ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Different Types of Fishes Found in India: Photographs With Habitat Descriptions

Updated on October 13, 2017

India's Freshwater Fish

The economic importance of Indian aquatic ecosystems can be seen from their contribution to fishery production. Fishing in India constitutes 0.87% of India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 4.15% of its agricultural GDP, and 5.63% of the world's fish production. Present production of fish and shellfish from wild fisheries and aquaculture combined is estimated to be around 8.76 million tonnes: 3.37 million tonnes from marine environments and 5.30 million tonnes from inland water resources.

Aquatic ecosystems--interdependent communities of living things in water--can be divided into marine and freshwater ecosystems. Freshwater ecosystems are home to 41% of the world's fish species. Freshwater ecosystems may be further subdivided into three types. Slow-moving water environments such as ponds, lakes, and pools are known as "lentic" ecosystems. Streams and rivers where water moves rapidly are called "lotic" ecosystems, and freshwater ecosystems with anaerobic or partly anaerobic conditions are called "wetlands."

Photos below of Indian freshwater species are accompanied by a brief description of their habitat (type of water body) and the depth of water they prefer.

This information is from Vandana Srivastava, 2006, Systematic Survey of Different Kinds of Fishes, a Ph.D. thesis submitted to VBU. The author has consented to the publication of this material in this Hub. All these photographs are copyrighted material and may not be used on any website without prior permission.

Groups of Freshwater Species

Indian freshwater fish species are grouped below into:

A. Indigenous major carps
B. Exotic carps
C. Common-type carps
D. Hill stream fishes
E. Air-breathing fishes
F. Ornamental fishes

See the photo gallery after each section.

A. Indigenous Major Carps

"Major" carps are larger and faster-growing than the "minor" carps.

1. Catla catla. Found on the surface of lakes, ponds, tanks, reservoirs, and other bodies of water.

2. Lebeo rohita. Found in the column (that is, at various depths) in lakes, ponds, tanks, reservoirs, and other bodies of water.

3. Cirrhinus mrigala (not shown). Found at the bottom of lakes, ponds, tanks, and reservoirs.

4. Lebeo bata (not shown). Found at the bottom of bodies of water.

5. Labeo calbasu. Found at the bottom of bodies of water.

Indigenous Major Carps

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Catla catlaLebeo rohitaLabeo calbasu
Catla catla
Catla catla
Lebeo rohita
Lebeo rohita
Labeo calbasu
Labeo calbasu

B. Exotic Carps

1. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. Found on the surface.

2. Cyprinus carpio var. specularis (not shown). Found at the bottom of bodies of water.

3. Cyprinus carpio var. communis. Found at the bottom of bodies of water.

4. Ctenopharyngodon idella (not shown). Found in the column.

5. Tilapia mossambicus (not shown). Found at the bottom of bodies of water.

Exotic Carps

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix

C. Common Minor Carps

1. Oxygaster bacaila. Found at the surface.

2. Amblypharyngodon mola. Found at the bottom.

3. Esomus danricus

4. Cirrhina reba. Found at the bottom.

5. Rhinomugil corsula

6. Eutropiichthys vacha

7. Puntius ticto. Found at the surface.

8. Puntius stigma. Found in the column.

9. Puntius conchonius. Found in the column.

10. Ambassis nama. Found at the surface of ponds, lakes, rivers, and reservoirs.

11. Ambassis ranga. Found at the surface.

12. Glossogobius giuris. Found at the surface.

13. Osteobramo cotio. Found at the surface.

14. Barilius bola. Found at the surface in ponds.

15. Mastacembelus aculeatus (not shown). Found in muddy places.

16. Mastacembelus pancalus. Found in muddy places

17. Mystus bleekeri. Found in muddy places.

18. Mystus cavasius. Found in muddy places.

19. Mystus vittatus. Found in muddy places.

Common Minor Carps

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Oxygaster bacaila Amblypharyngodon molaEsomus danricusCirrhina rebaRhinomugil corsulaEutropiichthys vachaPuntius tictoPuntius stigmataPuntius conchoniusAmbassis namaAmbassis rangaGlossogobius giurisOsteobramo cotioBarilius bolaMastacembelus pancalusMystus bleekeriMystus cavasiusMystus vittatus
Oxygaster bacaila
Oxygaster bacaila
Amblypharyngodon mola
Amblypharyngodon mola
Esomus danricus
Esomus danricus
Cirrhina reba
Cirrhina reba
Rhinomugil corsula
Rhinomugil corsula
Eutropiichthys vacha
Eutropiichthys vacha
Puntius ticto
Puntius ticto
Puntius stigmata
Puntius stigmata
Puntius conchonius
Puntius conchonius
Ambassis nama
Ambassis nama
Ambassis ranga
Ambassis ranga
Glossogobius giuris
Glossogobius giuris
Osteobramo cotio
Osteobramo cotio
Barilius bola
Barilius bola
Mastacembelus pancalus
Mastacembelus pancalus
Mystus bleekeri
Mystus bleekeri
Mystus cavasius
Mystus cavasius
Mystus vittatus
Mystus vittatus

D. Rare Minor Carps

1. Guludia chapra. Found at the surface in ponds.

2. Xenentodon cancila

3. Ailia coila

Rare Minor Carps

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Guludia chapraXenentodon cancilaAilia coila
Guludia chapra
Guludia chapra
Xenentodon cancila
Xenentodon cancila
Ailia coila
Ailia coila

E. Air-Breathing Fishes

1. Clarias batrachus. Found in muddy places and at the bottom of bodies of wateer

2. Heteropneustes fossilis. Found in muddy places and at the bottom of bodies of water.

3. Channa punctatus. Found in muddy places during the rainy season, and at the bottom of bodies of water.

4. Channa gachua. Found in muddy places during the rainy season, and at the bottom of bodies of water.

5. Channa striatus. Found in muddy places during the rainy season, and at the bottom of bodies of water,

6. Channa marulius. Found in muddy places (uncommon), and at the bottom of ponds, lakes, and reservoirs.

7. Wallago attu. Found in the column in ponds, lakes, and reservoirs.

8. Ompok bimaculatus Found in the column in bodies of water.

9. Notopterus notopterus

10. Notopterus chitala

11. Anabas testudineus. Found in the column.

12. Mystus seenghala. Found at the bottom.

Air-Breathing Fishes

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Clarias batrachusHeteropneustes fossilisChanna punctatus Channa gachua Channa striatusChanna maruliusWallago attuOmpok bimaculatusNotopterus notopterusNotopterus chitalaAnabas testudineus Mystus seenghala
Clarias batrachus
Clarias batrachus
Heteropneustes fossilis
Heteropneustes fossilis
Channa punctatus
Channa punctatus
Channa gachua
Channa gachua
Channa striatus
Channa striatus
Channa marulius
Channa marulius
Wallago attu
Wallago attu
Ompok bimaculatus
Ompok bimaculatus
Notopterus notopterus
Notopterus notopterus
Notopterus chitala
Notopterus chitala
Anabas testudineus
Anabas testudineus
Mystus seenghala
Mystus seenghala

F. Hill Stream Fishes

1. Garra gotyla. Found in the Chano River near Churchu block, and the Konar River.

2. Garra kempi. Hill streams, and ditches near the foothills.

3. Lepidocephalichthys guntea. Most commonly occurring hill stream fish.

4. Nemacheilus botia. Found in ditches near the foothills.

Hill Stream Fishes

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Garra gotyla Garra kempi Lepidocephalichthys gunteaNemacheilus botia
Garra gotyla
Garra gotyla
Garra kempi
Garra kempi
Lepidocephalichthys guntea
Lepidocephalichthys guntea
Nemacheilus botia
Nemacheilus botia

G. Ornamental Species

1. Trichogaster lalius (not shown). Found at the surface in all fresh water bodies.

2. Danio rerio. Usually found during the rainy season in paddy fields and ditches.

3. Trichogaster fasciatus. Found at the surface in all fresh water bodies.

4. Mastacembelus armatus. Found in muddy places.

Ornamental Species

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Danio rerioTrichogastr fasciatusMastacembelus armatus
Danio rerio
Danio rerio
Trichogastr fasciatus
Trichogastr fasciatus
Mastacembelus armatus
Mastacembelus armatus

© 2008 Crusader

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      vicky 

      19 months ago

      very good.

    • crusador profile imageAUTHOR

      Crusader 

      4 years ago from India

      thanks for encouraging & beautiful comments.

    • profile image

      aysha 

      4 years ago

      very informative...

    • profile image

      chirag kalani 

      4 years ago

      this page is so fishy

    • profile image

      hasini 

      5 years ago

      this pics are very edutainment to me!

    • profile image

      s.k 

      5 years ago

      good picture,add related tamil,and their nutrient content,importance of fish in health,this is more comfertable for me, but other not understood

    • profile image

      shubha 

      5 years ago

      it helps me on my project . thanks but we need more info about this

    • profile image

      SRRAO 

      5 years ago

      Would u please tell me

      a) Halibat fish -its equivalent in India,

      b) Salamon fish--its equivalent in India

      sramarao50@rediffmail.com

      Thanks

    • profile image

      sm hussaini ijeri 

      6 years ago

      still there is n# of fish in india rivers ,lake and DAMS.

      to research required many facility to find it

    • profile image

      nitish badyal 

      6 years ago

      nice....work....:)

    • crusador profile imageAUTHOR

      Crusader 

      6 years ago from India

      thanks all for sparing time and making lovely comments.

    • profile image

      Aj 

      6 years ago

      It gve me hlp on mah project.

    • profile image

      Jk 

      7 years ago

      Thank you for taking the time

    • profile image

      Archna daniel 

      7 years ago

      Nice collection want to pcitures also

    • profile image

      Justin 

      7 years ago

      Can you feed gold fish rice???

    • profile image

      Aditi  

      8 years ago

      Good collection!Would be better if some general information could be given by some zoology friend

    • profile image

      Mig 

      8 years ago

      Good Listing, perhaps the pics could be made to appear alongside.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)