ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

20 Most Endangered Species in the Philippines

Updated on August 14, 2016

While the Philippines is considered to have one of the world's richest ecosystems, it is also one of the countries with the most threatened and endangered plant and animal life. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, or IUCN, as well as other international environmental organizations has been in constant coordination with the local government to preserve the country's wildlife and environment.

Through the years, industrialization, deforestation, and commercial and residential land clearing have increased the list of threatened and endangered species in the Philippines. Another common cause is excessive hunting to be used for food, commerce, and as pets.

1. Endangered Plant : Kris plant (scientific name: Alocasia sanderiana)
1. Endangered Plant : Kris plant (scientific name: Alocasia sanderiana) | Source
2. Apitong (scientific name: Dipterocarpus grandiflorus)
2. Apitong (scientific name: Dipterocarpus grandiflorus) | Source
4. Dayungon (scientific name: Agathis philippinensis)
4. Dayungon (scientific name: Agathis philippinensis) | Source
5. Dau Rai (scientific name: Dipterocarpus alatus)
5. Dau Rai (scientific name: Dipterocarpus alatus) | Source
6. Endangered Plant : Apnit or Bagtikan - Parashorea malaanonan
6. Endangered Plant : Apnit or Bagtikan - Parashorea malaanonan | Source
7. Yakal (scientific name: Shorea astylosa)
7. Yakal (scientific name: Shorea astylosa) | Source
8. Mayapis Tree (scientific name: Shorea palosapis)
8. Mayapis Tree (scientific name: Shorea palosapis) | Source
9. Philippine Teak (scientific name: Tectona philippinensis)
9. Philippine Teak (scientific name: Tectona philippinensis) | Source
10. Dinagat pitcher plant (scientific name: Nepenthes bellii)
10. Dinagat pitcher plant (scientific name: Nepenthes bellii) | Source

How do you feel about endangered species?

See results

Although there are many programs currently in place all over the country, all known most endangered species in the Philippines are still classified as such until a significant improvement on the populations of the threatened plants and animals are scientifically confirmed.

Shown below are 20 of the most endangered species in the Philippines (10 plants and 10 animals) based on the IUCN Red List.

I. Most Endangered Plants in the Philippines

Most, if not all, of these plants are threatened and endangered because of human disruption to their natural habitat, unregulated harvesting, and illegal logging.

  1. Kris plant (scientific name: Alocasia sanderiana)

    Declared as critically endangered by the IUCN, this large-leafed, ornamental plant is indigenous to the provinces of Misamis Occidental and Bukidnon in the Philippines. It is called “kris” because of its uncanny likeness to the country's ancient wavy broad sword used by its natives for combat during olden times.

  2. Apitong (scientific name: Dipterocarpus grandiflorus)

    Another critically endangered Philippine plant species according to the IUCN, the apitong is a medium hardwood tree endemic to the countries of Southeast Asia and India. It is used to produce many types of commodities such as lumber, paper, and charcoal.

  3. Dalingdingan (scientific name: Hopea malibato)

    Dalingdingan is a critically endangered tree species in the Philippines, according to IUCN. It is known in the fields of chemistry and medicine as its leaves produce oligostilbenes that are said to have HIV-inhibitory properties. This tree is indigenous to the Philippines.

  4. Dayungon (scientific name: Agathis philippinensis)

    This large, coniferous evergreen tree is native to the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It can grow up to 65 meters tall and is commonly used to reforest barren lands because it can tolerate acidic and infertile soil. It is classified as vulnerable by the IUCN.

  5. Dau Rai (scientific name: Dipterocarpus alatus)

    This is a tropical forest tree endemic to the Southeast Asian nations of Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and the Philippines. They are usually found planted beside riverbanks. Its wood is highly sought-after to be used in making top quality furniture. The bark is also popular for its medicinal properties that are known to alleviate rheumatism and liver diseases. It is tagged as an endangered species by the IUCN.

  6. Apnit or Bagtikan (scientific name: Parashorea malaanonan)

    An IUCN tagged critically endangered large tree species found in the Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei. It can grow to as much as 60 meters in height. It is mainly used for its timber.

  7. Yakal (scientific name: Shorea astylosa)

    Yakal is a medium-large tree that is endemic to the Philippines. It is considered critically endangered by the IUCN. It is commonly found in the lowland forests of the islands of Luzon, Negros, Samar, and Mindanao. Its wood is known for its high level of strength and is used for constructing houses, bridges, and other structures requiring durable lumber.

  8. Mayapis (scientific name: Shorea palosapis)

    Also called Philippine mahogany, this is another large tree species that is indigenous to the Philippines. It is included in IUCN's list of critically endangered species in the Philippines. Its wood is commonly exported because of its strength.

  9. Philippine Teak (scientific name: Tectona philippinensis)

    A small-medium species of tree that is indigenous to the islands of Luzon and Iling in the Philippines. Its wood is also mainly used in construction. It is listed as a critically endangered Philippine plant by IUCN.

  10. Dinagat pitcher plant (scientific name: Nepenthes bellii)

    This plant is a carnivorous plant that is endemic to Dinagat Island and Northern Mindanao in the Philippines. Listed as an endangered species by the IUCN, it usually grows in the sides of cliffs and roads spilling into lowland forests.

1. Endangered Animals : Pawikan Or Hawksbill Sea Turtle (Scientific Name: Eretmochelys Imbricata)
1. Endangered Animals : Pawikan Or Hawksbill Sea Turtle (Scientific Name: Eretmochelys Imbricata) | Source
2. Haribon or Philippine eagle (scientific name: Pithecophaga jefferyi)
2. Haribon or Philippine eagle (scientific name: Pithecophaga jefferyi) | Source
3. Tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf buffalo (scientific name: Bubalus mindorensis)
3. Tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf buffalo (scientific name: Bubalus mindorensis) | Source
4. Dugong or sea cow (scientific name: Dugong dugon)
4. Dugong or sea cow (scientific name: Dugong dugon) | Source
5. Mindoro crocodile (scientific name: Crocodylus mindorensis)
5. Mindoro crocodile (scientific name: Crocodylus mindorensis) | Source
6. Butanding or whale shark (scientific name: Rhincodon typus)
6. Butanding or whale shark (scientific name: Rhincodon typus) | Source
7. Palawan horned frog (scientific name: Megophrys ligayae)
7. Palawan horned frog (scientific name: Megophrys ligayae) | Source
8. Giant golden-crowned flying fox (scientific name: Acerodon jubatus)
8. Giant golden-crowned flying fox (scientific name: Acerodon jubatus) | Source
9. Pilandok or Philippine mouse deer (scientific name: Tragulus nigricans)
9. Pilandok or Philippine mouse deer (scientific name: Tragulus nigricans) | Source
10. Visayan or Philippine spotted deer (scientific name: Rusa alfredi)
10. Visayan or Philippine spotted deer (scientific name: Rusa alfredi) | Source

II. Most Endangered Animals in the Philippines

The same with endangered plant species, the animals mentioned here are threatened because of habitat destruction, deforestation, and poaching.

  1. Pawikan or Hawksbill sea turtle (scientific name: Eretmochelys imbricata)

    The pawikan, as it is locally called, is a global critically endangered species, as classified by IUCN. These herbivores are common in the tropical waters of the Philippines.

  2. Haribon or Philippine eagle (scientific name: Pithecophaga jefferyi)

    Also called the monkey-eating eagle, it is one of the largest and most powerful bird species on the planet. It is the Philippines' national bird and is endemic in the southern part of the country. It is tagged as critically endangered by the IUCN.

  3. Tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf buffalo (scientific name: Bubalus mindorensis)

    Indigenous to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines, these bovines are formerly widespread in the mountainous areas of the province. Due to habitat loss they were forced to migrate to the lowlands and are then kept in captivity. Now, they are critically endangered as tagged by the IUCN.

  4. Dugong or sea cow (scientific name: Dugong dugon)

    The dugong is commonly found in the tropical waters of the Philippines, Indian Ocean, and Western Pacific Ocean. It is classified as vulnerable by the IUCN.

  5. Mindoro crocodile (scientific name: Crocodylus mindorensis)

    Another animal indigenous in the island Mindoro in the Philippines, it is tagged as critically endangered by IUCN. It is also called the Philippine freshwater crocodile.

  6. Butanding or whale shark (scientific name: Rhincodon typus)

    The whale shark is one of the world's endangered species and can be found in almost all tropical waters around the globe. In the Philippines it is called butanding and is listed vulnerable by the IUCN.

  7. Palawan horned frog (scientific name: Megophrys ligayae)

    This type of frog is indigenous to the islands of Palawan and Balacbac in the Philippines. They are classified as endangered by the IUCN.

  8. Giant golden-crowned flying fox (scientific name: Acerodon jubatus)

    Also known as the golden-capped fruit bat, this native bat from the Philippines is one of the world's largest. It is tagged as endangered by the IUCN.

  9. Pilandok or Philippine mouse deer (scientific name: Tragulus nigricans)

    Classified by IUCN as endangered, these are also endemic to the islands of Palawan and Balacbac. They are usually the subject of local folklore, but are mostly hunted for their meat.

  10. Philippine spotted deer (scientific name: Rusa alfredi)

    Also known as the Visayan spotted deer, this animal is indigenous to the islands of Panay and Negros in the Philippines. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN.

Do you know this endangered species list?

See results

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Vincent 

      22 months ago

      Ty for this page Im done w/ my homework :)

    • profile image

      For Homeworks! 

      2 years ago

      Need more though... But, thanks! :D

    • lrdl3535 profile image

      Richard Lindsay 

      2 years ago from California

      Good post, most people only think of animals becoming extinct. So adding plants to your post is good to see.

    • Cool Rare Animals profile imageAUTHOR

      Cool Rare Animals 

      4 years ago

      Yes mantalitch, you are right!

      Thank you :)

    • mentalitch profile image

      mentalitch 

      4 years ago from United States

      It's really sad that these species are on the brink of extinction. Many of these animals are poached and the trees are gradually disappearing. If only there are more jobs for people then they don't have to hunt and poach for a living.

      Really interesting hub!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)