Top 10 Unique Native American Attractions in Pennsylvania

Part of Presque Isle near historic sites in Erie, Pennsylvania.
Part of Presque Isle near historic sites in Erie, Pennsylvania. | Source

A Wealth of Sites on the National Register of Historic Places

Pennsylvania lists one of the largest collection of National Historic Places registered in America. New places are accepted into "Commonwealth Treasure" historic status in an ongoing trend.

Native American villages as old as from 14,000 BC make this a rich collection of New World history and particularly Northeastern US chronicling. many unique installations are replicated nowhere outside Pennsylvania. The list below finds them in all four corners of the state as well as centrally located.

Sommerheim Park Archaeological District

A markerSommerheim Park -
Sommerheim Dr, Erie, PA 16505, USA
[get directions]

Sommerheim Park is near a major highway and two other parks: Scott Park and Presque Isle. State Highway 5 is the route across Pennsylvania on the Lake Erie Circle Tour.

Presque Isle State Park, Pennsylvania.
Presque Isle State Park, Pennsylvania. | Source

Sommerheim Park Archaeological District - Registered 1986

National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania.

Dozens of sites have been registered with the NRHP in Pennsylvania and are preserved and studied with the aid of government and private funding. Many are scenic tourist attractions that the general public may visit.

Sommerheim Park is a 10-acre archaeologically significant group of six separate sites all within a single park located west of the interesting town of Erie in Northwestern Pennsylvania.

Sommerheim Park contains all six sites in a rare undeveloped area of the Lake Erie shore, found in Millcreek Township. The complex is also the picturesque Presque Island Bay, where the island is a state park and wonderful for camping, fishing, visiting, and at times, viewing the Northern Lights. Presque Isle is one of my favorite places to visit. Driving in through the entrance onto the lush causeway, you can see the blue waters of the bay on both sides of the boulevard style roadway. The island is a beautiful green space, cooler than the city in summer, and refreshing.

Native American artifacts discovered in the park include those from the periods known as Archaic, Early Woodland, and Middle Woodland; all these artifacts older than those usually found, specifically Late Woodland and newer objects, along the Lake Erie Shores in Ohio and Pennsylvania.

Southwestern Pennsylvania

Meadowcroft Rockshelter

Source

Oldest Site of Human Dwellings in North America.

Artifacts of the rock shelter are 16,000 years old.

Meadowcroft Rockshelter and Historic Village - Registered 1999

This archaeological site is located near Avella in western Washington County, Pennsylvania on the border of eastern Ohio and West Virginia and is among several places registered on the National Historic Register of Historic Places.

I find that you can spend an entire week of vacation in this area. Such places are also conducive to the tranquility needed for thought and writing and for painting. This attraction includes the archaeological site, an Indian village from the 1500s, a Frontier Trading Post of the 1700s, and a small town of the 1800s.

A plaque at the rock shelter calls it a deeply stratified archaeological site with deposits spanning nearly 16,000 years (prehistoric/Paleoindian all the way through Late Woodland eras that ended in the 19th Century), but not discovered until 200 years later 1973.

The University of Pittsburgh sent archaeologists to excavate and they found North America's earliest known evidence for human beings in the New World. This is evidence that Native Americans were in Northeastern USA beginning around 14,000 BC, if carbon and other dating schemes are absolutely correct. Evidence elsewhere suggests their presence 50,000 years ago, but this is an issue of heated debate.

Regardless, Pennsylvania seems to be the best crucible for studying Northeastern US Native Americans in history for several thousand years. In fact, the Meadowcroft Rockshelter was declared a "Commonwealth Treasure" for protection and preservation in 1999. Visit the siten and Washington County as a whole is you have a chance.

Meadowcroft Rockshelter

A markerMeadowcroft Rockshelter, 401 Meadowcroft Rd, Avella, PA 15312 -
401 Meadowcroft Rd, Avella, PA 15312, USA
[get directions]

Washington County Education and Research

Colleges and Universities

  • California University of Pennsylvania
  • Community College of Allegheny County, Washington branch
  • University of Phoenix Pittsburgh campus, Washington branch
  • Washington & Jefferson College in the City of Washington -- A Best College in America named by US News and World Reports in 2006.
  • Waynesburg University - Southpointe Center

Washington County Historic Record

Click thumbnail to view full-size
County Court HouseSprowl's Covered Bridge, one of many in Washington County.The Charleroi-and-Monessen Bridge, carrying Lock Street over the Monongahela River between the two cities.
County Court House
County Court House
Sprowl's Covered Bridge, one of many in Washington County.
Sprowl's Covered Bridge, one of many in Washington County.
The Charleroi-and-Monessen Bridge, carrying Lock Street over the Monongahela River between the two cities.
The Charleroi-and-Monessen Bridge, carrying Lock Street over the Monongahela River between the two cities.

Northwestern Pennsylvania

Petroglyphs Found Nowhere Else in the World

Indian God Rock Petroglyph - Registered 1984

Also located in Northwestern Pennsylvania, this site lies along the Allegheny Valley near the unincorporated village of Brandon.

On a huge rock found at this site is a Native American petroglyph, used later as an explorers' landmark. It is also a much studied artifact, although which Native American Nation(s) used the rocks is undetermined..

Made of sandstone, the large rock was easily carved with 55 figures in total. These include geometric shapes, and carvings or people and local animals. Some investigators believe the rock and symbols are of shamanic importance and were carved in 1000 AD +/- 200 years.

The first whites to record the existence of the rock and carvings were the French explorers in the area in 1749 that left lead plates to record their adventure and claim to the land. They were Catholic and felt the Native Americans superstitious. However, the rock is first Upper Ohio River Valley petroglyph mentioned in written records.

The US Forest Service recognized the rock as one of the most significant of 75 Native American archaeological sites along the Allegheny River section designated a National Wild and Scenic River.

Petroglyph - A prehistoric rock carving, often left bu Indigenous Peoples. "Petra" means "rock."

Indian God Rock Petroglyph

A markerBrandon PA -
Brandon, Rockland Township, PA 16374, USA
[get directions]

The well known Middle Allegheny River Water Trail passes by Indian God Rock, allowing walkers and hikers a good view from a lookout post.

Engravings of Indian God Rock Petroglyphs

Central Pennsylvania

Memorial Park Site at Lock Haven, Central PA - Registered 1982

Organized research examinations of this site since 1979 have uncovered prehistoric Native American culture and artifacts from 8,000 years of history from 7000 BC to 1000 AD. This is the Middle Archaic through the Late Woodland periods of habitation and history through about 1749.

The strongest cultural evidence of habitation is provided by Clemson Island people living in the joined river basins of the West Branch Susquehanna River and the Bald Eagle River valleys during the Late Woodland era, but undiscovered until the 1970s. After archaeological excavations, the park was acquired by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission after setting its borders in 1980. it was registered as a National Historic Site in 1982.

Memorial Park Historic Site

A markerMemorial Park, Lock Haven PA -
Lock Haven Memorial Park, E Water St, Lock Haven, PA 17745, USA
[get directions]

Clemson Island Prehistoric District, Registered 1981

Clemson Island is a sort of prototype for a particular culture or groups of cultures found among Native Americans historically in Pennsylvania and the Northeast United States, although some researchers take issue with this. They feel that it is a "catch all" category for a number of small groups that need to be examined more closely individually.

The Clemson Island site in Central PA is known as a type site and is listed by the National Register of Historic Places as representing Native Americans from approximately 7000 BC through 1749 AD.

The island is preserved as a conservation area that includes a native village. This island site is located and preserved in Halifax Township, Pennsylvania and in on the southern part the island in the Susquehanna River, 20 miles north of Harrisburg on US Routes 11 and 15..

See also Halifax Historical Museum.

Clemson Island Site

A markerClemson Island -
Clemson Island, Halifax Township, PA 17020, USA
[get directions]

Canfield Island Site, Central PA - Registered 1982

This interesting archaeological site sits on Canfield Island in the West Branch Susquehanna River and east of Williamsport, Pennsylvania - an interesting town in its own right. The first inhabitants otf this region were undoubtedly some of he earliest Native Americans to migrate from the West, after their arrival in the New World some 10,000+ years ago; and artifacts found thus far on Canfield Island date back to 1,000 BC.

Canfield Island was formed by workers who dug a large ditch at a point inland from the river and then allowing it to fill with water. This separated the island from the rest of the land in the early 1900s. Archaeologists for the State of Pennsylvania visited in 1958 and found evidence of prehistoric "tribes." For 20 years from 1960 - 1980, the state authorized excavations up to nearly 50 feet in depth, bringing up many artifacts. From 1980 - 2010, little has been done to investigate the site further for 30 years.

In the 2000s, at least one research team from a Willilamsport college, Lycoming College, examined the site and found additional useful information.

"What has been extraordinary about the Canfield Island site is the number of fishing nets uncovered. The island, before it was an island, was a veritable fishing colony. Cooking and perhaps some sort of rudimentary industry are evidenced by a large number of large charcoal-containing cooking or burning areas on the island. The amount of charcoal there to study, has been useful in dating other charcoal sites around the state."

Best estimates of Lycoming College and previous exploration teams indicate that peoples from the Early Archaic through the Late Woodland stages lived on what is now Canfield Island and that the Susquehannock Nation (Iroquois languages group) definitely inhabited the area circa 1749, forward.

European settlement quickly grasped the logging and lumber industry to produce a society of millionaire lumber barons in Williamsport, whose mansions are now included on a group guided tour.

Tour of Canfield Island

Canfield Island Site

A markerCanfield Island, Williamsport PA -
Williamsport, PA, USA
[get directions]

Eastern Pennsylvania

Minisink Historic District, Registered 1993

This site is located in both Eastern Pennsylvania (Bushkill) and New Jersey (Millbrook). Native Americans that have contributed to this historic site include the Munsee and Shawnee; and may be the most important Munsee Language archaeological site in the US. The historic eras covered at this site include the Early Archaic through the Shawnee of the 19th Century and are studied by regional colleges and universities -- Munsee is, in fact, an Endangered Language.

See these links for additional information:

Manor Township Sites

Lancaster County in Southeastern Pennsylvania is not only Pennsylvania Dutch Country, settled by the Amish and Mennonite communities after the Native Americans were often displaced or moved westward, but also a site of numerous small Indigenous archaeological sites. Manor Township, however, is the location of two of the larger installations in which the artifacts found are of sufficient number and quality to date inhabitants to the Archaic through Susquehannock periods. These two sites are:

  • Frey- Haverstick Site - Located to the east side of the Susquehanna River near Washington Boro.
  • Robert Farms Site - Nine miles southeast of Washington Boro, near Conestoga PA and above the Conestoga River where it joins the Susquehanna River. Both sites are approximately two miles southwest of Lancaster PA.

An anomaly in Lancaster County

  • Shultz-Funk Site -- A third site is very interesting, because it is just 2 miles south of Frey-Haverstick and 7 miles north of Robert Farms, but shows evidence only of the Late Woodland era people.Why Native Americans left this settlement or village and stayed in the other two locations is as yet unknown in 2010, but research continues at local universities. These could possibly have been the Christian Conestoga band, Susquehannock, people living on William Penn's manor (now Manor TWP) that were eliminated in a massacre by the Paxton Boys in 1763 before the Revolutionary War in a rash of anti-Indian sentiment after the French and Indian War and Pontiac's Rebellion.
  • Other Lancaster County sites show evidence only of the Susquehannock Nation circa the 1800s. A few additional sites were home to unknown bands or tribes. The several sites located near Washington Boro and Conestoga make a circuit of them all an interesting day trip or two.

Minisink and Manor

show route and directions
A markerMinisink PA -
Minisink Hills, PA 18301, USA
[get directions]

B markerManor Township PA -
Manor Township, PA, USA
[get directions]

Pennsylvania Turnpike Blues

© 2010 Patty Inglish

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Comments 67 comments

Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

Thnk you for such a feast of reading and learning. I Loved every line of it.


mquee profile image

mquee 6 years ago from Columbia, SC

This is an excellent and detailed discription of Pennsylvania's many sites and interests. This hub caught my eye because I grew in Ohio. Thank you for a very informative and well researched topic.


cjxalex profile image

cjxalex 6 years ago from Guzhen, Zhongshan City, Guangdong, China

That is very useful information, if I have the chance to go to American, I will visit. Thanks.


G L Strout profile image

G L Strout 6 years ago from Ohio, USA

I am a historiy major and I didn't know about the petroglyphs in Pennsylvania! Thank you for sharing I learned something new today.


CYBERSUPE profile image

CYBERSUPE 6 years ago from MALVERN, PENNSYLVANIA, U.S.A.

A lifelong (79) years as a resident of this great state of Pennsylvania and I had no Idea of the History you brought forth in this Hub. Patty, Thank You so very much for bringing this information to all uf us.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

These sites seem not well-advertised so a few worlds can bring new visitors without overwhelming the archaeology. It's a different kind of vacation, and relaxing. Thanks for all the comments!


How to - Answers profile image

How to - Answers 6 years ago from Ireland

Wow Pennsylvania is full of history. I only got to visit America once but if I get a chance again I would certainly like to add Pennsylvania to my list. Love the Native American history too so lots for me to see and learn there


Justin Dupre 6 years ago

Pennsylvania is definitely one of oldest state that filled with American history and ancient building. This list is a great piece of information and I'll keep them in mind in case I ever got a chance to visit there. Thanks for sharing!


bd160900 profile image

bd160900 6 years ago from San Diego

Great news! I'm from Ohio and drove through PENN all the time. I really enjoyed this one! Thanks for writing it.


Locker profile image

Locker 6 years ago from 127.0.0.1

I've seen the Meadowcroft Rockshelter!


Shawn Scarborough profile image

Shawn Scarborough 6 years ago from The Lone Star State

I wish I had this information sooner. I was recently in Pennsylvania visiting Gettysburg but I didn't know where else to go in Pennsylvania. I'll know where to go next time I'm up there.


BenjaminB 6 years ago

I've drove truck in a lot of rural areas in PA and it is a visually stimulating state to say the least.Great pictures!


Alternative Prime profile image

Alternative Prime 6 years ago from > California

Thanks for listing some very interesting places to see in PA.

The extensive research, time & effort you put into writing this piece is certainly appreciated by me. Every once in a while I get the chance to visit this historic state and the unique attractions it has to offer. Also, Pennsylvania is home to the "Little League World Series" tournament which is played every August in Williamsport....Hopefully some of the kids will get a chance to check out your top 10 list while they are visiting.


MKayo profile image

MKayo 6 years ago from Texas

Very informative - lots of good info - thx!


Cy V profile image

Cy V 6 years ago

Very interesting....I'd like to visit some of those places.


c.s.adams profile image

c.s.adams 6 years ago from Mission Viejo, CA

Wow you should print this out and sell it at ranger stations! Next time I'm in Pennsylvania I'll be sure to visit the Petroglyphs.


hitalot 6 years ago

Very interesteing I can't wait to visit !


hitalot 6 years ago

Sounds like a good place in which to visit ?

Many times I thought about traveling to the Amish country yet haven't the time to do so ?


andygrant profile image

andygrant 6 years ago

Pennsylvania is really a great city to visit. This is really a great information about this amazing city with so many historical places.


belliott profile image

belliott 6 years ago

Great article with a wealth of information. Found the part about the petroglyph especially interesting.


Hotel Solvang 6 years ago

Looks like there is some rich history in Pennsylvania. I have never spent time there, but it looks like there would be plenty to see and do. I always forget that there was life before the Amish and the Civil War.


wicklesscandles 6 years ago

What a awesome list of Native American Attractions in Pennsylvania. Maybe you could do the same thing for California?


EliFox789 profile image

EliFox789 6 years ago from Wonderland...or space

Great article!I'm Native American and my tribe is in california


nikitha p profile image

nikitha p 6 years ago from India

Very interesting hub! I liked it.


sandakalum profile image

sandakalum 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada

Nice hub! looking forward to visit when time and money permits.


kimh039 profile image

kimh039 6 years ago

well written and nicely presented.....and rated 100! sweet. Thanks for the shining example Patty.


henrykasan profile image

henrykasan 6 years ago from UK

Enjoyable hub!!!!

The hub is immensely thrilling as it provide all the information about famous places situated in Pennsylvania. This list is regarded as one of the largest Historic Placed registered in America. Thanks a lot for sharing such a wonderful peace of text.


qualifydisability profile image

qualifydisability 6 years ago from Irvine, CA

Kind of a niche topic, but very well researched. My dad is interested in Native American history. I should let him know to plan his next vacation around this. Well done.


PatrickNormandin profile image

PatrickNormandin 6 years ago from New York

Wonderful hub! It was worth to visit it.


firitalla profile image

firitalla 6 years ago from New York

interesting hub! Great article


trimar7 profile image

trimar7 6 years ago from New York

I was born just a few miles from Lock Haven, one of the sites mentioned in the hub. One should travel just a short hike to view the majestic beauty of the Hyner Look out and the surrounding area. My mom was just buried in the Northbend cemetary. I liked it for my dad who can go sit in a chair and talk to Mom while he gets panaramic mountain views - breath-taking!!!


xiaoyu profile image

xiaoyu 6 years ago

I agree there is something out there that will fit someone needs all they have to do is keep looking.


konrel 6 years ago

After reading your hub, I want to see PA. Sounds like a wonderful state to visit. Nice hub.


aperturering profile image

aperturering 6 years ago from Raleigh, NC

Bushkill Falls is one of my favorite places to visit in Pennsylvania's Poconos. Besides the Beautiful Waterfalls there is a Native American Exhibit there and they regularly have Native American Dances and other events there.


uykusuz profile image

uykusuz 6 years ago from England

I like it.Nice hub.


kentuckyslone profile image

kentuckyslone 6 years ago

Beautifully done! I shared this with my Facebook friends


jamesmspacey profile image

jamesmspacey 6 years ago from Hobart, Australia

That was fascinating! Thanks


earnestshub profile image

earnestshub 6 years ago from Melbourne Australia

I had no idea there were so many native American attractions in Pennsylvania, although I traveled through the state as a tourist some years ago, I managed to miss these.

Thank you for the tour Patty it was a real buzz.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

There must be 2 or 3 dozen smaller sites as well in Pennsylvania. I'm glad you liked these, earnesthub; thanks for reading!


Constanta 6 years ago

This is a very useful information and great hub/article!

Thank you!


molson5070 profile image

molson5070 6 years ago from State College, Pa

great hub. you should add penn state university to your list. it really is a beautiful campus


Jennifer Ann profile image

Jennifer Ann 6 years ago from Australia

Interesting hub. Thanks. I may never get to see many of the places, still, it doesn't hurt to dream.


jeanie.stecher profile image

jeanie.stecher 6 years ago from Seattle

I love those pictures. Cool, serene and relaxing. Like the place. I would love to go there. Love your hub.


janessecret profile image

janessecret 6 years ago from Oz

Next time I'm in the States I'm gonna check out as many of these as I can!


France Travel Inf profile image

France Travel Inf 6 years ago

I love Pennsylvania and LOVE LOVE your hubs! They are great reading!

http://www.france-travel-info.com


HubFan516 6 years ago

Nice to know for next time i visit Pennsylvania Thanks!


MikeSyrSutton profile image

MikeSyrSutton 6 years ago from An uncharted galaxy

Very nice! New York is loaded with many such sites as well.


matju71 profile image

matju71 6 years ago

I like it.Very Nice hub!!


Romeoelnecio 6 years ago

I have been in Pennsylvania and my friends have never told me about the history of Pennsylvania and they never mentioned any of this. I guess they don't know about Pennsylvania that much. Well now I know, next time I go I'll tell them about it. It's very important know well the history of where you live.


ryankett 6 years ago

Wow! You currently occupy the top 3 spots in the 'best hubs' category, major kudos!


Chuck RitenouR profile image

Chuck RitenouR 6 years ago from Front Royal, Virginia

I enjoyed this very much.


norcal profile image

norcal 6 years ago from California

This is a very informative hub and next time in PA I'll have to make a few stops! I'm going to share this with my friends who live there.


deblipp profile image

deblipp 5 years ago

Great Hub!!!!!

The hub is very much informative and knowledgeable. It is true that Pennsylvania lists one of the largest collection of National Historic Places registed in America and new places are accepted into "Commonwealth Treasure" historic status in an ongoing trend. The hub is really valuable for travelers and thanks a lot for sharing.


Silver Fish profile image

Silver Fish 5 years ago from Edinburgh Scotland

Fantastic hub, how interesting


jerrycorinadam profile image

jerrycorinadam 5 years ago from United State

These places certainly appear to be attractive and are worth a visit.


Harlan Colt profile image

Harlan Colt 5 years ago from the Rocky Mountains

Being 1/4 Cherokee and 1/4 Sioux, I enjoy reading about such things. Thank you for sharing this with us, very nice.

- Harlan


Allen Williams profile image

Allen Williams 5 years ago from Pennsylvania

Very good article. I live in Pennsylvania and have visited many different attractions but I learned of some more here. I will have to check them out. I also wrote a book (People of the Same Sun) that takes place in Pennsylvania in the 1600's. It is about 2 Native Americans from different tribes, the Iroquois and the Leni-Lenape. Http://www.PeopleOfTheSameSun.com


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for all the cooments and!

Allen Wiliams - I will look up your book, for sure...found and added it.


svalentine79 profile image

svalentine79 5 years ago from Fayetteville, Pa

Love this! I live in Fayetteville, Pa


Snyder97 4 years ago

As a native of PA I loved this hub. Haven't been back for years but next time I certainly will look at some of these areas. Particularly interesting Muncy Valley.... Thanks...


The Stages Of ME profile image

The Stages Of ME 4 years ago

I live in PA now ~ sounds like we have some exploring to do :)


villasandhomes profile image

villasandhomes 4 years ago

Very interesting hub


Reves-diary profile image

Reves-diary 4 years ago from Dhaka

These places look pretty attractive to me. I wish to be there at least once in my life :)

Thanks for your hub


random ed 2 years ago

i wish i lived as an indian in pa 1000 years ago!!!!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 2 years ago from North America Author

Lots of interesting things going on back then!


Andrea 7 months ago

I'm wondering if I can visit these locations. Making a visit to Harrisburg in a few weeks and was particularly interested in seeing the Manor Township Sites and the Clemson Island Prehistoric District. Does anyone know if these places can be visited?


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 7 months ago from North America Author

@Andrea: The last time I checked, they are both available for visitation.

1) Call Manor TWP Offices at 717.397.4769 for hours and directions.

2) For Clemson Island sites: 3121 Susquehanna Trail Duncannon, PA 17020 and call the Harrisburg Visitors Center at 877.727.8573.

Have a grand time!

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