Voluntary intoxication is not a valid defense in a criminal case because when a person voluntarily takes drugs or drinks alcohol, they are doing so of their own free will.
The crime rate in the U.S. has been on the decline over the last several years due to several factors. The increase in the nation’s incarceration rates plays a role along with the stricter sentencing laws and advances in forensic science.
Deviant acts are not always criminal in nature, but they all have one thing in common and that is the violation or departure from social norms.
Several criminological theories have come to light over the years. One such theory is the social theory, which is used as a route for improving the criminal justice system and reducing crime in the United States. The two categories of social theory are social structure and social process.
This paper touches on the sensitive issues surrounding the identity of biracial and multiracial people in America. From early in America’s history, to changing developments in race relations over time to the nation’s seeing its first black President, America has undergone a change in its once...
If only given the choice of using the Due Process Model or the Crime Control Model as the sole basis of the criminal justice system in the United States, which would you choose?
African Americans face several major issues in today’s society from racism, the criminal justice system, to finding employment. It's believed that the top major issue facing African Americans is racism.
Discrimination is a curious topic in the United States because people discriminate openly and covertly as well. People often treat others unfairly because of their religious beliefs, sex, race, and on a number of other grounds.
The changing image of diversity in the United States can be attributed to the different cultures, races, and backgrounds of the nation’s people.
Brain drain has occurred in many places across the globe and Puerto Rico is no exception. Puerto Rico has experienced a loss in its professionals to many of the U.S. states.
In the United States, the first Americans have not had the best experiences with healthcare.
Affirmative action is still a necessary part of America’s workforce and helps offer equal employment opportunities for subordinate-group members and women.
The role of women in the United States has undergone significant changes in regards to work, family, and society. Unlike some fifty years ago, more women today are the heads of single families.
Let's discuss the concept of checks and balances, and how it is used in the United States inside the three branches of government.
Frequently asked questions about domain names. Domain names are names that identify computers on the internet. Domain names are used in URLs to identify certain web pages and the purpose of a domain name is to help us easily remember IP addresses.
The theoretical model of group communication allows us help to make intelligent decisions regarding how we all conduct ourselves within a group. Theories enable us to help make sense of other people and consequently the self theory can help us to anticipate our own behavior.
There's a free option to Adobe Photoshop on the internet called GNU Picture Manipulation Plan otherwise referred to as GIMP.
Successful aging is a concept authored by John Rowe and Robert Kahn.
There is a great deal of information about the structure of language. Psycholinguistics is the “study of how language is acquired, produced, and used and how the sounds and symbols of language are translated into meaning”
Gestalt psychology is the study that the brain collectively “interprets experiences in predictable ways” rather than simply reacting to them.
A personality disorder is “a long-standing, inflexible, maladaptive pattern of behaving and relating to others, which usually begins in early childhood or adolescence”
The bystander effect is “a social factor that affects prosocial behavior: As the number of bystanders at an emergency increases, the probability that the victim will receive help decreases, and the help, if given, is likely to be delayed”
Albert Bandura’s reciprocal determinism maintains that there is a “mutual relationship among behavior, cognitive factors, and environment”
The temporal lobes are located just above the ears and are involved in the reception and interpretation of auditory stimuli
Motion parallax is experienced “when you ride in a moving vehicle and look out the side window, the objects you see outside appear to be moving in the opposite direction and at different speeds
The expression of emotion extends across all cultures. Paul Ekman and Carroll Izard insisted that there are a limited number of basic emotions.
There are several behavior therapies based on classical conditioning.
Non rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) play important roles in our dreaming process.
We have all experienced some form of reinforcement whether it was positive or negative. A form of positive reinforcement would be me receiving a desirable grade on my test. Receiving an 'A' on my test would cause me to want this positive response to be repeated.
Metaphysics generally asks “what is the world -- including us -- made of?” “What is the ultimate substance?” Also, is there a relationship between the mind and the body?
A flashbulb memory is an extremely vivid memory of the conditions surrounding one’s first hearing the news of a surprising, shocking, or highly emotional event
The majority of dreams are forgotten shortly after waking because the body is bombarded with sensations and perceptions upon waking up.
There are five steps to group decision making. These elements of group decision making are considered to be a predictable pattern because groups usually come to “better decisions if the pattern is explicitly identified so that the group can structure its discussion”
Groupthink can be detrimental to a group’s goals because groupthink usually causes group members to arrive at poor decisions and a false consensus.
A multitude of variables can affect the way individuals interact with others, as well as in a group. Some variables might include gender, cultural background, roles, trust, status, and power.
Everyone of us is involved in primary and secondary groups even if we do not know it. You may be surprised of how many groups you are already in now or have been involved with in the past.
The definition of a small group and a team are discussed in this article as well as the major and minor difference between the two. Some of the advantages or disadvantages of working in groups in teams are also noted.
The film "12 Angry Men" (1957) is full of conflict. Let's examine how each conflict is managed, which conflicts are resolved and how, along with the effects each confrontation causes in the film.
The following is an analysis of the Corn Refiner's commercial for high fructose corn syrup. This commercial is called Brothers.
Nadine Gordimer’s story Terminal is about a terminally ill woman and her loyal husband. They live their lives together in a fairytale, believing that she will recover from her illness. As the story progresses, the narrator realizes that the hope of her health improving is unrealistic and decides to...
This article will compare and contrast between the two short stories A Blizzard under Blue Sky by Pam Houston and To Build a Fire by Jack London.
Kate Chopin’s Desiree’s Baby is a powerful story about race, class, and the norms of society. The story was set in a period before the American Civil War. During that time, in Louisiana and the rest of the South, society viewed African Americans as being less than human.
What is a psychological disorder? The most prevalent psychological disorders of today are anxiety and mood disorders along with schizophrenia. I will be analyzing these anxiety and mood disorders along with the psychological disorder called schizophrenia in this essay.
Today the topic of globalization is discussed within levels of government, politics, and the world’s working class. While there are some benefits to globalization, the negative effects of the process has many around the globe concerned.
Passwords play an important role in today’s society. They keep our personal information under lock from criminals and other malicious users. This is the exact reason why you should create a strong password...
A classic fairy tale takes on a whole new perspective in Anne Sexton’s poem, "Cinderella." Sexton’s perspective on the acclaimed childhood story is fairly different than what popular culture and the media wishes to present.
Have you ever wondered who invented the IQ test? An interest in intelligence has plagued man for thousands of years. In 1905, a French psychologist by the name of Alfred Binet made a “fundamental contribution to the measurement of intelligence” .
There is a great debate over the inefficiency of the United State’s energy policies.
Since the terrorists’ attacks of September 11, 2001, the topic of U.S. immigration has come into the arena of great debate. This debate brings into question, whether or not the U.S. should consider setting up a stricter initiative to enforce immigration laws for the purposes of national security.