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Different Hound Dog Breeds

Updated on January 20, 2017

Hunters that hunt on foot or horseback use scent hounds. Scent dogs usually hunt in packs. The scent hound is usually slower than a sight hound. The scent hound has great stamina and will go long distances without getting tired The scent of their prey is funneled by their long ears toward their nose. Some of the most popular scent hound breeds are the basset hound, beagle, and dachshund. The Rhodesian Ridgeback, the American foxhound, bloodhound, English foxhound, black and tan Coonhound, Norwegian Elkhound, Harrier, Otterhound, and Petit basset griffon Vendeen are also scent hounds.

Sight hounds have very keen sight and great speed. They do not get tired easily. When they spot their prey they will go after it with great speed. When they catch their prey they will kill it. The Greyhound can run 40 mph and is considered to be the fastest dog. The oldest dog breed is thought to be the Saluki. They date back to ancient Egypt. The Afghan hound, Basenji, Ibizan hound and Pharaoh hound are also ancient breeds. Other sight hounds are the Borzoi, Irish Wolfhound, Scottish Deerhound and the Whippet.

Many dog breeds in the hound group are used as search and rescue dogs. Many are used in law enforcement to sniff out drugs, explosives and to find lost people and dead bodies. They are now very popular family companion dogs. Most of them love children and are very loyal and devoted.

Black and Tan Coonhound sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

Since the time of George Washington, the Black and Tan Coonhound has been sniffing trails in America. They are very calm and friendly family dogs. They are very protective, intelligent and easy to train.

The Black and Tan Coonhound will weigh 40 to 80 pounds and be 23 to 27 inches tall. They are large hounds. Their coat is short and dense. They are black and tan in color.

They were developed hundreds of years ago using the Bloodhound and the Talbot hound.

In the late 1700s, they were popular with rangers and scouts. Their smelling ability is fabulous and hard to beat.

They require a person with patience to train them. They are not all suited for apartment living. They need long walks every day. Never let them off of their leash. The Black and Tan Coonhound does not require a lot of brushing, but they do need their ears checked on a regular basis.

Bluetick Coonhound

Public Domain
Public Domain | Source

The Bluetick Coonhound dog was bred to hunt. They are very gentle, easygoing, playful and make great family pets. They are so protective and alert they are sometimes cautious of strangers. They are great calm watchdogs.

The Bluetick Coonhound will weigh 45 to 85 pounds and is 21 to 27 inches tall. Their hair is short, thick and mottled. The mottled effect is because they have black and white spots with a dark blue look. They usually have a black head.

Several centuries ago the Bluetick Coonhound was developed in the United States. The European hounds like the Grand Bleu de Gascogne and the English Foxhound were crossed with the American hounds. This cross produced the Bluetick Coonhound, which had the nose and instincts of the Old World breeds and the speed and endurance of the American dogs.

The Bluetick Coonhound is resourceful and intelligent. They are easy to train. They can be independent so when you go out in public always have them on a leash. They are scent tracking dogs so if they pick up a scent they will run off. They need their ears regularly checked and an occasional brushing.

American Foxhound

 GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 | Source

The American Foxhound dog is easy-going, and they make great house pets. They also like to hunt and run.

The American Foxhound dog will weigh 65 to 75 pounds and be 21 to 25 inches tall. They resemble their English relatives. They have a large body for a hound. The American Foxhound's tail does not curl over their back. They have a rough coat that is thin and can be almost any color

The American Foxhound will become very attached to its family. They are gentle, patient and get along great with children.

They gain weight easily and will get obese. Watch their diet and take them for daily walks.

The American Foxhound was developed from a group of English hounds that were brought to America in 1650. A century later General Lafayette gave George Washington a French Hound and this hound was bred to the decedents of the English hounds. They are still competitors, hunters, and companions.

Basset Bleu Gascongne

By M.W. Reichert (Eingestellt von Caronna 10:10, 25 January 2006) ( [GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons
By M.W. Reichert (Eingestellt von Caronna 10:10, 25 January 2006) ( [GFDL ( or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

The Basset Bleu Gascogne dog is not lazy. They are scent hounds. They love to track scents so never take them out without a leash. The need daily exercise.

They will weight 35 to 45 pounds and be 12 to 15 inches tall. They have a short coat that looks blueish. They resemble a Basset Hound.

When they are not hunting, they are a very laid back dog. They are very calm and even tempered. They are social and want to be with their family. They adapt easily.

They will need to be socialized and receive regular exercise, or they will become destructive. It is recommended they be given obedience training. They have a deep howl that your neighbors may not appreciate.

The Basset Bleu Gascony dig was living back in the 14th century. The are from the Basque area of France. They have been very popular for years. In the 20th century, they were almost extinct. They are not will know outside of France.

Harrier Hound

Smcmilla [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Smcmilla [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons | Source

The Harrier dog showed up in England in the 13th century. It is thought they are a cross between English hounds and the Greyhound. It is believed the Harrier dog of today is a decedent of the English foxhound. The Harrier was bred to hunt in packs, and their prey was rabbits. Today they are also kept as companion dogs.

Their coats are thick and short, and they will be white, black and tan in color. They can be just about any color. They will weigh 40 to 60 pounds and be 19 to 21 inches tall.

The Harrier gets very depressed when they are left alone. If you are away from home for long periods, they will not be the dog for you. They love the company of people, cats, and dogs.

The Harrier needs a lot of fresh air and exercise. They do not make good apartment dogs. If you put them in your yard make sure, the fence is strong. They also love to dig.

Harrier dogs love to live in the country where they can roam. Some of them will not adapt to being a household companion. They are a very outgoing and friendly dog. They love children, and they are friendly to company. They usually do not make good watchdogs. They will bay and howl at times.

Ibizan Hound

B661px-Femelle_Podenco_Ibicenco.jpgy Lydie (Own work) [GFDL ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://
B661px-Femelle_Podenco_Ibicenco.jpgy Lydie (Own work) [GFDL ( or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http:// | Source

The Ibizan Hound dog is one of the oldest domesticated dog breeds. Thousands of years ago the Egyptian pharaohs and the Egyptian royalty loved the Ibizan Hound dog. The Ibizan Hound dog was prized for their hunting ability and their companionship. It is believed these beautiful dogs were taken to the Mediterranean island of Ibiza by traders. For many thousands of years, the breed was preserved here.

The Ibizan Hounds will have smooth or wiry hair. They can be red to tan in color. The Ibizan Hound will weigh 42 to 55 pounds and will be 22 to 27 inches tall.

The Ibizan Hounds are friendly dogs, but they can sometimes be reserved with strangers. The Ibizan Hound dog is affectionate and playful with their family. They can adapt to living in an apartment.

They need very little grooming. A weekly brushing will do.

The Ibizan Hound dog will need a lot of exercises but never take them out without a leash.


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    • lawrence01 profile image

      Lawrence Hebb 

      20 months ago from Hamilton, New Zealand


      These hounds are interesting, we've got a Cairn Terrier, they were bred for hunting small mammals like rats and rabbits.

      Enjoyed this hub.


    • phoenix2327 profile image

      Zulma Burgos-Dudgeon 

      21 months ago from United Kingdom

      I've never seen a Bluetick Coonhound before. Never heard of it actually. What a beauty. Keep these hubs coming. I'm learning so much. :)

    • norlawrence profile imageAUTHOR

      Norma Lawrence 

      21 months ago from California

      Thanks for comment. I really appreciate it. I used to write article about animals for another site so I have done a lot of research. The site is no longer around. Which I could find another one like it. I like Hub Pages but do not do well here for some reason. thanks

    • Shyron E Shenko profile image

      Shyron E Shenko 

      21 months ago from Texas

      Wow, Norma you really know a lot about dogs at least the hunting dogs.

      I remember at one point my grandfather who hunted had a lot of hunting dogs, and Trixie who also ran with the hounds but she was mixed with Basenji.

      This is a beautiful hub.


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