Presidential Library of President Herbert Hoover - West Branch, Iowa Attraction

The small cottage where Herbert Hoover was born.

The small cottage where Herbert Hoover was born.
The small cottage where Herbert Hoover was born. | Source

West Branch, Iowa


The small town of West Branch, Iowa has attractions of which former President Herbert Hoover's Presidential Library, his early childhood home and his place of burial are several of the more significant ones.

Herbert Hoover was born in this small cottage (pictured above) on August 10, 1874 in the town of West Branch, Iowa. The tiny abode is only 14-by-20 feet and was built by Herbert's father, Jesse, and his grandfather, Eli in 1871.

Herbert was one of three children born to Hulda Minthorn Hoover and Jesse Hoover. He was the middle child. Theodore was his older brother and Mary was his younger sister.

Prior to marriage, his mother was a teacher. She had been born in Canada but had moved to West Branch with her parents when they relocated there.



The cottage where Herbert Hoover was born

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Herbert Hoover's dad's business

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School house photos / West Branch, Iowa

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Friend's Church/ West Branch, Iowa

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West Branch, Iowa was first and foremost a farming community where the majority of people earned their livelihoods in some way related to farming.


Herbert's dad was a blacksmith who owned his own successful business. After selling his blacksmith shop, Jesse Hoover opened a farm machinery business. (You can view one of the ads for his business from a snapshot I took in the Hoover Presidential Museum which is located near the home of Herbert's birth.)


By 1879 due to the success of his business, Jesse had sold this small cottage and had moved into a larger house.


The cottage as well as a few other buildings are now part of a National Historic Site where one can view the humble beginnings of this man who was to become the 31st President of the United States.


His birthplace is filled with appropriate furnishings as would have been found during that late 19th century in the Mid-West. Much of the original furniture was acquired for the house.


The trundle bed in the one bedroom house was pulled out at night and the children slept on that lower level with their parents sleeping on the top portion of the bed.


The living room also doubled as the kitchen during cold weather where the stove would be utilized for both cooking and heating of the small cottage. When the weather warmed up, the stove would be moved to the back porch as was commonly done back then. Not only would the stove not heat up the house during the warmer months, but also it posed less risk of fire.


The small school house in which Herbert and his fellow classmates would have attended stands as a monument to how classes were taught during that time. One teacher in one room teaching a multiple of class levels was standard. Notice the wooden desks and the slate chalk boards on each desk which would have been used by the students in learning their lessons of math, penmanship, and other subjects.


This building actually started its life being utilized also as the Friends meetinghouse in 1853 when it was built by the Quakers at a cost of $800. Once they succeeded in building another place of worship it reverted to being solely a school which was the ultimate intent.


The Friend's Church that the Hoover's attended is open for all to see. Men sat on one side of the room and the women sat across the aisle on the other side of the room. Herbert's mother, in fact, was a recorded minister in the Society of Friends (or Quakers, as they were also known).


Silent meditation was the rule when attending these church functions. They did not have preachers or ministers as we commonly have in most churches today. If anyone was inspired to get up in front of the room full of congregants and relate a special spiritual message or something that they thought the rest of the gathered people might like to hear, they did so. Hulda Hoover was one who often spoke before the assembled group of Friends.


Because of this Quaker background which stressed rugged independence but also a great spirit of lending a hand to people in need, Herbert Hoover slowly developed into the man he would become.


Unfortunately both of his parents died and by the age of 9 he and his siblings became orphaned.


Herbert's teacher wanted to adopt him, but she was single and his relatives thought that he would be better off with them. Those were the days when single people were not often considered to be the best choice for parenting a child.


Herbert Hoover ended up living with an uncle in Oregon for many of his formative years after becoming an orphan.



Early Life of Herbert Hoover

Stanford University campus from above

Stanford University campus from above
Stanford University campus from above | Source

Early life of Herbert Hoover


After living with one of his uncles who lived on a farm near West Branch, at age 11 Herbert moved to Newburg, Oregon to live with another one of his uncles, Dr. H. John Minthorn.

At age 17 he was one of the first class students to study engineering at Stanford University. Those first students did not have to pay any tuition!

Hoover ended up receiving a degree in geology, as did his future wife whom he met at the same university.

Herbert Hoover started his career as a mining engineer and not only applied himself wholeheartedly to that effort, but actually came up with ideas that made sense, saving company money, authoring books and ultimately making a lot of money for himself and that of his family. In fact, he had made his first million dollars as an engineer prior to becoming 40 years of age. That was a lot of money in those days!

Herbert Hoover had married Lou Henry in 1899 and they had two sons. She accompanied him on many of his world travels.

Some of the places Herbert Hoover worked included the States of California and Colorado. He also worked in Australia, China, and England. He was definitely a globe trotter, encircling the planet many times during the course of his engineering work.

While Mrs. Hoover never worked using her teaching and geology degrees, she was highly educated and made a good life partner for Herbert.


Politics

Herbert Hoover (Speaking in his own words encouraging people to vote)

Well narrated video of Hoover's legacy

Politics


During World War 1, Hoover was working in London and he was contacted by the U.S. Consul General to help in enabling many of the stranded Americans to be able to get back home.

He also started helping in many relief efforts to help feed hungry people in many countries affected by the war including Belgium, France and Germany. President Woodrow Wilson appointed him to be the Director General of Post War Relief and Rehabilitation in 1919.

In Belgium alone, Herbert Hoover was considered to be a hero and near his birthplace is a statue honoring him for his successful efforts on their behalf during this troubled time in history.

Hoover became Secretary of Commerce under President Warren G. Harding in 1921 and continued to serve in that capacity under President Calvin Coolidge.

When President Coolidge decided not to run for re-election in 1927, Herbert Hoover was encouraged by the Republican Party to run on that ballot. Although at one time he pondered being a Democrat, he decided to accept and won an overwhelming victory over Alfred E. Smith.

Eight months after Hoover was elected, the Wall Street Stock Market crash of 1929 occurred which led to the Great Depression.

The Great Depression and Dust Bowl

Herbert Hoover photo portrait

Herbert Hoover photo portrait
Herbert Hoover photo portrait | Source

The Great Depression and The Dust Bowl

While Hoover entered the Presidency as a highly revered man, he exited the office with many people thinking that perhaps he was the worst President in history.

Many historians are now taking another look at what he had accomplished and the over-whelming circumstances which were taking place at that time causing much of the distress that echoed all across our land and beyond the seas.

While he may not have been the best communicator with regard to dealing with other politicians and may have seemed lacking in charisma, Hoover actually set into place much of what would be credited to the New Deal during the Franklin D. Roosevelt presidency.

Many massive Federal Government projects were set into motion to help reverse the economic collapse seen at the time.

Had not the collapse of banking and the stock market been bad enough, the Dust-bowl of the 1930's cemented Herbert Hoover's fate.

Unemployment was at a whopping 24.9% and soup lines and tent cities had mushroomed all across America.

It took years to recover from the damage inflicted by the Great Depression and the Dust-bowl and Hoover got the blame for most of the lingering effects at that time.

The Hoover Institution

View of Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House from the east — Stanford University, Palo Alto, California

View of Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House from the east — Stanford University, Palo Alto, California
View of Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House from the east — Stanford University, Palo Alto, California | Source

Official Presidential portrait of Herbert Hoover

Official Presidential portrait of Herbert Hoover
Official Presidential portrait of Herbert Hoover | Source

Hoover Institution


After losing the election to FDR in 1932, he retired to his home in California and concentrated his efforts and time to the Hoover Institution on the Stanford University campus.

Because of his great success in handling food aid relief efforts during World War 1, his help was once again solicited during World War 2 by President Harry Truman.

Hoover initiated efforts here at home for everyone to pitch in and with-go eating meat products on Mondays and fore-go eating wheat products on Wednesdays among other things. His idea was that "food will win the war."

Food not eaten at home could be shipped to help feed our soldiers and also the war victims in those countries affected by World War 2.

Victory Gardens became a commonplace thing not only in people's own yards, but also in public parks. Food coupons were issued for foodstuffs that were limited in supply for use in America. Classes were taught all across the country on how to cook more economically.

Once again, due to his leadership role, 20 million people who might otherwise have starved in Europe during and after the war were aided.

Truman and Hoover developed a long lasting friendship that remained in effect the rest of their lives even though they were in opposing political parties. In fact, Harry Truman was a guest at the dedication of the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library in 1962.

Herbert Hoover will always be considered a great humanitarian. He never kept one dime of money earned from being a public servant. Instead he donated that money from his salary to volunteer organizations.

One of his favorite charities was the Boy's Clubs of America. He helped raise millions of dollars and was Chairman of the Board for that organization from 1836 to 1964 and he helped increase membership by over 200%. He was quoted as saying that his association with the Boy's Clubs had been "nearest to my heart in all my public life."


Herbert Hoover Presidential Library & Museum

Herbert Hoover Presidential Library - Timothy Walch talks about one of the special displays...

Seen at the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library

The mother cat and kitten abode inside the portico of the museum
The mother cat and kitten abode inside the portico of the museum | Source

More photos regarding Herbert Hoover in West Branch, Iowa

Statue placed near the Herbert Hoover birthplace - Donation from appreciative people in Belgium
Statue placed near the Herbert Hoover birthplace - Donation from appreciative people in Belgium | Source
Plaque on statue
Plaque on statue | Source
President & Mrs. Herbert Hoover's grave markers in West Branch, Iowa
President & Mrs. Herbert Hoover's grave markers in West Branch, Iowa | Source

The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum


The Presidential Museum of the 31st President of the United States, that of Herbert Hoover, is as unpretentious as one might expect of a person who embraced his Quaker background. It was built entirely with private funds.


Furniture, photos, manuscripts and mementos from the Hoover presidency can all be viewed in the museum. It was dedicated in 1962 and is administered by the National Archives and Records Administration.


My mother, niece and I spent quite a few hours going through the museum reading and looking at many of the exhibits. Of course we could not begin to absorb all that was available in the few hours we had allowed ourselves to be there.


Various rooms contain different displays and there is also a 180-seat auditorium that is located at one end of the building.


One of the special exhibits being shown when we happened to be there was one regarding the mothers of the Presidents. That was most informative along with another one about the First Ladies. Pictures, clothing worn by them, video-tapes and so forth showed the differing styles and interests of each lady. They each had their own important stories and this absorbed some of our time while we were wandering through the museum.


Room is allotted for traveling exhibits regarding other people and topics that would keep frequent visitors entertained and constantly learning about new things.


Just inside the portico of the Presidential Museum was a tiny house with a well and other tiny structures. It housed a mother cat and her kittens and there was food and water available. It drew much attention as one might imagine. We saw many smiles, and I was not the only one snapping a photo of it!



Full circle


From the place of his birth to his Presidential Museum and Library to his final resting spot, Herbert Hoover and the town of West Branch, Iowa will be forever linked.

He was a fascinating person of history and we learned much about this tireless humanitarian.

All of these buildings are located in close proximity and no matter which side of the political spectrum with which one might be aligned, this historical place is well worth a visit.

The town of West Branch, Iowa - Many buildings in the town are on the National Historical list as being typical of a certain era - Very pretty town!

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Note the gas prices - a bit different in 1990 as compared to now!
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Note the gas prices - a bit different in 1990 as compared to now!
Note the gas prices - a bit different in 1990 as compared to now! | Source
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Would you visit Hoover's Presidential Library & Museum if you were in the area?

  • Yes, I have already been there and would return
  • Not interested
  • I've not seen this one but I have visited other Presidential Libraries and Museums and find them to be very interesting
  • I have not been there but would like to see it.
See results without voting
A markerHerbert Hoover National Historic Site -
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, IA 52358, USA
[get directions]

Herbert Hoover - A Documentary (short class room version)

To read a short bio and have full access to a library of articles by Peggy Woods which include travel, gardening, recipes, family stories and more...CLICK HERE.

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Comments are welcomed! 27 comments

Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 6 months ago from Houston, Texas Author

Hi Robert,

I fully agree...but better to see some of it than nothing at all. We certainly enjoyed the hours we spent at the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library.


Robert Sacchi profile image

Robert Sacchi 6 months ago

That is a problem with the better museums. There is much to learn and if you are an out of town visitor there is little time to learn.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 6 months ago from Houston, Texas Author

Hi Robert,

Glad to know you liked learning more about Herbert Hoover. My photos had more to do with the small home he grew up in and the Friends Church he attended as well as his gravesite. The museum was very interesting. One could literally spend days there if one intended to read and see everything there.


Robert Sacchi profile image

Robert Sacchi 6 months ago

Nice shots of the Library. It is an interesting bio of President Hoover.


Peggy W profile image

Peggy W 4 years ago from Houston, Texas Author

Hi moonlake,

I'm glad that my mother was interested in seeing the Herbert Hoover Presidential home, library and burial place. My young niece who accompanied us also found it to be of interest. Had we not needed to get back on the road on our return trip home we would have doubled or tripled the time spent there as it was so very interesting. I learned so much more than I had ever been taught in history books! Appreciate your comment. His cottage probably would look great in your meadow! :))


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