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How To Build A Hog Confinement

Updated on May 27, 2014

Have you noticed the price of pork lately?

The reason pork prices are rising is because approximately 10% of the pigs in the United States have died. There is a virus that has been killing pigs, and it is driving pork prices high.

A person can raise their own pigs in a small amount of space. Pigs are actually a clean animal.They are much cleaner than many other types of livestock.

The property I own covers only 1 acre. So far there is 1 hog and 5 baby pigs. There are two big hogs arriving later, so more pig pen had to be built.

The purpose of this hub is to teach you a few things about building a pig confinement.

Tools and Materials

Screw-gun | Source
Circular saw
Circular saw | Source
wood, pick, shovels, hammers, fence posts, etc...
wood, pick, shovels, hammers, fence posts, etc... | Source
Water tank
Water tank | Source

Tools and Materials

I am going to create some lists of the materials you will need, and also the tools. As for the amount, it depends on how large a pen you are going to construct.

In many cases, sometimes many people have scrap items laying around they can use to construct a hog confinement. Just keep in mind these animals are quite strong, so you will want to construct a solid confinement so there is no chance of a pig jailbreak.

As for the materials, we used:

  • 16 foot fence panels.
  • A roll of fencing.
  • Corner posts.
  • 2x4 lumber.
  • 2x6 lumber.
  • Some sheets of 1/2 inch plywood.
  • Gate material. (an old futon taken apart worked great)
  • Something to put drinking water in for the pigs.
  • A food pan.
  • Fence posts.
  • Screws.
  • Ties for the fence posts.
  • U nails.

Now I believe that was about it on the materials. Much of the wood was just scrap lumber that was from old work that was saved for just something such as this.

Some of the tools you will need are:

  • A shovel.
  • A pick.
  • A screw-gun.
  • A hammer.
  • Fence post driver
  • A sledgehammer helps.
  • A saw.
  • Wire cutters.
  • Muscle.

See the pictures at the right of some of the items used.


The first item that needs to be built is a shelter. You want your pigs to be able to get out of the rain or bad weather.

Just take 2x4 lumber and make a frame. Cover it with plywood, leaving a small doorway. The one made here doesn't have a floor. You really don't need one.


The hog house
The hog house | Source

The Confinement

Figure out where you want your hog confinement located.

You want your corners solid, so you will first want to dig a hole in the ground approximately 20 inches deep. You will put one of your corner posts in there. If you really want it solid, you can pour a little concrete in the hole with the post. With the pen you are seeing here, the holes were just filled back in with dirt and tamped down. Make sure the post is level.

You will now want to start your fencing at that post. Use the u-nails to hook the fencing to the post. If you are using 16 foot fencing as in this pen, you will pound fence posts every 8 foot. If you use roll out fencing, I suggest fence posts every 6 feet. Hook your fence posts to the fencing using the ties you purchased for that.

Make sure you have the shelter where you want it. Run your fencing to the next spot where you have a corner, and put another corner post.

You will also want to know where you want your gate. Where ever your gate is, you will want to use 2 of the corner posts the exact width of your gate. Level the posts and cut a 2x4 or 2x6 to screw into the top of your gate posts. I also suggest cutting a board to put at the bottom too, so your pigs won't dig out under the gate.

When you come up to the shelter, you can use simple fence posts next to it, but run the fencing far enough that you can nail it to the shelter.

It is really a simple process. If you find areas that the pigs could get under the fence, just cut 2 boards the length of the area. Put one on the inside and one on the outside and screw them together.

You can look at the following pictures to get a good idea.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Wrapped telephone pole with fencingIn looking outFencingGateBoards at bottom where needed
Wrapped telephone pole with fencing
Wrapped telephone pole with fencing | Source
In looking out
In looking out | Source
Fencing | Source
Gate | Source
Boards at bottom where needed
Boards at bottom where needed | Source


As you can see from the pictures, there was a telephone pole in the hog confinement. If you have a similar issue, just wrap fencing around it.

Raising hogs can be profitable if it is done correctly. You can buy a small pig for 50-100$ and feed it for some time and fatten it up. You can breed them to gain more pigs. You can butcher them and sell the meat for around $3 a pound.

With the prices of food, it just makes sense to raise what you can.

Next mission is a chicken coop.

Now you have the system to build a pig confinement. You can put them in small areas, but just don't put too many pigs in a small one.

Now I think I want a ham sandwich, all this talk about pork.

Don't any of you tell Miss Piggy I wrote this hub. I wouldn't want her getting angry with my cousin Kermit.

© 2014 Greg Boudonck


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    • Froggy213 profile image

      Greg Boudonck 3 years ago from Will soon return to an Isla Del Sol - Puerto Rico Will Rise Strong

      Thank you honey. I was hoping everyone would understand. No bacon???

    • Lastheart profile image

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 3 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      Good idea! Great explanation with every single detail you wanted everyone to know. I do not eat pork they make nice pets.