Wildlife in Himachal Pradesh

Common Yellow Swallowtail ( Papilio machaon) found at Kullu during Sar Pass Trek on way to Zirmi Thaatch(11000 ft.).
Common Yellow Swallowtail ( Papilio machaon) found at Kullu during Sar Pass Trek on way to Zirmi Thaatch(11000 ft.). | Source

All Creatures Wild and Beautiful

A full range of Western Himalayan ecosystem occurs in Himachal Pradesh, which is comparatively a smaller state of India. The zone of Shivalik range is 40 to 50 Km. wide and consists of numerous low ridges with pine and broad leaved forests found at low latitude.

The Pir Panjal range and its associated spur, the Dhauladhar range, sometimes rise up to 6000 meters represent the middle or lesser Himalayas in the state. The temperate flora of this zone consists mainly of conifers and oak forests along with their associates.

The Great Himalayan Range Zone is arid and cold desert region of Lahaul & Spiti and the parts of Kinnaur Districts of the state.

In all the above three Western Himalayan zones, the factors such as climatic variations associated with altitude and corresponding changes in vegetation, decide the occurrence and distribution of the wildlife in Himachal Pradesh..

The wild animals and the birds found in the Shivalik zone are are those which could also be found in the adjacent plains of Punjab. However the other zones represent the species of the birds and mammalians that could be called the true mountain animals. The harsh climate, the rough terrain and the atmospheric pressure have made the Himalayan wildlife to get adapted to their structural needs to meet the specialized living conditions at the high altitude.

Wildlife in Shivalik Zone

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Sambhar deerPorcupineCommon bar headed geese in pong damRhesus Macaque Peacock Wild JunglecatRed Jungle fowlFemale Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos)
Sambhar deer
Sambhar deer | Source
Porcupine
Porcupine | Source
Common bar headed geese in pong dam
Common bar headed geese in pong dam | Source
Rhesus Macaque
Rhesus Macaque | Source
Peacock
Peacock | Source
Wild Junglecat
Wild Junglecat | Source
Red Jungle fowl
Red Jungle fowl | Source
Female Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos)
Female Kalij Pheasant (Lophura leucomelanos) | Source

Red-necked Grebe (Podiceps-grisegena)

Source

Common Rosefinch, a red colored beautiful bird spotted on the bank of river Baspa at Rakcham, Kinnaur

Wildlife in Shivalik Zone

This zone in Himachal Pradesh stretches from Poants Sahib to Pathankot, bordering the states of Uttar Pradesh or Uttranchal, Haryana and Punjab. The districts of Sirmour, Solan, Bilaspur, Hamirpur, Una and Kangra fall in the shivalik zone.

The common species in Shivalik Hills are Sambhar deer, Barking deer, Ghoral, Wild boar, Nilgai, Rhesus Macaque. Grey languor, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Leopard Martins, Mongoose, Porcupine, Jackal and Hyena.In moist sal forests near Poanta Sahib, a few small groups of spotted deer (cheetal) also occur.An occasional tiger is reported to visit these forests from the nearest Rajaji National Park in Uttar Pradesh.

The avian fauna in Shivalik is quite varied. The white crested Kalaji and Red jungle fowl are found together at an altitude of 500 meters above sea level. The peacocks are scanty in their distribution. Black and Grey Partridges and Quails are in plenty. Among others there are thousands of migratory ducks, geese and waders which come for the wintering in the lakes in this zone. A variety of Flycatchers, Thrushes, Sparrows, Manias, Larks, Wagtails, Warblers,Cuckoos, Owls and Raptors are also found in this zone, and most of their population is residential and a part migratory.

There are 8 wildlife sanctuaries in this zone including the Govind Sagar lake ( at Bilaspur ) and Pong dam lake ( at kangra ). The other 6 sanctuaries are,

1. Naina Devi in Bilaspur district.

2. Renuka and Simbalabara in Sirmour district.

3. Darlaghat, Majathal Harsang and Shill in Solan district.

A special mention may be made here of Red-necked-Grebe ( Podiceps Griesegena ), which was sighted first in 1985 at Pong dam lake bird sanctuary for the first time in India. In 1960, when the Pong dam was built on the river Beas, the vast stretches of the lake thus formed have started intercepting thousands of waterfowls and the waders on their trans-Himalayan migration from Siberia and Central Asia to the Indian plains the months of winter.

Domesticated Yaks

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Yaks in ManaliYaks in Manali
Yaks in Manali
Yaks in Manali | Source
Yaks in Manali
Yaks in Manali | Source
Source

Wildlife in The Middle Himalayan and Great Himalayan Zone

The high hills of Shimla, Mandi. Kullu, Chamba and Kinnaur district constitute the Middle Himalayan zone. The maximum number of 21 sancturies are located in this zone, which have a typical temperate flora and fauna.

The five sanctauries in Chamba district are

(1) Gamgul-Siya behi, (2) Kungti, (3) Sechu-Tuan- Nalga, (4) Kalatop- Khajiar, (5) Tundan.

The Kullu district has a diatinction of having J.L.Nehru Great Himalayan National Park alongwith 5 sanctuaries viz.

(1) Kanawar, (2) Khokhan, (3) Kais, (4) Manali, (5) Tirthan.

The high reaches of Kinnaur district has three sanctuaries namely,

(1) Lippa-Asrang, (2) Sangla valley, and (3) Rupi-Bhaba.

The Mandi district has three sanctuaries viz.

(1) Bandli. (2) Nargu, and (3) Shikari devi.

The Shimla district too has three sanctuaries viz.

(1) Daranghati, (2) Shimla Water Catchment Area, and (3) Talra.

The prestigious sanctuary of Chail is in Solan district and is famous for its Cheer Pheasant and Ghoral.

The Churadhar sanctuary extends into adjoining districts of Sirmaur and Shimla.

The Lahaul and Spiti district has Pin Valley National Park and the Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary, named after the Kibber village and Kibber monastery.Established in 1992, it is at an altitude of 4270 meters in a narrow valley on the summit of a limestone rock and is about 16 kilometers from Kaza and has an area of 140050 hectare, with elevation range of 3,600 to 6,700 meters.

Wildlife of Pin Valley National Park in Spiti in Great Himalayan Zone

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Chukar (Alectoris chukar) Snowfinch or Montifringilla nivalisHimalayan Snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis) Lerwa lerwa Linn. (Snow partridge)One of the most peculiar thing associated with the costliest Chumurti horse in Pin valley at Spiti is that it grows from black when young to blue when fully grown and then to white when it becomes old.Snow Cock
Chukar (Alectoris chukar)
Chukar (Alectoris chukar) | Source
Snowfinch or Montifringilla nivalis
Snowfinch or Montifringilla nivalis | Source
Himalayan Snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis)
Himalayan Snowcock (Tetraogallus himalayensis) | Source
 Lerwa lerwa Linn. (Snow partridge)
Lerwa lerwa Linn. (Snow partridge) | Source
One of the most peculiar thing associated with the costliest Chumurti horse in Pin valley at Spiti is that it grows from black when young to blue when fully grown and then to white when it becomes old.
One of the most peculiar thing associated with the costliest Chumurti horse in Pin valley at Spiti is that it grows from black when young to blue when fully grown and then to white when it becomes old.
Snow Cock
Snow Cock | Source

Great Himalayan National Park of Kullu and Pin Valley National Park of Lahaul & Spiti

Spread over an area of 1,171 square km and lying between an altitude of 1500 to 6000 meters, the Great Himalayan National Park was built in 1984 Kullu district. It is a habitat to numerous flora and more than 375 species of fauna. No hunting is permitted within the park because it is protected according to the provisions of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972, The secluded Sainj and Tirthan valleys are home to a plethora of fauna like the wild mountain goats namely like bharal, goral and serow; the brown bear; and predators like the leopard and the elusive snow leopard. Besides different varieties of pheasants like monal, khalij cheer, western tragopan and other exotic Himalayan birds can also be found in the region.

Located in Lahaul & Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, the Pin Valley National Park in Spiti valley is representative of The Great Himalayan zone, essentially to conserve the habitat and the wildlife of high altitude cold desert. It was declared a National Park in 1987 and is located in the treeless and cold desert region of the Spiti valley. The park has the unexplored snow laden peaks and higher ranges and towards south it extends up to and along the border of Tibet, while the elevation of the park is between 3500 to 6000 meters. It is a natural habitat for a number of endangered animals like the Snow leopard and the Siberian Ibex. . The vegetation in the area is very rare, due to extreme temperatures caused by high altitude. Only the alpine trees and patches of Himalayan cedar and bushes are found here.During summer, the rare birds like the snow partridges, Himalayan snowcock, snowfinch etc are found in the area.

The wildlife species of Shivalik zone such as Barking deer, Ghoral, Sambhar, Leopard cat, White crested kalij pheasant, Black partridge, too extend their distribution right into this zone. The main species of this zone are quite exclusive and include the Himalayan ta-hr serow, Bharal, Musk deer, Brown bear, Monal pheasant, Western tragopan, Koklash pheasant and Himalayan snow cock.

A majority of these live on high altitude forested slopes between 2500 to 4000 meter above sea level, that is the transition areas cutting across tree-lines and alpine pastures and the precipitous exposed slopes.

The State Animal of Himachal Pradesh found at Pin Valley National Park and Rupi Bhaba Sanctuary

Snow leopard
Snow leopard | Source

Snow Leopard

This yellowish grey animal with dark rings all over the body and a long bushy tail, inhabits the high altitude areas between 3000 to 5500 meters. The Pin valley National Park and Rupi Bhaba sanctuary are the selected areas for a special govt of India sponsored Snow Leopard Project. It prefers rocky and craggy areas hence the name snow leopard is somewhat a misnomer. It preys upon sheep, goat,ibex, blue sheep, hare and rodents.

Birds found in Himachal

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Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata in Kullu Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei in Kullu Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus at 9000 ft. in KulluOriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus in KulluPlumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus) in Kullu Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans) in Kullu - Manali Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris in Kullu White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus at KulluPlumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus) in KulluLong-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus at 9000 ft. in KulluGrey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea found in Kullu on way to Guna Pani during Sar Pass Trek.Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus in Kullu Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys in KulluHimalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys in KulluHimalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis found on the way to Faul Pani (9500 feet)Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis in Kullu
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata in Kullu
Rufous-breasted Accentor Prunella strophiata in Kullu | Source
Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei in Kullu
Hume's Warbler Phylloscopus humei in Kullu | Source
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus at 9000 ft. in Kullu
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus at 9000 ft. in Kullu | Source
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus in Kullu
Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus in Kullu | Source
Plumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus) in Kullu
Plumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus) in Kullu | Source
 Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans) in Kullu - Manali
Russet Sparrow (Passer rutilans) in Kullu - Manali | Source
 Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris in Kullu
Ultramarine Flycatcher Ficedula superciliaris in Kullu | Source
 White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus at Kullu
White-capped Water Redstart Chaimarrornis leucocephalus at Kullu | Source
Plumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus) in Kullu
Plumbeous Water Redstart (Rhyacornis fuliginosus) in Kullu | Source
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus at 9000 ft. in Kullu
Long-tailed Minivet Pericrocotus ethologus at 9000 ft. in Kullu | Source
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea found in Kullu on way to Guna Pani during Sar Pass Trek.
Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea found in Kullu on way to Guna Pani during Sar Pass Trek. | Source
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus in Kullu
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus in Kullu | Source
 Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys in Kullu
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys in Kullu | Source
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys in Kullu
Himalayan Bulbul Pycnonotus leucogenys in Kullu | Source
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis found on the way to Faul Pani (9500 feet)
Himalayan Griffon Gyps himalayensis found on the way to Faul Pani (9500 feet) | Source
Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis in Kullu
Himalayan Woodpecker Dendrocopos himalayensis in Kullu | Source

Birds Found in Himachal Pradesh

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Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanusAsian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu  Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in KulluBlack bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus race psaroides in KulluAsian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in KulluBlack-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus at 8000 ft. in Kullu Black-&-Yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides in Kullu Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis at Mailee Thaatch (10,500 ft.) in KulluBonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata at 8000 ft. in Kullu Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus in KulluBrown Dipper Cinclus pallasii at Kasol (6500 ft.) in KulluBrownish-flanked Bush Warbler Cettia fortipes at Guna Pani (8000 ft.) in KulluAsian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in KulluGreat Rosefinch male (Carpodacus severtzovi) from Kibber, Himachal PradeshCommon Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) in KulluChestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula in Kullu at Zirmi Thaatch (11000 ft.)Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus at Mailee Thaatch (11,000 ft.) in KulluGreat Barbet at Kumarhatti, Himachal PradeshGreat Barbet at Kumarhatti, Himachal PradeshGrey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus in Kullu
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus
Himalayan Monal Lophophorus impejanus | Source
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu | Source
 Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu | Source
Black bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus race psaroides in Kullu
Black bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus race psaroides in Kullu | Source
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu | Source
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus at 8000 ft. in Kullu
Black-headed Jay Garrulus lanceolatus at 8000 ft. in Kullu | Source
 Black-&-Yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides in Kullu
Black-&-Yellow Grosbeak Mycerobas icterioides in Kullu | Source
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis at Mailee Thaatch (10,500 ft.) in Kullu
Blue-fronted Redstart Phoenicurus frontalis at Mailee Thaatch (10,500 ft.) in Kullu | Source
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata at 8000 ft. in Kullu
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata at 8000 ft. in Kullu | Source
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus in Kullu
Blue Whistling Thrush Myophonus caeruleus in Kullu | Source
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii at Kasol (6500 ft.) in Kullu
Brown Dipper Cinclus pallasii at Kasol (6500 ft.) in Kullu | Source
Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler Cettia fortipes at Guna Pani (8000 ft.) in Kullu
Brownish-flanked Bush Warbler Cettia fortipes at Guna Pani (8000 ft.) in Kullu | Source
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu
Asian Paradise Flycatcher Terpsiphone paradisi in Kullu | Source
Great Rosefinch male (Carpodacus severtzovi) from Kibber, Himachal Pradesh
Great Rosefinch male (Carpodacus severtzovi) from Kibber, Himachal Pradesh | Source
Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) in Kullu
Common Rosefinch (Carpodacus erythrinus) in Kullu | Source
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula in Kullu at Zirmi Thaatch (11000 ft.)
Chestnut-tailed Minla Minla strigula in Kullu at Zirmi Thaatch (11000 ft.) | Source
Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus at Mailee Thaatch (11,000 ft.) in Kullu
Golden Bush Robin Tarsiger chrysaeus at Mailee Thaatch (11,000 ft.) in Kullu | Source
Great Barbet at Kumarhatti, Himachal Pradesh
Great Barbet at Kumarhatti, Himachal Pradesh | Source
Great Barbet at Kumarhatti, Himachal Pradesh
Great Barbet at Kumarhatti, Himachal Pradesh | Source
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus in Kullu
Grey Bushchat Saxicola ferreus in Kullu | Source

Monal Pheasant

A very colorful and attractive bird the Monal pheasant is found throughout the Middle Himalayan zone between 6000 to 12000 feet above sea level, according to the season.In its natural in-habitat, the Monal pheasant remains single or in parties of three or four consisting of a cock and two or three hens or all of the same sex, dig vigorously for food with their powerful bills on the edges of alpine pastures often in the same clearings.

In the past it was persecuted for its crest which is made of wire-like spatula-tipped feathers and meat. For its protection and propagation the state Govt. had earlier declared it a protected state bird, but now the status of state bird has been bestowed to the Western Horned Tragopan or Jajurana.

Jujurana, the State Bird of Himachal

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Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)
Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)
Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) | Source
Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus)
Western Tragopan (Tragopan melanocephalus) | Source

Western Horned Tragopan or Jajurana

Locally known as Fulgar in Chamba and Kangra districts, Jajurans in Kullu district, Jyazi in the erstwhile parts of Bushahr state of Shimla district, the Western Horned Tragopan is a rare and an endemic pheasant to the Western Himalayas. It has been listed endangered in the Red Data Book of IUCN.

During the last three years it has been sighted in The Ravi catchment area of Chamba and the Satluj catchment area of Sarahan and Rampur Bushahr. The eastern distribution limit of the species extend up to the Sangla valley forests beyond which its existence in the Gerhwal Himalayas is questionable.

The occurrence of the species in the forest is a remarkable indicator of a healthy and undisturbed forest, with a good undergrowth mostly of bamboo, and the luxurious undergrowth of high-altitude conifers especially fur and spruce. It lives between an altitude of 2200 to 3000 meters.

Himalayan Tahr

Source

Himalayan Tahr

This shaggy and heavily built wild goat with short curving horns, inhabits the steep cliffs in the forested terrain and never goes above the tree-line. It is found in the high mountains of Shimla, Kinnaur, Chamba and Kullu districts of Himachal Pradesh. Its altitudinal range is 2000 to 3270 meters. The leapord is a major predator of Tahr population living below the tree-line.

Himalayan Blackbear

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Himalayan Black Bear

This animal commonly inhabits the oak forests from 1800 to 2500 meters, throughout Hinachal Pradesh. It is considered as a savage animal by the villagers for its raids in the fields and occasional attacks on human beings, even without provocation. Their activities in winter get considerably reduced, when they go into hibernation.

Himalayan Brown Bear

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Himalayan Brown Bear

It inhabits the alpine and sub- alpine zones of the Western Himalayas.There are the confirmed reports of its distribution in Ropa, Baspa and Bhaba valleys of Kinnaur district and the whole sanctuary areas of Chamba district. It hibernates from December until April or May.

Himalayan Ibex (Capra sibirica)

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Himalayan Ibex

This is a common mammal of Lahaul & Spiti district, though it is also found in the adjoining areas of Kinnaur, Kullu and Chamba districts. It is commonly known as Tangrol or Kin in Lahaul & Spiti. It is a heavily built, strong and sturdy goat with large scimitar like horns. Like Bhural its range extends into the Great Himalayan zone. The eastern limit of Ibex distribution are set by the upper reaches of the Sutluj river, east of which it does not occur.

Musk Deer

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Musk Deer

Commonly known as "Mushaknafa", this animal has been persecuted for the musk, which is an abnormal gland found only in the males. For its protection and further propagation the state Govt had earlier declared it a state animal but now this status has been bestowed to the snow leopard. This solitary and secretive animal could be found only in the Middle Himalayan zone, between the elevation of 2200 and 4000 meters above sea level.

Himalayan Blue Sheep or Bharal

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Himalayan Blue Sheep or Bharal

Commonly known as Bharal, this wild sheep is seen mostly above 3000 meters in all sanctuary areas and outside in Kinnaur district. It prefers undulating ground and is a splendid climber with swift moves. Between the treeline and the snowline they find their food in occasional patches of coarse grass, moss, dwarf shrubs and leaves.

Himalayan Serow or Goat Antelope

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Himalayan Serow or Goat Antelope

The local people in Kinnaur and Shimla districts call it "Emu". It is a goat antelope and lives solitary in thick forests or rocky hillsides, between 1500 to 3100 metres, and more commonly in the wet zone. The serow has also been reported from Kullu National Park and the forests of Chamba, Mandi, Shimla and Kinnaur districts.

Himalayan Ghoral or Goat (Naemorhaedus goral)

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Himalayan Ghoral or Mountain Goat

Resembling a goat , the Ghoral extends its habitat from the Shivalik zone to the Middle Himalayan zone. The wildlife sanctuaries of Majathal- Harsang and Chail have good population of ghoral, though it is virtually found all over the state of Himachal Pradesh, up to the elevation of 2800 meters. It usually associates in small parties in four to eight, feeding on rugged grassy hillsides in the mornings and in the evenings.

Tibetan Wolf or Keulemans Chanco Wolf

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Tibetan Wolf

Essentially an animal of Great Himalayan zone, it is found in Spiti and Hangrang valley of Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. A shy night prowler of the size of an ordinary sheep-dog, the locals call it "Chanku". It is a notorious killer of domestic animals and is very harmful to Bharal and Ibex. It is known to kill as many animals as it finds, irrespective of what it can eat.

Leopard

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Leopard

This member of the cat family extends its limits from the Shivalik zone to the Middle Himalayan zone. It is sleek, short haired and agile animal. In Hamirpur district, it has become notorious, because of man eating instances. It has adapted itself for the forested areas, as well as open countrysides. It can also be found among rocks and scrubs. It is known to lift the sheep, goat and cattle.

Koklash Pheasant

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Source
Source

Koklash Pheasant

A medium tailed pheasant, the Koklash is found on steep forested hillsides between 6000 to 12000 feet above sea level. The call of the cock from which the bird gets it local name "Kwaksha", is a loud singing like kok-kok-kok-kokras. By and large the pheasant is suitably adapted to the disturbances in its habitat, hence striving well for the survival.

The Shimla Water catchment area, the Daranghati sanctuary and Pandrabis area of Shimla- Kinnaur districts have a good population of this pheasant. Besides it is also found all over the forests of Middle Himalayan zone.

Endangered Cheer Pheasant (Catreus wallichi)

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Source
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Cheer Pheasant

This is a pheasant of the grasslands found on the sunny hillsides between 1800 to 2500 metres. The Chail sanctuary in Shimla district is its stronghold. Recently new Cheer sites have been discivered in Shimla and Kinnaur districts, the latest being the Rupi Bhaba sanctuary. Locally it is known as "Tana" in Sarahan- Bushahr areas, and "Cheerus" in Kinnaur district. It is also an endangered species listed in the Red Data Book of IUCN. Its new sites are being confirmed with the help of a pre- recorded Cheer-broadcasting equipment in the prospective Cheer sites.

Great Himalayan National Park Part 2

Great Himalayan National Park Part 3

Conclusion

A few representatives as described above, illustrate the diversity of wildlife in Himachal Pradesh, ranging from the members found in the moist temperate type forests to the wildlife found on the Tibetan plateau. An attempt is being made to protect this natural diversity by creation of protected areas in the form of Sanctuaries and National Parks, because the human population and therefore the pressure on natural resources are both rising very rapidly.

© 2014 Sanjay Sharma

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8 comments

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SANJAY LAKHANPAL 2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India Author

Thanks thumbi7 for the comment and pinning.


SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

SANJAY LAKHANPAL 2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India Author

Thanks suzettenaples for the valuable comments. I love wildlife.


SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

SANJAY LAKHANPAL 2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India Author

Thanks srsddn , for the comment and taking interest in my hub.


SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

SANJAY LAKHANPAL 2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India Author

Thanks sunilkunnoth2012 for the encouraging comments.


sunilkunnoth2012 profile image

sunilkunnoth2012 2 years ago from Calicut (Kozhikode, South India)

It is a fantastic work. You have presented the wildlife story of HP decently with convincing photos. HP is one of the most beautiful states in India and the wild life gives it some extra attention among the travel folks. You have painstakingly presented a beautiful topic with serious attention. Thank you for sharing. Voted up. I will share it on my FB. Await another hub on the total tourism features of the state. All the best.


srsddn profile image

srsddn 2 years ago from Dehra Dun, India

sanjaylakhanpal, Very nicely done Hub on wildlife. Himachal is quite rich in wildlife and you have tried to cover maximum species. Thanks for sharing such a rich information. Voted up and useful.


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suzettenaples 2 years ago from Taos, NM

What a beautiful, interesting and informative article. I love national parks and wildlife preserves. Your photos are outstanding! I especially like the butterfly and the birds. You have unusual animals we don't see here in the U.S. expect in zoos. To see these animals in the wild would be wonderful. They are all beautiful. Thank you for sharing one of your country's treasures with us. I so enjoyed reading this.


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thumbi7 2 years ago from India

Excellent hub. I really enjoyed reading it. Pinned the pictures on my travel board in pinterest

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