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philosophos

Joined 10 years ago

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  • Averroes
    0

    Averroes

    6 years ago

    Averroes (1126-1198) is the Latin name of the Muslim philosopher Abu'l-Walid Muhammad Ibn Rushd. He was born in Cordoba of a distinguished Spanish Arab family. Having received a broad education both in Islamic studies and in the secular,...

  • Pythagoreanism
    1

    Pythagoreanism

    6 years ago

    By Pythagoreanism is meant both the political movement and the philosophical doctrine initiated by Pythagoras and developed by the Pythagoreans (his followers and their continuators).

  • Ernst Cassirer
    0

    Ernst Cassirer

    6 years ago

    Ernst Cassirer was a German philosopher, who was an important exponent of neo-Kantian philosophy and was particularly concerned with the function of symbols in human knowledge. He was born at Breslau, Lower Silesia, on July 28, 1874, and studied at...

  • William Godwin
    0

    William Godwin

    6 years ago

    William Godwin was a English political philosopher and man of letters. Godwin was born in Wisbeach, England, on March 3, 1756, the son of a dissenting minister. He grew up in the East Anglian tradition of religious radicalism that, given the...

  • Etienne Bonnot de Condillac
    0

    Etienne Bonnot de Condillac

    6 years ago

    Etienne Bonnot de Condillac was a French philosopher. A contemporary of Jean Jacques Rousseau and Denis Diderot, Condillac was the only philosopher of the Encyclopedist era to create a systematic theory of knowledge. He was strongly influenced by...

  • Peregrinus Proteus
    0

    Peregrinus Proteus

    6 years ago

    Peregrinus Proteus was a Greek philosopher and Christian preacher born in Parium, Mysia, Asia Minor, 95 A.D. After a debauched adolescence, during which he was suspected of patricide, Peregrinus migrated to Palestine, where he was converted to...

  • Eratosthenes
    0

    Eratosthenes

    6 years ago

    Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer, philosopher, and poet, whose varied talents earned him the epithet "pentathlete." Educated in Athens, he was called to Alexandria (about 245 B.C.) by Ptolemy III to serve as...

  • George Henry Lewes
    0

    George Henry Lewes

    6 years ago

    George Henry Lewes was an English writer, positivist philosopher, and intimate friend of George Eliot. He was born in London on April 18, 1817. He was in turn clerk, medical student, and student of philosophy in Germany. He returned to England in...

  • Pyrrhonism
    0

    Pyrrhonism

    6 years ago

    The founder of the philosophical school of Pyrrhonism and regarded as the father of Scepticism, Pyrrho (365-275 BC) was born in Elis, Greece. He was a pupil of Anaxarchus of Abdera and in about 330 began to teach philosophy in his native Elis. He...

  • Marcianus Aristides
    0

    Marcianus Aristides

    6 years ago

    Marcianus Aristides was Greek philosopher of the 2nd century A.D., who was considered to be the first Christian apologist. His name is also spelled Aristeides. He was known as Aristides of Athens. Nothing is known about his life except that he...

  • Neo-Platonism
    2

    Neo-Platonism

    2 years ago

    Neo-Platonism is the revival and transformation of Platonic philosophy. Primarily metaphysical with theological emphasis tending toward mysticism, Neo-Platonism started as a synthesis of Pythagoreanism, Platonism, Aristotelianism, and Stoicism,...

  • Neo-Pythagoreanism
    0

    Neo-Pythagoreanism

    2 years ago

    Neo-Pythagoreanism is a Hellenistic school of philosophy. While Neo-Pythagoreanism professed continuous descent from Pythagoreanism, yet it first appeared during the 1st century B.C. in Rome, whence it traveled to Alexandria (the sect's chief...

  • Marquis de Condorcet
    0

    Marquis de Condorcet

    6 years ago

    Marquis de Condorcet was a French mathematician and philosopher, who was one of the outstanding figures of the Enlightenment. A liberal and a humanitarian, he took an active part in the French Revolution. His writings on the progress of man deeply...

  • Conceptualism
    1

    Conceptualism

    2 years ago

    Conceptualism is a philosophical position about the existence of universals. Conceptualism holds that universals, or general concepts, such as "humanity" or "true," exist in the mind rather than in nature. Conceptualism stands midway between two...

  • Hermann Lotze
    0

    Hermann Lotze

    6 years ago

    Hermann Lotze was a German philosopher who set forth a teleological idealism that sought to include the laws of science as subordinate to moral ends and aesthetic values in the higher truths of man and the universe. Rudolf Hermann Lotze was born in...

  • Giovanni Gentile
    0

    Giovanni Gentile

    6 years ago

    Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher and educator, who, as minister of education (1922-1924 ) in Mussolini's first cabinet, reformed the entire Italian school system. As a philosopher, Gentile was both an important figure in the neo-Hegelian...

  • Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius
    1

    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius

    6 years ago

    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius, commonly called Boethius, was a Roman philosopher, statesman, and Christian theologian. His writings express both his classical and his Christian heritage. The last of the important Roman thinkers, he prepared...

  • Anthony Ashley Cooper
    0

    Anthony Ashley Cooper

    6 years ago

    Anthony Ashley Cooper, who became earl of Shaftesbury, was born at Exeter House, London, on February 26, 1671. He was a English moral philosopher. He did not create a complete philosophical system but concentrated on ethics and aesthetics. He was...

  • Pre-Socratic Philosophy
    0

    Pre-Socratic Philosophy

    6 years ago

    The most striking characteristic of this first phase of Greek philosophy is its preoccupation with such questions as the origin of the physical world; the nature and substance from which it evolved; the form of its main components (the earth and the...

  • What is Ontology?
    0

    What is Ontology?

    7 years ago

    Ontology is a branch of metaphysics that deals with reality itself, as apart from the subjective impressions and thoughts of the person who experiences it. The term was introduced by Christian von Wolff to designate a field of speculative thought...

  • Teleology
    1

    Teleology

    8 years ago

    Teleology is from the Greek telos, "end", is the explanation of a thing or event by its purpose, aim, or end- that is, by what it is for. Thus one might say that animals have eyes in order to detect distant enemies or prey- eyes, therefore, exist as...

  • Greek Philosopher Aenesidemus
    0

    Greek Philosopher Aenesidemus

    8 years ago

    Aenesidemus was a Greek philosopher of the 1st century B.C. Born at Knossos, Crete, he taught skepticism in Alexandria, Egypt. His writings, which are lost, included Kata sophias (Against Wisdom), Peri zeteseos (On Inquiry), and Prote eisagoge...

  • Victor Cousin
    1

    Victor Cousin

    8 years ago

    Victor Cousin (1792-1867), French philosopher and author, who constructed a philosophy that he called "eclecticism" and was a major influence on French education. He was born in Paris on November 28, 1792, and was a student at the ficole Normale of...

  • George Berkeley
    3

    George Berkeley

    8 years ago

    George Berkeley (1685-1753), Irish philosopher and bishop, who opposed the philosophic views of John Locke Berkeley was born near Kilkenny, Ireland, on March 12, 1685. Though Anglican in religion and of English stock, he always regarded himself as a...

  • What is Inhibition?
    3

    What is Inhibition?

    8 years ago

    Inhibition, in psychology, is restraint on an otherwise natural and spontaneous thought or action. In physiological psychology, inhibition is a normal regulatory function of the nervous system. Walking, for example, requires the coordinated...

  • Proclus
    1

    Proclus

    8 years ago

    Proclus was a Greek Neo-Platonic philosopher, born in Constantinople, 412 A.D.; died in Athens, 485. He studied in Alexandria with Olympiodorus the Elder and in Athens with Syrianus, whom he succeeded as head of the Academy. A man of devout...

  • What is Empiricism?
    1

    What is Empiricism?

    6 years ago

    Empiricism (from the Greek empeiria, trial, experience) is a philosophical term signifying a belief that actual sense-experience is the source of all ideas and excluding all possibility of a priori knowledge or conceptions. This view arose out of...

  • Greek Philosopher Bion
    3

    Greek Philosopher Bion

    8 years ago

    Bion was a Greek philosopher of the 3rd century B.C. He is best known for his Diatribae, a satirical work expounding the philosophy of "hedonistic Cynicism," which contended that the life of a Cynic, one who scoffed at all prevailing beliefs and...

  • Phenomenology
    3

    Phenomenology

    8 years ago

    Phenomenology is a philosophic method based on the conscious experience of phenomena. Phenomena include both acts (for example, perceiving, thinking, believing, and willing) and the things to which they are related (material objects, ideas, wishes)....

  • Auguste Rodin
    2

    Auguste Rodin

    8 years ago

    Auguste Rodin was a portrait sculptor, who, at his death, was perhaps the most famous contemporary artist in the world and who remains France's most distinguished sculptor. His importance rests on the role he played in releasing artistic expression...

  • Analytical Psychology
    1

    Analytical Psychology

    8 years ago

    Analytical psychology is a point of view developed by Carl Gustav Jung, who in 1912 broke away from Sigmund Freud and established his own system. Jung broadened the concept of the libido (psychic energy) to include all drives that lead to the...

  • Typology
    1

    Typology

    8 years ago

    Typology is the search for common elements or aspects of individuals, art productions, social organizations, and the like, whereby they may be grouped into logical arrangements. Human beings, for instance, may be typed according to physical or...

  • Composing The Perfect Hub
    2

    Composing The Perfect Hub

    8 years ago

    The typical "composition" is a short exercise in writing, often not exceeding 600 words. A written composition, like a musical etude, is a study in the presentation and development of a central theme. It is the bringing together of words and...

  • What is Subjectivism?
    5

    What is Subjectivism?

    8 years ago

    Subjectivism is the philosophical theory that ascribes to the individual mind or subject and its sensations,, ideas, attitudes, feelings, emotions, and beliefs a privileged or preeminent status in the world order and in our knowledge of that order....

  • Greek Philosopher Timon
    1

    Greek Philosopher Timon

    8 years ago

    Timon (320 B.C. to 230 B.C.) was a Greek philosopher of the Sophist school. He was born in Philus, Greece, and was a professional dancer until he embraced philosophy. After study with Stilpo, president of the popular philosophical school of Megara,...

  • Rhetoric
    6

    Rhetoric

    2 years ago

    Rhetoric is the art of speaking or writing effectively. Rhetoric is regarded primarily as the art of persuading or influencing others through the use of language. Originally limited by the ancient Greeks to the study of persuasion in public...

  • Claude Adrien Helvetius
    1

    Claude Adrien Helvetius

    8 years ago

    Claude Adrien Helvetius (1715-1771) was a French writer and philosopher. His ethical and social philosophy helped shape the school of utilitarianism later made famous by Jeremy Bentham. Helvetius was born in Paris on January 26, 1715, the son of...

  • Pointillism
    0

    Pointillism

    7 years ago

    Pointillism is a technique used by Neo-impressionist painters in France during the 1880's and 1890's. The terms pointillism and neoimpressionism are used interchangeably. The pointillist painters, however, prefer the terms "divisionism" or...

  • Greek Philosopher Aristippus
    0

    Greek Philosopher Aristippus

    8 years ago

    Aristippus (435 B.C. to 360 B.C.) was a Greek philosopher who founded the Cyrenaic or hedonist school. Born at Gyrene, Cyrenaica, he went to Syracuse where he taught rhetoric and was an attendant at the court of Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of...

  • Deduction
    0

    Deduction

    8 years ago

    Deduction, in the literary and philosophical use of the term, is reasoning, inference, or proof; more narrowly, in logic, it is demonstrative inference, reasoning from a more inclusive, or general, proposition (premise) to a less inclusive, or...

  • Greek Philosopher Archelaus
    0

    Greek Philosopher Archelaus

    8 years ago

    Archelaus was a Greek philosopher of the Ionian school. He was bom probably at Athens in the early 5th century B.C. Surnamed Physicus (the physicist) because of his devotion to physical science, he was a pupil of Anaxagoras, and according to Ion of...

  • Greek Philosopher Cleanthes
    0

    Greek Philosopher Cleanthes

    8 years ago

    Cleanthes (330-231 B.C.), was a Greek philosopher, who succeeded his teacher, Zeno, the founder of Stoicism, as the leader of the Stoic school. In early life Cleanthes had been a boxer, and he used his considerable strength for manual labor at...

  • Greek Philosopher Arcesilaus
    0

    Greek Philosopher Arcesilaus

    8 years ago

    Arcesilaus (316-241 BC), Greek philosopher, founder of the Middle Academy, born at Pitane in Aeolis. His doctrine, which is known only through the writings of others, was a form of agnosticism based on the conviction that intellectual certainty is impossible.

  • Cartesianism
    0

    Cartesianism

    2 years ago

    Cartesianism is the general philosophical approach of the followers of Descartes. The three major figures in this movement were Malebranche, Geulinex, and Arnauld. The chief problem raised by the dualism of Descartes is how to account for the...

  • A Priori versus A Posteriori
    0

    A Priori versus A Posteriori

    8 years ago

    A Priori and A Posteriori are two contrasting methods of reasoning. By an a priori argument was originally meant one from law or cause to effect; by a posteriori, one from effect to cause. Kant introduced a new distinction. Reasoning on the...

  • Absolutism
    0

    Absolutism

    8 years ago

    Absolute, in philosophy, is the concept of that which is complete in itself and includes everything within itself - the unconditioned, ultimate reality. The absolute is reducible or referable to nothing other than itself, and all things are...

  • The Poetics of Aristotle
    0

    The Poetics of Aristotle

    8 years ago

    The Poetics of Aristotle is a treatise by the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) on the nature of poetic art and the relation of poetry to reality. The 26 chapters which survive from what originally was a more extensive work address...

  • Eclecticism
    2

    Eclecticism

    7 years ago

    Eclecticism, in philosophy, is the principle of selecting and adopting views from various systems and uniting them into one composite system of thought. Among the earliest eclectics were Cicero, the Peripatetics, and the Neoplatonists. Eclecticism was popularized in 19th century France by Victor...

  • Atomism
    1

    Atomism

    8 years ago

    Atomism is the doctrine that the world is made up of small, indivisible (atomos is Greek for uncuttable) elements, goes back to the views of Democritus and Leucippus, and was adopted by Epicurus as reported by Lucretius. This ancient doctrine came...

  • Aristotelianism
    2

    Aristotelianism

    8 years ago

    Aristotle (384-322 BC), Greek philosopher and scientist, born at Stageira in Chalcidice, son of Nicomachus who had been physician to Amyntas II of Macedonia. In 367, at the age of 17, he went to Athens and became a member of the academy. Here he so...

  • Art For Art's Sake
    1

    Art For Art's Sake

    8 years ago

    Art For Art's Sake was the rallying cry of a group of 19th century artists, writers, and critics who formed a movement, also known as aestheticism, that defended the autonomy of art. Leaders of the movement in France were Theophile Gautier, Charles...

  • What is Cause?
    2

    What is Cause?

    8 years ago

    Cause, in the philosophy of Aristotle, is a special generic term referring to the four principles through which one arrives at knowledge of any entity. In distinguishing between the material, formal, efficient, and final causes of a substance, Aristotle attempted to take into account everything...

  • What is Causality?
    3

    What is Causality?

    2 years ago

    Causality, in philosophy, involves the eEect of one event, process, or entity upon another. It is the necessary connection of events through cause and effect.

  • Chess Strategy
    0

    Chess Strategy

    8 years ago

    This complex board game, which simulates warfare, is almost as old as civilization. It is played on a board of 64 squares, alternately white and black, arranged so that each player has a white square at his near right-hand corner. Each player has...

  • Chess Moves
    2

    Chess Moves

    8 years ago

    A chessboard is identical with a checkerboard, having 64 squares of two alternating colors. Unlike checkers, however, all of the squares are used in chess. Chessboards, as well as chessmen, may be any two contrasting colors. For convenience,...

  • Chess Rules
    0

    Chess Rules

    8 years ago

    In most chess games one side or the other must gain an advantage in strength, called a material advantage, before mounting an attack that leads to checkmate. Even the advantage of a single pawn may be enough to lead to a win, for the pawn may...

  • Chess History
    0

    Chess History

    8 years ago

    Chess is an ancient board game for two players, often called the royal game because of its preeminence as a contest of intellectual skill. Two opponents face each other across a checkered board and maneuver 16 chessmen apiece in a series of complex...

  • Knights Templar
    4

    Knights Templar

    8 years ago

    Knights Templar were a military order of the time of the Crusades. It was founded in Palestine in 1119 by a group of French knights to protect pilgrims to the Holy Places. The name derives from the fact that King Baldwin II of Jerusalem gave the...

  • Iconoclasm
    2

    Iconoclasm

    9 years ago

    Iconoclasm is the breaking of icons, or images, and the opposition to their religious use. Early Christians often used statues, pictures, and mosaics to depict sacred figures and events from Biblical history. The practice of revering images...

  • The Philosophy and Theology of 'Logos'
    2

    The Philosophy and Theology of 'Logos'

    8 years ago

    Logos is a Greek term important in the history of philosophy and theology. A Greek noun, it is usually translated as "word", and sometimes as "reason". It is perhaps best understood as a combined word-reason-meaning, signifying a structure and...

  • The Lord's Prayer
    2

    The Lord's Prayer

    9 years ago

    Lord's Prayer, sometimes called the Our Father or the Pater Noster, is the brief prayer that Jesus taught his disciples. The familiar English version, which consists of the address, seven (or six) petitions, doxology, and concluding "Amen," goes...

  • Finding Ideas For Your Hubs
    3

    Finding Ideas For Your Hubs

    8 years ago

    Before you begin to write an article you must have an idea. An idea is the first requisite to successful writing. You haven't any? Well, get one! In the first place, think of yourself. Interview yourself. What are your interests? What people have...

  • The Philosophy of Skepticism
    5

    The Philosophy of Skepticism

    9 years ago

    Skepticism is the rigorous questioning of beliefs to arrive at knowledge. The Greek philosopher Socrates was noted for skepticism, as was the French rationalist Rene Descartes. As a denial of the power of reason, an extreme version of skepticism may lead to the view that man can have only opinions,...

  • Paradox
    2

    Paradox

    9 years ago

    A paradox is a statement or argument that seems logically sound yet is self-contradictory or leads to an absurd conclusion. The word "paradox" is derived from a Greek word meaning "contrary to opinion." Paradoxes are studied by mathematicians,...

  • The Book of Genesis
    4

    The Book of Genesis

    9 years ago

    The book of Geneis is the first book of the Old Testament in the Bible. The name "Genesis", which means "beginning" (Hebrew: Bereshith, in the beginning), is derived from the Greek Septuagint translation of the 3rd century B.C. Strictly speaking, however, the name refers to the story of creation...

  • Be Mindful of the Tone of Your Writing
    10

    Be Mindful of the Tone of Your Writing

    9 years ago

    Tone is a general word which describes writers' attitudes toward their subject matter and audience. There are as many different kinds of tones as there are emotions. Depending on how the writer feels, an article may sound humorous, ironic,...

  • Greek Philosopher Plato
    3

    Greek Philosopher Plato

    9 years ago

    Plato, ancient Greek philosopher. Born Athens, Greece, about 428 B.C. Died Athens, about 347 B.C.

  • Epistemology: The Theory of Knowledge
    0

    Epistemology: The Theory of Knowledge

    7 years ago

    Epistemology is the philosophical examination of human knowledge. One of the central problems that faces an epistemologist, a philosopher engaged in the examination of knowledge, is how to refute the epistemological skeptic. Such a skeptic should be...

  • The Philosophy of Epicureanism
    2

    The Philosophy of Epicureanism

    9 years ago

    Epicureanism, school of Greek philosophy founded by Epicurus in the late 4th century BC. Opposing the idealistic and skeptical mood of the times, Epicurus wanted to provide security in an unsure world. He grounded his system on the uncontestability of sense experience; pleasure and pain are the...

  • The Philosophy of Stoicism
    0

    The Philosophy of Stoicism

    9 years ago

    Stoicism is an ancient philosophy stressing calm acceptance of fate and of God's universal plan. Stoicism was founded by Zeno of Citium in about 300 B.C. It gained followers during a period when Greek power was in decline before the rising power of the Macedonians and later of the Romans.

  • Hyksos
    0

    Hyksos

    9 years ago

    The Hyksos were foreign rulers of ancient Egypt, constituting the 15th and 16th dynasties. The name was first applied to them by Manetho, an Egyptian historian of the third century BC, who interpreted it to mean "shepherd kings", although it...

  • Iliad Epic
    0

    Iliad Epic

    9 years ago

    The greatest epic poem of classical Greece, attributed to Homer. Its subject is the wrath of Achilles and its disastrous consequences at the siege of Troy (also called Ilion, hence Iliad) about 1180 B.C. Much of the language is traditional, for Homer was largely an oral poet who composed in...

  • The Ego
    1

    The Ego

    9 years ago

    Ego, in classical psychoanalysis, is the portion of the personality that mediates between an individual's biological drives and the obstacles to those drives that are presented either directly or indirectly by the environment. Of the other uses of...

  • Neoplatonism
    0

    Neoplatonism

    9 years ago

    Neoplatonism is a mystical philosophy based on the ideas of the ancient Greek thinker Plato. It was founded by the philosopher and teacher Plotinus in the 3d century A.D.

  • Immanuel Kant
    4

    Immanuel Kant

    9 years ago

    Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher and one of the outstanding figures in modern Western philosophy. He founded the school of transcendalism holding that knowledge of the external world depends on sense-impressions co-ordinated by the reason, which operates according to 'a priori' principles.

  • What is Motivation?
    1

    What is Motivation?

    8 years ago

    Motivation is the state of moving or impelling. In psychology, motivation is a term used to describe and explain both the arousing or alerting of the organism and the subsequent directing of that organism's behavior. Simply, motivation is used to...

  • Michelangelo Buonarroti
    2

    Michelangelo Buonarroti

    9 years ago

  • What is Conditioning?
    0

    What is Conditioning?

    9 years ago

    Process by which people - and animals- learn to associate certain stimuli with particular experiences or activities, and so to respond to those stimuli in a particular way. There are several kinds of conditioning, all of which are concerned with associations between stimuli or responses. Some...

  • What is Logic?
    5

    What is Logic?

    8 years ago

    Logic is the science of correct reasoning. The purpose of logic is to help people to think without making mistakes and to reason easily and in an orderly manner. Logic is used, consciously or unconsciously, by every human being. It is applied in...

  • Natural Law
    5

    Natural Law

    9 years ago

    Natural law is a moral law that philosophers and theologians have taught is inherent in human nature, commanding what is right and forbidding what is wrong. They have held that while individual ideas of right and wrong may vary in detail from one...

  • British Philosophy
    3

    British Philosophy

    9 years ago

    Philosophy in the British Isles has for hundreds of years been distinguished by its empirical approach to philosophical questions. Empirical philosophers accept the evidence of their senses as the only trustworthy source of knowledge. They try to...

  • Leonardo da Vinci
    0

    Leonardo da Vinci

    9 years ago

    The outstanding genius of the Renaissance was Leonardo da Vinci whose talent was as diversified as any in history. Painter, architect, scientist, anatomist, inventor, engineer, mathematician and philosopher, he left to posterity a host of inventions, hundreds of drawings and a few great...

  • Aesthetics
    0

    Aesthetics

    9 years ago

    Aesthetics is the name given to the science or philosophy which is concerned with the beautiful and attempts to establish the principles and theories upon which works of art are based. The word is derived from the Greek aisthetikos (that which...

  • What is Idealism?
    11

    What is Idealism?

    8 years ago

    Idealism is the philosophical theory that reality is essentially mental or spiritual. Idealism is opposed to materialism, the theory that reality is physical. In philosophy there are two schools of idealism. The older school, which began with the...

  • What is Materialism?
    8

    What is Materialism?

    8 years ago

    Materialism in philosophy is the view that everything that exists is either composed of matter or depends on matter for its existence. Materialism is generally contrasted with idealism, which holds that ideas are real and stresses the importance of...

  • What is Pragmatism?
    1

    What is Pragmatism?

    9 years ago

    Pragmatism is the philosophical attitude that the validity of an idea lies in its practical consequences. Pragmatism is the first American philosophy developed independently of European schools of thought. Pragmatists have agreed with traditional...

  • Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire
    0

    Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire

    9 years ago

    Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire was a French poet, philosopher, historian, and dramatist. Born Paris, France, Nov. 21, 1694. Died Paris, May 30, 1778. Voltaire was the most important writer of 18th-century French literature. A great wit and...

  • What was the Renaissance?
    1

    What was the Renaissance?

    9 years ago

    Do you know what the word renaissance means? It is the French word for "rebirth." The Renaissance was a period of rebirth that took place in Europe between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. During the Middle Ages which preceded it, a great many things in life had been neglected. During the...

  • What is Theology?
    0

    What is Theology?

    24 months ago

    Theology is the study of God and of other elements from the point of view of their relation to God. In the second sense one may speak of a theology of history or a theology of law. The term comes from the Greek theologia, meaning the science of...

  • The Art of Falconry
    1

    The Art of Falconry

    9 years ago

    The art of hunting wild game using trained birds of prey is called falconry. The bird is trained to spot, catch and kill game, which is then retrieved by the hunter. Falconry is an ancient art which has been practised in south-west Asia for at least...

  • Modern Philosophy
    0

    Modern Philosophy

    9 years ago

    In medieval times philosophy took up a new role. The Greeks had lived before Christ and well before Christianity became an established religion. The most famous philosophers of the medieval period were Christians. Their belief in the existence of...

  • Greek Philosophy
    2

    Greek Philosophy

    9 years ago

    The story of philosophy begins in Greece. The ancient Greeks provided the world with some of its greatest philosophers. The most famous are Plato (427-347BC) and Aristotle (384-322BC), and Plato's teacher Socrates (469-399 BC). Before Socrates came...

  • What is Philosophy?
    0

    What is Philosophy?

    9 years ago

    The word itself comes from the Greek and means love of wisdom. In this sense philosophy is the study of the principles which underlie all knowledge. Throughout the ages, philosophers have asked a great many different questions. The oldest...

  • Greek Philosopher Socrates
    5

    Greek Philosopher Socrates

    9 years ago

    Socrates was a Greek philosopher and moralist. He wrote no philosophical works himself, but the discussions he held with the young men who gathered round him af­fected profoundly the subsequent development of philosophy, particularly through their influence on Plato. Philosophers before Socrates...

  • Xenophon: Anabasis Book III
    0

    Xenophon: Anabasis Book III

    2 years ago

    Tissaphernees (died 395 B.C.), was a Persian general and diplomat. When he became satrap of Lydia and Caria in 413 B.C., he drew Persia into the Peloponnesian War as an ally of Sparta against Athens, but his preference for intrigue rather than...

  • Xenophon: Anabasis Book I
    0

    Xenophon: Anabasis Book I

    7 years ago

    Clearchus (5th Century B.C.), Spartan general, whose tyrannical rule of Byzantium resulted in his overthrow. He joined Cyrus's Persian army, assisting him in the "expedition of the ten thousand" against his brother, King Artaxerxes. On the death of Cyrus at the battle of Cunaxa, 401 B.C., Clearchus...

  • Xenophon: Anabasis Book II
    0

    Xenophon: Anabasis Book II

    6 years ago

    Anabasis is Xenophon's account in seven books of the Greek expedition under Cyrus the Younger against Artaxerxes of Persia, and the subsequent retreat and adventures of the Greek mercenaries.

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