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4 Most Common Types of Gun Dog Puppies

Updated on December 10, 2014

Bird Dogs

Bird dogs play an important role in hunting for sport today as they have in generations past. When selecting gun dog puppies for sale, it is important to know the 4 main types so you choose the best kind of hunting dog for you.


Retrievers do what you expect based on their name: They find the bird where it lies in the water, and go get it for the hunter. Common retriever puppies include Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers and Irish Water Spaniels. The best retrievers have water-repellent coats that help them tolerate the water.


Pointers are ideal when you are hunting on a wide open plain, marsh, or moor. These gun dogs can be trained to point their bodies toward the game and wait close by until you can get over there. At your command, a pointer can then flush the game birds from the grasses so they fly up and into your line of sight. The English Pointer is a classic type of Pointer used in hunting today.


Like Pointers, Setters are used to locate game in the field. They perform very similarly to Pointers and can also be trained to alert you to the location of game, and flush it out of the grass for you. Both Pointers and Setters can be trained to retrieve fallen game and deliver it to you on your command. Setters used as gun dogs include English and Irish setters.


Flushers are the smallest category of gun dogs and include Springer Spaniels, Cocker Spaniels and Field Spaniels. They typically prowl the undergrowth looking for birds, crouch in front to prevent chance escape, and thus guard the game until you are able to take a shot.

With any of these dogs, proper dog training is essential. The best types of dog training collars can help you get your young hunting puppy properly trained so that he or she behaves well on the hunt.


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