Therapeutic Uses Of Cow Urine(Gomutra)
Cow’s urine or gomutra
It is given in many Ancient manuscripts that cow’s urine or a gomutra should be taken for preventing diseases and hence to remain healthy. Various ancient medicinal treatment practices, cow urine is used as a therapeutic agent. Like for example panchagavya, a blend of five compounds obtained from the cow, namely dung, urine, milk, ghee and curd is used as a medicine and some times as fertilizer for plants.
The component analysis of cows urine where conducted by various scientists which revealed the presence of nitrogen, sulfur, phosphate, sodium, manganese, carbolic acid, iron, silicon, chlorine, magnesium, malic, citric, tartaric, succinic acids, calcium salts, Vitamin A, B, C, D, E, minerals, lactose, enzymes, creatinine, hormones and gold acids.
The recent invention related to gomutra was its role as a bio-enhancer. According to this invention cow’s urine distillate is an activity enhancer and availability facilitator for bio active molecules. The bio-active substance used was antibiotic. The distillate helps in absorption of antibiotic across the cell membrane in animal cells, gram positive and gram negative bacteria at 40-50’C.
The effects of cow’s urine and equivalent nitrogen, potassium, and sulphur treatments on pasture yield, botanical composition, herbage chemical composition, and N-fixation by clovers were examined during winter and spring. Urine caused a large increase in rye grass yield, due entirely to its N component. The effects on yield lasted 2-3 harvests and was followed by a decrease in clover growth. The sulphur treatment (sodium sulphate) reduced the depressive effect of N on clover growth. Urine increased the N concentration of grass (particularly the nitrate fraction) and increased the potassium concentration of grass and clover. N fixation by clover was markedly decreased by urine, particularly during winter. The treatments were replicated at either end of a paddock to examine the influence of the previous grazing method (nine years of break-feeding in the same direction, with no back fencing) on fertility transfer. At the “low fertility” end, lower levels of pasture production and soil nutrients were measured and pasture response to urea was higher.
Another experiment was conducted to separate various fractions of cow urine and evaluate them for antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms. The 5 fractions observed contain neutral (N), weakly acidic (WA), strongly acidic (SA), basic (B) and amphoteric (AM) compounds. The test organisms used for antimicrobial activity include Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhi, Bacillus subtilis (MTCC 441), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC 424), Proteus vulgaris (MTCC 1771), Micrococcus luteus (MTCC 1541), Bacillus cereus (MTCC 430), Escherichia coli (MTCC 739) and 14 strains of Candida albicans isolated from 14 different patients. The percent yield of fractions obtained by solvent extraction were N=0.05%, WA=0.37%, SA=0.48%, B=0.012% and AM=0.07%. The fractions of SA, WA, N, B and AM compounds exhibited antimicrobial activity against bacteria in concentrations in which they were used. In C. albicans, only SA and WA were active while N, B and AM did not show any inhibition of growth. It is concluded that fractions of cow urine obtained by solvent extraction possess antimicrobial activity.
It has been observed that cow urine has increased the phagocytic activity of macrophages and thus helpful in prevention and control of bacterial infections. It also increases the secretion of interleukin-1 and interleukin-2.