska. April 1999.
The frame of a wooden, Inuit umiak boat, with whale bones found on the frozen shoreline of the Arctic Ocean at Point Barrow, Alaska. April 1999. | Source

Palm Trees in Point Barrow, Alaska - True!

Other studies target ice melt in the Arctic, which has caused the shoreline of northern Alaska at certain pints to recede. In fact, Inuit and Inupiat residents and related Native Americans have needed to move their villages at least 40 miles inland in the late 2000s and early 2010s.

Point Barrow, Alaska is famous also for its drive to save California gray whales in 1988, when Inupiat residents and others carved many large breathing holes in the ice in the nearby Beaufort Sea for them to rest on their journeys.

The Top of the USA

show route and directions
A markerPoint Barrow AK -
Point Barrow, AK, USA
[get directions]

B markerANWR AK -
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, North Slope, AK, USA
[get directions]

C markerBering Strait -
Bering Strait
[get directions]

Point Barrow, Alaska community.
Point Barrow, Alaska community. | Source
Hopson Whaling Crew, Point Barrow.
Hopson Whaling Crew, Point Barrow. | Source

List of Greats

Point Barrow is highlighted in a list of greats that includes the Top 100 Greatest Places to Stand in the USA. This is a list maintained at the website StoodThere.com, based on a voting survey of readers in 2009. Readers also elected the Top 100 in UK and Canada.

On the American Top 100 list, Point Barrow is listed as Number 94 for readers' opinions about the scenery, wildlife, and location at the northernmost point in Alaska. They didn't even know about the awesome undersea and martian-living type research ongoing at Point Barrow, Alaska. That makes the place even greater to visit and photograph.

The freezing waters of the nearby seas are the travel lanes of Bowhead Whales, whose bones you can see in attached photographs above and below. While archaeological expeditions to this are ahave acquired artifacts of the Alaskan Native Nations only to a time of 1,000 years before European advent, additional older artifacts are surely below the current ice surfaces and some already washed out to sea with the eroding shorelines on the North Slope. Nuvuk was a place on land at or a few miles north yet of Point Barrow, but it is largely under water today. Burial mounds are still being uncovered with regularity.

Point Barrow is also a Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) site for the United Nations, with personnel and equipment used to monitor the Earth's atmosphere.

Walrus Sunbathing on the Beach at Point Barrow

Polar Bear and cub walk within 200m of a ship near Point Barrow in the Beaufort Sea.
Polar Bear and cub walk within 200m of a ship near Point Barrow in the Beaufort Sea. | Source

Additional Attractions

Ilisagvik College is a two-year tribal college. It provides higher education for academics, vocational training, and technical education with a goal of matching local workforce needs. The school is committed to the Inupiat and related Alaskan Native Nations traditional cultures and languages.One of the favorite activities of students is ice bowling outdoors on well built lanes of ice. One of the classes and its instructors also helped to build an energy efficient cold-weather house of 1000 ft2 for less than $150,000. They also developed a new class they call Sustainable Northern Shelter Construction .

Tour of Point Barrow

Jobs?

Perhaps surprisingly, the Point Barrow area includes job listings for 129 positions in the middle of August 2011. Hiring companies include:

  • Ukpeagvik Inupiat Corporation - Native based company with several lines of industry.
  • Schneider National
  • Mas Medical Staffing
  • Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
  • Azteria
  • Alaska Tribal Health System/ Indian Health Service
  • Homeland Security
  • WHpacific/NANA - Oil
  • Travelmax Nursing - Travel Nursing

Point Barrow Refuge Station in Barrow, North Slope Borough in Alaska. US National Historic Landmark and northernmost city in Alaska.
Point Barrow Refuge Station in Barrow, North Slope Borough in Alaska. US National Historic Landmark and northernmost city in Alaska. | Source

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Comments and Ideas 14 comments

PETER LUMETTA profile image

PETER LUMETTA 5 years ago from KENAI, ALAKSA

Patty, you forgot to mention the 6 months of darkness. I was living less than 200 miles south of Barrow and it got dark in late October where I was. I still loved it.

Peter


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

That's right, and the Northern Lights! You've spurred me to look for more.


prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 5 years ago from malang-indonesia

I had never knew about this place. But It looks nice place which is covered by ice. I love snow very much. Thanks for writing this. I really enjoy the pictures and the video also. Cheers...


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Hi prasetia30!

Alaska is a wonderland and the videos are very entertaining and informatiive, I think. Thanks for reading!


Syed Awn Muhammad profile image

Syed Awn Muhammad 5 years ago from Ontario, Canada

Hey patty your articles are so informative and i love for being your follower. I must say that after reading this hub i should visit the arctic;-)


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

I think it is beautiful and interesting - 6 months is a long night, though. :)


Truckstop Sally profile image

Truckstop Sally 5 years ago

What an amazing hub. The pictures are beautiful too. I visited an a wonderful exhibit this summer at The Menil Collection (in Houston, TX) - Upside Down: Arctic Realities. You had to wear bootie socks over your shoes. Everything was so white you couldn't tell where the wall ended and the floor began . . . And the audio that accompanied it included the wind, animals, and Native chanting. No other musuem had picked it up when it left here, but I hope you can see it someday.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

What an awesome experience, Sally! I'd like to see this very much. It might be disorienting, but amazing.

Houston has a lot of fantastic exhibits. I think it was there that a Titanic exhibit was so cold that when you stood on the deck, you could see your breath condense.


Jeff Poirrier profile image

Jeff Poirrier 5 years ago from Washington

Wow... looks like Point Barrow would make a very interesting albeit unorthodox vacation. Well done!

Have you been up there before?


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Not that far north, yet, but one day!


Eiddwen profile image

Eiddwen 5 years ago from Wales

Very interesting indeed.

Take care

Eiddwen.


Mary Stuart profile image

Mary Stuart 5 years ago from Washington

I so want to visit AK. Your photos are beautiful. My friend recently flew in to Dead Horse for a fishing weekend. I must admit, i turned green with jealousy. AK is truly an inspiration!


Simone Smith profile image

Simone Smith 5 years ago from San Francisco

What a majestic place! I'm not big on cold climates, but after reading this Hub... I do feel a bit tempted to visit Point Barrow. Thanks for clueing me in!


Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 5 years ago from London, UK

Thank you for this wonderful trip to this magic place. Although the weather is harsh but there is something awesome about it.

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