How to Help a Dog Fearful of Loud Noises
Why is Your Dog Fearful of Loud Noises?
Is your dog fearful of loud noises? Does you dog startle at the minimum noise? Is your dog fearfully reactive, barking and lunging at every sudden noise? Does your dog take cover when it hears the vacuum, the phone ring, a car pass by, the doorbell, or voices?
If yes, your dog may be leading a stressful live, being unable to rest and stay relaxed. Your dog may be missing out on some good REM sleep. If you look at your dog indeed, you may notice that even when he is sleeping he is alert and ready to react, almost as if living in a constant fight or flight state.
This fear may stem from various causes. If your dog just moved to a new home, it is normal for the first weeks to take some time to adjust to all the new smells, sounds, and sights. This should mellow down as the dog gets used to it, but it may take some time.
Some dogs have been traumatized by certain noises and have learned that by fleeing they are safe and therefore the hiding behavior reinforces each time.
Another possibility is your dog undergoing a second fear period. This takes place between 6 and 14 months of age. Dogs during this time are more reactive and fearful of things that may have never scared him before.
And then, there are those dogs weak -nerved by nature. In these cases, there may be little you can do about this if your dog has been this way since puppy-hood. You can however still try to classically condition your dog to noises you know for a fact to cause a fear response and below is listed how.
How to Help Your Accept (and Even Love!) Noises
For those who have studied psychology, Isaac Pavlov, discovered several years ago, that by ringing a bell before feeding dogs, the dogs were drooling in anticipation of the food. The dogs therefore had learned to associate the sound of the bell with food. You can try to change your dog's emotional state about noises by doing the same thing. Use noises to your advantage just as Pavlov did with the bell.
In other words, some high-value treats/food nearby your coach out of reach or in a treat pouch around your waist. Every time you hear a noise that you know startles your dog, immediately launch your dog a treat before it has time to react. If your dog is too tense to eat the treat, invest in higher value treats such as hot dogs, freeze dried liver, steak, etc.
Do this exercise very often, and then something magical will happen if you are devoted to this enough: when the dog hears the noise, the dog will look up to you for the treat rather than acting scared! The same can be applied to dogs fearful of thunder, the moment you see lightning, and hear the first rumbles give treats. Thunder predicts chicken, how great is that?
By doing this you have taught your dog to change its emotional state. This is called a conditioned emotional response. From the dog thinking ''A cell phone is ringing, how scary, better take cover!'' your dog will start thinking ''Yeahhh!! the cell phone is ringing, where's my treat, owner where's my treat!"
Warning: while counterconditioning works well, make sure to add systematic desensitization as well. Basically, don't expose your dog to overwhelming noises at first, otherwise you risk sensitizing (making your dog more fearful) rather than desensitizing. This risks setting your progress back a few steps.
Make sure your dog is under threshold. Start with low volume sounds at first and then upgrade gradually to lower volume sounds. Make sure to mix in some low volume sounds with the louder ones every now and then though as you progress so your dog's doesn't get stressed by predicting increasingly louder and louder sounds. Now this not always possible with sounds you cannot control such as thunder, but you can be in control by first letting your dog hearing recordings of thunder at low volume and then gradually increasing the volume.
A Hunter's Secret to Prevent Sound Sensitivity in Dogs
If you think about it, most dogs are terrified of loud noises. If you shoot a gun, most dogs will startle or run for their life.
Well, hunters have learned to train their dogs to love noises such as the noise of gunshots, no matter how loud it is. How? They make some quite chaotic noises right when they prepare to serve their dog's dinner.
They will therefore bang pots and pans, shut doors and storage bins, all for the purpose of desensitizing their dogs to loud noises. Because these scary sounds anticipate meal time, most dogs will start forming many positive associations with them. Then they gradually upgrade to louder noises, the noise of firearms in the distance before feeding. No hunter could work with a gun shy dog could they?
It's all about creating powerful associations! If you are not around for some time, and need to leave your dog alone with noises and are unable to create positive associations, try leaving the TV or radio on to create white noise. Your dog may be less reactive. It also may help letting your dog wear a Thundershirt. I know many of clients who use them successfully for their fearful dogs.
As seen, classical conditioning is a very powerful tool and we have to thank Isaac Pavlov and his drooling dogs for this! Be diligent enough, and your dog will soon love noises as they predict food and meals!
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© 2011 Adrienne Farricelli