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Proven Training Method for a Dog Afraid of Fireworks

Updated on March 26, 2018
DrMark1961 profile image

Dr. Mark is a veterinarian. He has been working with dogs for more than 40 years.

Calm around fireworks-every dog owners dream!
Calm around fireworks-every dog owners dream! | Source

Will This Make My Dog Feel Safe?

Conditioning (or more properly called classical counter conditioning by animal behaviorists) is a technique that is used with animals to make them used to an unpleasant stimulus. In this example you will take a situation to which the dog normally acts negatively, like loud sounds, and you condition her so that she has a pleasant feeling about what used to bother her.

I suggest using food for conditioning because almost all dogs are well known for their love of treats; if your dog is not food responsive you might want to give her a favorite toy or a lot of praise along with a special food. The food should be something the dog thinks of as very special but be sure it is not going to provoke any health problems. Play around with the food and toys and see what works before starting this program.

This technique has been used successfully for many years. There are alternatives since dogs are individuals and will react differently. Even if your dog does perform less than optimally, using this technique will calm her and make her feel safe.

It will be time well spent.

Most dog owners reality around fireworks.
Most dog owners reality around fireworks. | Source

How to Condition Your Dog Around Fireworks

  1. Prepare some special food. If using baked chicken breasts (a good lean meat) cut the treats up into pieces about the size of your little fingernail. If you prefer to buy a treat get something that is really small and tasty.
  2. Have your partner step into the back yard with a single firecracker. Give her a treat. Set off the single firecracker. Give her a treat no matter how she responds. (Do not be upset if your dog is too scared to even eat the treat. Just leave it on the ground for her.)
  3. Continue this process every day, lighting no more than a single firecracker each day. Every time the firecracker goes off give her a special treat. With time the dog will learn that the sound of the firecracker is a good thing, associated with getting a special treat.
  4. When the second week arrives you should set off a firecracker, give her a treat, set off another firecracker, give her another treat, and then stop for the day. Two firecrackers=two treats, which is still not an overwhelming noise and hopefully not enough to set off her phobias. Try this about a month, and then if she is doing better set off a third firecracker.
  5. (If she freaks out at three firecrackers go back to one and start all over with the treats. This condition took a long time to develop into a phobia and in some dogs it takes a long time to get over.)

After another month you can reduce the frequency but you need to remember that the problem has not gone away, it is just under control for the moment. Every week or so light a few firecrackers and give her treats after each “bang” so that the conditioning will stay current.

A dog hiding from noise and in need of counter conditioning.
A dog hiding from noise and in need of counter conditioning. | Source

Alternative Methods That Help

  1. Keep your dog in a quiet room during the fireworks. It is never a good idea to leave your dog alone out in the yard, shove her in a crate (no matter how comforting someone told you it is for her), or put her in a room alone while you go to watch the fireworks.
  2. Stay home: This is one of the most important alternatives. Research has proven that dogs that are alone feel higher levels of anxiety than those that can depend on their owners.
  3. Play calming music to distract your dog.
  4. If classical counterconditioning techniques are not successful with your dog even after several months, talk to your veterinarian and ask for a prescription. In 2016 a new drug, Sileo, was approved to help dogs with this condition. It makes dogs less fearful by blocking norepinephrine. It is sold as a gel and the family puts it between the dog´s cheek and gum so that it is absorbed slowly.

    It has been tested on several hundred dogs and about 75% of owners think it has good to excellent results. Dogs do not seem as upset during the fireworks. It lasts a couple of hours, so one or two doses might take you through the whole evening. Sedatives like acepromazine, which have always been used in the past, just makes dog quiet but do not reduce anxiety.

  5. A herbal remedy might be the better alternative since you cannot keep your dog sedated or on other medications all of the time. The problem with herbal remedies is that they take a lot longer to show effect so if you are concerned about the end of June/early July you really should start no later than May. If your dog will drink chamomile tea you can try that, if not you can soak her treats or kibble in the tea. The other herb I have heard about that works as a calming agent is Echinacea. This herb is sold as an immune stimulant so if you want to keep her on it year round there are other potential benefits.
  6. Try a thundershirt. This is a product sold that wraps the dog tightly and sometimes has a calming affect. It has worked in some cases, but the majority of dogs will still need counterconditioning.

Through a Dog's Ear
Through a Dog's Ear

This is one of the CDs that I have found to be helpful when you want to take the dog into a back room during a loud holiday fireworks display. This alternative method that can help a lot of dogs when the neighborhood comes alive with noise. Grab your laptop, take your dog into a back room and, if she will let you, put cotton balls in her ears. Play some loud music on your portable CD player and sit with her for the evening.

 
My dog when still a puppy. We are not practicing classical counterconditioning I am just bribing her not to get back in the pool. She loves to swim.
My dog when still a puppy. We are not practicing classical counterconditioning I am just bribing her not to get back in the pool. She loves to swim. | Source

Training your dog with counterconditioning will have long term benefits. When the firecracker season approaches next year she will be better prepared to handle the noise. This is a problem that will get worse as her life continues, and a problem that you will need to continue treating for the rest of the time you are together.

Help her with this. A little time spent now may keep her from running through a glass door later, and she will repay for your kindness in every way she can!

References:

Alternatives: https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/dog-spies/good-and-bad-ways-to-help-a-dog-afraid-of-fireworks/

Staying home: Dreschel N.A. The effects of fear and anxiety on health and lifespan in pet dogs, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 125 (3-4) 157-162

Sileo: http://news.zoetis.com/press-release/companion-animals/zoetis-announces-launch-sileo-treatment-noise-aversion-dogs

© 2012 Dr Mark

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    • DrMark1961 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Mark 

      4 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Thanks Helen I wish it worked for all dogs, but, like you point out, some dogs are just so frightened that nothing works. The kids here in Brasil make a lot of noise during New Years, so my dogs all hate that holiday too.

      Good luck if you decide to try it with a friend´s help.

    • Wasteless Project profile image

      Wasteless Project 

      4 years ago from Worldwide

      Thanks for this useful hub - voted up! Unluckily our dog is so scared of firecrackers that a single one exploding far away in the neighbourhood usually makes her paralized for a good while... during New Years it is nearly impossible to take her out of the house and even when she is, she doesn't relieve herself until she can't hold it any longer... :( But maybe it could be worth a try with a friend setting them off a very long distance away and then gradually (day by day) coming closer... luckily she is a foodie ;)

    • DrMark1961 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Mark 

      4 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Thanks, janderson. Your Maltese probably is like my dogs--they hate New Years. Of course, when Brasil wins at football it is just as bad around here.

    • janderson99 profile image

      Dr. John Anderson 

      4 years ago from Australia on Planet Water

      Very interesting information

    • DrMark1961 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Mark 

      6 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Thanks for the input. I like the idea of moving a little further from the house and decreasing the noise.

    • profile image

      DoItForHer 

      6 years ago

      I would like to add two suggestions:

      1) I would light the firecracker farther away than the back yard. I would start 600 to 900 (2 or 3 blocks) away then slowly move closer. Take baby steps! Slower is faster. You have all year to do this. Also those little poppers you throw are available all year 'round; firecrackers have limited availability in many areas. Slapping two 2X4's could work, too. Be creative.

      2) My dog is not food motivated, either. She loves to play, tho, so that is what I use.

      I had a German Shepherd that was afraid of guns until he learned that meant I was going squirrel hunting. I don't mean to sound macabre, but a few dead squirrels is what it took for him to live comfortably around loud stuff.

    • DrMark1961 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dr Mark 

      6 years ago from The Atlantic Rain Forest, Brazil

      Thanks for coming by Kevin. Little Chihuahuas don't always care about food so I hope this method works for you.

      Thanks for your vote Mary. Not my method though, as it has been in use in one way or another since the time of Pavlov, the Russian who was studying salivation in dogs and found out that he could make them salivate just ringing the dinner bell.

      The "link to this page" is now down at the bottom of this page. You can insert your tracker coding into it also so Hubpages can find out where the traffic is coming from.

      Let me know how things are going for you.

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 

      6 years ago from Florida

      Hi DrMark1961, My Hub about my Miniature Schnzauzer being so afraid of fireworks seems to be the one that inspired you to write this Hub. As you can tell when you read the comments on my Hub, there are many people who have dogs with the same problem and concern.

      Your method certainly makes common sense to me, and I will definitely try this.

      May I link this Hub into mine? I voted this Hub UP Etc.etc. and will share so other can read this good advice.

      Ooops, doesn't seem to have a share button on here.....sorry.

      Mary

    • KevinTimothy profile image

      Kevin J Timothy 

      6 years ago from Tampa Bay, FL

      Really insightful suggestions here. I think that it'll work but I'll be back to report results. I have a Chihuahua that hates Independence Day!

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