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The LAT, Look at That Dog Game
What Exactly is LAT?
LAT (look at that) is a powerful training method that works on changing a dog's emotional response.It was first introduced by Leslie McDevitt, a Certified Dog Behavior Consultant and Certified Professional Dog Trainer. This method was first depicted in her wonderful book " “Control Unleashed.” In this training method the dog's emotions are kept into account. As humans we are often tempted to correct the outward manifestations of aggression,( ie the barking and lunging) when the issues are in reality more inward. Correcting the aggression through punishment may cause the temporary suppression of the outward manifestation (no more lunging, barking) but the emotions remain bottled-up and are ready to escape at any time. This is often referred to as "punishment fallout" an instance when the aggressive behavior exacerbates and raises its ugly head again.
If you think about it, imagine being terribly terrified of spiders. Yes, arachnophobia at it's best. You seek the aid of a therapist that exposes you to spiders. Every time you see a spider and you scream he pinches your arm. At some point, you won't not only be scared of the spider but you'll also be worried about the oncoming pinch. Not only, the spiders have now become a predictor of an upcoming pinch, not a nice cocktail at all! So, at one point you learn not to scream. Next, he puts a hairy tarantula on your arm. Just because you don't scream doesn't mean you're cured! Indeed, you may have not screamed, but most likely you were shivering, sweating and you heart was pounding 200 beats a minute. Your phobia has increased and now just a picture of a spider makes you freak out.
Now imagine finding a different therapist. Every time he shows you a picture of a spider he gives you a dollar bill. Picture after picture, you start looking forward to seeing spiders. At one point he starts showing real spiders but now delivers you 10 dollar bills. You look forward to spiders thinking of all the great things you can buy at the end of the session. As you are more accepting of spiders, he put a hairy tarantula on your arm as you think in anticipation about the $100 dollar bill he'll give you for being so brave.
Which type of therapist would you seek out? When it comes to LAT, you will be playing the role of the good therapist with your dog. Best of all, you'll also instill a sense of safety and trust that will increase your bond with your dog .Of course,in real life, you'll never find a therapist doling out bills left and right, but consider that in LAT you'll be delivering the equivalent of doggie currency under the form of tasty, dog high-value treats.
What Type of Behavior Modification Does LAT Involve?
When you apply LAT, you're applying powerful counter-conditioning. To learn more about this read my article on the "Power of Counterconditioning" Basically, you are working on creating powerful associations meant to change your dog's emotional response. Mary Cover Jones, the "mother of behavior therapy", used counterconditioning to eliminate a phobia of rabbits in a young boy. She basically moved the rabbit closer and closer as the boy was allowed to eat his favorite foods. At some point, the boy was even able to to touch the rabbit as the he looked forward to the food. In this case, a previously scary stimuli transforms into a pleasant predictor of good things.
In LAT, the same principle is being used, with a special emphasis on a dog's visual experience. There is also somewhat an element of operant conditioning since the dog learns to look at the stimulus and then may look at the owner for the treat. However, the most important aspect of LAT is that we're not asking for any particular behavior as we're dealing with changing emotions. Basically, every time the dog looks at the scary stimulus he is fed tasty bits of food. In my experience, in order for LAT to work best, the dog must be under threshold, In other words, it works best if used in conjunction with dog desensitization, in other words gradual exposure.
Why is that? For the simple fact that when a dog is over threshold, in other words overly stressed, his digestive system shuts down, and a treat may be the last thing on his mind as more important bodily changes linked to survival go into effect. If you were very scared of spiders and a tarantula walked over your arm, most likely you wont' be able to cognitively function. Good luck on solving a math problem in this state of mind!
An example of LAT for a dog-reactive dog
An Example of LAT (look at that) Training
So let's say you have dog fearful of umbrellas. To change his emotional response, you will need to first find very high value treats, and then find a distance where your dog is capable of acknowledging the umbrella without appearing stressed and take treats. To do this systematically, it's best to create set-ups, in other words, having volunteers with umbrellas walk at a distance.
As soon as the dog sees the stimuli at a distance, the dog is rewarded with tasty treats. Soon the dog will create a positive association and will automatically look at the owner for the treat. I call this the "LAT look", you can visibly see the dog's expression change. After a few times, the behavior of looking at the trigger can be put on cue.
Variants of LAT include open bar closed bar, autowatches, click the trigger, and “Where’s the Dog” as described in Patricia McConnell's Feisty Fido.The video on the right demonstrates an example of LAT training. In many cases, LAT becomes a fun game the dog is eager to play as long as he's not pushed too far. Always keep an eye on the dog's comfort levels, and if you see signs of stress or have a set-back, take a step back and work on more distance. The video below instead shows a pre-LAT session with a Lab. This was one of my first behavior mod. sessions early in my career and the neighborhood was displayed in such a way that was hard to find a way to keep things under threshold as there were dogs barking just everywhere. Since the sight of other dogs aroused this Lab so much and so many were barking causing stress, we worked on "Hear that" under threshold for a while before progressing to "Look at that". For more on "hear that" read my article on "changing dog behavior through "hear that." and you may be interested as well on "Sniff that" and Pre-LAT behavior modification in dogs.
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Behavior modification pre-LAT
For further reading
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