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German Shepherd Teeth Health

Updated on July 24, 2017

Even more so than we do, German shepherds rely on their teeth. They do not have hands or opposable thumbs that make it possible for them to pick up and carry anything other than with their teeth. They need clean teeth to eat, to groom themselves, and to stay fit and healthy.

An infection in the mouth can actually spread to the rest of the body, causing more serious problems than just painful gums or losing teeth. If you have a German shepherd, you know that brushing their teeth is not always a viable option, even if they are very well behaved.

The right dental care can make your shepherd’s life much happier and healthier. Here’s everything you need to know about his teeth and how to care for them.

Basic Information On Teeth Health

Just like in humans, dental health has a lot to do with general health. Infections in the mouth can spread to the heart and to the rest of the body. Keep a dog’s mouth clean does not have to be time-consuming or difficult. A well-behaved German shepherd will sit to have its teeth brushed, but as most owners know, this is not always the best way to keep his mouth clean.

Your German shepherd should have teeth along the top and bottom length of his jaw. He should have two longer canines on the bottom jaw and two longer canines on the top jaw. You’ve probably never experienced the sheer force of being bitten by a shepherd, but you can see how damaging those teeth can be.

When you play tug with your dog, you might get some sense of just how strong his jaw is. These shepherds were bred specifically for that bite power, which even today is used to subdue criminals and to defend families.

A dog needs a healthy mouth because his teeth are used for far more than just eating. Following are some of the most common dental issues German shepherds experience.


Possible German Shepherd Teeth Issues

Plaque and tarter buildup is not just annoying, it can be an indicator that your dog has cavities and even more significant dental health problems. Plaque is a film that builds up on his teeth after eating. As the dog salivates and as bacteria in the mouth work on the plaque, it can become tarter. If your dog has yellow or brown spots on his teeth, that is tartar.

Gingivitis is actually a surprisingly common problem for German shepherds. Most shepherds today are not fed the diet their ancestors would have eaten. Many of the foods they would have eaten would have acted to clean the teeth. Today, if a dog is given only canned food, for example, he may have enough bacteria and tartar in his mouth to start experiencing gingivitis. This condition inflames the gums, and can cause periodontal disease if left untreated.

Periodontal disease is an infection in the gums and the teeth. Because the infection is inside the gums and under the teeth, you might not see any significant problems when you look at your German shepherd’s teeth. If his gingivitis, however, has progressed to this state, he may be in significant pain.

While German shepherds are unlikely to whine when they are in pain like other dogs will, they might become aggressive or angry, especially if you try to touch their teeth. You might observe that his appetite is reduced and even that he may avoid drinking water because the temperature of the water huts his teeth.

If left unchecked, this disease will cause your dog to lose teeth, develop ulcers in his mouth, and even to develop infections in the rest of his body.

Taking Care of Your German Shepherd’s Teeth

In order to avoid any of these dental problems, know what signs to look for. If he has bad breath, drools, has discolored or swollen gums, and has visible tartar on his teeth, he needs better dental care. Here are some techniques you can use to help your dog keep his teeth clean.

Brush your Shepherd’s teeth

You can use a regular toothbrush, but get some dog-approved toothpaste from your vet or from a pet store. There are natural brands, if you do not want to introduce more chemicals to your German shepherd’s diet. Pay special attention the upper back teeth, as these are most likely to collect tartar. Do this once or twice a week—or every day, if his teeth really need cleaning.

Feed your GSD dry food

Dogs need something to crunch into. Not only does the texture of dry dog food help to clear away built up tartar and plaque, it can also help to strengthen the bones themselves. As the body experiences pressure like it will when chewing crunchy, dry food, it will strengthen the bones that are impacted by this pressure to prevent injury.

Rawhide for dental care

Let him chew on some rawhide. Rawhide is great way to get your dog to “brush” his own teeth. Vigorous chewing on a rawhide will clean away any leftover food particles and plaque, can help relieve tension in the jaw, and strengthen the muscles in the jaw. There are even rawhide bones designed specifically to help keep your dog’s teeth clean.

Rope toy for your dog

Give him a rope toy. While your German shepherd probably has plenty of toys to chew on (and rip apart), add a rope toy to the mix. The texture of the rope will help clean away anything sticking in between or to his teeth and he will have great fun chewing away (and ripping apart) his new toy. You can even squeeze a line of dog toothpaste onto the toy, for further cleaning.

Dental health spray

Get a dental health spray. There are sprays made specifically for dogs that you can spray into his mouth to help fight the buildup of plaque. Look for one that is supposed to improve fresh breath, but does not contain any kind of alcohol.


Aging German Shepherds Teeth Health

Older German Shepherds often suffer from bad teeth and related health issues. As dogs age, just as humans age, their teeth start to become more brittle and less functional. You may start to notice as your German shepherd ages that he has lost some teeth or that some of his formerly pristine teeth have become chipped, broken, or have started to decay.

Keep in mind that your dog does not have hands that he can use to pick things up. His teeth are imperative not just for eating and grooming, but also for a range of everyday activities.

Take a Look at Your German Shepherds Teeth

In order to prevent your dog from developing a serious problem, you will want to be aware of what you can do to keep his teeth healthy. First, take a look at his teeth. He should have teeth all along the length of both of his jaws.

There should be two longer canines on both the top and bottom jaws, at the front of his mouth. German shepherds have some serious bite power and extremely strong jaws, but this does not mean that he will not potentially have issues with his jaw.

German Shepherd Plaque Issues

Plaque is one of the most common issues, just as it is in humans. This manifests itself as yellow or brown patches on the teeth. Gingivitis is particularly common in German shepherds, especially those that only eat canned food and never eat any hard food. Over time, this may evolve into periodontal disease.

Keeping Your Aging Shepherds Teeth Healthy

What can be done to help keep your German shepherd’s teeth healthy? Brushing your dog’s teeth is one of the best ways, as is feeding your shepherd a high quality dry food. Not only will they enjoy the crunch, these hard pieces of food will help clean teeth, as will giving them something to chew on like rawhide.

Keep up your routine of brushing and if you start to notice a serious problem developing, do not be afraid to take it to your veterinarian, who might be able to suggest a technique or a product that can relieve pain and keep your shepherd’s mouth healthy and happy for as long as possible.


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    • Sam Shepards profile image

      Sam Shepards 7 months ago from Europe

      Thanks Eric. Probably the most important thing for German Shepherd health after food and joint issues, especially when they get older.

    • Ericdierker profile image

      Eric Dierker 7 months ago from Spring Valley, CA. U.S.A.

      That is interesting.