ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Pets and Animals»
  • Exotic Pets

The 25 Wolves of the World

Updated on September 16, 2017

Basically, there are three species of wolves in the world,

- Gray wolf (Canis lupus),
- The red wolf (Canis Rufus),
- And the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis)

The Gray wolf is the most common wolf of the world. Know, these wolves and their subspecies.
.

1. Gray Wolf

 Gray Wolf
Gray Wolf | Source

The gray wolf is also known as grey wolf, timber wolf and western wolf, is the native to remote areas of Eurasia and North America.The most of the modern dog breeds are developed from them.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus
Native/Available
North America and Eurasia
Height
26-32 inches
Weight
Average, 25-60 kg (90 to 110 pound)
Life Span
5 - 6 years (In the wild)

2. Arctic Wolf

Arctic Wolf
Arctic Wolf | Source

The Arctic wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf and also known as Melville Island wolf that have presences in Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Melville Island to Ellesmere Island.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus arctos
Native/Available
Melville Island to Ellesmere Island
Height
25 - 30 inches (63 - 76 centimeters)
Weight
75 and 120 pounds (34 - 54 kilograms)
Life Span
5 - 6 years (In the wild)

3. Arabian Wolf

Arabian Wolf
Arabian Wolf | Source

The Arabian wolf is a subspecies of Gray wolf that is also known as Desert wolf, is a native to the Arabian peninsula.

Arabian wolf is one among the smallest sized wolves.

Physical traits and information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus
Native/Available
Melville Island to Ellesmere Island
Height
80-85 cm (32-34 in)
Weight
13-86 kg (29-190 lb)
Life Span
16 to 20 years in captivity, and 8 to15 years in the wild.

4. Mexican Wolf

arizonahighways.files.wordpress.com
arizonahighways.files.wordpress.com | Source

The Mexican wolf is a sub species of Gray wolf that is also known as the lobo, native to Mexico and available in Southeastern Arizona, western Texas.

Mexican wolves have 2 subspecies,

Mexican Gray Wolf
Mexican Red Wolf

They are identified one among the most endangered canid, only 350 Mexican wolves in the world today.

Mexican wolves are the friendliest among wolves species.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus baileyi
Native/Available
Mexico
Height
26-32 Inches
Weight
27 - 45 kilograms (60 to 80 pounds)
Life Span
16 to 20 years in captivity, and 8 to15 years in the wild.

5. Alaskan Tundra Wolf

http://bearizona.com
http://bearizona.com | Source

The Alaskan tundra wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf that is also known as the barren-ground wolf. They are native to the barren grounds of the Arctic Arctic Coast region from near Point Barrow eastward toward Hudson Bay and probably northwards to the Arctic Archipelago.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus tundrarum
Native/Available
Alaska (Mainly around Canada)
Height
28 to 38 inches
Weight
85 to 176 pounds
Life Span
7 -9 years in captivity

6. Tundra Wolf

Tundra Wolf
Tundra Wolf | Source

The Tundra Wolf is a subspecies of Grey Wolf that is also known as the Turukhan wolf. They are the native to Eurasia's tundra and forest-tundra zones from Finland to the Kamchatka Peninsula.

Tundra wolf and Alaskan Tundra Wolf, are recognized as two separate subspecies of wolf.

Some people believe the tundra wolf and Arctic wolf, are same.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus albus
Native/Available
Finland
Height
28 to 38 inches
Weight
45 - 57 kilograms (100 to 125 pounds)
Life Span
7 -8 years in captivity

7. African Golden Wolf

African golden wolf
African golden wolf | Source

The African golden wolf is also known as the golden wolf, African wolf or thoa, native to north and Northeastern Africa. They were called Golden Jackals, till the scientists identified them as a wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis anthus
Native/Available
Africa
Height
Average, 40 Cm.
Weight
7 -15 kg (15 - 33 lb)
Life Span
NA

8. Egyptian Wolf

Egyptian Wolf
Egyptian Wolf | Source

The Egyptian wolf is comparatively slender and small wolf, which is a subspecies of African golden wolf and native to northern, eastern and western Africa.

The Egyptian jackal is actually a wolf, which was considered a rare sub-species of the golden jackal.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis anthus lupaster
Native/Available
Africa
Height
16 to 20 inches
Weight
7 -15 kg (15 -33 lb)
Life Span
NA

9. The Eurasian wolf

Russian Wolf
Russian Wolf | Source

The Eurasian Wolf is a subspecies of the Grey Wolf and also known as the Common Wolf, European Wolf, Carpathian Wolf, Steppes Wolf, Tibetan Wolf and Chinese Wolf, which is native to the former Soviet Union, today's Russia and some other countries.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus lupus
Native/Available
Russia
Height
80- 85 centimetres (31 -33 in)
Weight
Avg. 32 -50 kilograms (71-110 lb), Max up-to 69 - 80 kilograms (152 -176 lb)
Life Span
NA

10. Italian Wolf

wolfwatch.uk
wolfwatch.uk | Source

The Italian wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf and also known as the Apeninne wolf, native to the Italian Peninsula. Lives to Apennine Mountains, Western Alps and its surrounding regions.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus italicus
Native/Available
Italy
Height
50 -70 cm
Weight
24 - 40 kilograms (53 - 88 pounds)
Life Span
NA

11. Maned wolves

Maned wolves
Maned wolves | Source

The maned wolf is the largest canid of South America, which is a rare species in the genus Chrysocyon. Maned wolves are introduced to endangered list by ICUN.

• The maned wolf is the largest Canid in South America.

• And an uncommon member of canid family, which doesn’t seem to be a true wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Chrysocyon brachyurus
Native/Available
Italy
Height
Avg. 90 cm (35 in)
Weight
Avg. 23 kg (51 lb)
Life Span
6- 8 years in wild

12. Labrador Wolf

 Labrador wolf
Labrador wolf | Source

The Labrador wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf, native to Labrador and northern Quebec. Their origin is not confirmed, but they have a presence around Canada and Alaska, They are critically endangered species which have been extirpated in Canada (Newfoundland) since 1911. In the late 2000s, and early 2010s, there were some sightings of the Labrador wolf on the island of Newfoundland.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus labradorius
Native/Available
Northern Quebec
Height
26 to 32 inches (66 to 81cm)
Weight
50 and 110lbs (22.7 to 50kg)
Life Span
12-14 years, in captivity

13. Eastern Wolf

Eastern Wolf
Eastern Wolf | Source

The eastern wolf is a subspecies of the Grey Wolf and also known as the Eastern timber wolf, Algonquin wolf or deer wolf, Eastern Canadian Wolf or Eastern Canadian Red Wolf, which are native to Northern America.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus lycaon
Native/Available
Eastern Canada
Height
25 to 36 inches
Weight
Average 20 - 26 Kilograms, up to, 30 Kg
Life Span
3 -4 years, in wild and upto 15 years in captivity

14. Great Plains Wolf

Great Plains Wolf
Great Plains Wolf | Source

The Great Plains is a subspecies of Gray wolf that lives to Great Plains from southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan southward to northern Texas that are also known as the buffalo wolf, dusky wolf or loafer.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus nubilus
Native/Available
Continental United States
Height
58 to 81 cm
Weight
Average, 100 lb (45 kg) upto 150 lb (68 kg)
Life Span
6 to 8 years in wild

15. Iberian Wolf

Iberian Wolf
Iberian Wolf | Source

The Iberian wolf is a subspecies of the grey wolf, native to northern Portugal and northwestern Spain. They were critically endangered species, in the year 1970 their population was limited up to 400-500 odd individuals.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus signatus
Native/Available
Portugal and northwestern Spain
Height
70-80 cm
Weight
Between 30 and 40 kg
Life Span
5-6 years in the wild but, 15 years in captivity

16. Northwestern Wolf

Iberian Wolf
Iberian Wolf | Source

The northwestern wolf is a subspecies of gray wolf, native to western North America. They are also known as the Mackenzie Valley wolf, Alaskan timber wolf, Canadian timber wolf, or northern timber wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus occidentalis
Native/Available
Canada, Alaska
Height
26 to 32 inches
Weight
Avg. 85 and 115 pounds, up-to 150 Pounds
Life Span
4 - 7 year in wild

17. Ethiopian Wolf

Ethiopian Wolf
Ethiopian Wolf | Source

The Ethiopian wolf is a small, slender wolf with long and narrow skull and red and white coats and look like a coyote. They are native to the Ethiopian Highlands and are the only wolf species to be found in Africa. (Till African and Egyptian Golden Jackals were identified as wolves).

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis Simensis
Native/Available
Ethiopia
Height
53 - 62 cm
Weight
11 - 17 kg
Life Span
8-10 years

18. Indian Wolf

Indian Wolf
Indian Wolf | Source

Indian Wolf is native to India, Nepal and Pakistan, which are also known as Indigenous and Asiatic wolves. They are small sized, slender and athletic wolves, which are an endangered canid species.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus pallipes
Native/Available
Indian
Height
24 to 38 inches
Weight
40 to 60 pounds
Life Span
6 and 8 years

19. Red Wolf

Red Wolf
Red Wolf | Source

The red wolf is a smaller relative of the grey wolf, native to eastern America. They are also known as the Florida black wolf or Mississippi Valley wolf. Red wolves are one of the most endangered canids in the world. Once they were declared extinct in the wild in 1980, they reintroduced population in 2010 was thought to total around 130 individuals.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis Lupus Rufus
Native/Available
Eastern North America
Height
26-32 inches
Weight
50 to 80 lbs. (23 to 36 kg),
Life Span
5-6 years

20. Himalayan Wolf

Himalayan Wolf
Himalayan Wolf | Source

Recent DNA study of Himalayan wolf, clarified that they are a distinc wolf species. Earlier, Tibetan and Himalayan wolves were considered the same wolf species. Actually Himalayan wolves are the subspecies of the Gray Wolf and a newly identified wolf species.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus filchneri
Native/Available
Himalayan region of Nepal, India, Bhutan
Height
58 cm (23 in) - 89 cm (35 in)
Weight
Average, 35 kg
Life Span
12 years

21. Tibetan Wolf

Tibetan Wolf
Tibetan Wolf | Source

Tibetan wolves are native from Tibet and Himalayan range, which are friendly animals (Usually they do not attack to Human). They are a rare medium sized yellow, White colored wolves, which are considered to be the link between Asia and Gray Wolf.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus chanco
Native/Available
Tibet
Height
58 cm (23 in) - 89 cm (35 in)
Weight
Average, 35 kg
Life Span
12 years

22. Alexander Archipelago Wolves

Alaskan Alexander Archipelago Wolves
Alaskan Alexander Archipelago Wolves | Source

Alexander Archipelago Wolves are medium sized wolves from an Interior Alaskan region that have thick, small and black coloured coat. They are a subspecies of Gray wolf, which were identified as a separate wolf species in the year 1937.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus ligoni
Native/Available
Alaska
Height
24 to 28 Inches
Weight
30 to 50 pounds
Life Span
NA

23. MacKenzie Valley Wolf

MacKenzie Valley Wolf
MacKenzie Valley Wolf | Source

MacKenzie Valley Wolf is the subspecies of Gray wolf that is also known as northwestern wolf, Alaskan timber wolf, Canadian timber wolf, or northern timber wolf, which are the native from western North America and one among the largest subspecies of North America, identified in 1829 by Sir John Richardson.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus mackenzii
Native/Available
western North America
Height
32 to 36 inches
Weight
Male: 20 - 70 kg, Female: 16 - 50 kg
Life Span
NA

24. Yukon wolf

Yukon wolf
Yukon wolf | Source

Yukon wolves are the subspecies of Gray wolf, native to North America. They are called as an Alaskan Interior wolf in the United States and Yukon wolf, in Canada. They are an Endangered wolf species, mainly available Yukon-Charley Rivers National preserves.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus pambasileus
Native/Available
North America
Height
Average, 85 cm (33.5 in)
Weight
21 kilograms (46 lb) to 55 kilograms (121 lb)
Life Span
4-10 years in wild and up to 15 years in Captivity

25. Vancouver Island wolf

. Vancouver Island wol
. Vancouver Island wol | Source

The Vancouver Island wolf is a subspecies of the grey wolf, native to Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada. They are an excellent swimmer that is also known as the wolf live with two paws in the ocean and two paws on land.

Physical traits and Information

 
 
Scientific name
Canis lupus crassodon
Native/Available
Vancouver Island, British Columbia
Height
26 - 32 Inches
Weight
16 - 60 kg
Life Span
5 - 6 Years in Wild

© 2017 ARADHYA

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.