PARTS OF A MERCHANT SHIP IN GENERAL

FROM THE EDITOR"S DESK :

DEAR VISITOR,


There are many parts of a ship and it varies as per the ship type and length . However a general list of the various part of the ship has been detailed here. This list contains the parts of a cargo vessel .



A CARGO SHIP

 A CARGO SHIP
A CARGO SHIP

PARTS OF A MERCHANT SHIP ( IN GENERAL )


Starting from the top most point on a ship :


  • The MONKEY ISLAND ( a place where all the antenna and transmission and reception units antennas are situated) it is the place ( open deck ) just above the ship's navigational bridge.


  • The Navigation Bridge ( it is a place / deck from where a ship MASTER ( CAPTAIN ) and ship's officers control the movements of a ship.


  • The CREW ACCOMMODATION deck ( several decks / plateforms and cabins are designed for the ship's officers , engineers and crews residence )


  • FUNNEL DECK ( a place where all the exhaust pipes from main engine and generators are leading out )


  • BOAT DECK ( a deck on which life boats are placed in ready positions , on the davits , usually on both PORT and STARBOARD sides of the ship ) i.e. left and right hand side


  • Then there are MESS ROOMS / SMOKE ROOMS / REST ROOMS / SWIMMING POOL / GALLEY ( KITCHEN ) / GYM ROOM etc.


  • WEATHER DECK / UPPER DECK ( It is the uppermost continuous deck on a ship , it is open to weather and sea on this deck mooring equipments and machineries are mounted in the forward and after parts of the ship.


  • STEM ( the foremost plate line of the ship )
  • STERN ( the after part of the ship )
  • FORECASTLE DECk ( forward part deck where all the mooring appliances are kept)


  • POOP DECK ( after part where all the mooring appliances are kept )
  • FORECASTLE STORE ( a storeroom in the front part of the ship used for general purpose)
  • SHIP'S CARGO GEAR ( It may be a RADIAL HYDRULIC CRANE , GANTRY CRANE, or A DERICK


These are some parts of ship visible to the outsiders when the ship is moving through the water. But there a many more in the list which are visible to the outsiders when the ship is in the DRY DOCK.

However we will see some more parts of a cargo ship in the following list

A GENERAL CARGO SHIP

IT IS A GENERAL CARGO SHIP WITH GANTRY CRANE
IT IS A GENERAL CARGO SHIP WITH GANTRY CRANE

PARTS OF A CARGO SHIP ( IN GENERAL )

  • CARGO HOLD ( a storage place where the cargo is loaded and stored safely )


  • HATCH COVER ( It is a cover for the cargo holds for the protection of the cargo from the various natural and atmospheric conditions )


  • ENGINE ROOM (It is the designated space for the ship's main engine and its various components )


  • EMERGENCY FIRE PUMP ( It is a designated pump for supply of sea water in case of any emergency .)


  • EMERGENCY GENERATOR ( It is a designated machinery / generator for the electric supply in case of any emergency i.e. black out. )


  • BATTERY ROOM ( It is the location of the ship's spare batteries which are kept ready and charged to provide back up in case of any emergency such as black out. etc. )


  • BALLAST TANK (These are the tanks made in the ship's hull or say in the ship's bottom part to carry the ballast water i.e. sea water to enable the ship to gain some stability and draft )


  • LUB OIL TANK ( These are the tanks constructed in the ship's hull to store the lub oil required for the main engine and generator engines )


  • BUNKER TANK (These are the tanks constructed in the ship's hull to store the ship's fuel oil i.e. diesel and heavy oil to run the ship's machinery.)


  • AIR BOTTLE ( These are the air bottles designed to store preserve the compressed air for the main engine starting purposes and for deck work as well )


  • UNDER DECK PASSAGE ( These are the tunnels or under deck passages to enable the ship's personnel to move from the forward to after part of the ship. )


  • DUCT KEEL ( It is the small diameter tunnel or low height passage way in the ships bottom part near the ship's fore and aft center line - through which  most of the electric cables and pipelines run from forward to after par of the ship. )


  • BOW THRUSTER ( These are the small size thruster fans fitted in the forward bottom part of the ship - to create the high power thrust in the bow part of the ship thus enabling the ship to swing the head in the desired direction. )


  • PROPELLER (This is a huge size fan or say assembly of big size blades which , when rotated under power , generates very high thrust  and that propels  the ship ahead. It is fitted in the after bottom par of the ship. In short, the "propeller" enables the ship to move under power )



  • RUDDER ( It is the big size plating  enabled  to move radially - fitted just behind the propeller,  to alter the direction of the thrust , thus changing the heading of the ship. )



A PASSENGER SHIP

More by this Author


Comments 25 comments

ship spare parts 6 years ago

"Marine and Ship spares parts such as oil separator and plate heat exchanger from Alfa Laval and Westfalia Separators by Premier Separator Services"ship spare parts


Hugh Williamson profile image

Hugh Williamson 5 years ago from Northeast USA

Not too many maritime Hubs are written.

Good info and enjoyable reading too.


oceanking.sk 5 years ago from India Author

Dear Hugh ,

Thanks for your comments. It is just beginning and basics of the marine equipments which i have tried to put up for normal visitors. There are vast details and theory behind all and I can explain them all.

Just for your convenience , If you like to ask any thing, you are most welcome with your questions.

Wish you good day.


Aditya kaul  5 years ago

respected sir ,

information provided is benefecial . kindly also include details regarding the engineering aspects of the ships .

thank you and good day.


BRADZ lara 5 years ago

i will be SOON


Cadet Guru 5 years ago

Sir, It is awesome. We want so many description of all the parts of the sir.


cadet gurcharan 5 years ago

thanks for this sir


Rito Palahang Jr. 5 years ago

The details are of great help for us as beginners.It enables as to visualize the real life as a seafarer.Hope that you will include more information that will help preserve the marine environment.


jorgensen 5 years ago

I am an author writing a book where much of the story takes place on a merchant vessel. I sailed on this vessel when I was younger and remember most of maritime nomenclature. However,in order to give my story credibility, I need the correct names for various parts of the ship. Are you able or, if not, can you direct me to a reliable source to which I may refer as the need arises?

S. Jorgensen


Varinder Singh 5 years ago

this information gave me a lot of knowledge about ship that i didn't know

thanks for that .


Tallyman LIRA, Santos-BRAZIL 4 years ago

Just great! Sr, I need to know the diferent locations inside a cargo hold where in we could load bulk cargo or grains (something like: fwd, aft, fwd-sb, aft-ps, etc). I'm teaching english do port workers in Santos, and these informations will be very valious. Thanks a lot!


oceanking.sk 4 years ago from India Author

Hello dear,

Thanks for your comments.

As for your concern regarding the loading the bulk cargo like grains ,

there are two basic divisions of a cargo hold on the conventional ships such as 1. Main cargo hold which is subdivided by tween decks at certain depth of the cargo hold. Present day , many ships are built with no tween deck where the complete hold is loaded with the same grade of the cargo to its full capacity.

For strengthening these cargo holds there are many strengthening members inserted in to it. such as : transeverse stiffners , frames , bulkhead stiffners , brackets , bottom longitudinals , beams and girders etc.

I hope this information will be usefull to you .

Do write to me soon.

regards.


balamurali 4 years ago

Thanq sir. pls include the other aspects I. E. Engineering level


cadet vasudev 4 years ago

Respected sir,this was really good and u helped me by giving these important parts , i will be more thankfull to you if u keep more parts in all types of vessel . Thanku sir have a nice day


Pratyush 4 years ago

kindly upload an image of a cargo ship pointing its various parts in the the image.plz help me out.

regards Pratyush


nikhil 4 years ago

thank u sir for give information


SHIPPY profile image

SHIPPY 4 years ago from INDIA


Cedet Audu u Mathew 4 years ago

Nice to have a brief studies of parts of ship in your write up i wish to have more thanks (isms Lokoja kogi nigeria)


jayree formento G. 4 years ago

now i knew the parts of general cargo.


Awopetu oluwaseyi 4 years ago

Thanks to the writter of this parts of ships for easier learning of student!but sire-i will like if the safety aspect is included except from IMO Policy just the safety of each department or part of the ship


Woonha Jee 4 years ago

Dear Sirs

I have many parts for vessels for sale from our stocks

make :Rolls-Royce

mainly tunnel thruster ( stern and bow)

Ulstein compass thruster

and many CPP parts consisiting of reduction gear ,

propeller hub with shaft

Deck machinery consisting of tugger winch and windlass

Details with photos as well as price will follow upon request

Best regards

Woon H Jee

--

INSOL LTD

Korea

908 Bobos Chereville

Sunaero 54

Seongnam city, Kyonggido

463-825 Korea

TEL:82-31-7178016

FAX:82-31-7178018

Mobile :82 10 38999768

Email : INSOL22@GMAIL.COM

Skype ID : INSOL22


stranger 3 years ago

it was helpful...thank u


roland 3 years ago

hi sir , can you do a research paper about the parts of a ship?

so that i can look how a research paper " parts of the ship" do.

thank for reading this comment


festo alphonce hume 3 years ago

i like


jose santos 2 years ago

Please, Mr.

I would like you show a strutural plan of bulk carrier.I need for to calculate stell parts because damage.ground damage.bow back to frame 200.damage bulkhead frame 240.i need calculate longitudinals.stringers.floors.etc.Please help me.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working