How to Potty Train your Dog Outside
The Easy Way
Potty training your dog outside and crate training actually go, pretty much, hand in hand. When you first have a puppy, or even an older dog that you want to teach, you must always have some treats with you. Walking a puppy outside every 3-4 hours to eliminate waste is actually very reasonable. Always, when after or during eliminating, you must praise A lot and give treats to let them know they are doing something "right".
So how you can count how long your puppy can hold it? It is actually by dividing his age (in months) by 2 hrs. For example, if you puppy is 5 months old, he can hold it for about 2.5 hours. If you puppy is 10 months old, he can hold it for 5 hours. A year old puppy can probably hold it for 6 hours.
There are rules to these exceptions though. Your dog (even when it's not a puppy anymore), can hold it for 12 hours maximum, no matter what age it is. When it not in the crate, he probably cannot hold it as long as if he was in the crate. And lastly, if you dog seems like he needs to go, take him out to go.
So how did I train my puppy to go outside?
When I first bought my puppy at 8 weeks old, he was actually potty trained outside. It would cry whenever it had to go pee pee outside, which is a plus because you don't need much of a warning. I did not know it was bad to take a puppy outside to sniff and be on the grass when it didn't have all the shots yet so I had to potty train my puppy then to go inside in a wee wee pad. This was actually kinda horrible and disgusting because the pee pee pad was really not that big and it produced a pee smell in the room. Also, my puppy would occasionally miss and go in different spots because the pee pee pad was full of pee already. After all the shots were finished, I resorted back to peeing outside but he completely forgot how to. During his first few months living with me, he would just stay in the room and tear the entire room apart when I left for work or school. I decided that buying a crate would be a good idea too.
Who knew that the crate and potty training outside would work so well together. It took me about two weeks to train my puppy to go into the crate and be comfortable enough to stay in there when I was gone. I knew that he had to go before going into the crate and right after he was let out. The crate was his "safe place" and dogs will usually not pee in their own "safe place" if they sleep in that area. It was perfect to walk the dog before I left the house and put him in his crate. When I came back after 9 hours from work, I would let the dog out of the crate and the first thing he would have to do is eliminate. So you basically lead him to the place where you need him to pee/poo at. A close by grassy area or outdoors area is an ideal place for this to happen if you need to potty train him outside.
When you make this kind of daily routine for the dog, the dog will learn to be potty trained outside and to "hold" it for a longer period of time as a puppy. This also works very well for older dogs because a routine for them will help them learn where to "correctly" pee.
I am not advocating for you to leave your dog in a crate for over 8 hours so it cannot destroy your room/house or advocating for your dog to pee or poop in his crate. Crate training is very effective for training your dog to pee/poo outside and for your dog to have a "safe" place for them to be when you are away but not as a way to harm your dog or jail cell your dog. So be mindful when you are crating your dog and remember to let it out after no longer than 12 hours.
"Respect your dog and your dog will learn to respect you."