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Alpacas As Pets

Updated on March 14, 2017
LongTimeMother profile image

LTM's small farm is completely off the grid. Her family uses solar and alternative power sources for lighting, cooking, animal fencing, etc.

You need to be realistic about what kind of pets alpacas actually are. If you think having a big fluffy alpaca as a pet will be like having a big fluffy dog, I suspect you'll be disappointed.

  • Alpacas tend to like their space. They will approach you when they feel like company but if you approach an alpaca when it feels like being alone, it will take off and run in the opposite direction. Some owners find this disconcerting and feel shaken by their pet's unwillingness to come and cuddle.
  • This flight tendency can often be overcome with sufficient food enticements, but you'll have to work hard for quite some time to convince an alpaca to run towards you when you call. And if you don't offer food every time they come to you, you may well find yourself back at square one again. A neck rub and a kind word doesn't seem to be enough to keep an alpaca coming back for more.
  • Buy crias if you decide you'd like alpacas as pets. Start with them young and get them used to your company but don't encourage them to be in your face too much. As they age, you need them to respect you. By the time they're a year or two old, you don't want your pets to become dominant and aggressive.
  • Train your alpacas to allow you to put them on a lead. This will make it easier for you to move them from one area to another or to load them on a trailer or into a float. It will also be helpful when the time comes to shear them each year.
  • Halter training should begin at about eight weeks. When alpacas are young they are far more approachable and friendly so don't leave it too long to teach them what you need them to know.

Beautiful Alpacas

Alpacas are herd animals. They enjoy the company of others.
Alpacas are herd animals. They enjoy the company of others. | Source

A Good Pet For Environmentalists

I will never grow tired of alpacas. They appear positively majestic, holding their heads high and stepping with confidence. But if you are thinking of buying an alpaca, there are a few things you must consider.

Alpacas as pets require owners who are environmentally conscious. They respond badly to chemicals and can die if exposed to pastures or grass that's been sprayed.

They will, however, make a positive contribution to your sustainable lifestyle if you live on a small farm and like to choose pets that provide more than just company. Their soft padded feet require safe, clear ground - but they make a soft imprint on the land and therefore can be trusted to cause very little damage on a sensitive landscape.

For the right owners, alpacas make excellent pets.

Alpaca Facts

  • Alpacas are about half the size of llamas. Both are South American Camelids.
  • A baby alpaca is called a cria. Once weaned it is known as a weanling or tuis.
  • Llamas are pack animals, but alpacas are bred for their fleece.
  • In Spanish, adult males are called Machos and adult females are called Hembras.
  • Castrated males are called Geldings.
  • Alpacas are considered a good investment because their fleece is so highly valued.
  • Alpacas can live for 20 years.

Remember to Book a Shearer in Advance

Alpacas require annual shearing - in springtime.

Don't wait until summer because they can suffer heat stress.

Ask the breeder for contact details so you can book a shearer well in advance. A busy alpaca shearer may need up to four months notice to ensure they can fit you in.

Alpacas Need Shearing

Holes Are Dangerous For Alpacas

If your dog discovers a new hole in your yard area, fill the hole in or fence it off to make sure your alpacas don't accidentally break a leg.
If your dog discovers a new hole in your yard area, fill the hole in or fence it off to make sure your alpacas don't accidentally break a leg. | Source

Alpaca Care

Alpacas need space to run and roam. Fences must be sound and the pasture must be well-drained and free from contaminants and physical danger.

Natural shade is ideal but in most climates alpacas also benefit from an undercover area.

They don't need a stable like a horse because they have an inherent need to be able to keep watch on all sides. A simple barn or even a covered area with open sides is fine as long as they can seek refuge from the rain or strong winds if required, and take shelter from extremely hot sunshine.

Eradicate any poisonous plants - but dig them out, don't spray them. Chemical based sprays could kill your alpacas as effectively as the poisonous plants you removed.

Check the ground regularly for holes that might result in an alpaca's broken leg.

In Australia, we need to fill wombat and rabbit holes. Where you live, perhaps groundhogs or moles are your major hole-diggers. Fill holes or fence them off.

Alpacas are not very demanding in the amount of protein they require in their feed because their bodies are very efficient at food conversion. Alpacas are ruminants and chew their cud similar to cows, goats and sheep. Therefore they need an abundance of fresh water.

On hot days they like to dip their feet so if you don't have an accessible dam, consider giving them a large bucket of water to step into as well as plenty of fresh drinking water in a raised container.

Most alpacas require shearing every year at springtime, although some can comfortably remain unshorn for two years. When you buy your alpacas, ask the breeder how often they'll need shearing and take the opportunity to get contact details for a local shearer.

If you'd like to shear your own alpacas, ask if the breeder will let you watch and learn from them.

An alpaca mineral mix will ensure they receive all their essential vitamins and minerals.

Helpful Hints About Alpaca Diet

Buy An Alpaca Book Before You Buy Your Pets

The Complete Alpaca Book
The Complete Alpaca Book
Alpacas are expensive so do thorough research before investing in the animals. This book tells you everything you need to know, including issues you haven't yet identified. Handy reference tool before and after buying your first alpacas.

Medical Issues With Alpacas

All pets require an occasional vet check. There are a few key medical elements to bear in mind with alpacas.

  • Talk to your local vet about regular worming treatments - by mouth or injection. Ask your vet to recommend an appropriate method and show you how to administer it.
  • Vitamin D supplements may be necessary. This will be largely determined by your climate and how dark each alpaca is.
  • Tetanus injections are considered by some to be appropriate as a preventative measure in case of cuts, but circumstances vary so discuss this and other preventative medications with your vet.
  • Internal parasites must be controlled. Growing appropriate herbs and feeding them fresh to your alpacas can help keep them fit and healthy.
  • Males need to be castrated before they reach their second birthday.
  • Toe nails will need trimming, but this is a task you should learn to take care of yourself.

Alpaca Toenails

Fresh From Your Own Alpaca

Alpaca fleece is not as greasy as sheep wool. It is delightful to spin and lovely to wear.
Alpaca fleece is not as greasy as sheep wool. It is delightful to spin and lovely to wear. | Source

Alpaca Fleece

If you keep sheep, you'll be familiar with the greasy feel of lanolin in the natural fleece. If you're a spinner, you'll be aware of how much effort is involved in preparing the fleece before you can get started.

Alpaca fleece is very different. There's no lanolin and the fiber can be spun immediately, fresh from the alpaca's back.

If you're like me, you look for ways to achieve as much as possible in as little time as necessary. That's why I prefer to spin alpaca than sheep's wool.

A little dust in unwashed alpaca wool just makes spinning faster and eaier as the fibres are easier to keep under control. Washed alpaca is more slippery. Washing the dust out when the job is done is much quicker and easier than washing an entire fleece at once.

If you want a particularly smooth yarn, spin from the tip end of each lock. Experiment with mixing locks from different coloured alpacas for interesting effects, and don't be afraid to add a little wool from your favourite sheep if you want to make the yarn slightly more elastic.

Alpacas Need Shearing in Spring

How To Table Your Alpaca For Shearing

If Not An Alpaca ...

Sheep might be a better choice if you are not prepared to devote the energy to caring for alpacas.
Sheep might be a better choice if you are not prepared to devote the energy to caring for alpacas. | Source
Lambs are extremely cute and, in many ways, less demanding as pets than alpacas.
Lambs are extremely cute and, in many ways, less demanding as pets than alpacas. | Source

Are Alpacas Good Pets For You?

Alpacas are herd animals and to be fair to them it is better to buy three, not one alpaca. So you have to decide if you're prepared to feed three extra mouths and shear three alpacas a year when you can easily buy a fresh fleece from an alpaca-owner if you're simply interested in spinning.

However if you would be one of the first in your area to own alpacas and offer alpaca fleece for sale to crafty people in your region, I encourage you to undertake further research because selling alpaca fleece might make you quite a few extra dollars.

  • Breeding alpacas is a business opportunity, but you have to breed from the best possible stock and that means making a significant investment.
  • If you would like to keep alpacas as pets and intend to sell their fleece, it would cost you less money per alpaca compared to breeding stock - and you could limit yourself to owning three.

Alpacas are the kind of pets you can love and make money from at the same time. But you need to fully consider all the issues alpaca owners face, and decide if you have room in your life and routine before becoming an alpaca owner.

How To Shear Alpacas Alone

© 2013 LongTimeMother


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    • Glenis Rix profile image

      Glen Rix 

      3 years ago from UK

      Lovely creatures. Don't see them often here in the U.K. but I came across some on a drive through the Lincolnshire countryside a while ago. Your lifestyle sounds lovely - a refuge from the pressures of the modern world.

    • LongTimeMother profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Australia

      Hello Deborah-Lynn. Alpacas are certainly not suitable for suburban backyards, lol. Thanks for the feedback. I hope you get the chance to keep a couple some time in the future. :)

    • Deborah-Lynn profile image


      7 years ago from Los Angeles, California

      Your article was very informative and enjoyable to read. I love Alpacas but do not have enough room for them here. Perhaps in a couple of years when we move. I will have to research how they would thrive in our climate. Looking forward to reading more of your work! Thanks!

    • profile image

      Alise- Evon 

      7 years ago

      Well, they are not native to the region, but people have introduced them as something to raise for the fleece as they like our cold weather:) Several people in my area are hand-spinners, too, so they both sell and use the fleece themselves.

    • LongTimeMother profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Australia

      Thanks, Alise-Evon. I was wondering how common they are in other parts of the world. Now I know they're in Wisconsin. :) Cheers.

    • profile image

      Alise- Evon 

      7 years ago

      We have some people in our area who raise alpacas, but I did not know so much about them before reading this. Thanks for the interesting and practical information.

      Voted useful and interesting.

    • moonlake profile image


      7 years ago from America

      I have seen a few people around here with Alpacas and always wondered about them. Your hub is full of information. Thanks for sharing. Voted up and shared with followers.

    • LongTimeMother profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Australia

      Thanks, aviannovice. They are increasingly popular on small farms in my part of the world. I don't know about the US or the UK, but in Australia their numbers are growing. :)

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 

      7 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      I have heard about these wonderful animals but never saw so much information in one place. A great article that I really enjoyed.

    • LongTimeMother profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Australia

      Thanks, SavannahEve. I'm glad you enjoyed it. :)

    • SavannahEve profile image

      Suzi Rayve 

      7 years ago from California

      This hub is beautiful! I do love Alpacas. Thank you for giving me a great read on an amazing animal!

    • LongTimeMother profile imageAUTHOR


      7 years ago from Australia

      Hi, jericho911. It is easy to understand why so many people choose them as pets. They are really are beautiful! Thanks for your comment. :)

    • jericho911 profile image

      Kenneth Claude 

      7 years ago from Ohio

      I love these animals. Great hub ! They come right up to your car at the Farm at Walnut Creek in Ohio.


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