ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Bald Faced Truth About Hairless Dogs

Updated on June 29, 2015

Mexican Hairless Trio

Chinese Crested Powder Puff and Hairless

There’s new hope for allergy suffering dog lovers. Get a hairless! That’s a lame joke, but an interesting concept nonetheless. Their hairlessness makes them the ideal canine companion for people with allergies. Today, hairless dogs have become increasingly popular with canine fanciers.

Hairless dogs tend to be cleaner and don’t have the annoying odor of other dogs since they don’t have hair which can trap dirt. Additionally, they require much less grooming.

The five most common hairless varieties today are the American Hairless Terrier, Chinese Crested, Hairless Khala or Pita, Peruvian Inca Orchid and the Mexican hairless.

The origin of hairless dogs is not known but, it is theorized most, if not all, are descended from the African Hairless, sometimes referred to as the Abyssinian Sand Terrier.

There isn't much known about the African Hairless Dog. But, while researching this breed two conflicting points came to light. One being the last of the breed was supposedly found in the 1800s and is extinct. The other, they are still being bred today. One African Hairless has been preserved for posterity in the Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum in Tring, England. But in either case their blood line can clearly be seen in many breeds of hairless dogs of today. For example, the Chinese Crested dog.

Some breeds such as the African Elephant dog, African Sand, Ceylon hairless, Egyptian Hairless and the Thai Hairless Dog have become extinct.

A hairless dog has a gentic disposition for hairlessness. There are two known classifications of genetic hairlessness, dominant and recessive.

Hairless dogs with dominant genes can pass them on to their litters under natural conditions, that is, without human intervention.

Today there are three recognized breeds worldwide. They are the Chinese Crested, Mexican Hairless and the Peruvian Hairless. One other category, the American Hairless Terrier, is recognized only in some parts of North America and is the only breed having a recessive genetic trait.

American Hairless Terrier

A Singing Hairless

It should be noted since hairless breeds do not have protective fur like other dogs they can be easily injured. As with all hairless dogs, care must be given to their unprotected skin. They can sunburn easily if left out in the sun too long. Therefore, a good sunscreen is advisable. These animals need special care. Over bathing should be avoided to keep their skin from drying out. Some owners use skin lotion as needed. And in cold weather they should wear a sweater.

It seems the most popular hairless breed is the Chinese Crested which is very rare.There are two varieties, the "hairless" and "powder puff.” Both can be born in the same litter. They are alert, charming, agile, and lovable. Generally they get along well with other pets and are not barkers. They like to climb, dig holes and can become very attached to their owners. They should not be over fed since they have a tendency to gain weight easily.

The Chinese Crested is thought to have originated in Africa and was called an "African Hairless Terrier." Chinese traders brought them aboard their ships to eliminate rodents.

The Mexican Hairless, also rare, is thought to be the oldest and most common hairless breed. It is also known as Xoloitzcuintle or Xolo for short.The Xolo is native to Mexico and there is evidence to show they have existed in the New World for over 3,000 years. They also can have hairless as well as coated born in the same litter. There come in three sizes: Toy, Miniature and Standard. Some believe the African Hairless and Chihuahua were cross bred to produce the Mexican Hairless.

Xolo's were considered sacred by the Aztecs, Toltecs, Mayans and a few other civilizations because it was believed they were needed to help their master's souls cross over to the underworld. But sacred or not, the Aztecs also ate them. Sixteenth-century Spanish stories tell about large numbers of dogs being served at banquets and other social events.

The American Hairless Terrier (AHT) is not a primitive breed but a rather new one. The first hairless terrier was born in 1972 to a Rat Terrier. The AHT is a natural variation of the Rat Terrier, but unlike other hairless breeds, the gene is recessive not dominant. AHT's are born with a full set of teeth and soft downy fuzz. As the dog matures, this downy covering will disappear.Their skin is soft, warm and pink, usually covered with freckles or small spots. These spots will enlarge with age and darken in the sun. And they are not as prone to acne or allergies as other hairless breeds.

The AHT is a small to medium sized, sleek, muscular dog. It comes in two sizes, miniature and standard. The miniature stands less than 13 inches tall. The standard is 13 inches to 18 inches tall. They are alert, intelligent and loving. AHT's make good playmates for children.

The breeding of two American Hairless Terriers always produce hairless puppies. The breeding of an American Hairless Terrier to a coated hairless gene carrier will produce a mixture of coated and hairless offspring. Two coated dogs carrying the recessive hairless gene can produce a mixture of hairless and coated.

The United Kennel Club first listed the AHT in 1999 as a Rat Terrier of the hairless variety. However, in 2004 It became officially recognized as a distinct breed.

American Hairless Terriers are intelligent, alert, playful and loving dogs. They are very inquisitive and lively.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      4 years ago

      I dont entirely believe that mexican hairless dogs don't have a doggie odor. My in laws dogs, three mexican hairless dogs, have the annoying doggie odor and its strong. Either my smell sensitively is high or they stink. I am not even close to them but 2 to 3 feet away and they have the odor.

    • JY3502 profile imageAUTHOR

      John Young 

      8 years ago from Florence, South Carolina

      Thank you Theresa. I do work hard on these things.

    • Theresa_Kennedy profile image

      Theresa Kennedy 

      8 years ago from Minnesota

      I've never heard of some of these breeds, and I love learning about new things. Thanks JY for the information and your research, layout and easy reading flow. I'm sharing it with my friends on facebook, as I know a few who suffer from dander allergies. Thanks again!

    • JY3502 profile imageAUTHOR

      John Young 

      8 years ago from Florence, South Carolina

      Well Alastar, I thought it was time to switch gears for a bit. I can write on anything, but sometimes I get on a roll and stay with a theme a while. I didn't check on prices for these things, but there are internet sites that advertise selling them. Yeh, I can just see ya now walking down the street with one... and then cleaning up the poop. LOL

    • Alastar Packer profile image

      Alastar Packer 

      8 years ago from North Carolina

      Talk about feeling naked! Bit of a different direction for you JY. Good write and the hub looks great. Wonder how much a Chinese Crested would run ya? :)

    • JY3502 profile imageAUTHOR

      John Young 

      8 years ago from Florence, South Carolina

      I thank you both for your kind remarks. This one took a bit of research and work. Your comments make the effort worth it.

    • Sun Pen 50 profile image

      Sun Pen 50 

      8 years ago from Srilanka

      Interesting JY, Thanks a lot for a hub packed with info. I am not a dog lover or a dog fan though I had many over last couple of decades. But I had never heard about Ceylon hairless Though I am from Ceylon ( the name given to my country by Europeans).


    • MyMastiffPuppies profile image


      8 years ago


      I have never seen the Mexican hairless dogs, great option for those allergy sufferers. Excellent information, voted up, useful and awesome...


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)