The Netherlands Amsterdam

Amsterdam from the air
Amsterdam from the air

Amsterdam combines a well-preserved historic center with the famous Holland cosines and tolerant atmosphere. There are a lot of chareacteristic canals en bridges, houseboats and historic buildiings.

For centuries, Amsterdam was one of the major trading cities of Holland and prosperity was partly converted into churches and art. Besides the characteristic canals you will find so many medieval churches and famous artworks in museums like the Rijksmuseum.
Amsterdam also lends itself perfectly for shopping, for example in the Eden Amsterdam, the Magna Plaza shopping mall or in the nine streets.
You get a totally different atmosphere at the Amsterdam daily markets and the Albert Cuyp, the North Market and Flower Market.
If you want to rest it’s possible in the green oases and the Vondelpark and the Artis Zoo. Through the monument on the Dam, the much-photographed heart of Amsterdam, you can get to  the coffee and tattoo shops, the red light district and the Waterlooplein. Amsterdam's nightlife is as colorful as the city itself. Pubs in West Asian and Asian shops around the neighborhood, but also squares with an international stature like Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein. Next to the Old Town there are several neighborhoods with their own distinctive atmosphere, such as pipe, Jordan, Old South and the Jewish quarter.
The unique atmosphere of Amsterdam attracts many tourists every year, and that's not so strange because everyone will find something to his liking.

Art and Culture

The Rijksmusea Amsterdam, abbreviated as "the Imperial" is the biggest national museum of the Netherlands. More than 1 million articles in over 200 rooms give you an exhaustive survey of Dutch art and history.
The collection is divided into Visual Art, Asian Art, the Print Room and the Dutch history. It contains several masterpieces, the most famous "The Night watch" by Rembrandt. The building itself, dates from 1885, is a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The Stedelijk Museum is the leading museum of modern art.
Quite recently, the Amsterdam Hermitage on the Amstel, the largest foreign branch of the Hermitage in St. Petersburg, Russia.
There are changing exhibitions of art treasures in St. Petersburg.
The Allard Pierson Museum is a small archaeological museum with nevertheless a very interesting collection of Egyptian, Mesopotamian, Etruscan, Greek and Roman objects. 
The only surviving medieval tower city of Amsterdam is the fifteenth century Schreierstoren. The Waag , also from the fifteenth century, is also one of the few remaining non-religious medieval buildings of Amsterdam. Initially this was a city gate, which later was converted to weighs. The Old Church, in the typical brick-gothic Holland, is the oldest surviving building in Amsterdam that probably dates from 1306. From the fourteenth century the Begijnhof, is the only surviving medieval court. Here lived the Beguines, a kind of nuns with a little more freedom. The English Reformed Church in the courtyard was originally their Roman Catholic chapel, but now serves as a church for English-speaking Protestants.

Shopping and entertainment

The luxury shopping and entertainment mall Magna Plaza Amsterdam is the former General Post Office from the late nineteenth century.
Nor should you miss Kalverstraat. Alternatives are is the Waterloo, 6 days a week there is a market held with many military clothing, shirts, incense, cannabis and used clothing items.
It is near the Stopera, the buildings of the Amsterdam City Hall and the Music in the sixteenth century Flea Burg peninsula.
The Looier, an attractive arts and antiques center, is the largest indoor antique market in the Netherlands. The shops, stands and display cases usually have a specific theme such as shipping, dolls and watches.
Leidseplein, dating from the period of construction of canals and is one of the famous Amsterdam nightlife.
The Rembrandtplein, with many theaters and restaurants, including many terraces, is a popular entertainment area. The Nieuwmarkt, like in the seventeenth century as a market used and there is much catering to a much less touristy level as the Leiden and Rembrandtplein. Nieuwmarkt also belongs to the Amsterdam Chinatown. This also applies to the seafront, one of the oldest streets in Amsterdam. A lively entertainment district with many Asian eateries, and a Buddhist temple.

Nature

First there is the typical Amsterdam Vondelpark, which was created in 1864. It’s a place to see and be seen. There is a tennis court, the Film Museum, a hostel and summer concerts and theatrical performances. Artis Zoo, founded in 1838, has many green and exotic animals in a nostalgic atmosphere. The Planetarium Artis Planetarium guarantees unique experiences traveling through space, but also the mantle to the core of the earth and as a microbe from the human body. The seventeenth century botanical gardens, after a plague created as a medicinal herb and thanks the trade of the VOC expanded further in the garden with exotic ornamental plants.

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