Food production from animals then and now
fishes in the fresh water
During the last twenty years, the improved methods of breeding animals have led to the development of new, improved, high – yielding breeds of dairy animals like cow and buffalo, poultry, sheep, goat and pigs. These high yielding breeds of animals have greatly increased the production of milk, eggs and meat in our country. We shall now discuss the trends in the production of milk, eggs, meat and fish in detail.
Production of Milk
The production of milk in our country has increased by 113 per cent during the last two decades. This great increase has been made possible by launching a country -wide programme called `operation flood' to increase the milk production, along the lines of green revolution, by using new, improved, high milk yielding breeds of cow and buffaloes, and giving them better feed and health care.
Production of eggs Poultry farming ha made rapid strides in many parts of our country and has made immense contribution to the nutrition and economy of the people. For example, during the last two decades or so, the production of eggs in our country has recorded an increase of 152 per cent. This great increase has been made possible by launching a country – wide programme called `silver revolution' along the lines of green revolution, by using improved, high egg yielding breeds of poultry birds (hens) and giving them better food and health care.
Production of chicken meat
The production of chicken for meat purpose has increased tremendously over the last few years, registering an increasing of 1150 per cent! This has been made possible by raising hybrid broilers having a faster growth rate in short period.
The production of fish from sea called marine fish has increased by about 57 per cent during the few years, but the increase in the production of fresh water fish has been substantial, being 167 per cent during the last two decades. This large increase in the production of fresh water fish has happened because of the launching of various pisciculture programmes in the country, particularly in the states of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Fish culture or production of fish by showing the fish seeds (fish eggs) in ponds and tanks of water is now a well organised activity years because of its enormous potential as a popular protein – rich source of food, and to meet the increasing export requirements. Out of the total fish obtained from the Indian Ocean, about 45 per cent is produced by India. In fact, India rank 8 th among the leading fish producing countries.