Travel in South Africa - from Matjiesfontein to Cape Town

Table Mountain - View from Bloubergstrand

Picture: Courtesy to Rina Dique
Picture: Courtesy to Rina Dique

South Africa - right at the bottom of Africa

South Africa - the little dark-blue area at the bottom of Africa
South Africa - the little dark-blue area at the bottom of Africa | Source

A road trip from the North West Province to Cape Town, South Africa

We find ourselves at Matjiesfontein, only three hours away from Cape Town. Shall we spend the night in the beguiling Lord Milner Hotel, or shall we hit the road and be in time to see the sun set on the Atlantic Ocean?

The reader will only comprehend our hesitation when they go back to the beginning of our journey, from where we have left the North West Province at Orkney, our travelling through the vast flats of the Orange Free State and then, refreshed after a good night’s rest in the once splendid Springfontein Hotel, our trip through the semi-desert called the Great Karoo. Read all about the first phase of our tour HERE.

Matjiesfontein - Lord Milner Hotel

Matjiesfontein - Lord Milner Hotel
Matjiesfontein - Lord Milner Hotel | Source

Touws River

Source

From Matjiesfontein to Touwsrivier

Of course, the ocean is like a magnet, encouraging many to do the road trip of fifteen and a half hours from Klerksdorp to Cape Town in one session.

Fifty minutes later we pass Touws_River, a small, sleepy railway town hosting only about 7000 people. Here we reach the end of the Karoo and the beginning of the beautiful, mountainous Western Cape and its Mediterranean climate.

Part of a large anticline in the Cape_Fold_Belt, the Hex River Mountains is the second highest mountain range in the Western Cape province, with peaks up to 2,249 metres (7,379 feet). During winter (July/August) these mountains are covered with snow. However, it is October and we are at the beginning of summer. The valleys are paradises filled with deciduous fruit trees - cherries, peaches, olives, and grapes. The flats are covered with the Cape Province's very unique vegetation, called Fynbos (Fine Bush), which forms part of the Cape Floral Kingdom (Capensis) - one of ONLY six floristic kingdoms in the world. Read more about fynbos HERE.

From Touwsrivier to Worcester

Click thumbnail to view full-size
TouwsrivierTouwsrivier - Touws River At Touwsrivier South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Beginning of the Hex River Mountains South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Beginning of the Hex River Mountains South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Hex River Valley South Africa - N1 at De Doorns - Hex River Valley South Africa - N1 at De Doorns - Hex River Valley Township at De Doorns, Western Cape
Touwsrivier
Touwsrivier | Source
Touwsrivier - Touws River
Touwsrivier - Touws River | Source
At Touwsrivier
At Touwsrivier | Source
South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Beginning of the Hex River Mountains
South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Beginning of the Hex River Mountains | Source
South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Beginning of the Hex River Mountains
South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Beginning of the Hex River Mountains | Source
South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Hex River Valley
South Africa - N1 Between Touwsrivier and De Doorns - Hex River Valley | Source
South Africa - N1 at De Doorns - Hex River Valley
South Africa - N1 at De Doorns - Hex River Valley | Source
South Africa - N1 at De Doorns - Hex River Valley
South Africa - N1 at De Doorns - Hex River Valley | Source
Township at De Doorns, Western Cape
Township at De Doorns, Western Cape | Source

Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser MaritzMountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser MaritzMountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser MaritzMountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser MaritzMountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser MaritzMountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser MaritzMountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz
Mountains between Worcester and Cape Town, South Africa © Marie Coetser Maritz

Fynbos (Fine Bush)

Click thumbnail to view full-size
ProteaFynbos - Speldekussing - Suikerbos - Sugar Bush ProteaKing Protea - South Africa's National Flower King Protea - South Africa's National Flower Fynbos - Erica South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Sugar Bush - Speldekussing - Suikerbossie South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos - King Protea South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - - Speldekussing - Pincushion South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos South Africa - Cape Baboon loves the seed and roots of fynbos  South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush at Cape Point
Protea
Protea | Source
Fynbos - Speldekussing - Suikerbos - Sugar Bush
Fynbos - Speldekussing - Suikerbos - Sugar Bush | Source
Protea
Protea | Source
King Protea - South Africa's National Flower
King Protea - South Africa's National Flower | Source
Source
King Protea - South Africa's National Flower
King Protea - South Africa's National Flower | Source
Fynbos - Erica
Fynbos - Erica | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Sugar Bush - Speldekussing - Suikerbossie
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Sugar Bush - Speldekussing - Suikerbossie | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos - King Protea
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos - King Protea | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - - Speldekussing - Pincushion
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - - Speldekussing - Pincushion | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos | Source
South Africa - Cape Baboon loves the seed and roots of fynbos
South Africa - Cape Baboon loves the seed and roots of fynbos | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush - Fynbos | Source
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush at Cape Point
South Africa - Capensis - Fine Bush at Cape Point | Source

Worcester

Worcester is the largest town in the Western Cape's interior region and known as the capital of the Breede Rivier Valley. Mountains upon mountains actually delimit the entire district. Since before 1700 the area was known as the Breede River Valley. It was a hunter's paradise and the main source of income, with licenses issued by the Dutch East India Company, was elephant tusks. Those days the area was inhabited by the San people (hunter/gatherers) and the Khoi people (livestock farmers). However, by 1713 the San and Khoi people were almost extinct due to the smallpox virus that was introduced to them by the European settlers. From 1860 onwards, due to the input of German settlers, orchards and vineyards reduced livestock farming. Today this area – the Breede River Valley - is the largest wine producing region in South Africa. The first Black Africans, employed as cheap labour, arrived in 1945, at the end of the First World War.

Languages spoken in Worcester today are Afrikaans (73.1%), Xhosa (19.1%), English (3.7%), Sotho (1.7%), Other (2.4%). Read more about Worcester HERE.

Worcester, South Africa

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Worcester Dam Worcester - Dutch Reformed church Worcester, South Africa At Worcester botanical gardens
Worcester Dam
Worcester Dam | Source
Worcester - Dutch Reformed church
Worcester - Dutch Reformed church | Source
Worcester, South Africa
Worcester, South Africa | Source
At Worcester botanical gardens
At Worcester botanical gardens | Source

From Worcester to Cape Town

Another one and a half hour from Worcester to Cape Town!
Another one and a half hour from Worcester to Cape Town! | Source

From Worcester to Cape Town

Our decision to rush to Cape Town instead of having a good night’s rest at Matjiesfontein now takes its toll.

It is dusky by the time we drive through Paarl (Pearl), though we can clearly see the majestic Pearl Mountain (Paarl Rock), edged against the sky. This is the second largest granite outcrop in the world - geological bubbles that originated millions of years ago in the boiling lower crust of the earth.

After Cape Town and Stellenbosch, Paarl is the third oldest town (or rather European settlement) in South Africa, officially ‘claimed’ in 1687 when Governor Simon van der Stel gave title to the first colonial farms to "free burghers" in the area. Today it is the largest town in the region called the Cape Winelands.

It was here, at the Victor Verster Correctional Centre, renamed as Drakenstein Correctional Centre, where Nelson Mandela ended his 27 years imprisonment on February 11, 1990. Read Nelson Mandela’s biography HERE.

A monument for the Afrikaans language is also here, officially opened on October 10, 1975 to commemorate the day when Afrikaans was declared one of South Africa’s official languages separated from Dutch on 5 May 1925. Read more about the Afrikaans language HERE.

In this town is also a small archive - The Drakenstein Heemkring - run and funded entirely by a group of dedicated volunteers. Read more about their doings HERE.

Read more about Paarl HERE.


Paarl, Stellenbosh, Strand

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Paarl Rock at Paarl, South Africa Paarl Rock, South Africa Nelson Mandela's monument at the Drakenstein Correctional Centre, Paarl, South Africa Afrikaans Language Monument at Paarl (Wikimedia) Drakenstein Heemkring
Paarl Rock at Paarl, South Africa
Paarl Rock at Paarl, South Africa | Source
Paarl Rock, South Africa
Paarl Rock, South Africa | Source
Nelson Mandela's monument at the Drakenstein Correctional Centre, Paarl, South Africa
Nelson Mandela's monument at the Drakenstein Correctional Centre, Paarl, South Africa
Afrikaans Language Monument at Paarl (Wikimedia)
Afrikaans Language Monument at Paarl (Wikimedia) | Source
Drakenstein Heemkring
Drakenstein Heemkring | Source
Source

Stellenbosch

Thirty minutes after Paarl, when we drive through Stellenbosch, it was dark. But two days later we will get an opportunity to visit this second oldest town in South Africa. (More about Stellenbosch to be published in another hub)

Then, on the horizon, we see Table Mountain, glowing like a beacon among the stars.


Tafelberg (Table Mountain)

Table Mountain’s level plateau of approximately 3 kilometres (2 miles) long and up to 1,087 metres (3,566 ft) high, has made it a most significant landmark since the Portuguese navigator, Bartholomeu Dias, discovered the feasible sea route from Europe to India via the south of Africa in 1488. The first European to land in Table Bay was António de Saldanha in 1503. He named the mountain Taboa do Cabo (Table of the Cape).

The ‘table’ is the northern end of a sandstone mountain range that forms the ‘spine’ of the Cape Peninsula. (Driving all the way to the southern point (Cape Point) and back, is on our agenda for tomorrow. We’ll drive down on the east side of the ‘spine’ and back on the west side.)

Table Mountain is often covered by orographic clouds, formed when a south-easterly wind goes up the mountain's slopes into colder air. The moisture then condenses to form the so-called "tablecloth" of cloud.

All its peaks and cliffs in the Table Mountain range have distinct names. Read more about them at Table_Mountain, Devil’s Peak, Signal_Hill (also known as Lion’s Rump, Lion_Head, Chapman's_Peak, and, in particularly, at another paradise in the world.

Table Mountain, Cape Town - Random Pictures

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Table Mountain, South Africa Table Mountain, South Africa Table Mountain, South Africa Table Mountain, South Africa Table Mountain, South Africa Table Mountain, South Africa - Devil's Peak on the right Table Mountain is often covered by orographic cloudsTable Mountain, South Africa - View from Nlaauwbergstrand. Devil's Peak on the right Table Mountain, South AfricaTable Mountain - View from the Bo-Kaao Devil's Peak - University of Cape Town's Upper Campus on its slopesTable Mountain Range - the 'spine' of the Cape Peninsula Table Mountain Range - the 'spine' of the Cape Peninsula Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa  - The Twelve ApostlesPart of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa
Source
Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, South Africa | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, South Africa | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, South Africa | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, South Africa | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, South Africa | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa - Devil's Peak on the right
Table Mountain, South Africa - Devil's Peak on the right | Source
Table Mountain is often covered by orographic clouds
Table Mountain is often covered by orographic clouds | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa - View from Nlaauwbergstrand. Devil's Peak on the right
Table Mountain, South Africa - View from Nlaauwbergstrand. Devil's Peak on the right | Source
Table Mountain, South Africa
Table Mountain, South Africa | Source
Table Mountain - View from the Bo-Kaao
Table Mountain - View from the Bo-Kaao | Source
Devil's Peak - University of Cape Town's Upper Campus on its slopes
Devil's Peak - University of Cape Town's Upper Campus on its slopes | Source
Table Mountain Range - the 'spine' of the Cape Peninsula
Table Mountain Range - the 'spine' of the Cape Peninsula | Source
Table Mountain Range - the 'spine' of the Cape Peninsula
Table Mountain Range - the 'spine' of the Cape Peninsula | Source
Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa  - The Twelve Apostles
Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa - The Twelve Apostles | Source
Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa
Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa | Source
Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa
Part of the lower Table Mountain range, South Africa | Source

The next phase of our tour....

After a good night's rest we plan to go on a wine tasting spree....

Click on the link and read about our tour of the Cape Winelands -

A-picture-tour-of-Stellenbosch and a wine route....


Beach at Strand
Beach at Strand | Source

© 2014 Martie Coetser

More by this Author


Comments 30 comments

prasetio30 profile image

prasetio30 2 years ago from malang-indonesia

Dear, Martie. I really enjoy the virtual tour in South Africa. Very well written and you have beautiful pictures here. I like it. Voted up and have a good day!

Prasetio


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 2 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

"Shall we spend the night in the beguiling Lord Milner Hotel, or shall we hit the road and be in time to see the sun set on the Atlantic Ocean?"

Uh...BOTH, please!!! What a choice, dear Sista and your photography once again draws me right into your world.

"The valleys are paradises filled with deciduous fruit trees - cherries, peaches, olives, and grapes". Oh wow, now I feel like I need a snack...mmmmm!!!

I am going to need a good night's rest after traveling along with you...and I am very much looking forward to your 3rd installment.

Voted UP and UABI and sharing. Love you, mar


billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

Table Mountain is way too cool!!! The pics are great...I'll probably never visit there, but you help alleviate that disappointment.


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Hi prasetio, long time no see? I am so glad you enjoyed this tour. I wish I could experience the same kind of tours in other countries. But wait, I just remember that you take us in your hubs to the most awesome places. I wonder, shall I ask our fellow-hubbers to follow suite? Have a good day, prasetio :)


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

@ marcoujor , drawing all my friends into South Africa - my world - is exactly what I am trying to do, and I am so happy to ‘hear you say’ that I am indeed succeeding. Normally ‘travel articles’ feature only tourist attractions, but it doesn’t really give one an idea of the surroundings – the bigger picture. Now this virtual road trip, and most ordinary pictures taken with my little Samsung aim-and-press camera, hopefully fill the gaps. Now let’s go have some wine in the Jacuzzi at the guest house. It’s a big Jacuzzi – actually a small swimming pool, but with all those nice jets, spurting water on one’s tensed muscles. Dinner will be served at 9:00pm. A bit late, but what the heck, we are on holiday.

@ billybuc – I really hope that while you are reading these virtual tours you ‘feel’ as if you are right here with us. This presentation – virtual tour – reminds me of the saying ‘ If Mohammed doesn’t go to the mountain, the mountain will go to Mohammed.” Now I bring you this ‘mountain’ – South Africa – to the best of my ability :))))


always exploring profile image

always exploring 2 years ago from Southern Illinois

Martie, I really enjoy the tours you take us on. The countryside is beautiful as well as the cities. I love that dark photo of Table mountain. Looking forward to more. Take care my friend. Hugs..


WillStarr profile image

WillStarr 2 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

We may take a real tour of your lovely country.

Well done!


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Hi Always, I am so glad you are enjoying the tour. Stay tune for many surprises to come. After this tour you will have a much broader perspective on South Africa. Hugs.


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Will Starr, we - Barend and I - will be your tour guide :) Sadly, criminals and incompetent politicians are the only flies in South Africa's soup :( So, you will need a tour guide whenever you come down for a visit.


bravewarrior profile image

bravewarrior 2 years ago from Central Florida

I can't wait to see the Cape. I've heard so much about it. I can't believe you guys decided to drive all the way through, but then again, it gives you more time at your ultimate destination.

The Hex River Mountains look very interesting, Martie. Are they black? What type of flora, fauna, and wildlife is found there?

Love the baboon. You have such different wildlife than we do here in the States. It's like watching National Geographic. Too cool!


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

bravewarrior, indeed our decision to not spend the night at Matjiesfontein has given us not only 3 more hours in Cape Town, but an entire day. The Western Cape - and especially the peninsula - is the habitat of a very unique baboon. Will tell more about them in next hub. Here is a link to some more info about the Hex River Mountain - Also try Google - There is a ghost on that mountain. You will find the story via Google - http://www.summitpost.org/hex-river-mountains/5895...


AliciaC profile image

AliciaC 2 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

This is another very interesting and enjoyable hub in your series, Martie. I love learning about South Africa by reading your hubs. I'm looking forward to part three in the series!


m abdullah javed profile image

m abdullah javed 2 years ago

The journey is awesome in particular from matjiesfontein to touwsrivier. Pics are good the table mountain is a treat to watch. South Africa has been one of the most fascinating toursits spots, especially its cities like johensberg and durban are attractive enough to catch our attention, here the glimpses of cape town are simply adding to our curiosity. God knows better about our visit to thesw places but as off now I am pretty happy with a virtual journey through your lines. Thanks for an interesting hub.


FlourishAnyway profile image

FlourishAnyway 2 years ago from USA

Very intriguing and the photos are terrific. I would love to travel the entire world. This was a real treat of a hub. I look forward to your follow up hubs.


mckbirdbks profile image

mckbirdbks 2 years ago from Emerald Wells, Just off the crossroads,Texas

Hello Martie. You have become quite the vagabond and napsack and a tank of gas and away you go. Next - world travel. Wonderful tour for us to follow along with and splendid photograph to accompany your journey.


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Alicia, I would love you to know more about my beautiful country. All in all it is actually a miniature America, but shaded by, or perhaps rooted in, the rest of Africa. Part three will be published soon :)


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

m abdullah - Cape Town first, then Johanneburg, then Durban, are the three main tourists attractions. But South Africa is so much more than these three cosmopolitan cities. Much of the true, historical South Africa lies elsewhere, and with the hope to broaden foreigner's perspective of South Africa, I publish these virtual tours. Of course, with the hope to see other countries in the same way. Thanks for joining us. The 3de phase of our trip will be published soon :)


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Flourish. please stay on the bus and enjoy the rest of the tour. This is the 2nd phase, don't miss the 1st as well as the rest... :)


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

mckbirdbks, thank you so much for you delighting and most inspiring comment :)


m abdullah javed profile image

m abdullah javed 2 years ago

Waiting for that 3d Version Martie..thanks for the kind words.


Genna East profile image

Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

As I was reading this very appealing pic and word tour, all I could think of was, “I want to go!” I doubt I will ever have the opportunity, but I have now traveled there in mind, imagination, and senses thanks to your article. Beautifully done, Martie!


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Hi Genna, I am so glad you experienced this virtual tour from Matjiesfontein to Cape Town so intensely. Pictures are truly wonderful evidences of reality. Please, stay with us! Phase 3 - a picture tour of Cape Town and immediate regions - will be published soon.


Faith Reaper profile image

Faith Reaper 2 years ago from southern USA

Well, dear heart, I do not know how I missed this beautiful scenic tour here from Matjiesfontein to Cape Town from seven days ago! Hmmm, well, I am glad the tour is still ongoing here and I was able to ride along anyway, regardless of my tardiness.

Such incredible countryside along the way. Lovely picture tour and I always learn so much about your country that I did not know otherwise.

Up ++++ tweeting, pinning, G+ and sharing

Hugs


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Hi, dear Faith, I am glad you caught up with this one. Our tour of the Cape Province are filled with surprises, and I love sharing all of it with my friends. After all, I want you to know all about the good (and the bad) of my country :) Please stay on the bus :)


DDE profile image

DDE 2 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

I miss everything about my lovely country the beauty will not disappear. I like the way you planned the trip and shared these experiences. Great memories indeed. Voted up, beautiful, interesting, and useful.


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

DDE, your opinion means a lot to me. Thank you so much :)


suzettenaples profile image

suzettenaples 2 years ago from Taos, NM

Martie: This series of your vacation in S Africa is wonderful . I don't know much about your country and reading these are do interesting and informative. The photos are stunning. Everywhere you go is more beautiful thAn the last place Io e the architecture of The Lord Milner Hotel. How quaint and picturesque it is. Thanks for informing us on your beautiful country.


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 2 years ago from South Africa Author

Suzette, I am so glad you enjoy this virtual tour. I live in a dry and boring part of the country - not at all as beautiful as the Western- and Eastern Cape Provinces. So, imagine my excitement all the way down :)


Distances Between 13 months ago

Thanks .Very nice pics , photos and sharing information of such a nice place.For distance related queries visit:

http://www.distancesbetween.com/


MartieCoetser profile image

MartieCoetser 13 months ago from South Africa Author

Distance Between, thanks for your comment! I like your webpage. Tourists and travellers need to know the distance between points of departure and arrival.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working