55 Facts about Hummingbirds
Facts about hummingbirds 1-10
- Hummingbirds belong to the family of birds Trochilidae.
- The hummingbird is the smallest bird species on planet earth, weighing only from 2 to 20 grams!
- The smallest species of hummingbird is the bee hummingbird of Cuba that weighs only about 1.8 to 2 g!
- The largest species of hummingbird is the Giant Hummingbird that weighs up to 20 g!
- The female hummingbird is a bit bigger than the males because they need to be able to lay eggs and also produce a large amount of body heat to incubate their eggs.
- There are over 300 species of hummingbirds and this makes them the second largest family of birds in the West!
- In the US , there are more than 15 breeding species of hummingbirds.
- More than 50 species of hummingbirds breed in Mexico!
- Hummingbirds are the only birds that can fly both forward and backwards.
- They can also fly sideways and even upside down!.
Facts about Hummingbirds 11-20
11. Why are they called hummingbirds? Hummingbirds get their name from the low humming sound produced by their super fast wings in motion.
12. Hummingbird wings beat up to 70 times per second!
13. What sounds do hummingbirds make? Beside the low humming of their wings, hummingbirds make chittering and chirpy sounds.
14. Native to only North and South America, the hummingbird isn't found in any other continent.
15. The most common species of hummingbird in the eastern half of north America is the Ruby-throated hummingbird.
16. Hummingbirds live in a wide variety of environments from tropical mountains to semi-arid deserts.
17. The ruby-throated hummingbird and the Rufous hummingbird are very similar - you can mistake one for the other!
18. How do you tell the Ruby-throated and Rufous' hummingbirds apart? The major way to tell these hummers apart is through their different locations-the ruby-throat dominates the eastern half of North America and the Rufous, the western half.
19. Hummingbirds are mainly nectarivores, but they are also fond of eating small bugs that may be on the flower stalks or around the flower blossom.
20. They are fond of snapping small bugs and catching flying insects on the wing. These provide them with protein.
Facts about Hummingbirds 21-30
21. Hummingbirds will feed on average 1000 flowers a day for the energizing nectar.
22. Hummingbirds prefer flowers with a nectar content of only 25%. They don't feed on flowers producing nectar of less than 15%!
23. Hummingbirds need a lot of energy. They need to eat food 3 times the size of their weight a day!
24. Their metabolic rate is 100 times faster than that of an elephant!
25. The wings of hummingbird can beat at 200 times a second!
26. Hummingbirds are hover-feeders that can hover in the air long enough to suck out the nectar they need.
27. Hummingbirds are especially attracted to red flowers though they also visit other color blooms like orange and pink flowers.
28. Hummingbird pollinated flowers have no strong odour as hummingbirds do not have a well-developed sense of smell.
29. Hummingbird pollinated flowers include: trumpet honeysuckle, fuchsia, columbine, salvia sage flowers, cigar plant flowers, canada lily, trumpet vine, cardinal flower, spotted jewelweed, agastache and red buckeye flowers.
30. Most hummingbirds have long extendable tongues that they use to catch flying insects on the wing.
Facts about Hummingbirds 31-40
31. Hummingbirds can fly very fast at speeds of 27 miles per hour. A single hummingbird was reported to have kept up with a car moving at 57 miles per hour!
32. Hummingbirds have a very sharp sense of hearing which makes it hard to capture photos of them. They are known to quickly escape when they hear the clicking sound of a camera.
33. Hummingbirds can see near ultra-violet that is why orange pink and red flowers stand out more easily to them.
34. Hummingbirds do not mate for life and the females cater for their young without the help of the males.
35. Hummingbirds that have a white plumage are actually partial or true albinos!
36. The tongues of hummingbirds are W-shaped and possess tiny hairs at the tip to lick up nectar.
37. Unlike bees that drink nectar like they're drinking from a straw, hummingbirds rather lick or lap up nectar with their long tongues.
38. Hummingbirds are able to see very far distances and wider spectrum of colors than humans.
39. Being very aggressive, most hummingbirds are known to fly toward one another to chase each other away from their territories.
40. The average hummingbird's heart beats up to about 1,260 times per minute!
Facts about Hummingbird 41-50
41. The Rufous hummingbird travels farthest to the North than any other hummingbird-all the way down from Mexico to Alaska!
42. During migrating season, some hummingbirds can actually fly over 2000 miles!
43. Hummingbirds can dive at a speed of 60 miles per hour!
44. The hummingbird's brain takes 4.2% of its body weight and this is known to be the biggest proportion in the bird kingdom!
45. A hummingbird's heart is 2.5% of the total body weight.
46. A hummingbird's wings will rotate in a full circle when flying in air.
47. Hummingbirds can live more than a decade.
48. Spending most of their time perching, the hummingbird has weak legs so it can't walk or hop like other birds!
49. A hummingbird will take about 250 breaths per minute while at rest.
50. Hummingbirds enter a hibernation state at night called torpor. This helps them conserve most of their body energy.
Facts about Hummingbirds 51-55
51. Hummingbirds can remember each and every flower they visited!
52. The male hummingbirds possess iridescent throat feathers that are used to attract females during the mating season.
53. Female hummingbirds produce clutches consisting two eggs.
54. Young hummingbirds cannot fly and they remain in their nests for about 3 weeks.
55. The Aztec god Huitzilopochtli is often shown as a hummingbird.
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