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The 10 Most Ancient Dog Breeds

Updated on March 17, 2016
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Ancient Dog Breeds

Are you interested to know the ancient and oldest dog breeds? Though it’s difficult to say which breed is old? But based on their DNA reports and the breed history, you can predict the ancient and oldest breeds. Generally, we consider the dogs were domesticated from wolves around 15,000 years ago. But you can find out their presence in Indian, Egyptian and Israel’s history which is around 40,000 years old and it’s believed that they were the first domesticate dogs. Refer this article to know the 10 most ancient and wild dogs.

1: Indian Pariah Dog

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Pariah DogPariah Dog
Pariah Dog
Pariah Dog | Source
Pariah Dog
Pariah Dog | Source

Dogs were highly regarded in ancient India and in modern history, they have written history from 400 BC onwards. They were admired for their loyalty and well appreciated for their sincerity and dedication. Pariah dogs are a breed created by natural selection and they are naturally healthy and physically, mentally fit to survive and grow with less or without supervision. Indian Pariah dogs are one among the oldest dog breed. According to National geographic film "Search for the first dog", Probably Egyptian and Indian Pariah dogs were the first domesticated dog breed. Pariah dogs are available all over India, Pakistan, Bangladesh. As per recent DNA test report Pariah dogs are the genetic source for "Australian Dingos".

Presence of Indian Dogs in History. From era of Mahabharata since circa 400 BCE.

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The Mahabharata  (circa 400 BCE) , Yudhisthira Dog Story from Indian History.Hindu Destruction (guard) God Kalbhairav and his pet dog has presence in history since before BC Samwat.
The Mahabharata  (circa 400 BCE) , Yudhisthira Dog Story from Indian History.
The Mahabharata (circa 400 BCE) , Yudhisthira Dog Story from Indian History.
Hindu Destruction (guard) God Kalbhairav and his pet dog has presence in history since before BC Samwat.
Hindu Destruction (guard) God Kalbhairav and his pet dog has presence in history since before BC Samwat. | Source

2: Saluki

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The Saluki is an old dog breed of sighthound category, they are friendly, devoted and energetic dogs which have an exotic appearance. This breed is most appreciated for its elegance, stamina and speed. They are the natural athletes, which need a lot of exercise, While chasing their prey they can go around 30-35 miles per hour.
They are native from Egypt and commonly available in Turkestan and Turkey region. Salukis is the national dog of Egypt and also known as the Gazelle Hound, Arabian Hound, or Persian Greyhound.

Presence of Dogs in Egyptian History, Since 2150-1400 BCE

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Presence of dogs in egyptian History since, dated to 2150-1400 BCEPresence of dogs in egyptian History since, dated to 2150-1400 BCE
Presence of dogs in egyptian History since, dated to 2150-1400 BCE
Presence of dogs in egyptian History since, dated to 2150-1400 BCE | Source
Presence of dogs in egyptian History since, dated to 2150-1400 BCE
Presence of dogs in egyptian History since, dated to 2150-1400 BCE

3: The Canaan Dog - [Since 2200-2000 BC]

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Canaan DogCanaan Dog
Canaan Dog
Canaan Dog | Source
Canaan Dog
Canaan Dog | Source

Canaan Dogs are an ancient primitive type dog of Pariah category, originated from Israel. They have their presence in history from 2200-2000 BC onwards and they are the national dog breed of Israel.
Unfortunately, very less Canaan dogs are available, only around 2000 -3000 Canaan dogs are available across the word most of them are in Europe and America.
Canaan dogs are naturally healthy dogs which have a great survival capacity in desert and hot climate. Also, they are the great companion and guard dogs which were used by the Hebrews to herd and guard their flocks and encampments. They also do well in conformation, agility, and obedience.

Canaan Dogs, From 2200-2000 BC onwards

Old Picture of Canaan Dogs
Old Picture of Canaan Dogs | Source

4: New Guinea Singing Dog

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New Guinea Singing DogNew Guinea Singing Dog
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New Guinea Singing Dog
New Guinea Singing Dog | Source
New Guinea Singing Dog
New Guinea Singing Dog | Source

The New Guinea singing dog is an ancient wild dog that has rare and unique vocalization. Very few dogs of this breed are available and this breed is standard to endangered category. This dog was originates from the island of New Guinea from where they got their name and because of their unique vocalization they are named as New Guinea Singing Dog.


They are considered in wild dog category and not recommended as a house pet. Though usually they are gentle and affectionate with known people, but can be aloof with strangers.

Presence in History since, 3000 BCE.

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Popua Tribal Hunting with Dogs
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Popua Tribal Hunting with Dogs
Popua Tribal Hunting with Dogs | Source
Source

5: Basenji

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BasenjiBasenji
Basenji
Basenji | Source
Basenji
Basenji | Source

Basenjis are the hunting dogs of the sighthound group, originated from Congo, South Africa. This is an old breed that was created for hunting and to flush small game in a hunter's net. Basenji dog is an alert, quick and energetic, muscular and athletic dog of small-medium size that make a good house pet.
Basenji dog is also known for some of its unique and uncommon qualities like they don’t like wet weather. They like to chew and you need a lot of toys to chew. They are a great jumper and easily can get over fences. Also, they don’t bark, instead they make a low pitch ululation. And this dog likes to keep himself clean and fresh, like the cats.

History of Basenjis Dogs since, circa 1200 B.C.

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Ngozi Basenjis, Hunting with Dog
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Ngozi Basenjis, Hunting with Dog
Ngozi Basenjis, Hunting with Dog | Source
Source

6: Carolina Dog

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Carolina DogCarolina Dogwww.californiacarolinadogs.com
Carolina Dog
Carolina Dog | Source
Carolina Dog
Carolina Dog | Source
www.californiacarolinadogs.com
www.californiacarolinadogs.com | Source

Carolina Dogs are an American pariah Dog which is very similar to a small Australian Dingo and also known as American Dingos, Carolina Dingo, American Pariah. They are naturally selected dogs which were first discovered living as a wild dog or free roaming dog by Dr. I. Lehr Brisbin. Now these dogs are a well domesticated and excellent family pets and also recognized as a "Yellow Dog" in the Southern U.S.A.
The origin is yet not clear, but the latest DNS test shows, the DNA of Carolina dogs contained 10% and 35% pre-Columbian ancestry and rest from some mixed or unknown kind of ancient primitive dogs mainly from Asian primitive dogs.

7: Australian Dingo

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Australian DingoAustralian Dingo
Australian Dingo
Australian Dingo | Source
Australian Dingo
Australian Dingo | Source

Dingos are the golden or reddish-colored canids or wild dogs from Australia and also occurs in Southeast Asia. Though their origin is yet not specified. But as per recent DNA test report Pariah dogs are the genetic source for "Australian Dingos". Years back they were brought to Australia by Indian Sea feral.
Dingoes are yet not domesticated and live in wild. Usually Dingo males live alone but some can live in packs also. They are dependent on hunt and have great hunting instinct and tremendous stamina and energy. Also they do not bark like a dog, instead howls like a wolf.

8: Peruvian Hairless dogs

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Peruvian Hairless dogsPeruvian hairless dogs
Peruvian Hairless dogs
Peruvian Hairless dogs | Source
Peruvian hairless dogs
Peruvian hairless dogs | Source
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The Peruvian Hairless Dog is an ancient breed from Peru. Which originates from Peruvian pre-Inca cultures. It is known as an Incan dog because this dog breed was retained during the Inca Empire and also in pre-Inca cultures from the Peruvian coastal zone. This one among many other hairless dog breeds. A most accepted concept to be these dogs hairless, is the genes that cause hairlessness and less teeth than other breeds.
Peruvian Hairless dogs are loving, friendly and loyal companion that makes a good family pet but they are reserved with strangers. They are very protective of women and children in the family. They are typically lively, alert and friendly with other dogs.

9: Akita Dog

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Akita DogAkita Dog
Akita Dog
Akita Dog | Source
Akita Dog
Akita Dog | Source

The Akita is a giant, powerful and aloof and dominant kind ancient dog from Japan. There are two different kinds of Akita DOS are recognised the Japanese and American Akita, Japanese Akita is also known as Akita Inu and American Akita is known as an American Akita or Akita.
Japanese Akita Inu Dogs are an ancient dog breed from the island of Honshu in the region of Akita in Japan and considered a national dog of Japan.

10: Native American Indian Dog

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Native American Indian dogNative American Indian dog
Native American Indian dog
Native American Indian dog | Source
Native American Indian dog
Native American Indian dog | Source

The American Indian dog is a medium sized, lightly built, sturdy, self-caring and an intelligent dog of working category. They are well suitable for any extreme climate and need minimal grooming. The American Indian dog is very alert and sensible dog, that won’t bark or attack without reason. Also, they are very loyal and protective of family and owner that make them an excellent family and watchdog.

Ancient Dog Pictures

© 2015 ARADHYA

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    • srai01 profile image
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      ARADHYA 19 months ago

      Thanks Dr. mark,

      I too observed there are couple of article which are incorrect i saw an article on mnn.com and iheart.com they had listed Alopekis, Pekingese, Samoyed and Shih Tzu Oldest breed. That's deff. not correct as Samoyed is only 3000 yrs old dog breed and there are many other dogs aprt from my list which have ~10,000 old history, Including the most famous Tibetan mastiffs.

    • DrMark1961 profile image

      Dr Mark 19 months ago from The Beach of Brazil

      Good choices. I read a hub recently on ancient dog breeds and the writer chose to list the Irish Wolfhound, which is not an ancient breed at all.

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