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10 Interesting Horse Breeds

Updated on May 16, 2013

Horses are among the most iconic of creatures on the planet, and integral to the development of human civilization. Cavalry and horse races, horse-crazy girls, farm horses all parade through our histories. But in our modern day, many people see them as just boring animals.

With this list I hope to cultivate some interest in those who don't really care for horses, and of course, to please those who already do.

While this list is in no way exhaustive, nor are these breeds unique, they are interesting, and I hope you enjoy reading this as much as I enjoyed writing it.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Ahkal-Teke and rider.Ahkal-Teke jumping.Akhal-Teke showing signature coat.
Ahkal-Teke and rider.
Ahkal-Teke and rider. | Source
Ahkal-Teke jumping.
Ahkal-Teke jumping. | Source
Akhal-Teke showing signature coat.
Akhal-Teke showing signature coat. | Source

1: Akhal-Teke

The Akhal-Teke is one of the oldest breeds, developed in the deserts of Turkmenistan before 1600 AD. While some say they are mean-tempered, they are undoubtably among the best horses for endurance and have been used in countless breeding projects to try to enhance other horse breed’s gene pools.

Probably the most notable feature of the Akhal-Teke is the metallic sheen to its coat. Although it is present in all coat colors, it is most prominent in buckskins and palominos.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Arabian mare.Trotting Arabian colt.Arabian Horse skeleton.
Arabian mare.
Arabian mare. | Source
Trotting Arabian colt.
Trotting Arabian colt. | Source
Arabian Horse skeleton.
Arabian Horse skeleton. | Source

2: Arabian

Arabians, another ancient breed from the Middle East, dominate the world of endurance riding. They were developed by the Bedouin nomads for long rides under the hot sun. So valuable were these horses that the nomads would take them into their tents at night to guard against theft.

Fast and strong for their small size, Arabians can sometimes stand below the threshold of pony-horse height, making an exception to the rule needed, or some Arabians would be ponies.

Arabian horses also have one other quirk: they have 5 lumbar vertebrae and 17 pairs of ribs, while most horses have 6 lumbar vertebrae and 18 pairs of ribs.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Bashkir CurlyClose up of Bashkir Curly coat.Close up of Bashkir Curly mane.
Bashkir Curly
Bashkir Curly | Source
Close up of Bashkir Curly coat.
Close up of Bashkir Curly coat. | Source
Close up of Bashkir Curly mane.
Close up of Bashkir Curly mane. | Source

3: Bashkir Curly

This quirky breed is under some dispute over where it was developed. But the Bashkir Curly is apparently content to remain an enigma, its calm, even temperament is well loved amongst Curly owners.

Their name comes from the unique gene gives their coat, mane, and hair a strange twist. While it's not quite noticeable in summer, when the winter coat comes out, it’s hard not to notice.

Come claim the Bashkir Curly to be the only hypoallergenic horse but this has yet to be proven.

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A purebred Falabella.Falabella mare and foal.
A purebred Falabella.
A purebred Falabella. | Source
Falabella mare and foal.
Falabella mare and foal. | Source

4: Falabella

One of the smallest breeds of all time, the Falabella gets its name from the family that bred it. The notable thing about this breed is their size: full grown stallions are seldom taller than 34 inches (eight hands) at the withers. However, they are not considered ponies, simply miniature horses.

While Falabellas are too small to be ridden by any but the smallest children, they are excellent jumpers, and can clear obstacles as high as they are tall.

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Mustang gelding.A mustang herd.A group of mustangs by the road.
Mustang gelding.
Mustang gelding. | Source
A mustang herd.
A mustang herd. | Source
A group of mustangs by the road.
A group of mustangs by the road. | Source

5: Mustang

When the Spanish explorers arrived in America, they took horses with them. These were the ancestors of the mustang. While the mustangs lived (and continue to live) in a human-free environment, they are not wild, rather they are feral, due to their domestic ancestors.

Over half the population of mustangs can be found in Nevada, although there are also significant numbers in Montana, Wyoming, and Oregon.

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Shire horses harnessed to plow.A shire horse and its handler.Shire horse being used in forestry.
Shire horses harnessed to plow.
Shire horses harnessed to plow. | Source
A shire horse and its handler.
A shire horse and its handler. | Source
Shire horse being used in forestry.
Shire horse being used in forestry. | Source

6: Shire

The largest of all horses, the Shire towers over most men, the withers of an average stallion measure in at over 68 inches tall (17 hands).

The Shire horse has its beginnings in the dark ages, as a steed for knights whose heavy armor required the strongest of horses to carry them in battle. As gunpowder took the center stage of war, the Shire was quietly retired to draft work, and is now primarily used for pulling carts and loads. The Shire is also a popular marketing tool for ale breweries.

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A Przewalski's horse.A portrait of a Przewalski's horse.A herd of Przewalski's horses.
A Przewalski's horse.
A Przewalski's horse. | Source
A portrait of a Przewalski's horse.
A portrait of a Przewalski's horse. | Source
A herd of Przewalski's horses.
A herd of Przewalski's horses. | Source

7: Przewalski's Horse

There may be zebras and kiang, but the only truly wild horse left in the world is Przewalski’s horse, named after the Russian explorer Nikolai Przhevalsky.

Przewalski’s horses are generally small, with a stocky build, and dun in color.

The Przewalski’s horse almost went extinct in 1945, but they were saved by 9 horses held in captivity in zoos. In 2011, only 300 lived in the wild.

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A Rocky Mountain horse exhibiting the "chocolate coat".A Rocky Mountain horse head.A few Rocky Mountain horses.
A Rocky Mountain horse exhibiting the "chocolate coat".
A Rocky Mountain horse exhibiting the "chocolate coat". | Source
A Rocky Mountain horse head.
A Rocky Mountain horse head. | Source
A few Rocky Mountain horses.
A few Rocky Mountain horses. | Source

8: Rocky Mountain Horse

Despite the misleading name, this horse was bred in the Appalachian Mountains in Kentucky. This breed is sure-footed and easy-going, and loves people.

The Rocky Mountain Horse is one of the few horses that holds the right genes to have a chance of a “chocolate coat”, a silver-dapple gene on a black coat.

Though developed for draft purposes, the Rocky Mountain’s ambling gait makes it a comfortable trail horse, its primary use now-a-days.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Shetland pony harnessed to cart.Virginia miner bringing a working Shetland pony out of a mine.A 12-year-old strawberry roan with flaxen Shetland pony stallion is being rewarded with a I prize.
Shetland pony harnessed to cart.
Shetland pony harnessed to cart. | Source
Virginia miner bringing a working Shetland pony out of a mine.
Virginia miner bringing a working Shetland pony out of a mine. | Source
A 12-year-old strawberry roan with flaxen Shetland pony stallion is being rewarded with a I prize.
A 12-year-old strawberry roan with flaxen Shetland pony stallion is being rewarded with a I prize. | Source

9: Shetland Pony

This little fellow hails from the Shetland Isles, standing no higher than 44 inches (11 hands). Bred for draft work, the ponies found their early years filled with carts and plows. In the mid 19th century, coal mines found that Shetland ponies fit their needs well and, until the close of the last pony coal mine in 1971, Shetland ponies were coal mine ponies.

Today, Shetland ponies are favorite steeds of children, and make good pets. As they are considered very intelligent, many people train them as guide horses (like guide dogs).

Shetland ponies tend to be headstrong and cheeky, and the trainer is required to keep them well in hand.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
An Andalusian competing in jumping.A "cobra": a group of Andalusian mares handled by one trainer.Andalusian competing in dressage.
An Andalusian competing in jumping.
An Andalusian competing in jumping. | Source
A "cobra": a group of Andalusian mares handled by one trainer.
A "cobra": a group of Andalusian mares handled by one trainer. | Source
Andalusian competing in dressage.
Andalusian competing in dressage. | Source

10: Andalusian

The most famous show horse, the Andalusian horse or "Pure Spanish Horse", is among the most athletic, and enjoys learning new moves and new tricks.

Up until recent times, Andalusians were war-horses, expected to be strong, enduring horses for carrying knights into battle. While cavalry has fallen out of fashion, the Andalusian has not, finding a niche in entertaining the masses with its incredible agility in synchronized horse shows.

Horse Breeds on a Map

show route and directions
A markerAkhal-Teke Origin -
Turkmenistan
get directions

B markerArabian Origin -
Arabia
get directions

C markerFalabella Origin -
Buenos Aires, Argentina
get directions

D markerMajority of Mustangs -
Nevada, USA
get directions

E markerShire Origin -
England, UK
get directions

F markerPrzewalski's Horse Origin -
Mongolia
get directions

G markerRocky Mountain Horse Origin -
Appalachian Mountains
get directions

H markerShetland Pony Origin -
Shetland Island, United Kingdom
get directions

I markerAndalusian Origin -
Iberian Peninsula
get directions

Which of These Horses is Your Favorite?

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Comments

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    • norlawrence profile image

      Norma Lawrence 24 months ago from California

      Great article and beautiful pictures. I started showing horses when I was 8 years old. I have always had them and love them.

    • Jordan Hake profile image
      Author

      Jordan Hake 5 years ago from Southwest Missouri, USA

      Thanks, Zsuzsy, I'm glad you enjoyed it!

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 5 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Great hub, great info and great pictures.

      Thank you for sharing.

      regards Zsuzsy

    • Jordan Hake profile image
      Author

      Jordan Hake 5 years ago from Southwest Missouri, USA

      Thanks, billybuc. Enjoy your new horse once you get it!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 5 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I love horses and I'll have another one in a couple years when we move to the country. We had an Arabian once, and a Morgan, and I've helped friends with their thoroughbreds from time to time...did I say that I love horses? Well, I do! :)

      Love the hub my friend.

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