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American Eskimo Dogs

Updated on February 22, 2014
American Eskimo Dog
American Eskimo Dog | Source

American Eskimo Dog Breed


The American Eskimo Dog or Eskie was bred in Germany from the spitz kind of dog like the Keeshond, the white Italian Spitz, and Pomeranian. It wasn't bred by Eskimos, as might be thought, considering its name.

The German Spitz canines moved to the United States with German immigrants in the 19th and 20th centuries. At the close of World War I, American breeders changed the breed's name to the American Eskimo Dog because feelings concerning the war were still running high.

Circus Dogs

During the 1940's and 1950's, the Ringling Brothers Barnum & Bailey Circus got some Spitz dogs to perform in their circus. Sharon Pflaumer says in her article "American Eskimo Dog" that the American Kennel Club just listed them by their call names, after the circus brought them to the U.S.A.

Eskies Have Other Talents

They are used in narcotics detection, and they are great in competitve obedience. Eskies are good competitors in dog agility. In this sport, the handler steers the dog through an obstacle course. It is a race invovling accuracy and time.

American Eskimo Dog Temperment

The Eskie is faithful, friendly, intelligent, affectionate, and alert. Some American Eskimo Dogs are extremely assertive and will opt for pack leader. The owner has to be the Alpha consistently. The breed is not naturally friendly to strangers. They are born cautious and need enough interaction with various people and places to keep them from being suspicious and developing a tendency to bite.

They are big barkers and shouldn't be in the yard alone. They will alert their owner and neighbors when they hear or see anything a little different.

White American Eskimo dog

American Eskimo Dog

Physical Characteristics

It is a powerful compact canine. The ears are pricked; its nose is pointed, and its tail curls. It has a small head. Its eyes are deep brown, oval in shaped, with deep brown or black rings circling the eyes' perimeter. The eyelashes are white. The color of the nose is black or brown. It has a plumed tail that rises over its back. The Eskie comes in three types: toy, miniature, and standard.


The Eskie's double coat is colored white or white and biscuit. The undercoat is dense. The neck and chest of the males has a thicker ruffle of fur. The dense coat needs regular brushing and bathing.

American Eskimo Dog Shedding

This breed is a heavy shedder. People considering getting one must get ready for the fur to be floating all over and landing on clothes, furniture and so on.


The American Eskimo dog is a trotter. He moves are balanced and agile.


They require regular excercise for their body and minds. They need to do fun things that interest them and that give them mental stimulation. They are good at competitive obedience.


This breed was first registered with the AKC in 1913 by Mr. and Mrs. Hall.


"American Eskimo dog." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 09 Nov. 2012

Pflaumer, Sharon.Dog World, Apr2002, Vol. 87 Issue 4, p20,

"American Eskimo dog." Wikipedia

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