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10 Reasons Why You Should NOT Let Your Cat Go Outside

Updated on February 5, 2015

The Dangers of Letting a Cat Outside

Did you know that the average lifespan of an outdoor cat is between 3 to 5 years? Yes it's true that many cats that live outdoors can live a lot longer than that, but the reason that the statistic is so low is because every time a cat is put outside, his or her life is put at risk: from animals, the elements, people and diseases. Allowing a cat to go outside doesn't just put the animal at risk either, an unsupervised cat is also a destructive force to gardens and ecosystems. In many areas environmentalists are trying to make laws that forbid people from letting their cats outside.

A lot of people assume that it's natural for cats to be put outside, but the thing is, it isn't natural and it's pretty dangerous to them, it's bad for other animals and a lot of people don't realize that cats make a mess outside. There are a lot of reasons why cats should not be let outside, and a lot of myths associated with taking care of cats.

Cons of Outdoor Cats
Cons of Outdoor Cats
House Cat: How to Keep Your Indoor Cat Sane and Sound
House Cat: How to Keep Your Indoor Cat Sane and Sound

Great ideas for the indoor house cat: activities to keep your cat from being bored.


House Cat: All you need to know about taking care of an indoor cat

Many people believe that cats must go outdoors to have a healthy lifestyle, but this is simply not the case. Cats can live productive lives while living indoors. Learn how to keep your cat safe and happy, in the comfort of your home!

1) They Can Get Hit by a Car

You might think that this only applies to busy roads, but you don’t need to live near a highway for your cat to run the risk of getting hit by a car. Anytime your cat crosses the street it runs the risk of being killed. Some people argue that their cat knows about street safety and is aware of the cars around them: but it only takes one mistake for a cat to get run over. Don’t assume that the car will always see your cat or that your pet is smart enough to avoid traffic.

Just yesterday evening I was walking down the street with my dog. On my street is a house that always let’s their cat outside. He’s a very sweet, good natured cat and when his owners go for walks he always follows them on the side of the road. Yesterday he was outside on his own, across the street at another house, when I happened to be walking by. It was at this moment that he decided that he wanted to cross the street and head home. Just as he was about to cross, a car was coming. The car slammed on it’s brakes and barely missed the cat. I have seen cats get run over by cars before, both in busy streets and in rural areas, and I am very happy that I didn’t see it happen to a cat that I know very well.

Does Your Cat go Outside?

Do you let your cat outside?

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2) Other Animals Can Hurt Your Cat

Cats are in danger of being hurt or killed by other animals

Whenever you let your cat go outside, they are in danger because of other animals in the area. Depending on where you live, there are a variety of wild animals that will hurt or kill a cat: coyotes, wolves, foxes, hawks, owls, raccoons and skunks, just to name a few. Your pet runs the risk of being attacked by dogs and even other cats.

Feral cat
Feral cat

3) Diseases and Health Issues

A cat can get sick from going outside

There are a lot of diseases that cats can get by going outside and coming in contact with other felines. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is the feline equivalent of HIV in humans, it spreads through bites and scratches by infected cats. A cat with FIV has a compromised immune system and is more susceptible to other illness.

Feline Leukemia virus (FeLV) is another serious illness that infected cats can transmit to healthy cats. It can be transmitted through saliva and close contact with sick cats. Cats that frequently come into contact with other cats run a high risk of becoming infected. FeLV is very serious due to the fact that it can be fatal.

By going outside, cats also run the risk of getting rabies, as well as parasites (such as fleas, ticks, lungworm and tapeworm) and fungus (such has ringworm). Not all vaccinations protect felines from disease and health issues and they still run the risk of infection.

4) Cats Make a Mess

There are lots of risk factors for a cat, when it goes outside, but that's not the only reason why cats shouldn't be allowed to roam the neighborhood. If you have a cat, you know how awful it can be to clean a stinky litter box. Now imagine that you are a neighbor that found cat poop in your tomato garden or in your flower bed. Every time you let your cat outside, there's a good chance that they are using the outdoors as their bathroom. It could be in someone’s garden, a child’s sandbox or even in carport or a shed. If your cat is going to the bathroom on your neighbors property they have probably noticed and aren’t too happy with it, which brings me to my next point:

5) Some People Hate Cats

Protect your felinef from awful people.

There are many people out in the world that don't like cats, and some of these people will try to hurt animals whenever given the chance. It’s heartbreaking to lose a pet, but it’s a thousand times worse if you lost them because someone intentionally hurt your pet. I work at an animal shelter, and have seen some cats that have been poisoned, tortured or killed by vengeful neighbors. When you put your cat outside you leave it at the mercy of these sick individuals.

Do you think the outdoors is dangerous for a cat?

No, not at all!

No, not at all!

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    • Snake 2 weeks ago

      Most cats are born to be hunters, explorers and trouble-makers. It is unfair to keep them inside 100 percent. My cat and her kittens live outside with a small chicken-coop shed--that has been turned into a little cat shelter--for a house, in an acreage. They play and run in the lilac bushes and in the fenced in area by the shed, and Snake watches for danger and hunts prey for them to practice killing. The only dangers are other cats, possibly dogs and coyotes and bad weather. And they can easily hide from the dogs, coyotes and bad weather. Snake chases away the other cats (namely her own mom Raini, who won't fight back). We feed them wet and dry food, and they are very safe in the acreage.

    • Katie Hazel 2 years ago

      Donna it isn't sad, cats should not be left outside alone. It is dangerous for them and for other animals. I can tell you did not read the entire article because if you did read the article you would have noticed that I said cats CAN go outside, but they must be supervised, I also recommended taking your cat out on a leash or making sure it is wearing a special collar to let birds know that they are around. Most dogs are not let outside loose by themselves to roam the neighbourhood... and there is nothing sad about that, so I don't see why you think it is so bad for cats. People get very defensive when it comes to cats but the truth of the matter is that cats are becoming a very serious problem for birds... do you think it is ok that cats are killing birds, and many species of birds are becoming endangered because of this? Cats don't kill to eat, they kill for fun. Environmental issues aside, a cat is in danger from disease, poison, cars and other animals if it is left alone to roam outdoors.

    • Donna Julien 2 years ago

      Please if you can let your cat out cats are smart I had a little girl Tabby for 20 years and she was fine out and about.

      If you are in an apartment high up you can teach them to get to you too or walk them on a leash.

      Cats need to hunt jump get fresh air they even self medicate with grasses and herbs.

      How would you like to be locked up for the whole of your life.

      This is ridiculous seriously sad

    Yes, it can be!

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      • dude 19 months ago

        so true!!! my cat is not going outside anymore

      • Susan Deppner 3 years ago from Arkansas USA

        We have coyotes in our area. Definitely dangerous for a cat!

      6) Cats Can Get Trapped or Lost

      Sometimes a feline doesn’t come back home because they have lost their way or they got trapped somewhere. Have you heard the song “the cat came back?” Well not every cat has amazing directional skills, and therefore they aren’t guaranteed to return if they wander too far from home. It’s also very common for cats to get trapped somewhere: up a tree, in someone’s garage, even in the engine of a car! Once they get into a tight space, it’s hard for them to get out. If no one discovers them, they can starve to death or die from exposure to the elements.

      I once had a scrawny cat come to my house. I could tell that she was hungry so I fed her and then called the owners (her collar had her phone number on it). She had been missing for a week and the owners had been worried sick! The most surprising thing for me and the owners, was that they lived only a few blocks away but the cat never found it’s way back home.

      7) Cat Overpopulation: Cats Reproduce Very Quickly

      Don't let them out if they haven't been fixed.

      This only applies to cats that aren't fixed, so if your pet isn't spayed or neutered don't let them go outside. Female cats can become pregnant when they are just kittens: as early as when they are 4 months old! A few months later they give birth to a litter of kittens. Even while they are nursing their babies, a female can become pregnant again. Cats reproduce at a phenomenal rate. Due to the lack in regulations, cat overpopulation is a major concern. The Humane Society of the United States estimates that over 2 million healthy dogs and cats are euthanized every year because of pet overpopulation (Source). Spaying and neutering a cat is the best way to control pet overpopulation, and if your pet isn't fixed it's best to keep them inside.

      Cats are destroying song bird populations
      Cats are destroying song bird populations

      8) Cats are Decimating Bird Populations

      They kill birds, lizards and other small animals.

      It’s no secret that cats are small predators and that they enjoy hunting and killing. Even a well fed housecat will prey on birds and other animals for sport. In Canada, it’s estimated that cats are the number one cause of bird deaths and that approximately 1 to 4 billion birds are killed every year in the United States (Source). It’s no wonder that environmentalists are concerned about the impact that domestic cats have on ecosystems. The issue of cats killing small animals indiscriminately is a cause for great concern.

      Use a Bell to Warn Birds and Locate Your Cat - Get a bell for their collars

      If you want to help protect birds from being killed by cats, make sure your cat is wearing a bell on his or her collar. It will warn the birds of impending danger, and it's also a great way to keep track of where your cat is when if it goes outside.

      9) They Could be Poisoned

      Antifreeze, poisons and toxins

      An outdoor cat is exposed to a variety of substances, and some of them are deadly. Antifreeze is a real danger: cats are attracted to the taste and smell of it. Ingesting antifreeze can cause kidney failure and death, even in a healthy cat.

      There are other harmful substances that a cat can come into contact with, such as pesticides and chemicals. There are even plants that are poisonous to cats and there is no way to control their interactions with poisons and toxins.

      10) Letting a Cat go Outside Reduces Their Lifespan

      Every time a cat goes outside, they run the risk of being harmed or killed. Statistically an outdoor cat lives between 3 and 5 years. Contrast that with an indoor cat that lives significantly longer: 10 to 15 years. While not every cat that goes outside will be killed, the chance of being harmed is very high. Keeping them safe in your home adds years to their lives, and gives them more time to spend with you.

      If You Let Your Cat Outside: Tips for Outdoor Cats

      There are exceptions to the above dangers and cats can go outside in the right types of conditions. If you are around and can make super your cat is safe, perfect! But if you can't supervise your cat, it's probably not a good idea to let them go outside.

      If your cat is going outside:

      • Always supervise your cat to make sure they are safe
      • Make sure their vaccinations are up to date
      • Make sure they are spayed or neutered
      • Attach a bell to their collar to alert birds and other animals that a predator is nearby
      • Keep them in a fenced in yard, in an enclosure or an a leash.

      How to Make a Cat Enclosure

      Kitty Holster Cat Harness, Small/Medium, Red Bandana
      Kitty Holster Cat Harness, Small/Medium, Red Bandana

      Cat holster harness allows your cat to go outside with you and prevents them from running away.


      Get Your Cat a Harness and Leash

      A cat harness is the perfect solution if you want your cat to go outside with you, but you are worried about their safety. A well made harness ensures that they won't be able to wiggle out of it and it protects them from the dangers of being outside.

      What do you think? - Leave your feedback here

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        • SusanDeppner profile image

          Susan Deppner 3 years ago from Arkansas USA

          My indoor cats have lived wonderful, happy, long lives. Our current cat is 20 and has never had an interest in going outside.

        • Katie Hazel profile image

          Katie Hazel 3 years ago

          @SusanDeppner: 20 years old is a long time! It sounds like your cats have a great home :)

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          ?????? 2 years ago

          Cats rule dogs drool!

        • profile image

          duddee 19 months ago

          so true

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