ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Guide To Raise Japanese Quails

Updated on June 18, 2013

Recommended Reading

Raising Japanese Quails

Getting your hands on Japanese Quail chicks depends on its availability in your area. Japanese quail chicks are yellowish in color with brown stripes. The newly hatched chick weighs about 7 to 8 grams. They grow rapidly in the first few days. The Japanese Quail chicks are transferred directly into the brooder from incubator. A brooder is a specially designed housing for the chicks. Newly hatched chicks have to be given special care until they are completely feathered. They need excess heating, rough floors, modified drinking troughs etc to suite their small size. Without a proper brooder, there is a chance of the mortality rate going higher.

Quail chicks can be brooded either in battery brooders or on floors. Battery brooders are cages made up of wood or welded mesh, which are modified to suit the small size of the chicks. During the first week, the floor should be covered with rough paper to avoid damage of the feet and legs. The sides of the brooder should be closed with fine mesh to avoid the escape of the quail chicks and to protect them from other scavengers. When using floor brooding, the quail chick should be protected with a circular enclosure using aluminium sheets or cardboard to avoid the wandering of chicks around the shed. These are called chick guards. The size of the enclosure should be gradually increased as the chicks grow.

Young quail chicks need extra heat to keep them warm until they feather completely. The temperature inside the brooder should be slightly lower than that of the incubator. At first the temperature inside the brooder should be 37.5 ºC. Temperature can be provided using normal electric bulb. The temperature can be decreased by 3 ºC every week until it reaches 28 ºC. Food and water should be made available all times. Placing marbles or small pebbles in the water trough will avoid quail chicks from entering the trough and drowning. The feeder and water troughs should be cleaned daily. Chicks can be fed with quail starter mash for the first 2 weeks and with quail grower mash for 3rd and the 4th week. Food and water are generally kept outside the heated area. This will force the chicks to wander outside the heated are and thus they will get enough exercise.

After 3 weeks the brooding can be stopped. Week 3 to week 6 is considered to be the growing age for quails. During this time partial sexing can be done. The complete sexing can be done when the chicks are 4 weeks old. The adult male Japanese Quails can be identified by the rusty brown feathers on the upper throat and lower breast region. Adult males also have a cloacal gland situated at the upper edge of the vent which secretes a white foamy material. This gland is also used to access the reproductive fitness of the male birds. The female quails look slightly heavier than the males. Their throat and the upper breast feathers are long, pointed and slighter cinnamon colored.

After 5 weeks of age the male and female birds are transferred to separate cages. When more males are housed together with the females, the male birds pluck each other in the eye making them blind. Hence the males are housed separately. Japanese quails reach sexual maturity in 5 to 6 weeks of age. The quails which are reared for meat production can be sold at this age. The female birds start laying eggs at 6 to 8 weeks of age. From the 6th week on wards they can be fed with quail layer mash if these birds are intended for egg production. Giving 16 hours of light to the laying quails will promote egg production. Unnecessary handling of female quails results in delayed sexual maturity.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Thiruvanathapuram

      I am very much thankful for your valuable suggestion. I will try to improve my articles and make them more informative. Please keep posting comments.

    • SandyMcCollum profile image


      6 years ago

      Wow, good article! You might want to explain what brooding is, because I have no clue. Otherwise, I learned from your article. Write on!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)